Interstate 105 (California)
Interstate 105 is an Interstate Highway in southern Los Angeles County, California that runs east–west from near the Los Angeles International Airport to the City of Norwalk. It is known as the Glenn Anderson Freeway for the Democratic California politician who advocated its construction. I-105 has been referred to as the Century Freeway; the California Streets and Highways Code defines Route 105 as "from Pershing Drive near El Segundo to Route 605," but Caltrans never constructed the segment from Sepulveda Boulevard to Pershing Drive. Motorists can continue west via Imperial Highway over conventional roadway to Pershing Drive, but it is not part of Route 105 nor is it under state maintenance. I-105 begins at Sepulveda Boulevard on the southern edge of Los Angeles International Airport, adjacent to the city of El Segundo, it proceeds eastward from there on, crossing the Los Angeles and San Gabriel Rivers before terminating just east of the San Gabriel River Freeway in western Norwalk. The freeway stops short of intersecting with its parent interstate.
Instead, the primary lanes of I-105 terminate at an at-grade intersection with Studebaker Road. Much of the length of the Century Freeway runs parallel to Imperial Highway, it runs parallel to Century Boulevard, from which its original name is derived. Century Boulevard, in turn, is named for its position equivalent to 100th Street in the Los Angeles grid; the Los Angeles Metro Rail Green Line runs in the median of nearly the entire length of I-105. The Green Line's eastern terminus is at Norwalk, at the interchange between I-105 and I-605. I-105 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration. Interstate 105 was an integral part of a Caltrans 1960s master plan for the Southern California freeway system, but did not open until 1993; the right-of-way was included on several early highway plans since at least 1947, although it was not named the "Century Freeway" until 1956, was numbered Route 42.
In 1965, the Century Freeway was added to the state system originated at State Route 1 east to Central Avenue in the City of Los Angeles along an alignment near to the current right-of-way. The current route was added to the Interstate system in 1968; the route was designed between 1968 and 1972, but opposition from some of the communities through which the right-of-way would pass slowed the process and led to some reroutings. Many factors contributed to the delay; the growth of the environmental movement in the 1960s created resistance to new freeway construction. Fiscal difficulties brought about by the 1971 Sylmar earthquake and the California tax revolt of the late 1970s further hampered Caltrans' construction efforts. However, the major source of resistance to the freeway's construction was community opposition and the side effects of these demands. By the early 1970s, most of the areas in the freeway's path were predominantly African-American. Resentment over previous freeway projects' effects on other black communities resulted in significant modifications to the original route.
Most cities along the way, weary of the noise and visual blight created by elevated freeways, demanded that the route be built far below grade in a "trench." Another source for resistance to the freeway's construction was that much of the areas along the I-105 path was going to be built in low income, high crime neighborhoods, which delayed the freeway's construction until the crime in the areas went down. Norwalk, opposed to the freeway's proposed route through the center of the city, blocked the route from reaching its intended terminus at the Santa Ana Freeway. In 1972, community opposition resulted in a federal lawsuit, Keith v. Volpe, being filed, charging violation of various civil rights protections and the National Environmental Policy Act. An important figure in the freeway's history was Harry Pregerson, a United States federal judge who presided over the lawsuit concerning the freeway's construction and chose to continue presiding over the case despite being promoted to a higher level court.
The interchange with Interstate 110 is named the Judge Harry Pregerson Interchange in his honor. In 1972, Judge Pregerson enjoined the further development of the freeway until it has complied with the requirements of NEPA, the California Environmental Quality Act, the Federal-Aid Highway Act, the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Act of 1970. In 1979, this lawsuit resulted in a Consent Decree, amended in 1981, which imposed several conditions on development of the freeway, including additional public hearings, preparation of an environmental report, alterations to the design to reduce lanes and intersections, improve carpooling and provide for a transit way, which became the Los Angeles Metro Rail Green Line. A portion of the right-of-way was to be constructed below grade to buffer adjacent areas from the effects of traffic noise. After construction began in the 1980s, failure to perform a full survey of the area's groundwater deposits, combined with the 20–30 f
Lakewood is a commuter rail station in Lakewood, United States. It is the terminus of the South Line of the Sounder commuter rail network, operated by Sound Transit in the Seattle metropolitan area; the station, located along Pacific Highway Southwest, includes a 620-stall parking garage and several bus bays served by Intercity Transit and Sound Transit Express. Lakewood station was scheduled to open in 2002 as part of a Sounder extension, but plans were delayed due to funding issues and the state government's work on the Point Defiance Bypass project. Construction on the $33 million station and garage began in March 2007 and it opened for use by buses on September 18, 2008. Sounder service to Lakewood began in October 2012 and the pedestrian bridge opened a few months later. Lakewood station is located along Pacific Highway near its intersection with 47th Avenue Southwest, to the east of central Lakewood; the station consists of a single side platform along the double-tracked Point Defiance Bypass, an adjacent bus station with six bays.
