Edmonton Metropolitan Region
The Edmonton Metropolitan Region commonly referred to as the Alberta Capital Region, Greater Edmonton or Metro Edmonton, is a conglomeration of municipalities centred on Alberta's provincial capital of Edmonton. The EMR's known boundaries are coincident with those of the Edmonton census metropolitan area as delineated by Statistics Canada. However, its boundaries are defined differently for Edmonton Metropolitan Region Board administrative purposes; the EMR is considered a major gateway to northern Alberta and the Canadian North for many companies, including airlines and oil/natural gas exploration. Located within central Alberta and at the northern end of the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor, the EMR is the northernmost metropolitan area in Canada; the Edmonton CMA includes the following 35 census subdivisions: six cities. The Edmonton CMA is the largest CMA in Canada by area at 9,426.73 km2. In the 2016 Census, it had a population of 1,321,426, making it the sixth largest CMA in Canada by population.
The Edmonton CMA comprises the majority of Statistics Canada's Division No. 11 in Alberta. A fragmentation in regional cooperation and partnership has long played a divisive role within the EMR. Edmonton was frustrated that its surrounding municipalities were receiving an increased tax base for major industrial development, while not contributing to Edmonton's burden to maintain and build new infrastructure within Edmonton used by the residents and businesses of the surrounding municipalities. After pulling out of the Alberta Capital Region Alliance, Edmonton lobbied the provincial government to establish some form of regional government that would be more effective in fostering regional cooperation between it and its surrounding municipalities; as a result, Premier Ed Stelmach announced in December 2007 that a governing board would be established for Edmonton's Capital Region. Four months the Capital Region Board was formed on April 15, 2008 with the passing of the Capital Region Board Regulation by Order in Council 127/2008 under the authority of the Municipal Government Act.
On October 26, 2017, the Capital Region Board was renamed to the Edmonton Metropolitan Region Board. The CRB was established with 25 participating or member municipalities – 23 of which were within the Edmonton CMA and two of which were outside the CMA; the number of member municipalities was reduced to 24 on September 10, 2010 after the Village of New Sarepta dissolved to hamlet status under the jurisdiction of Leduc County on September 1, 2010. Concurrent with the CRB's name change to the EMRB in October 2017, municipal membership decreased from 24 to 13 to include only those municipalities with a population of 5,000 or more. More the EMRB includes: six cities. Under the CRB Regulation, the CRB was tasked with preparing a growth plan to cover land use, intermunicipal transit and geographic information services components. In March, 2010, Growing Forward: The Capital Region Growth Plan, consisting of individual plans for these four components and two addenda, was approved by the Government of Alberta.
The CRGP includes a employment forecast for the Capital Region. With a base population of 1.12 million in 2009, the CRB has forecasted the population of the Capital Region to reach 1.31 million by 2019. However, the 2019 population estimate was reached and exceeded by 2014; the CRGP designates priority growth areas and cluster country residential areas within the Capital Region. The following is a list of municipalities in the Edmonton CMA, with those that are members of the EMRB indicated accordingly. ^ Strathcona County's 2016 federal census population of 98,044 includes 70,618 in the Sherwood Park urban service area. ^ The combined Wabamun 133A and 133B population of 1,622 includes 1,592 in Wabamun 133A and 30 in Wabamun 133B. Major industrial areas within the ECR include the northwest and Clover Bar industrial areas in Edmonton, Nisku Industrial Business Park in Leduc County, Acheson Industrial Area in Parkland County, Refinery Row in Strathcona County, Alberta's Industrial Heartland spanning portions of Sturgeon County, Strathcona County, Lamont County and Fort Saskatchewan.
