Sullivan Correctional Facility
Sullivan Correctional Facility is a New York State maximum security prison correctional facility for male prisoners located in Fallsburg, New York. It is operated by the New York State Department of Correctional Services. Sullivan is located on an 850-acre stretch of land that contains Woodbourne Correctional Facility, a medium-security prison; the state appropriated funding for Sullivan after the loss of Rikers Island as a state facility in 1980. The buildings were built on a sharp upslope overlooking the Neversink River valley. In order to build access roads to the prison, the New York State Department of Correctional Services purchased the Lebowitz Pine View Hotel, the 62 acre adjoining property, in 1983; some prisoners from the Woodburne facility were transferred and housed in the hotel buildings, which were operated as a Woodburne annex until the completion of Sullivan in 1985. It operated as a minimum security Sullivan annex until 2010. Sullivan houses between 560 and 580 inmates in four pods, arranged in a circle.
Eighty-six percent of those inmates are being incarcerated for committing violent felonies, 60% are serving life sentences Hudson Link for Higher Education in Prison, a not-for-profit organization was founded to provide college education to incarcerated people in an effort to help reduce recidivism and poverty, while strengthening families and communities. In 1998, as part of the get-tough-on-crime campaign and federal funding for college programs inside prison was stopped. Understanding the positive effects of education in the transformation and rehabilitation of incarcerated people, inmates at Sing Sing Correctional Facility reached out to religious and academic volunteers to develop a college-degree granting program. Under the leadership of Dr. Anne Reissner, Hudson Link for Higher Education in Prison was founded to restore college education at Sing Sing through private funding. Hudson Link now runs pre-college and college degree programs at Fishkill, Sing Sing and Taconic Correctional Facilities.
Among the more infamous inmates at Sullivan are: David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" serial killer who terrorized New York City in 1977 serving 6 life sentences in Shawangunk Correctional Facility Robert Chambers - the "Preppie Killer." Arthur Shawcross, the Genesee River Killer Joe "Mad Dog" Sullivan, mob hitman Ronald DeFeo, Jr. killed his entire family and sparked the writing of The Amityville Horror. He is serving 6 concurrent sentences of 25 years to life. NY prison information Birds eye view from Microsoft Visual Earth @ Live.com
Adirondack Correctional Facility
The Adirondack Correctional Facility is a medium-security prison in Ray Brook, New York in the Adirondack Mountains between Saranac Lake and Lake Placid. Adirondack Correctional Facility started as the Ray Brook Sanatorium, the first state-operated tuberculosis sanatorium, starting in 1904. Although medical developments made sanitoria obsolete starting in the mid-1950s, the State Sanatorium at Ray Brook continued to operate until the mid-1960s; the property was transferred from the Department of Health to the new Drug Addiction Control Commission, combining enforcement and treatment. However, it was judged a failure, closed within five years, it was succeeded by a camp program for adult inmates, "Camp Adirondack". Working with the Department of Environmental Conservation, "campmen", as inmates were known, were employed in logging, wildlife preservation, construction of campsites and snowmobile and cross-country ski trails, construction of a toboggan run at the Mount Pisgah ski area; the camp constructed the Ice Palace each winter for the Saranac Lake Winter Carnival.
With the selection of Lake Placid for the 1980 Winter Olympics the inmates worked on the Olympic trails at Mount Van Hoevenburg. The camp facilities were used for Olympic staff housing, which led to renovation of the water treatment plant, sewage system and food service areas. During the games, the inmates were relocated to other prison facilities in the state, were replaced by 900 State Police and 300 U. S. Customs Bureau personnel, National Guard and security forces of foreign governments who provided security for the Games. An area of 200 acres of the facility was used as the site for the Olympic Village; the newly improved facilities allowed a substantial increase in the prison population, which led to the erection of the first security fence around the perimeter of the complex. In 1981, Camp Adirondack was designated a medium-security facility and renamed the Adirondack Correctional Facility; as of 2010 Adirondack had a working capacity of 566. Sylvia Plath's college boyfriend, Dick Norton contracted tuberculosis while at Harvard University, was sent to Ray Brook for treatment.
