The Apalachicola River is a river 112 mi long in the state of Florida. The river's large watershed, known as the ACF River Basin, drains an area of 19,500 square miles into the Gulf of Mexico; the distance to its farthest head waters in northeast Georgia is 500 miles. Its name comes from the Apalachicola people; the river is formed on the state line between Florida and Georgia, near the town of Chattahoochee, Florida 60 miles northeast of Panama City, by the confluence of the Flint and Chattahoochee rivers. The actual confluence is contained within the Lake Seminole reservoir formed by the Jim Woodruff Dam, it flows south through the forests of the Florida Panhandle, past Bristol. In northern Gulf County, it receives the Chipola River from the west, it flows into an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico, at Apalachicola. The lower 30 mi of the river is surrounded except at the coast; the watershed contains nationally significant forests, with some of the highest biological diversity east of the Mississippi River and rivaling that of the Great Smoky Mountains.
It has significant areas of temperate deciduous forest as well as longleaf pine landscapes and flatwoods. Flooded areas have significant tracts of floodplain forest. All of these southeastern forest types were devastated by logging between 1880 and 1920, the Apalachiola contains some of the finest remaining examples of old growth forest in the southeast; the endangered tree species Florida Torreya is endemic to the region. The highest point within the watershed is Blood Mountain at 4,458 ft, near the headwaters of the Chattahoochee River. Where the river enters the Gulf of Mexico it creates a rich array of wetlands varying in salinity; these seagrass meadows. Over 200,000 acres of this diverse delta complex are included within the Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve. There are dunes with coastal grasslands and interdunal swales; the basin of the Apalachicola River is noted for its tupelo honey, a high-quality monofloral honey, produced wherever the tupelo trees bloom in the southeastern United States.
In a good harvest year, the value of the tupelo honey crop produced by a group of specialized Florida beekeepers approaches $900,000 each spring. During Florida's British colonial period, the river formed the boundary between East Florida and West Florida. Geologically, the river links Gulf Coast with the Appalachian Mountains; some of the remaining important areas of natural habitat along the river include Apalachicola National Forest, Torreya State Park, The Nature Conservancy Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve, Tates Hell State Forest, Apalachicola River Wildlife and Environmental Area, as well as the Apalachicola River Water Management Area. It has been suggested that this watershed should be nationally ranked and appreciated as being as significant as the Everglades or Great Smoky Mountains. To raise awareness about the importance of preserving the natural state of the river and its inhabitants, Florida film producer Elam Stoltzfus highlighted this system in a PBS documentary in 2006.
The river forms the boundary between the Eastern and Central time zones in Florida, until it reaches the Jackson River. Thereafter, the Jackson River, which flows to the Gulf of Mexico, is the time zone boundary. List of Florida rivers South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region Voices of the Apalachicola White, P. S. S. P. Wilds, G. A. Thunhorst. 1998. Southeast. Pp. 255–314, In M. J. Mac, P. A. Opler, C. E. Puckett Haecker, P. D. Doran. "Status and Trends of the Nation’s Biological Resources". 2 vols. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, Reston, VA. Boyce, S. G. and W. M. Martin. 1993. The future of the terrestrial communities of the southeastern United States. Pp. 339–366, In W. H. Martin, S. G. Boyce, A. C. Echternacht. Biodiversity of the Southeastern United States, Lowland Terrestrial Communities. Wiley, New York, NY. Light, H. M. M. R. Darst, J. W. Grubbs.. Aquatic habitats in relation to river flow in Florida. Washington, D. C.: U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey. Florida State University: Apalachicola River Ecological Management Plan Apalachicola River Watershed – Florida DEP Apalachicola River Wildlife and Environmental Area Apalachicola Riverkeeper, an organization focused on the protection of the Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve, a Nature Conservancy preserve Northwest Florida Water Management District U.
S. Army Corps of Engineers: Flint-Chatahoochee-Apalachicola basin U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Apalachicola River
The Suwannee River is a major river that runs through South Georgia southward into Florida in the southern United States. It is a wild blackwater river, about 246 miles long; the Suwannee River is the site of the prehistoric Suwanee Straits which separated peninsular Florida from the panhandle. The headwaters of the Suwanee River are in the Okefenokee Swamp in the town of Georgia; the river runs southwestward into the Florida Panhandle drops in elevation through limestone layers into a rare Florida whitewater rapid. Past the rapid, the Suwanee turns west near the town of White Springs, Florida connects to the confluences of the Alapaha River and Withlacoochee River. Starting at the confluences of those three rivers, that confluence forms the southern borderline of Hamilton County, Florida; the Suwanee bends southward near the town of Ellaville, followed by Luraville, Florida joins together with the Santa Fe River from the east, south of the town of Branford, Florida. The river drains into the Gulf of Mexico on the outskirts of Suwannee, Florida.