At the moment, two more major industrial areas are in the final stages of establishment. The establishment of the Horse Hills industrial area in northeast Edmonton is in the final planning stages, while Edmonton Airports is planning its inland port development under the Port Alberta initiative at the Edmonton International Airport within Leduc County. Calgary-Edmonton Corridor Calgary Metropolitan Region Edmonton Metropolitan Region Board Edmo
Fort McMurray is a population centre, technically classified as an urban service area, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo in Alberta, Canada. It is located in northeast Alberta, in the middle of the Athabasca oil sands, surrounded by boreal forest, it has played a significant role in the development of the national petroleum industry. A severe wildfire in May 2016 caused widespread damage. A city, Fort McMurray became an urban service area when it amalgamated with Improvement District No. 143 on April 1, 1995, to create the Municipality of Wood Buffalo. Despite its current official designation of urban service area, many locals and the media still refer to Fort McMurray as a city. Fort McMurray was known as McMurray between 1947 and 1962. Before the arrival of Europeans in the late 18th Century, the Cree were the dominant First Nations people in the Fort McMurray area; the Athabasca oil sands were known to the locals and the surface deposits were used to waterproof their canoes. In fur trade days the location of Fort McMurray was an important junction on the fur trade route from eastern Canada to the Athabasca country.
In 1778, the first European explorer, Peter Pond, came to the region in search of furs, as the European demand for this commodity at the time was strong. Pond explored the region farther south along the Athabasca River and the Clearwater River, but chose to set up a trading post much farther north by the Athabasca River near Lake Athabasca. However, his post closed in 1788 in favour of Fort Chipewyan, now the oldest continuous settlement in Alberta. In 1790, the explorer Alexander MacKenzie made the first recorded description of the oil sands. By that time, trading between the explorers and the Cree was occurring at the confluence of the Clearwater and Athabasca Rivers; the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company were in fierce competition in this region. Fort McMurray was established there as a Hudson's Bay Company post by 1870, named for Factor William McMurray, it continued to operate as a transportation stopover in the decades afterwards. The Alberta and Great Waterways Railway arrived in 1915 complementing existing steamboat service.
The community has played a significant role in the history of the petroleum industry in Canada. Oil exploration is known to have occurred in the early 20th century, but Fort McMurray's population remained small, no more than a few hundred people. By 1921, there was serious interest in developing a refining plant to separate the oil from the sands. Alcan Oil Company was the first outfit to begin bulk tests at Fort McMurray; the nearby community of Waterways was established to provide a terminus for waterborne transportation, until 1925, when the Alberta and Great Waterways Railway reached there. Abasands Oil was the first company to extract oil from the oil sands through hot water extraction by the 1930s, but production was low. Fort McMurray's processing output grew to over 1,100 barrels/day by World War II, Fort McMurray was set up by the US and Canadian forces as staging ground for the Canol project. Fort McMurray and Waterways amalgamated as the village of McMurray by 1947, became a town a year later.
Fort McMurray was granted the status of new town. By 1966, the town's population was over 2,000. In 1967, the Great Canadian Oil Sands plant opened and Fort McMurray's growth soon took off. More oil sands plants were opened after 1973 and 1979, when serious political tensions and conflicts in the Middle East triggered oil price spikes; the population of the town reached 6,847 by 1971 and climbed to 31,000 by 1981, a year after its incorporation as a city. The city continued to grow for a few years after the oil bust caused by the collapse in world oil prices; the population peaked at 37,000 in 1985 declined to under 34,000 by 1989. Low oil prices since the oil price collapse in 1986 slowed the oil sands production as oil extraction from the oil sands is a expensive process and lower world prices made this uneconomical. Oil price increases since 2003 made oil extraction profitable again for around a decade, until another slump in oil prices which began in December 2014 and deepened in 2015 resulted in layoffs and postponement of projects.
On April 1, 1995, the City of Fort McMurray and Improvement District No. 143 were amalgamated to form the Municipality of Wood Buffalo. The new municipality was subsequently renamed the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo on August 14, 1996; as a result, Fort McMurray was no longer designated a city. Instead, it was designated an urban service area within a specialized municipality; the amalgamation resulted in the entire RM of Wood Buffalo being under a single government. Its municipal office is located in Fort McMurray. On May 3, 2016, a large wildfire burning southwest of Fort McMurray resulted in the mandatory evacuation of the city. Record-breaking temperatures, reaching 32.8 °C, low relative humidity and strong winds contributed to the fire's rapid growth in forests affected by "an unusually dry and warm winter". More than 100,000 people in the city and surrounding region were evacuated, it was Canada's largest recorded wildfire evacuation in history and third-largest recorded environmental disaster evacuation behind the 1979 Mississauga train derailment and the 1950 Red River flood.