Plath visited him in 1952, broke her leg while skiing on Mount Pisgah in nearby Saranac Lake. Andrea Barrett's 2007 novel The Air We Breathe is based on a fictionalized Ray Brook Sanatorium. History of the Adirondack Correctional Facility NY prison information New York Times, "New Mountain Hospital: Institution for treatment of Tuberculosis Almost Ready", October 18, 1903
Clinton Correctional Facility
Clinton Correctional Facility is a New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision maximum security state prison for men located in the Village of Dannemora, New York. The prison itself is sometimes colloquially referred to as Dannemora, although its actual name is derived from its location in Clinton County, New York; the southern perimeter wall of the prison borders New York State Route 374. Church of St. Dismas, the Good Thief, a church built by inmates, is located within the walls; the prison is sometimes referred to as New York's Little Siberia due to the cold climate in Dannemora and the isolation of the area. It is the third oldest prison in New York; the staff includes about a thousand guards. In the post-Furman v. Georgia period and prior to 2008, it housed the New York State death row for men. Built in 1844, it served as a site where prisoners were used to work in local mines in both Dannemora and nearby Lyon Mountain; this enterprise would not be profitable, by 1877, mining had ended, the prisoners were put to work on other trades.
With this change, the prison experienced growth, in 1887 it was given new concrete walls 60 feet tall that still stand. In 1892, the first prisoner was executed in the electric chair at the prison, beginning the use of capital punishment at Clinton Correctional. Twenty six men were executed between 1892 and 1913; this period saw many prisoners cured of tuberculosis due in part to the clean air in the Adirondacks, leading to the importation of prisoners with this disease from other prisons. In 1899, a mental health facility, the Dannemora State Hospital, was built on the grounds to house prisoners who became insane while serving their sentence; such prisoners were retained in the facility if they remained insane following the completion of their sentence. In 1929, Clinton Correctional witnessed a riot which, coupled with riots in other prisons in that year, led to prison reform in New York State; this led to the building of schools in the prison, the renovation or rebuilding of most of the structures within the prison walls, making the facility more modern.
The Church of St. Dismas, the Good Thief was built from 1939 to 1941. In the half of the 20th century, the prison's mental institutions closed and were converted into an annex to house more prisoners. On June 6, 2015, inmates Richard Matt and David Sweat, both serving sentences for murder, escaped from the facility. Two prison employees, Joyce Mitchell and Gene Palmer, were charged with aiding the escape. On June 26, Matt was shot and killed by a Vermont border patrol agent in the town of Malone, New York. Two days Sweat was shot by a New York State Trooper and subsequently captured. In the days after the escape some prisoners reported having been beaten by guards in an attempt to obtain information as to the whereabouts and plans of the escaped inmates. Michael Alig: 10 to 20-year sentence for the murder of his drug dealer in March 1996. George Appo: 19th century pickpocket and con artist, his biographer provides a description of 19th century prison conditions in New York State. Richard Bilello: Lucchese crime family associate and convicted murderer.
Robert Chambers: the "preppy murderer", who served much of his sentence at Clinton Correctional Facility for the manslaughter conviction of Jennifer Levin, as well as a sentence for drug possession after heroin was found in his cell and new criminal charges were brought. Gregory Corso: Italian-American poet, one of the inner circle of "The Beat Generation" along with Kerouac and Burroughs. Sentenced at 17, Corso served about three years for stealing a suit. Jesse Friedman: One of the subjects of the 2003 documentary film, Capturing the Friedmans. Robert F. Garrow: Serial rapist/murderer. Paul Geidel: Murderer. Maksim Gelman: Sentenced to 200 years for murdering four people and injuring another 5. David Gilbert: Serving life in prison. Arrested with members of the Black Liberation Army and other radicals following a botched Brinks armored car robbery in 1981. Julio Gonzalez: perpetrator of the 1990 Happy Land Fire in the Bronx which killed 87 people. Hell Rell: served nearly 28 months on a criminal sale of a controlled substance conviction from 2002 to 2004.