The Spanish recorded the native Timucua name of Guacara for the river that would become known as the Suwannee. Different etymologies have been suggested for the modern name. San Juan: D. G. Brinton first suggested in his 1889 Notes on the Floridian Peninsula that Suwannee was a corruption of the Spanish San Juan; this theory is supported by Jerald Milanich, who states that "Suwannee" developed through "San Juan-ee" from the 17th-century Spanish mission of San Juan de Guacara, located on the Suwannee River. Shawnee: The migrations of the Shawnee throughout the South have been connected to the name Suwannee; as early as 1820, the Indian agent John Johnson said "the'Suwaney' river was doubtless named after the Shawanoese, Suwaney being a corruption of Shawanoese." However, the primary southern Shawnee settlements were along the Savannah River, with only the village of Ephippeck on the Apalachicola River being securely identified in Florida, casting doubt on this etymology. "Echo": In 1884, Albert S. Gatschet claimed that Suwannee derives from the Creek word sawani, meaning "echo", rejecting the earlier Shawnee theory.
Stephen Boyd's 1885 Indian Local Names with Their Interpretation and Henry Gannett's 1905 work The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States repeat this interpretation, calling sawani an "Indian word" for "echo river". Gatschet's etymology survives in more recent publications mistaking the language of translation. For example, a University of South Florida website states that the "Timucuan Indian word Suwani means Echo River... River of Reeds, Deep Water, or Crooked Black Water". In 2004, William Bright repeats it again, now attributing the name "Suwanee" to a Cherokee village of Sawani, unlikely as the Cherokee never lived in Florida or South Georgia; this etymology is now considered doubtful: 2004's A Dictionary of Creek Muscogee does not include the river as a place-name derived from Muscogee, lacks entries for "echo" and for words such as svwane, sawane, or svwvne, which would correspond to the anglicization "Suwannee". The Suwannee River area has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years.
During the first millennium CE, it was inhabited by the people of the Weedon Island archaeological culture, around 900 CE, a derivative local culture, known as the Suwanee River Valley culture, developed. By the 16th century, the river was inhabited by two related Timucua language-speaking peoples: the Yustaga, who lived on the west side of the river. By 1633, the Spanish had established the missions of San Juan de Guacara, San Francisco de Chuaquin, San Augustin de Urihica along the Suwannee to convert these western Timucua peoples. In the 18th century, Seminoles lived by the river; the steamboat Madison operated on the river before the Civil War, the sulphur springs at White Springs became popular as a health resort, with 14 hotels in operation in the late 19th century. This river is the subject of the Stephen Foster song "Old Folks at Home", in which he calls it the Swanee Ribber. Foster had named the Pedee River of South Carolina in his first lyrics, it has been called Swanee River because Foster had used an alternative contemporary spelling of the name.
Foster never saw the river he made world-famous. George Gershwin's song, with lyrics by Irving Caesar, made popular by Al Jolson, is spelled "Swanee" and boasts that "the folks up North will see me no more when I get to that Swanee shore". Both of these songs feature banjo-strumming and reminiscences of a plantation life more typical of 19th-century South Carolina than of among the swamps and small farms in the coastal plain of south Georgia and north Florida. Don Ameche starred as Foster in the fictional biographical film Swanee River; when approaching the Suwannee River via several major highways, motorists are greeted with a sign which announces they are crossing the Historic Suwannee River, complete with the first line of sheet music from "Old Folks at Home". This is Florida's state song, designated as such in 1935. In 2008, its original lyrics were replaced with a politically correct version. There is a Foster museum and carillon tower at Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center State Park in White Springs.
