Ottawa Rough Riders
The Ottawa Rough Riders were a Canadian Football League team based in Ottawa, founded in 1876. One of the oldest and longest lived professional sports teams in North America, the Rough Riders won the Grey Cup championship nine times, their most dominant era was a period in which they won five Grey Cups. The team's fortunes waned in the 1980s and 1990s and they ceased operations following the 1996 season. Five years a new CFL team known as the Ottawa Renegades was founded, though they suspended operations in 2006; the Ottawa Redblacks, who own the Rough Riders intellectual properties, joined the league in 2014. Founded: 1876 Folded: 1996 Formerly known as: Ottawa Football Club, Ottawa Rough Riders, Ottawa Senators. Nickname: The Red and Black Home stadium: Frank Clair Stadium called Lansdowne Park until 1993 Uniform colours: Red and white Helmet design: Black background with a face of a Rough Rider with a log driver's pike in the background. Ontario Rugby Football Union regular season championships: 3 — 1898, 1900, 1902 Quebec Rugby Football Union regular season championships: 1 — 1905 Eastern regular season championships: 19 — 1908, 1925, 1926, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978 Canadian Dominion Football Championship appearances: 4 — 1898, 1900, 1902, 1905 Grey Cup finals appearances: 15 — 1925, 1926, 1936, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1948, 1951, 1960, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1976, 1981 The Ottawa Football Club was organized on Wednesday, September 20, 1876 where they won the first game they played on September 23 against the Aylmer Club at Jacques-Cartier Square.
The team's colours were cerise and navy blue. The club adopted the name Ottawa Rough Riders on Friday, September 9, 1898 and changed its team colours to red and black. Since red and black have been Ottawa's traditional sporting colours. Although in years the name was said to derive from logging, the team based its colours on Teddy Roosevelt's regiment in the Spanish–American War, with the date of the renaming, suggests that the name comes from the war; the team changed its nickname to Ottawa Senators from 1925 to 1930. Ottawa's first Canadian championship came in 1898; the Ottawa Football Club transferred from the Quebec Union to the Ontario League that season. The Riders defeated the Hamilton Tigers 15–8 for the Ontario championship defeated Toronto Varsity, the Intercollegiate champions 7–3 and defeated Ottawa College 11–1 to win the Canadian championship. In those days, Ottawa athletes played in multiple sports and the Riders had athletes famous in other sports, such as Harvey Pulford and Frank McGee.
The Riders and Ottawa College were the Canadian champions for the next several years, with the Riders defeating Brockville 17–10 in 1900, defeating Ottawa College 5–0 in 1902, College being the 1901 Canadian champions. The Riders moved back to the Quebec Union, winning the 1903 Quebec championship, in a year where there was no playoff for the Canadian title. In 1905, Ottawa won the Quebec title, only to lose to the Toronto Varsity team 11–9 in the Canadian championship; the club absorbed the Ottawa St. Pats when the Riders helped found the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union in 1907; the Riders would win the IRFU championship in 1909 over the Hamilton Tigers, but lost in the Canadian final in Toronto to Toronto Varsity. The Riders declined and became uncompetitive during the 1910s, attributed to the First World War, the lure of salaries in professional ice hockey meaning athletes chose hockey over football in Ottawa. During the decline of the Riders, another Ottawa team, Ottawa St. Brigids, was on an ascent.
St. Brigids, which played in the Ottawa City league, the Ontario league, was developing top talent. In 1923, St. Brigids and the Riders merged, with St. Brigids manager Jim McCaffery becoming the manager of the Riders. McCaffery would be a member of the Riders executive for several decades; the team won a time when they were known as the Ottawa Senators. In 1925, Ottawa defeated three-time defending champion. Ottawa defeated Winnipeg 24–1 in the championship, held in Ottawa, defeated Toronto Varsity 10–7 in Toronto in 1926; the team was led by top players such as Eddie Emerson, Joe Tubman, Joe Miller, Jess Ketchum, Jack Pritchard, Harold Starr and Don Young. The Riders went back into a decline after the championships. Again, another Ottawa team, the Ottawa Rangers, was developing talent and enjoying success, winning the Quebec title; the Riders absorbed the Rangers in 1933, getting Rangers stars Andy Tommy, Arnie Morrison and "Fat Quinn'. That same year the Riders added more talent, bringing in American imports "Windy" O'Neil and Lorne Johnson.