A four-story parking garage with 620 parking spaces is north of the bus station and includes a pedestrian bridge over the tracks to Kendrick Street Southwest, near St. Clare Hospital; the garage has 18 covered parking spaces for bicycles. The station was designed by Hewitt Architects and includes one piece of public art commissioned by Sound Transit, Transpire, a cast bronze sculpture by Mark Calderon that depicts a campfire with intertwined spires; the original design of the sculpture attracted controversy for being phallic in nature, which conflicted with the city's stance against prostitution and sex businesses that had operated along Pacific Highway. A commuter rail line serving Pierce County was first considered in the late 1980s by Metro Transit, but were limited to proposals that terminated in Tacoma; the regional transit plan published in 1993 excluded Lakewood, but a new regional transit authority added the city to its commuter rail studies in late 1993. The Lakewood–Seattle commuter rail line was included in a 1995 ballot measure, along with a feasibility study for an extension to DuPont, but it was defeated by suburban voters.
The transit plan returned on the November 1996 ballot and was passed by voters, allocating $9 million in funding to the Lakewood commuter rail station. The Lakewood segment of the commuter rail system was scheduled to open in 2002, shortly after the start of service from Tacoma to Seattle in 2000. Insufficient sales tax revenue, increased construction costs, design changes requested by Tacoma officials, the state government's delays in planning the Point Defiance Bypass moved the projected opening date to 2007 and 2012. Lakewood's city government selected a site on Pacific Highway Southwest near Bridgeport Way as its preferred location for the commuter rail station in 1998, it was adopted by Sound Transit after the completion of an environmental assessment in 2002. Sound Transit's preferred design included a 1,000-stall surface park and ride lot, but Lakewood's concerns about pedestrian safety and impacts to potential development led to the addition of a parking garage, costing up to $7 million more.
Construction of Lakewood station's bus bays and parking garage began on March 26, 2007, under the direction of contractor PCL Construction, who were awarded the $18.8 million construction contract in February. Major construction was completed in June 2008 and the $33 million station opened for use by bus passengers on September 21, 2008; the station was served by Sound Transit Express routes to Tacoma and Seattle, as well as local routes operated by Pierce Transit and Intercity Transit. Construction of the Lakewood segment, which included new street crossings and signals, began in March 2010 and reached substantial completion by December. Sounder service to Lakewood began on October 8, 2012, marking the completion of the original 82-mile network, was preceded by a ribbon-cutting celebration and inaugural rides to and from Tacoma Dome Station two days prior; the pedestrian bridge to Kendrick Street was completed in July 2013. As part of the state's construction of the Point Defiance Bypass, a second track was built in 2016 through Lakewood station to allow Amtrak trains to bypass Sounder trains at the platform.
In 2016, voters approved the Sound Transit 3 package, which included an extension of Sounder from Lakewood to Tillicum and DuPont, scheduled to open in 2036. The Sounder South Line has 13 daily round-trips between Pierce County and Seattle, of which eight terminate at Lakewood station. Late morning, early afternoon, reverse-peak trains do not serve Lakewood, with the exception of a mid-day train added in 2016. Sounder trains travel from Lakewood to Tacoma to Seattle in 76 minutes. Lakewood station is served by Sound Transit Express routes connecting to Puyallup station, DuPont and Seattle. Intercity Transit operates buses between Olympia that stop at the station. Media related to Lakewood at Wikimedia Commons Sound Transit Rider Guide
Pershing Square station
Pershing Square is a heavy-rail subway station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is located on Hill Street between 4th and 5th Streets, near Pershing Square in Downtown Los Angeles; this station is served by the Metro Red Line and the Metro Purple Line and various local bus services. The Metro Silver Line heading northbound to El Monte Station stops at the street level; the Metro Silver Line heading southbound to Harbor Gateway Transit Center does not stop near the station. The station uses an island platform layout and is decorated with a neon art piece by Stephen Antonakos; the work pays tribute to the first neon sign in the United States, hung in 1924 in the Pershing Square area. The station installed station canopies for the stations entrance in 2014. Pershing Square is near Angels Grand Central parking. Rail services: Red and Purple Line service hours are from 5:00 AM until 12:45 AM daily. Silver Line service hours are from 4:15 AM until 1:45 AM Monday- Friday & 5:00 A. M.- 1:45 A.