About one-fifth of homes in the city were reported to be destroyed in the fire. Fort McMurray is 435 kilometres northeast of Edmonton on Highway 63, about 60 kilometres west of the Saskatchewa
Métis in Alberta
Métis in Alberta are Métis people, descendants of mixed First Nations/native Indian and white/European families, who live in the Canadian province of Alberta. The Métis are considered an aboriginal group under Canada's Constitution Act 1982 and make up a separate and distinct from the First Nations, have different legal rights. In Alberta, unlike in the rest of Canada, Métis people have negotiated certain lands to be reserved for them, known today as the Eight Metis Settlements; these Metis Settlements Federated in 1975 to protect existing Metis Settlement lands following the Alberta Governments dissolution, by Order-In-Council of four Metis Settlements from 1950-1960. Following legal challenges by the Federation of Metis Settlements in 1975 for the lose of natural resource against Alberta, the Crown in Right of Alberta settled out of court for a suite of legislation that would see self-government and money transferred to the newly formed government of the Metis Settlements General Council, Canada’s only Metis self-govenernment.
The Metis Settlements General Council is the legislator of the Federation of Metis Settlements. MSGC is the second largest land owner in the Province of Alberta. Métis history in Alberta begins with the fur trade in North America; the Métis developed as a people by the interactions of European fur trading agents and First Nations communities. From 1670 to 1821 the Métis populations grew regionally around fur-trading posts of the North-West and Hudson's Bay companies. For example, Fort Edmonton spawned a large Métis population, involved in an annual buffalo hunt for many years; these Métis helped to establish the nearby settlements of Lac Ste. Anne, St. Albert, Lac La Biche, St. Paul de Métis; the Hudson's Bay Company's land-claim in the west was sold to the newly formed Dominion of Canada with the passing of the British North-America Act The sale of the Hudsons Bay Companies claimed territory in 1869/70 ended its legal monopoly on the fur trade. The fur-trade was an economic boom for the Métis as it opened the fur and buffalo meat trades to private Métis and non-Metis traders.
Metis living closer to Canadian occupied territory such as the Red River Métis, today in parts of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, took up arms against the Canadian government in the two failed Riel Rebellions in an attempt to assert their rights in the face of the newcomers. Following the Rebellions, some Red River Metis fled north-west, married into the Northwest Metis populations of northern Alberta or assimilated into surrounding Euro-Canadian society; the end of these rebellions combined with the collapse of the fur and buffalo meat industries forced many Albertan Métis off their lands and reduced them to critical levels of poverty. On the whole, the Métis cultures and communities survived with farming, ranching and industry replacing their traditional economy of fur-trading as the main economic activity in the Parkland Belt, though trapping and hunting have remained important in the Rocky Mountain and Boreal Forest regions. More urban Metis who live in close proximity to other cultural groups may have intermarried and assimilated into mainstream Euro-Albertan society to the point that their descendants no longer recognize themselves as Métis.
However, in much of northern Alberta, the Métis in more remote rural and isolated communities have remained culturally distinct. Many of the contemporary Metis Settlement population have retained their unique cultural heritage and history due to land-grants provided by King George V by way of the Metis Population Betterment Act of 1938. In the early 20th century, as a response to Métis dispossession and impoverishment following the collapse of the fur-trade and marginalization of Metis/Halfbreeds by the newly dominate Canadian Society, Métis political organization, dormant since the Riel Rebellions, was revived in the mid-late 1920s, by a number of competing organizations such as the Half-Breed Association, the Métis Association, the Half-breed Association of Northern Alberta. In 1932, a lasting and successful organization was founded following large half-breed gatherings in Frog Lake and Fishing Lake; these gatherings were organized by grassroots leaders such as Charles Delores and Dieudonne Collins.