The spring itself is called White Sulphur Springs because of its high sulphur content. Since there was a belief in the healing qualities of its waters, the Springs were long popular as a health resort; the idiom "up the Swannee" or "down the swanny" means something is going badly wrong, analogous to "up the creek without a paddle". A unique aspect of the Suwannee River is the Suwannee River Wilder
A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, therefore are distinct from lagoons, are larger and deeper than ponds, though there are no official or scientific definitions. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams, which are flowing. Most lakes streams. Natural lakes are found in mountainous areas, rift zones, areas with ongoing glaciation. Other lakes are found along the courses of mature rivers. In some parts of the world there are many lakes because of chaotic drainage patterns left over from the last Ice Age. All lakes are temporary over geologic time scales, as they will fill in with sediments or spill out of the basin containing them. Many lakes are artificial and are constructed for industrial or agricultural use, for hydro-electric power generation or domestic water supply, or for aesthetic, recreational purposes, or other activities.
The word lake comes from Middle English lake, from Old English lacu, from Proto-Germanic *lakō, from the Proto-Indo-European root *leǵ-. Cognates include Dutch laak, Middle Low German lāke as in: de:Wolfslake, de:Butterlake, German Lache, Icelandic lækur. Related are the English words leak and leach. There is considerable uncertainty about defining the difference between lakes and ponds, no current internationally accepted definition of either term across scientific disciplines or political boundaries exists. For example, limnologists have defined lakes as water bodies which are a larger version of a pond, which can have wave action on the shoreline or where wind-induced turbulence plays a major role in mixing the water column. None of these definitions excludes ponds and all are difficult to measure. For this reason, simple size-based definitions are used to separate ponds and lakes. Definitions for lake range in minimum sizes for a body of water from 2 hectares to 8 hectares. Charles Elton, one of the founders of ecology, regarded lakes as waterbodies of 40 hectares or more.
The term lake is used to describe a feature such as Lake Eyre, a dry basin most of the time but may become filled under seasonal conditions of heavy rainfall. In common usage, many lakes bear names ending with the word pond, a lesser number of names ending with lake are in quasi-technical fact, ponds. One textbook illustrates this point with the following: "In Newfoundland, for example every lake is called a pond, whereas in Wisconsin every pond is called a lake."One hydrology book proposes to define the term "lake" as a body of water with the following five characteristics: it or fills one or several basins connected by straits has the same water level in all parts it does not have regular intrusion of seawater a considerable portion of the sediment suspended in the water is captured by the basins the area measured at the mean water level exceeds an arbitrarily chosen threshold With the exception of the seawater intrusion criterion, the others have been accepted or elaborated upon by other hydrology publications.
The majority of lakes on Earth are freshwater, most lie in the Northern Hemisphere at higher latitudes. Canada, with a deranged drainage system has an estimated 31,752 lakes larger than 3 square kilometres and an unknown total number of lakes, but is estimated to be at least 2 million. Finland has larger, of which 56,000 are large. Most lakes have at least one natural outflow in the form of a river or stream, which maintain a lake's average level by allowing the drainage of excess water; some lakes do not have a natural outflow and lose water by evaporation or underground seepage or both. They are termed endorheic lakes. Many lakes are artificial and are constructed for hydro-electric power generation, aesthetic purposes, recreational purposes, industrial use, agricultural use or domestic water supply. Evidence of extraterrestrial lakes exists. Globally, lakes are outnumbered by ponds: of an estimated 304 million standing water bodies worldwide, 91% are 1 hectare or less in area. Small lakes are much more numerous than large lakes: in terms of area, one-third of the world's standing water is represented by lakes and ponds of 10 hectares or less.
However, large lakes account for much of the area of standing water with 122 large lakes of 1,000 square kilometres or more representing about 29% of the total global area of standing inland water. Hutchinson in 1957 published a monograph, regarded as a landmark discussion and classification of all major lake types, their origin, morphometric characteristics, distribution; as summarized and discussed by these researchers, Hutchinson presented in it a comprehensive analysis of the origin of lakes and proposed what is a accepted classification of lakes according to their origin. This
Peace River (Florida)
The Peace River is a river in the southwestern part of the Florida peninsula, in the U. S. A.. It originates at the juncture of Saddle Creek and Peace Creek northeast of Bartow in Polk County and flows south through Fort Meade Hardee County to Arcadia in DeSoto County and southwest into the Charlotte Harbor estuary at Port Charlotte in Charlotte County, it has a drainage basin of 1,367 square miles. U. S. Highway 17 runs near and somewhat parallel to the river for much of its course; the river was called Rio de la Paz on 16th century Spanish charts. It appeared as Peas Creek or Pease Creek on maps; the Creek Indians call it River of Long Peas. Other cities along the Peace River include Fort Meade and Zolfo Springs. Fresh water from the Peace River is vital to maintain the delicate salinity of Charlotte Harbor that hosts several endangered species, as well as commercial and recreational harvests of shrimp and fish; the river has always been a vital resource to the people in its watershed. The abundant fishery and wildlife of Charlotte Harbor supported large populations of people of the Caloosahatchee culture.