M. Saturdays/ Sundays & Holidays. Metro bus services: Metro Local: 2, 4, 10, 14, 16, 18, 28, 30, 33, 37, 38, 40, 45, 48, 53, 55, 62, 68, 70, 71, 76, 78, 79, 81, 83, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96, 302*, 316* & 378* Metro Express: 442*, 460, 487 & 489* Metro Rapid: 720, 728, 733, 745, 770 & 794 Metro Liner: Metro Silver Line Other local and commuter bus services: Foothill Transit: Silver Streak LADOT Commuter Express: 419* LADOT DASH: B, D Montebello Transit: 40, 50, 90* Orange County Transportation Authority: 701*, 721* Torrance Transit: 4* Note: * indicates commuter service that operates only during weekday rush hours. Pershing Square Historic Core/Broadway Angels Flight Grand Central Market Hilton Checkers Hotel Library Tower Jewelry District Millennium Biltmore Hotel Omni Los Angeles Hotel Richard J. Riordan Central Library Title Guarantee and Trust Company Building Angels Knoll parkOUE Skycrape LA Days of Summer S. W. A. T. Lethal Weapon 3 Speed He Was a Quiet Man "Takers" Bad Day 2005 video by musician Daniel Powter Pershing Square Station connections overview
Metro Local is a bus service type in Los Angeles County operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. This retronym designation was placed to differentiate it from the Metro Rapid service. Metro Local buses cover both local, limited-stop, shuttle bus services. Metro Local buses are distinguished by their prominent orange color. Based on availability of equipment, units in non-Metro Local livery may be placed into service on lines that use Metro Local buses. There are bus lines that are operated under contract with MV Transportation, Southland Transit, Transdev. Metro Local buses can be found on 400-series and 500-series routes, which are Metro Express routes with different fare structures and routing. Metro buses are given line numbers; this method was devised by the SCRTD, Metro's predecessor. All service operated by Metro as of 28 June 2018. Local bus service to/from other areas; the line numbering begins at line 2 and proceeds counterclockwise around Downtown Los Angeles, ending at line 96 East/west service, not serving Downtown Los Angeles.
North/south service, not serving Downtown Los Angeles. Limited-stop versions of traditional local routes, which make fewer stops and operate during peak times. Most limited-stop routes are designated by placing a 3 before a main line number. Most limited-stop routes have been replaced by Metro Rapid routes. Shuttles, special routes and local service within one or two adjacent neighborhoods and/or jurisdictions. Former Metro Local Routes
Universal City/Studio City station
Universal City/Studio City Universal City, is a heavy rail subway station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is located at the intersection of Lankershim Boulevard, Campo de Cahuenga and Universal Terrace Parkway. In Los Angeles, California; this station is served by the Red Line. Universal City/Studio City station lies within the Los Angeles neighborhood of Studio City at the intersection of Lankershim Boulevard, Campo de Cahuenga and Universal Terrace Parkway. Universal City/Studio City station straddles the hills between the Los Angeles Basin to the south and the San Fernando Valley to the north. Just southeast of the station, across the Hollywood Freeway is the Cahuenga Pass, arguably a neighborhood as well, consisting of a strip of shops and offices that follow US 101, but along Cahuenga Boulevard, which parallels the freeway through the pass. Universal City/Studio City station serves the nearby Universal Studios Hollywood theme park and Universal CityWalk entertainment complex.
It includes the NBC Universal studio complex and the 10 Universal City Plaza building. Riders can cross the street and board the tram to go to City Walk and the theme park, as well as the Studio itself. A pedestrian passageway was proposed by Metro but was scrapped because of Universal's reluctance to pay the growing costs of the project. Universal, in conjunction with Metro, constructed a pedestrian bridge over Lankershim Boulevard and Universal Hollywood Drive that opened in April 2016. NBCUniversal agreed to fund a portion of the $19.5 million project, while the remainder was funded through Proposition A. Part of MOS-3 of the Red Line, Universal City/Studio City opened on June 24, 2000, as part of an extension from Hollywood/Vine to North Hollywood, the latter of which remains the line's northwestern terminus; the Universal City/Studio City station lies underground, in this case beneath Bluffside Drive at its intersection with Campo de Cahuenga. Access is provided by two entrances, one on the northwest and the other on the southwest corner of the intersection between Lankershim Boulevard and Campo de Cahuenga.