These men would call on the expertise of a local enfranchised Indian named Joesepf Dion of the Kehiwin Cree Nation. The lasting organization would be known as "L’Association des Métis d’Alberta et les Territories du Nord-Ouest" by Malcolm Norris, Jim Brady, Peter Tomkins, Joseph Dion and Felix Calliou; the Famous Five would go on to pressure the Government of Alberta on behalf of the Metis populations for a protected homeland, the Metis settlements. In response to the pressured lobbying, the Alberta legislature would call for a Royal Commission, entitled "The Ewing Commission" to investigate the conditions of the "Half-Breeds" within the province; the Ewing Commission's final report called for a Métis land base and that it be provided by the provincial government under the Natural Resource Transfer Act 1930. The result of the report was the creation of twelve Métis settlements in 193
Area code 780
Area code 780 is a telephone area code in the province of Alberta, encompassing the northern two-thirds of the province, including the Edmonton area. The code was established in 1999; the 780 phone code started use on January 25, 1999. Permissive dialing of 403 continued throughout Alberta until May 18, 1999. Area code 780 is the last new area code in Canada introduced by a split. Although Alberta would have needed another area code in any event due to its rapid growth in the second half of the 20th century, the 1999 split was hastened by Canada's number allocation system; every local exchange carrier is allocated blocks of 10,000 numbers–corresponding to a single prefix–for every rate centre where they plan to offer service for the smallest hamlets. While most rate centres do not need nearly that many numbers, it is not possible to move a number from one rate centre to another; this resulted in thousands of wasted numbers, the proliferation of cell phones and pagers–especially in Calgary and Edmonton–only exacerbated this.
The same problem forced the split of 780 in 1997, only two years after the territories were split off as area code 867. This was intended as a long-term solution, but within less than a decade, both 403 and 780 were on the brink of exhaustion. Again due to the number allocation problem. To solve the problem, area code 587 was implemented as an overlay for all of Alberta. Optional provincewide 10-digit dialing began on June 23, 2008 and became mandatory on September 12, 2008; the alternative would have been a split that could have resulted in portions of Alberta having to change their numbers for the second time in a decade. The incumbent local exchange carrier in 780 is Telus; until its merger with Telus in 1995, over three years prior to the startup of 780, the municipally owned Edmonton Telephones served as an ILEC. Ardrossan -922 Barrhead -282 284 294 305 674 Bon Accord -921 Bonnyville -201 207 343 545 573 687 812 813 815 826 Camrose -226 281 563 608 672 673 678 679 781 Clyde -348 Cold Lake -594 639 654 840 Devon -987 Drayton Valley -202 234 241 514 515 542 621 898 Donnelly -925 Eaglesham -359 Edmonton -200 203 217 218 220 221 222 224 229 231 232 233 235 236 237 238 239 240 242 243 244 245 246 248 250 257 263 264 265 266 267 270 271 278 288 289 292 293 297 298 299 318 328 340 341 342 371 377 378 391 392 394 395 399 401 405 406 407 408 409 412 413 414 415 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 461 462 463 465 466 468 469 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 495 496 497 498 499 500 503 504 508 509 530 540 554 566 577 604 613 616 619 628 633 634 637 638 641 642 643 644 652 660 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 680 686 690 691 695 699 700 701 702 705 707 708 709 710 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 729 732 733 735 752 756 757 758 760 761 777 782 784 800 801 802 803 807 809 818 819 822 850 860 862 863 868 884 885 886 887 893 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 930 932 934 935 937 938 940 944 945 951 952 953 964 965 966 969 970 974 975 976 977 982 983 984 988 989 990 991 993 994 995 996 999 Edson -225 280 517 556 600 712 723 725 728 Evansburg -727 Fairview -330 834 835 Falher -837 Fort McMurray -215 370 381 531 588 598 607 713 714 715 734 742 743 747 748 749 750 762 788 790 791 792 793 799 804 838 880 881 972 Fort Saskatchewan -589 912 936 992 997 998 Fort Vermilion -927 Fox Creek -622 Grande Cache -320 501 783 827 Grande Prairie -228 230 296 357 380 402 505 512 513 518 532 533 538 539 605 653 814 830 831 832 833 876 882 897 933 978 High Level -247 285 502 730 821 841 926 High Prairie -291 316 507 523 536 Hinton -223 315 740 816 817 865 Jasper -317 820 852 883 931 La Crete -928 Leduc -599 612 739 769 900 980 986 West Lloydminster -205 214 522 677 808 861 870 871 872 874 875 McLennan -324 Morinville -939 572 Paddle Prairie Metis Settlement -981 Peace River -219 274 527 561 617 618 624 625 859 Seba Beach -797 Sherwood Park -400 410 416 417 449 464 467 570 601 630 640 Silver Valley -351 Slave Lake -260 516 529 805 843 849 Spruce Grove -571 946 948 960 962 St. Albert -347 418 419 458 459 460 470 544 569 590 602 651 671 St. Paul -210, 290, 614, 615, 645, 646 Stony Plain -569 591 823 963 968 Valleyview -255 300 301 524 552 558 Vegreville -208 275 543 603 606 631 632 Vermilion -581, 853 Wainwright -261 703 842 845 Westlock -206 283 287 307 349 562 Wetaskiwin -312 335 352 360 361 362 364 368 839 Whitecourt -262 268 286 396 706 746 778 779 Wildwood -325 The projected exhaust date for area code 780 was October 2009.