Today, the Peace River supplies over six million gallons per day of drinking water to the people in the region. The river is popular for canoeing. There were many Pleistocene and Miocene fossils found throughout the Peace River area leading to the discovery of phosphate deposits. Most of the northern watershed of the Peace River comprises an area known as the Bone Valley; the Peace River is a popular destination for fossil hunters who dig and sift the river gravel for fossilized shark teeth and prehistoric mammal bones. Several campgrounds and canoe rental operations cater to fossil hunters, with Wauchula, Zolfo Springs, Arcadia being the main points of entry. Kissingen Springs South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region O'Donnell, Brian. "Peace River," in Marth and Marty Marth, eds. The Rivers of Florida. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. ISBN 0-910923-70-1. USGS Real-Time Water Data for Peace River at Zolfo Springs USGS Real-Time Water Data for Peace River at Arcadia Media related to Peace River at Wikimedia Commons
The Caloosahatchee River is a river on the southwest Gulf Coast of Florida in the United States 67 miles long. It drains rural areas on the northern edge of the Everglades, east of Fort Myers. An important link in the Okeechobee Waterway, a manmade inland waterway system of southern Florida, the river forms a tidal estuary along most of its course and has become the subject of efforts to restore and preserve the Everglades; the river issues from Lake Hicpochee, in southeastern Glades County 10 mi west of Clewiston. It flows west-southwest past LaBelle, where it becomes tidal, forming an estuary along its lower 25 mi, it broadens as it nears the gulf, passing Cape Coral. It enters the Gulf of Mexico 10 mi southwest of Fort Myers in San Carlos Bay, protected by Sanibel Island; the 5 mi Caloosahatchee Canal connecting Lake Hicpochee to Lake Okeechobee allows continuous navigation from the Caloosahatchee to the Okeechobee Waterway system. In 2013 heavy rains in southern Florida resulted in high runoff into Lake Okeechobee.
Thus the normal mix of fresh and salt water in those estuaries was replaced by a flood of polluted fresh water resulting in ecological damage. Until late in the 19th century the Caloosahatchee River was fed by a series of lakes starting from Lake Hicpochee, including Lettuce Lake, Bonnet Lake and Flirt Lake. A waterfall and set of rapids at the lower end of Flirt Lake marked the beginning of the river; the rapids were close to 1 mile long, with a drop in elevation of about 10 feet. Lake Hicpochee, about 9,000 acres in area, was only 3 miles from Lake Okeechobee, but there was no connection between the two lakes before the late 19th century. Water flowed from Lake Hicpochee westward into Lettuce Lake and Bonnet Lake; when the water was high the two lakes merged. From Bonnet Lake water flowed into Lake Flirt, about 1,000 acres in area and 5 miles long. All of the lakes were surrounded by extensive wetlands. In 1881 Hamilton Disston, as part of a scheme to drain large areas of wetlands in the interior of Florida, had a canal dredged from Lake Okeechobee to Lake Hicpochee and through the lakes and wetlands to the west.