The station features a ride lot. There are a few public bus lines that stop or terminate at the bus bays on the west side of Lankershim Boulevard, adjacent to the station while others are found by crossing to the east side of Lankershim Boulevard. Metro Local: 150, 155, 224, 237, 240, 656 Metro Rapid: 750 Universal City Shuttle Tram Media related to Universal City/Studio City at Wikimedia Commons Station connections overview
Pico is an at-grade light rail station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is located in the South Park neighborhood of Downtown Los Angeles, on Flower Street and Pico Boulevard; the station is served by the Metro Expo Line. The Metro Silver Line buses heading northbound to El Monte Station stop one block west of the station at Figueroa Street and Pico Boulevard. Southbound Silver Line buses heading to Harbor Gateway Transit Center stop at Flower St./Pico Blvd. The full station name is Pico/Chick Hearn; this name memorializes sportscaster Francis Dayle "Chick" Hearn, longtime play-by-play announcer for the Los Angeles Lakers. On April 13, 2016, the station was temporarily renamed "Kobe" to commemorate professional basketballer Kobe Bryant's last game. Since the station is listed on METRO maps as "Pico Station" only. Blue Line service hours are from 4:00 AM until 1:00 AM daily. Expo Line service hours are from 4:00 AM until 2:00 AM daily; the Metro Silver Line northbound street stop is located at Figueroa Pico Boulevard.
The Silver Line southbound. The Silver Line operates 24 hours a day. Pico station serves the South Park neighborhood on its east, the Figueroa/Convention District on its west, it is located on the east side of Flower Street, just north of Pico Boulevard. North of this station is the Flower Street Tunnel, which connects Pico station to 7th St/Metro Center Station via Flower Street; the tunnel's portal is just south of 11th Street on Flower Street. The tunnel will be extended when the Regional Connector is completed in 2020; the station is within walking distance to the following attractions: Staples Center Chick Hearn Court/L. A. Live Los Angeles Convention Center Circa Complex Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising, Los Angeles Campus Oceanwide Plaza California Hospital Medical Center Pico-Union, Los Angeles, California Pico is an at-grade center-platform station designed to accommodate Metro light rail vehicles; the station's entrance is on the northeast corner of Flower/Pico. Metro added gates and flashing lights at this station during late December 2011, as part of a set of safety enhancements that were added as part of the Expo Line project.
Access upgrades were added in 2018 due to increased development of the area. Metro has held discussions regarding placing the station underground or expanding the light rail capacity in time for the 2028 Olympics. Pico station opened along with the Blue Line on July 14, 1990 and was the site of opening day celebrations; because the underground portion of the line was not yet complete, this station served as the northern terminus for the line until February 1991 when 7th St/Metro Center Station opened. During the 2028 Summer Olympics, the station will serve spectators traveling to events at the Los Angeles Convention Center, Staples Center and Microsoft Theater. Station connections overview Metro Expo Line Construction Authority Project Website, Metro Rail Expo Corridor, Phase 1 to Culver City Pico Station'relation' on OpenStreetMap
Vermont/Santa Monica station
Vermont/Santa Monica is a heavy-rail subway station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is located at Vermont Avenue and Santa Monica Boulevard in East Hollywood neighborhood of Los Angeles; this station is served by the Red Line. Vermont/Santa Monica has two entrances on a north entrance and a south entrance; the north entrance faces Santa Monica Blvd. The south entrance, near Lockwood Avenue, is adjacent to Los Angeles City College and three blocks from Braille Institute; the station was designed by the firm of Ellerbe Becket, which received a progressive architecture award for the design. The station design was created as a series of layers, each of, unique to its purpose; the most prominent element of the design is the almond shaped structure over the entrance to the station. The almond shape is repeated in an almond shaped balcony overlooking the station; the cost of the station was US$40.5 million. Red Line service hours are from 5:00 AM until 12:45 AM daily. Metro services Metro Local: 4, 204 Metro Rapid: 704, 754Other local services LADOT DASH: Hollywood Station connections overview