A new area code, 587, was introduced on September 12, 2008. The 780 area code with area code 403, was overlaid with the new area code, which will cover the entire province; the assignment of 587 numbers in 780 and 403 territory began on September 19, 2008. List of NANP area codes Telecom archives Area Code Map of Canada List of exchanges from AreaCodeDownload.com, 780 Area Code
Airdrie is a city in Alberta, Canada within the Calgary Region. It is located north of Calgary within the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor at the intersection of Queen Elizabeth II Highway and Highway 567; the City of Airdrie is part of the Calgary census metropolitan area and a member community of the Calgary Metropolitan Region Board. The city is surrounded by Rocky View County. Airdrie was first established as a railway siding in 1889 during the construction of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway, named for Airdrie, Scotland. Only railway buildings existed until 1901 when the first farmhouse and barn was built, followed by a post office and store in that same year. Today, Airdrie is a industrial centre. Recent annexation of land by Airdrie to the south, coupled with recent expansion of Calgary's city limits in July 2007, have placed the two cities' boundaries within only a few kilometres of each other. Airdrie is divided into four civic addressing quadrants; as of the 2012 census, the City of Airdrie recognized the following neighbourhoods, not including rural and annexation land.
The population of the City of according to its 2017 municipal census is 64,922, a change of 5.4% from its 2016 municipal census population of 61,581. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Airdrie recorded a population of 61,581 living in 21,661 of its 22,398 total private dwellings, a change of 42.3% from its 2011 population of 43,271. With a land area of 84.57 km2, it had a population density of 728.2/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the City of Airdrie had a population of 42,564 living in 15,024 of its 15,638 total dwellings, a change of 47.1% from its 2006 population of 28,927. With a land area of 33.1 km2, it had a population density of 1,285.9/km2 in 2011. The 2011 census indicated that Airdrie was ranked as the municipality with the eighth-highest population growth between 2006 and 2011. Following its 2011 annexation, Statistics Canada adjusted Airdrie's 2011 population by an additional 707 people to 43,271. According to 2001 Statistics Canada Census, the religious breakdown of Airdrie's residents was as follows: Protestant: 46.3% Catholic: 22.7% Other Christian: 3.9% Other Non-Christian: 1.58% Muslim:.018% No religion: 24.2% Nose Creek Park hosts the annual Airdrie Festival of Lights in the Christmas season.
Other annual festivals include the Airdrie Pro Rodeo. Airdrie's primary cultural venues include the Nose Creek Valley Museum and the Bert Church Live Theatre. Nose Creek Park Nose Creek Valley Museum Bert Church Live Theatre Iron Horse Park Airdrie Festival of Lights Airdrie Pro Rodeo Airdrie Family Fall Fair Airdrie is the home of several sporting franchises. Major teams include the Knights of Airdrie, a senior men's lacrosse team that plays in the Rocky Mountain Lacrosse League; as well they have a Jr. B level hockey Team, the Airdrie Thunder, that competes in the Heritage Junior B Hockey League, Team Airdrie, a Jr. C level hockey team. C Hockey League, they are home to the CFR Chemical Bisons, a AAA Midget hockey team, playing out of the AMHL. Airdrie is the home of the Airdrie Irish a SR MENS Semi Pro Alberta Football League; the Irish were play all home games at Airdrie's Genesis Place in summer months. There is a number of competitive junior and amateur sports with the largest being soccer, that call Airdrie home.