His company removed the rock ledge that formed the falls and rapids below Lake Flirt, straightened the upper reaches of the Caloosahatchee River. Various state and federal projects deepened the river since then; the conversion of the Caloosahatchee River into a canal drained Lake Flirt and the wetlands descending from Lake Hicpochee. Since the late 19th century and channelization of the river, as well as the artificial connection to Lake Okeechobee and its use as a water supply for urban and agricultural uses, have altered the hydrology of the river; as a result, both the magnitude and timing of water delivery to the estuary have been altered. Recent programs by the state government have attempted to establish minimum flow levels in the river, in part to help restore the water supply to the Everglades. A federal wildlife refuge for manatees has been established at the mouth of the river on San Carlos Bay near Fort Myers; the following is a list of bridge crossings of the Caloosahatchee River and Canal South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region South Florida Water Management District: Caloosahatchee River and Estuary GulfBase.org: Caloosahatchee River USFWS: Caloosahatchee River-San Carlos Bay Federal Manatee Refuge Caloosahatchee River Citizens Association Caloosahatchee River Watershed - Florida DEP
Interstate 4 is an Interstate Highway in the U. S. state of Florida, maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation. Spanning 133 miles along a west–east axis, I-4 is concurrent with State Road 400. In the west, they begin at an interchange with I-275 in Tampa, they intersect with several major expressways as they traverse Central Florida, including US 41 in Tampa. In the east, I-4 ends at an interchange with I-95 in Daytona Beach, while SR 400 continues for another 4 miles and ends at an intersection with US 1 on the city line of Daytona Beach and South Daytona. Construction on I-4 began in 1958; the "I-4 Ultimate" project in progress, will oversee the construction of variable-toll express lanes and numerous redevelopments through the 21-mile stretch of highway extending from Kirkman Road in Orlando to SR 434 in Longwood. The project broke ground in 2015, is scheduled to be completed in 2021; the median of I-4 between Tampa and Orlando was the planned route of a now-cancelled high-speed rail line.
From a political standpoint, the "I-4 corridor" is a strategic region given the large number of undecided voters in a large swing state. I-4 maintains a diagonal, northeast–southwest route for much of its length, although it is signed east–west; the 132-mile-long highway's western terminus is with an interchange with Interstate 275—known as "Malfunction Junction"—near downtown Tampa and is the starting point for mile markers and exit numbers. Just east of Malfunction Junction, I-4 passes along the north side of Tampa's Ybor City district, where a mile-long connector links to the Lee Roy Selmon Expressway and Port Tampa Bay. I-4 continues east past the Florida State Fairgrounds towards a turbine interchange with Interstate 75. After passing near the eastern suburbs of Hillsborough County—including Brandon and Plant City—it enters Polk County, where I-4 crosses along the north side of Lakeland; the Polk Parkway forms a semi-loop through Lakeland's southern suburbs and returns to I-4 at the Florida Polytechnic University campus, near Polk City.
Just after the western junction with the Polk Parkway, I-4 turns from an eastward to a northeastward heading. Between SR 33 and US 27, I-4 passes through the fog-prone Green Swamp, although the landscape beside the highway is forest as opposed to water-logged swampland. Ten variable-message signs and dozens of cameras & vehicle detection systems monitor this stretch of mostly-rural highway as a result of several large, deadly pile-ups caused by dense fog. At mile 57, I-4 enters Osceola County and soon thereafter intersects the Orlando area's beltways: the incomplete Western Expressway on the western side and the Central Florida GreeneWay which rounds the eastern side before returning to I-4 in Sanford. Additionally, an exit to World Drive runs north as a limited-access highway into the Walt Disney World Resort and an electric pylon in the shape of Mickey Mouse can be seen on the southwest corner of the intersection; the single GreeneWay/World Drive exit marks an abrupt change from rural to suburban/urban landscape.
The highway passes beside Celebration and Kissimmee on the east side and Walt Disney World Resort on the west side. For the next 40 mi, I-4 passes through the Orlando metropolitan area, where the highway forms the main north-south artery, it enters Orange County, passes through Walt Disney World, by SeaWorld Orlando, & Universal Orlando—and intersects all of the area's major toll roads, including the Beachline Expressway and Florida's Turnpike. Orlando's main tourist strip—International Drive—runs parallel and no more than 1.5 mi from I-4 between Kissimmee and Florida's Turnpike. Between Michigan St. and Kaley Ave. I-4 changes to a north heading past downtown Orlando and its northern suburbs. A 21-mile section of I-4 from west of Kirkman Road to east of SR 434 is undergoing a $2.3 billion reconstruction, expected to be completed in 2021, that replaces most bridges, changes the configuration of many intersections, adds two express toll lanes—named 4 Express—in each direction. After passing along the west side of Downtown Orlando, I-4 continues through the city's northern suburbs—including Winter Park, Altamonte Springs, Sanford.