John Jamelske: Mass-kidnapper and serial rapist serving 18 years to life. Vincent Johnson, serial killer known as "Brooklyn Strangler": Serving a life sentence for the murders of five women in 1999 and 2000. John Katehis: Found guilty of 2nd degree murder for the brutal murder of ABC Radio personality, George Weber. Katehis is serving 25 years to life. Marlon Legere: Serving life without parole in connection with the shooting deaths of NYPD detectives Robert Parker and Patrick Rafferty in Brooklyn. Charles "Lucky" Luciano: One of the driving forces behind the development of Italian organized crime in the United States served 10 years of a 30- to 50-year sentence for running a prostitution ring before being deported to Italy after World War II. Maino: Rapper from Brooklyn, New York City, charged for numerous street and gunpoint crimes. Richard Matt: Murderer - Escaped with David Sweat. Shot dead by police in June 2015 while he was still at large. Winston Moseley: Murderer of Catherine Genovese on March 13, 1964, hostage taker in 1968 during that
New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Mount McGregor Correctional Facility
Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility was a medium security prison for male inmates in the Town of Moreau, Saratoga County, New York, United States, it included 100 structures on over 1,000 acres. Before updating security, it was called "Camp Walkaway" due to the number of breakouts, it became a prison in 1976 and closed on July 26, 2014. The peak, Mt. McGregor, was called "Palmertown Mountain", named after a local native tribe, it was renamed after Duncan McGregor, who purchased the land in a tax sale and constructed a small resort along with a restaurant for summer visitors. The Saratoga, Mount McGregor and Lake George Railroad bought the property and opened a more sumptuous resort at the end of a rail line; when the Hotel Balmoral burned in 1897, the resort faded in popularity. The "Sanatorium on the Mountain" at Mount McGregor was opened in 1913 by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company for the benefit of its employees suffering from tuberculosis; this sanatorium staffed by doctors and a nursing staff, had a goal of restoring the health of all the company's employees.
A labyrinth of underground passages still exist that were used to transport the bodies of patients who died to the church and crematorium. The sanitorium closed in 1945. After World War II, the sanatorium served as a facility for military veterans returning to civilian life. Local stories suggest Playboy magazine founder Hugh Hefner looked into purchasing the property in the 1960s or early 1970s. In 1960 the facility was taken over by the State of New York as a school for the developmentally disabled. At first the school was the Mount McGregor division of Rome State School and became Wilton State School; the New York State Department of Corrections assumed control in 1976. At first the complex was a minimum-security prison adding medium-security facilities, it consisted of 100 structures on over 1,000 acres, including dormitories, a 1915 Mission-style chapel with a pipe organ, a dining hall with large windows, a newly-built gymnasium, a lake. The buildings covered 550,000 square feet and ranged in age from 1913 to 2007.
The prison, which used only the central cluster of buildings, closed in 2014. Neighboring Moreau Lake State Park will incorporate 750 undeveloped acres of the former facility. In 2015, the state began considering proposals for the sale of an additional 325 acres, including all the buildings, for redevelopment; as of 2016 the prison has not been sold and the site is still closed to the public. Conspiracy theorists believe the prison is being retained by the federal government to be used as a secret detention center in case of "civil disturbances or plague outbreaks." Grant Cottage State Historic Site, where former U. S. president and army general Ulysses S. Grant spent the last six weeks of his life, was within the grounds of the correctional facility and visitors had to pass a checkpoint. Grant spent the last weeks of his life there; the historic site is not part of the area to be sold. List of New York state prisons Report for an Adaptive Re-Use Plan Mount McGregor Correctional Facility New York State Department of Economic Development
Auburn Correctional Facility
Auburn Correctional Facility is a state prison on State Street in Auburn, New York, United States. It was built on land, once a Cayuga village, it is classified as a maximum security facility. Constructed in 1817 as Auburn Prison, it was the second state prison in New York, the site of the first execution by electric chair in 1890, the namesake of the "Auburn system," a correctional system in which prisoners were housed in solitary confinement in large rectangular buildings, performed penal labor under silence, enforced at all times; the prison was renamed the Auburn Correctional Facility in 1970. The prison is among the oldest functional prisons in the United States. In its early years, the prison charged a fee to tourists. To discourage most visitors, the fee was increased. In contrast with the purely reformatory type prison instituted in Pennsylvania, the Philadelphia System introduced by the Quakers, the "Auburn System" modified the schedule of prayer and humane conditions with hard labor.
Prisoners were compelled to work during the day, the profit of their labor helped to support the prison. Prisoners were segregated by offense; the traditional American prison uniform, consisting of horizontal black and white stripes, originated at the Auburn prison. The prisoners had their heads cropped and walked in lockstep, keeping step with their heads bowed; each prisoner placed a hand on the shoulder of the man in front of him to maintain a rigid separation. There was a communal dining room so that the prisoners could gather together for meals, but a code of silence was enforced harshly at all times by the guards, thus the inmates ate together, but in complete silence. At night the prisoners were kept in individual cells. For several decades, this system was adopted by other jurisdictions; this system was called the "Congregate System." The Sing Sing Correctional Facility in New York, was built using this system under the supervision of the former warden of the Auburn prison, Elam Lynds. As of 2010, Auburn Correctional Facility is responsible for the manufacturing of New York State's license plates.