Airdrie District Soccer Association has over 2000 children between the ages of 3 and 18 registered to its ever-growing program. With Airdrie being one of the fastest-growing cities in Canada, it is home to eight competitive adult soccer teams playing within the Calgary Soccer Associations competition. Airdrie is situated on the Queen Elizabeth II Highway, which links Edmonton. Highway 567 provides access to Cochrane to Irricana to the east. Airdrie is served by the Airdrie Airport, with the closest major airport being the Calgary International Airport. Airdrie launched the InterCity Express in the fall of 2010, connecting Airdrie and Calgary transit hubs by a two-way express bus service. Local bus service is provided by Airdrie Transit. Rocky View Schools provides public education in Airdrie, operates four high schools in the city: Bert Church High School W. H. Croxford High School George McDougall High School Rocky View Learning ConnectionsCalgary Catholic School District operates three schools in Airdrie: St. Martin de Porres High School Good Shepherd School Our Lady Queen of Peace Private schools in the city include Airdrie Koinonia Christian School.
Due to its proximity to Calgary, Airdrie receives television broadcasts from the city. It at present has no local television broadcasters but has a radio station, Air 106.1 FM. The city has the Airdrie City View and the Airdrie Echo. A community newsletter, Here's the Scoop, is published weekly and delivered door to door as part of a larger flyer package throughout the city. A quarterly magazine, AirdrieLIFE, is available, community internet portals, DiscoverAirdrie.com, TotallyAirdrie.com and Airdrie360.ca. There is a new website for the city's economic development agency at AirdrieNow. Airdrie is in the local delivery area of the Calgary Herald and Calgary Sun. Airdrie offers a full slate of resident services, with any services not available in the city being obtained nearby Calgary; the city is served by a number of strip-mall developments, including Tower Lane Mall and Yankee Valley Crossing. On the city's s
Alberta Highway 16
Alberta Provincial Highway No. 16 referred to as Highway 16, is a major east–west highway in central Alberta, connecting Jasper to Lloydminster via Edmonton. It forms a portion of the Yellowhead Highway, a major interprovincial route of the Trans-Canada Highway system that stretches from Masset, British Columbia to Portage la Prairie, near Winnipeg. Highway 16 spans 634 km from Alberta's border with British Columbia in the west to its border with Saskatchewan in the east; as of 2010, all but less than 96 km of the route was divided, with a minimum of two lanes in each direction. It is designated a core route in Canada's National Highway System. British Columbia Highway 16 becomes Alberta Highway 16 as it crosses the Continental Divide and Yellowhead Pass into Alberta, entering Jasper National Park, it travels in an easterly direction through the Municipality of Jasper until it reaches the intersection with Highway 93 and the west access to the Jasper townsite. East of Highway 93, the highway turns to the north, passes the east access to the Jasper townsite, continues in a northeast direction along the Athabasca River through Improvement District No. 12.
The segment of Highway 16 through Jasper National Park is maintained by the Government of Canada. Upon exiting Jasper National Park, Highway 16 is maintained by Alberta Transportation until it reaches the City of Edmonton and travels through the rural municipalities of Yellowhead County and Parkland County; the highway is a two lane, undivided highway for 19 km where it becomes a four lane, divided highway. The highway continues in a northeast direction through the Town of Hinton until it reaches the locality of Obed, where it continues in an easterly direction and crosses Obed Summit, the highest point on Yellowhead Highway; the highway passes through the Town of Edson, where the highway splits into parallel one-streets, with eastbound traffic following 2 Avenue and westbound traffic following 4 Avenue. It continues east where it passes by the Hamlets of Niton Junction, Wildwood and Entwistle; the highway intersects Highway 16A, which prior to 1997 was part of Highway 16, passes through the Town of Stony Plain, City of Spruce Grove, serves as an alternate route into Edmonton.
The present alignment serves as the northern boundary of Spruce Grove. Highway 16 is part of the CANAMEX Corridor between Highway 43 and its western intersection with Anthony Henday Drive. Highway 16 passes through Edmonton as a major expressway called Yellowhead Trail, maintained by the City of Edmonton. Most sections of Yellowhead Trail are free-flowing, while numerous intersections between 156 Street and 50 Street are signalized. Highway 16 exits Edmonton and enters Strathcona County just west of its eastern intersection with Anthony Henday Drive; the highway travels east and serves as the division between Edmonton and the Urban Service Area of Sherwood Park. The highway continues east past the Hamlet of Ardrossan, through Elk Island National Park, past the Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village; the highway passes through the rural municipalities of Lamont County, County of Minburn, the County of Vermilion River. The highway continues in a general southeast direction by Town of Mundare and the Town of Vegreville, where Highway 16A passes directly through the Vegreville.
