Felton is a town in Kent County, United States. It is part of Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 1,298 at the 2010 census. The Coombe Historic District, Thomas B. Coursey House, Felton Historic District, Felton Railroad Station, Hughes Early Man Sites are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Felton is located at 39°00′30″N 75°34′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 784 people, 297 households, 217 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,268.1 people per square mile. There were 312 housing units at an average density of 504.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 82.53% White, 11.61% African American, 1.02% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.89% from other races, 2.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.17% of the population. There were 297 households out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were non-families.
20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.04. In the town, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $42,589, the median income for a family was $44,875. Males had a median income of $32,857 versus $24,375 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,854. About 9.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. U. S. Route 13 runs north-south through Felton on Dupont Highway, heading north toward Dover and south toward Harrington. Delaware Route 12 runs east-west through Felton on Main Street, heading west toward Greensboro and east toward Frederica.
DART First State provides bus service to Felton along Route 117, which heads north toward Camden to connect to the local bus routes serving the Dover area and south toward Harrington. The Delmarva Central Railroad's Delmarva Subdivision line passes north-south through Felton. Delmarva Power, a subsidiary of Exelon, provides electricity to Felton. Chesapeake Utilities provides natural gas to the town; the Felton Water Department provides water to Felton, serving 550 homes, multiple businesses, three schools. Trash and recycling collection in Felton is provided under contract by Waste Management. Public school students in Felton are served by the Lake Forest School District. Schools include Lake Forest High School as well as Lake Forest North, the elementary school, Lake Forest Central, the older elementary school. Other schools in the district are located in Frederica. List of towns in Delaware Official website
Cross country running
Cross country running is a sport in which teams and individuals run a race on open-air courses over natural terrain such as dirt or grass. Sometimes the runners are referred to as harriers; the course 4–12 kilometres long, may include surfaces of grass, earth, pass through woodlands and open country, include hills, flat ground and sometimes gravel road. It is both a team sport. Both men and women of all ages compete in cross country, which takes place during autumn and winter, can include weather conditions of rain, snow or hail, a wide range of temperatures. Cross country running is one of the disciplines under the umbrella sport of athletics, is a natural terrain version of long-distance track and road running. Although open-air running competitions are pre-historic, the rules and traditions of cross country racing emerged in Britain; the English championship became the first national competition in 1876 and the International Cross Country Championships was held for the first time in 1903. Since 1973 the foremost elite competition has been the IAAF World Cross Country Championships.
Cross country courses are laid out on an woodland area. The IAAF recommends that courses be grass-covered, have rolling terrain with frequent but smooth turns. Courses consist of one or more loops, with a long straight at the start and another leading to the finish line. Terrain can vary from open fields to forest hills and across rivers, it includes running down and up hills. Because of variations in conditions, international standardization of cross country courses is impossible, not desirable. Part of cross country running's appeal is the distinct characteristics of each venue's terrain and weather, as in other outdoor sports like motor racing and golf. According to the IAAF, an ideal cross country course has a loop of 1,750 to 2,000 metres laid out on an open or wooded land, it should be covered by grass, as much as possible, include rolling hills "with smooth curves and short straights". While it is acceptable for local conditions to make dirt or snow the primary surface, courses should minimize running on roads or other macadamized paths.
Parks and golf courses provide suitable locations. While a course may include natural or artificial obstacles, cross country courses support continuous running, do not require climbing over high barriers, through deep ditches, or fighting through the underbrush, as do military-style assault courses. A course at least 5 metres full allows competitors to pass others during the race. Clear markings keep competitors from making wrong turns, spectators from interfering with the competition. Markings may include tape or ribbon on both sides of the course, chalk or paint on the ground, or cones; some classes use colored flags to indicate directions: red flags for left turns, yellow flags for right turns, blue flags to continue straight or stay within ten feet of the flag. Courses commonly include distance markings at each kilometer or each mile; the course should have 400 to 1,200 m of level terrain before the first turn, to reduce contact and congestion at the start. However, many courses at smaller competitions have their first turn after a much shorter distance.
Courses for international competitions consist of a loop between 2000 meters. Athletes complete three to six loops, depending on the race. Senior men compete on a 12-kilometre course. Senior women and junior men compete on an 8-kilometre course. Junior women compete on a 6-kilometre course. In the United States, college men compete on 8 km or 10 km courses, while college women race for 5 km or 6 km. High school courses are 5 km. Middle school courses are 1.5 mi or 2 mi long. All runners start at the same time, from a starting arc marked with lines or boxes for each team or individual. An official, 50 meters or more in front of the starting line, fires a pistol to indicate the start. If runners collide and fall within the first 100 meters, officials can call the runners back and restart the race, however this is done only once. Crossing the line or starting before the starting pistol is fired is considered a false start and most results in disqualification of the runner; the course ends at a finish line located at the beginning of a funnel or chute that keeps athletes single-file in order of finish and facilitates accurate scoring.