Copper John is a statue of an American Revolutionary War soldier that stands atop the Auburn Correctional Facility. It has entered the local lexicon as a reference to the prison and aspects of it, for example, getting sent to Auburn Prison is "going to work for Copper John." "John" was a wooden statue, erected atop the administration office of the prison in 1821. In 1848, the statue had weathered so much that it was taken down and a new statue was made out of copper by the prisoners in the prison foundry. In 2004, the New York state government became aware that the statue was fashioned to be "anatomically correct" and ordered the statue to be "incorrected"; some correctional officers made an impromptu protest by passing out T-shirts showing the iconic statue and reading "Save Copper John's Johnson". The warden was an administrative position appointed by the New York State Commissioner of Correction; the heads of all New York State correctional facilities are termed "superintendent". William Britten 1816 - 1821.
He was a master builder of the prison. He became the first warden. Elam Lynds 1821 - 1825, he was a principal keeper. Elam Lynds 1818 Gershom Powers 1825 -?. Levi Lewis 1834 - 1836. John Garrow 1836 - 1838. Elam Lynds 1838 - 1839. Noyes Palmer 1839 - 1840. Robert Cook 1840 - 1843. Matthew R. Bartlett 1867 - 1869, 1.5 executions. W. F. Doubleday 1843 - 1845. Hiram Rathbun 1845 - 1846. David Foot 1846 - 1848. Edward L. Porter 1848 - 1849. James E. Tyler 1849 - 1851. Thomas Kirkpatrick? - 1862. William Sunderlin 1851 - 1886. Charles F. Durston July 1887 to May 1893, 2 executions. James C. Stout May 1, 1893 - February 1, 1897, 5 executions. J. Warren Mead February 1, 1897 - February 1, 1905, 14 executions. Charles K. Baker Feb. 1, 1905 - Dec. 15, 1905, 1 execution. George W. Benham December 15, 1905 - May 26, 1913, 24 executions. Charles F. Rattigan May 1913, to May 1, 1916, 9 executions. Brigadier General Edgar S. Jennings 1929. Frank Lamar Christian 1929 following riots in December 1929. John L. Hoffman 1930, he retired.
Frank L. Heacox 1930. John F. Foster 1944 - 1950. Robert E. Murphy 1950 - 1963. John Deegan 1969 -?. Harry Fritz 1971 -?. Robert J. Henderson circa 1974. Harry Fritz 2012 - 2014. Harold D. Graham 2014 - 2018. Timothy McCarthy 2018 - current; the Principal Keeper operated the prison on a day-to-day basis. Many went on to become wardens. Elam Lynds circa 1825. Stephen S. Austin 1860 - 1863. George Durnford 1929. Killed during a riot by Max Becker. Edward L. Beckwith 1930. Abraham Greenthal, notorious pickpocket. William Kemmler, first person executed in the electric chair. Robert Chambers, the "preppy murderer." Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of President William McKinley, electrocuted in Auburn on October 29, 1901. Lucchese crime family mob associate Jimmy Burke. Colombo crime family caporegime Joe Gallo. Contract killer Donald Frankos. Chester Gillette, convicted for murder of Grace Brown, electrocuted in 1908. Craig G
Woodbourne Correctional Facility
Woodbourne Correctional Facility is a medium security men's prison operated by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision in Woodbourne, New York of Sullivan County. It is located on the same tract of land as maximum security Sullivan Correctional Facility; the prison opened in 1933, designed by Alfred Hopkins, an estate architect with a sideline in prisons such as Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary in Pennsylvania. Hopkins designed Wallkill Correctional Facility and Coxsackie Correctional Facility for the state. Juvenile murderer Willie Bosket, serving three consecutive sentences of 25 years to life for offenses committed while in the Shawangunk Correctional Facility and at Woodbourne. Bosket was housed in a specially-constructed plexiglass-lined cell in complete isolation but is no longer at Woodbourne. Rapper Shyne of New York City served a 10-year sentence in The Woodbourne Facility after being convicted of first-degree assault and reckless endangerment The Sopranos actor Tony Sirico Birds eye view from Microsoft Virtual Earth @ Live.com