Around mile 91, I-4 soon thereafter shifts to a northeast heading. The Seminole Expressway, after passing around the east side of the Orlando metropolitan area, has its northern terminus at I-4 in Sanford; this intersection will connect with the Wekiva Parkway under construction, when it is completed in 2021, at which point a full beltway around the Orlando metro area will be available. North of Sanford, I-4 is carried by the St. Johns River Veterans Memorial Bridge over the St. Johns River at the mouth of Lake Monroe. Along the bridge, I-4 enters passes Deltona & DeLand; the segment north of SR 44 has been widened from four to six lanes. Completed in winter 2016-17, the entire length of I-4 has at least 6 lanes. I-4 terminates at a junction with I-95 in Daytona Beach. SR 400 continues east into Daytona Beach 4 mi to US 1. I-4 has two pair
The Ochlockonee River is a fast running river, except where it has been dammed to form Lake Talquin in Florida, originating in Georgia and flowing for 206 miles before terminating in Florida. The name is from the Hitchiti language words for yellow river; the Ochlockonee originates south of the town of Sylvester in Worth County in southwest Georgia and empties into Ochlockonee Bay and Apalachee Bay in Florida. The river forms the western boundaries of Leon County and Wakulla County and eastern boundaries of Gadsden County, Liberty County, Franklin County in Florida, it flows through the Red Hills, the Jackson Bluff Dam, Talquin State Forest, Lake Talquin State Park and the Apalachicola National Forest, past Ochlockonee River State Park, where it is tidally influenced and a mixture of fresh and salt water, on the way to its terminus in Ochlockonee Bay, which empties into Apalachee Bay, with tidal influences extending upstream over 15 miles from the river's mouth. When the Spanish arrived in northern Florida, the Ochlockonee River formed the western boundary of the Apalachee Province.
Late 17th century Spanish documents refer to the river as Amarillo. A 1716 Spanish document called it Rio de Lagna. An English map from 1720 shows it as the Yellow River. A 1778 map spells the river's name Okalockney; the modern name derieves from the Hitchiti/Mikasuki Oki and Lagana. About 1840, Fort Stansbury was established on the river by placing a two story home, abandoned by its owner due to Seminole raids during the Second Seminole War; this fort was important in the forced removal of Indians from the area. Boats traveled upriver to collect and move Native Americans down to Gulf of Mexico ports for removal to "Indian Territories." By 1844, Fort Stansbury had been abandoned. From 1839 to 1842, Fort Virginia Braden was established on the river located at Fort Braden in Florida; the fort was named after the commander's wife. The Ochlockonee River saw action during the Civil War. On 15 July 1863, the screw steamer gunboat USS Stars and Stripes and wooden side-wheel steam ferryboat USS Somerset attacked the salt works at Mashes Sands.
On 29 December 1863, Stars and Stripes sank the blockade-running schooner Caroline Gertrude, aground on the sandbar at the mouth of the Ochlockonee. Stars and Stripes captured the blockade-running steamer Laura off the Ochlockonee on 18 January 1864. On 19 and 20 October 1864, Stars and Stripes destroyed an extensive Confederate fishery at Mashes Island and captured the troops stationed there as guards. In 1927 the Jackson Bluff Dam was constructed on the Ochlockonee River to produce hydroelectric power; the waters held back by the dam formed Lake Talquin. The Ochlockonee River corridor is home to many threatened fish and plant species, it has been designated under the State of Florida's Outstanding Florida Waters program and has been identified by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission as a Strategic Habitat Conservation Area. Rare animals that can be found along the Ochlockonee include red-cockaded woodpecker, least tern, the Apalachicola dusky salamander; the river is rich in rare freshwater mussels, including three federally listed endangered species: the Ochlockonee moccasinshell, the Shinyrayed pocketbook, the Oval pigtoe.
"The Florida maybell tree can be found only along the Chipola Rivers. The Ochlockonee is connected to and a source of water for Lake Iamonia during flooding. Fishing for bass, perch and catfish can be excellent on the Ochlockonee River, a state-designated canoe trail can be found both upstream and downstream of Lake Talquin. Telogia Creek and the Little River near State Road 12 are popular for canoeing; the Florida National Scenic Trail follows the river for two miles. The Ochlockonee is a vital link in the production of seafood to the southwest in Apalachicola Bay. During floods, the river transports organic matter downstream into the estuary of Ochlockonee Bay where the shallows of the bay were created by the great volume of sand and clay brought down by the river; this estuary serves as a nursery for numerous species of fish and shellfish which are the basis for recreational and commercial fishing as well as the Apalachicola seafood that this area is known for. A number of major highways cross the Ochlockonee River along its course, including Interstate 10 and U.
S. highways 19, 27, U. S. Route 84 and 98. South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region Ochlockonee River and Bay profile and documents from the Northwest Florida Water Management District U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ochlockonee River