Depending on the timing and scoring system, finish officials may collect a small slip from each runner's bib, to keep track of finishing positions. An alternative method is to have four officials in two pairs. In the first pair, one official reads out numbers of finishers and the other records them. In the second pair, one official reads out times for the other to record. At the end of the race, the two lists are joined along with information from the entry information; the primary disadvantage of this system is that distractions can upset the results when scores of runners finish close together. Chip timing has grown in popularity to increase accuracy and decrease the number of officials required at the finish line; each runner attaches a transponder with RFID to her shoe. When the runner crosses the finish line, an electronic pad records the chip number and matches the runner to a database. Chip timing allows officials to use checkpoint mats throughout the race to calculate split times, to ensure runners cover the entire course.
This is by far the most efficient method, although it is t
Frederica is a town in Kent County, United States. It is part of Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 774 at the 2010 census. ILC Dover, the company which manufactured the spacesuits for the Apollo and Skylab astronauts of the 1960s and 1970s, along with fabricating the suit component of the Space Shuttle's Extravehicular Mobility Unit, is located nearby; the present-day town of Frederica was part of a land grant to Boneny Bishop by William Penn in 1681. The location at a bend along the Murderkill River was known as Indian Point and became known as Johnny Cake Landing; the waterfront was surveyed in 1758 and the area where most shipping activity occurred became known as Goforth's Landing. The remainder of the town was surveyed and laid out by Jonathan Emerson in 1772. In 1796, the community was renamed from Johnny Cake Landing to Frederica Landing at the request of one of Emerson's daughters, as she believed the name Johnny Cake Landing was inappropriate for a settlement close to Barratt's Chapel, a major landmark for Methodism.
The Town of Frederica was incorporated by the state in 1826. The incorporation act for Frederica was repealed in 1855, only for the town to be reincorporated in 1865. Frederica was built along the Murderkill River at a point it was still navigable, 6 miles from the Delaware Bay; the town was surrounded by wetlands, leading to the nickname "Frogtown" for the large number of frogs that live in the wetlands. Frederica developed as a shipping and shipbuilding center due to its location along the navigable Murderkill River; the town was linked by water to other Kent County towns along with the city of Philadelphia, its fortunes depended on its water connections to these places as roads were impassable at the time. Important cargo shipped along the Murderkill River in Frederica's early history included bacon, corn, wheat flour, cedar shingles, butter, tar and hardwood boards. In 1857, the Delaware Railroad was constructed across the state, leading to a decline in Frederica's status as a major shipping center.
The railroad brought improved transportation across Kent County, diverting the shipment of goods away from the river ports. The shipping interests in Frederica fought against the construction of the Delaware Railroad near the town, which stopped the growth of the town and increased the isolation of Frederica from other towns; the Delaware Railroad was built well to the west of Frederica through Felton. The town attempted to get a railroad connection by chartering a railroad line that would run from Dover to Milford via Frederica as well as pushing for a 7-mile branch of the Delaware Railroad from Felton to Frederica; the last shipyard in Frederica closed around 1890, but other industries would become prominent in Frederica. By 1887, the town had three canneries, with other businesses such as fertilizer manufacturing, a hat factory, two brush factories, a cooper, a butcher, a hotel, a clothing house, ten general stores. A steamship operated by the Frederica and Philadelphia Navigation Company linked Frederica with Philadelphia until the onset of the Great Depression.
In the 1920s, improvements to U. S. Route 113 that included a causeway into Frederica cut the town off from the Delaware Bay. Improved roads in the 20th century would provide better connections with Harrington and Wilmington, reducing the need for the steamship to Philadelphia. Maritime activity in Frederica declined, the port quieted down, the canneries and many businesses in the town closed. U. S. Route 113 was rerouted to bypass Frederica to the east along what is now Delaware Route 1. Today, Frederica is a quiet town that has not experienced much change unlike many places in the United States; the Barratt Hall, Barratt's Chapel, Bonwell House, Frederica Historic District, Mordington are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Frederica is located at 39°00′32″N 75°27′57″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles, all of it land. Due to the marsh surrounding Murderkill River to the south of town, residents have to deal with a strong odor on hot summer days.
Several of the roads heading to the south and north out of town to DE 1 are flooded during high tides and heavy rains. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Frederica has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 648 people, 246 households, 168 families residing in the town. The population density was 769.1 people per square mile. There were 275 housing units at an average density of 326.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 70.22% White, 26.85% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.24% of the population. There were 246 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families.
26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.17. In the town, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age w