The highway continues by Hamlet of Lavoy, Hamlet of Ranfurly, Village of Innisfree, Hamlet of Minburn, Village of Mannville, Town of Vermilion, Village of Kitscoty, Hamlet of Blackfoot. The highway is maintained by Alberta Transportation, with the exception of the segment through Elk Island National Park, maintained by the Government of Canada. Highway 16 passes through the City of Lloydminster along Ray Nelson Drive and is maintained by the City of Lloydminster; the highway is an arterial street and crosses into Saskatchewan at its intersection with Highway 17 where it becomes Saskatchewan Highway 16. The Yellowhead Highway is named after the Yellowhead Pass in the Rocky Mountains. During the early 1800s, Pierre Bostonais, an Iroquois-Métis trapper with streaks of blonde in his hair, worked for the Hudson's Bay Company; because of his hair colour, French-speaking voyageurs referred to him as "Tête Jaune" "Yellow Head". By 1819, Bostonais acted as a guide for the company and had explored a route down the Fraser River to the present city of Prince George.
Half a century the Grand Trunk Pacific and Canadian Northern Railway constructed lines that the Yellowhead Highway paralleled. The two lines between Evansburg and Red Pass Junction were combined into a joint route in 1917, with portions of both lines abandoned; the GTP and CNoR both became part of the new Canadian National Railway by 1924. Following World War I, as automobile use increased exponentially, CNR surveyor Fred Driscoll and Edmonton Automobile and Good Roads Association president formed a committee lobbying for the creation of the Yellowhead Highway. Driscoll believed; the Edmonton Automobile Association offered a gold medal to the first person to travel from Edmonton to Victoria through the gap. Charles Neiymer and Frank Silverthorne left in 4×4 on June 17, 1922; the following week, George Gordon and J. Sims departed Edmonton in a Ford Model T, following the same route. On July 4, both pairs were each awarded gold medals. However, it would take until World War
Beaumont is a city in Leduc County within the Edmonton Metropolitan Region of Alberta, Canada. It is located at the intersection of Highway 625 and Highway 814, adjacent to the City of Edmonton and 6.0 kilometres northeast of the City of Leduc. The Nisku Industrial Park and the Edmonton International Airport are located 4.0 kilometres to the west and 8.0 kilometres to the southwest respectively. A French farming community, Beaumont is now a city with 18,320 people, its downtown core resembles a French village with unique architecture and red brick walkways. It is named for the "beautiful hill" on which St. Vital Church, built in 1919, is located within the centre of the city; the name was selected in 1895 as part of a petition for a post office. Beaumont incorporated as a village on January 1, 1973, as a town on January 1, 1980. On January 1, 2019, Beaumont incorporated as a city; the population of the City of Beaumont according to its 2017 municipal census is 18,320, a change of 3.4% from its 2016 municipal census population of 17,720.
In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Beaumont recorded a population of 17,396 living in 5,633 of its 5,980 total private dwellings, a 31% change from its 2011 population of 13,284. With a land area of 10.47 km2, it had a population density of 1,661.5/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, Beaumont had a population of 13,284 living in 4,369 of its 4,566 total dwellings, a 48.2% change from its 2006 population of 8,961. With a land area of 10.5 km2, it had a population density of 1,265.1/km2 in 2011. The 2011 census indicated that Beaumont was ranked as the municipality with the seventh-highest population growth between 2006 and 2011. In 2014, 49.6% of the workforce of Beaumont was employed in the nearby city of Edmonton. The City of Beaumont is a member of the Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association, an economic development partnership that markets Alberta's International Region in proximity to the Edmonton International Airport. Beaumont is home to the Beaumont Blues & Roots Festival.
Previous performers at the BBRF have included Chantal Kreviazuk, Raine Maida, Corb Lund, Fred Penner, Matt Andersen, Powder Blues Band, the Sheepdogs. List of communities in Alberta List of cities in Alberta Beaumont Composite High School Official website