In 1935, the Riders added Roy Berry, who would be mysterious about his origins. The Riders defeated the Toronto Argonauts in the final two games of the Big Four schedule to deny Toronto the Big Four championship, the Argonauts protested that Berry was not who he said he was. In fact, it turned out that Berry was Bohn Hilliard who had played professional baseball, making him ineligible for Canadian football, he had kept his identity a secret from Ottawa officials. In 1936, the Riders won the Big Four title defeating the Hamilton Tigers 3–2; the team progressed to the Eastern final against the Sarnia Imperials. The Imperials won the game 26–20 in a frozen battle held at Toronto's Varsity Stadium. Since there was no western challenge that year, the Imperials became Canadian champions; the highlight of Rough R
Ellsworth Community College
Ellsworth Community College is a community college in Iowa Falls, Iowa. It was founded as Ellsworth College in 1890 by Eugene S. Ellsworth. A private business academy, it became a four-year college, a music conservatory, a public junior college before being absorbed into the Iowa Valley Community College District. Ellsworth Community College offers three distinct degree programs. Arts and Science Degrees are two-year degrees geared toward students who wish to enter the professional workforce but do not plan to earn a degree from a four-year college; some of the credits earned under this degree program can be transferred to a four-year university, however. Career/Technical Degrees & Diplomas provide hands-on training in a wide variety of vocational fields; the course of study lasts anywhere from nine months to two years. Associate in Arts Degrees are intended for students who plan to continue their education at a four-year college; the coursework for these degrees is identical to that offered during the freshman and sophomore years at the three state universities in Iowa.
The Ellsworth Community College Panthers compete in nine intercollegiate sports as a member of the National Junior College Athletic Association. The Ellsworth football team has won two NJCAA national championships; the sports offered for men are football, wrestling and baseball. The women's sports are volleyball, basketball and softball; the school competes in the competitive Iowa Community College Athletic Conference at the Division 1 and 2 level. The Panthers' mascot is named Pounce; the school won an NJCAA national championship in basketball in 1971. Ken Bishop, NFL and CFL defensive tackle Dale Carter, 1992 NFL Rookie of the year Joseph Gomer, Tuskegee Airman Mistral Raymond, NFL safety Andre Tippett, Pro Football Hall of Fame linebacker Tanner Varner, Professional Arena football player Jaleel Scott, Professional football player Hernan Ramos, Minor League Player with the Chicago Cubs Homer D. Calkins Official website Official athletics website
Danny McManus is a retired professional American football and Canadian football quarterback who passed for over 50,000 yards in seventeen seasons in the Canadian Football League and serves as the Assistant General Manager and Director for US Scouting for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. He played every season in the league from 1990 to 2006, as a member of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, BC Lions, Edmonton Eskimos, Hamilton Tiger-Cats, with the Calgary Stampeders; as of 2007, his all-time CFL passing yardage is third most next to Damon Allen and Anthony Calvillo, he works as a colour analyst for TSN's CFL broadcasts, having appeared as a guest analyst on the CFL on CBC late in his playing career. On December 2, 2013, McManus was named the Assistant General Manager and Director of U. S. Scouting for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. Previous to that, he served as the director of scouting for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats. McManus spent four seasons from 1984 to 1987, coached by Bobby Bowden. McManus was led the Seminoles to defeat Nebraska.
After four victories, he suffered a pair of concussions and he had spent the rest of 1985 on the bench. But in 1986, McManus was named the Seminole's offensive most valuable player, after a season that saw him come out of the backup position to end the year as the starter, throwing for 872 yards and seven touchdowns. In 1987, McManus started every game for Florida State, leading them to an 11-1 record and a spot in the Fiesta Bowl, which they won 31-28 over the University of Nebraska. Due to his leadership, FSU had one of their greatest campaigns. McManus, who threw for 375 yards and three touchdowns in the bowl game, was named the most valuable player, wound up with 1,984 yards and fourteen touchdowns on the year. After this season, McManus was selected in the 1988 NFL Draft, but late: in the eleventh round by the Kansas City Chiefs. McManus made the Chiefs out of training camp, spent his first, only, National Football League season on the bench as the third quarterback. McManus saw no action, was released during 1989's training camp.
McManus was unsuccessful. Unable to find a place to play in 1989, McManus signed with the Canadian Football League's Winnipeg Blue Bombers in time for the 1990 season; the Blue Bombers of the era were in the middle of a mini-dynasty, where they won two Grey Cups in three years. The 1990 season gave the Blue Bombers their best ending as they obliterated the Edmonton Eskimos 50-11 in the 78th Grey Cup in Vancouver. McManus, the Blue Bombers' backup all year, threw for a total of 946 yards and seven touchdowns during the season, tossed a touchdown in the Grey Cup in a rare appearance for the backup in the championship game. Through 1991 and 1992, McManus remained with the Blue Bombers as the backup quarterback to Matt Dunigan. McManus made his second Grey Cup appearance in 1992; this time, the circumstances were not so good, as Dunigan had been ineffective and the Blue Bombers went on to lose the 80th Grey Cup 24-10 to Calgary at SkyDome in Toronto, Ontario. After the Grey Cup, McManus left Winnipeg as a free agent and ended up signing with the BC Lions, started three games in 1993 when starting quarterback Danny Barrett was injured.
For 1994, McManus was again this time to Kent Austin. However, fate would give McManus a larger role in this season as, in the West Final he replaced Austin and led the Lions to a trip to a comeback victory over the Calgary Stampeders in a driving snowstorm culminating in a last second TD pass that sent the Lions to the Grey Cup Game at home in Vancouver. In the 82nd Grey Cup, Austin was knocked out of the game and McManus had to take over at halftime, ended up leading the Lions on a dramatic drive downfield setting up Lui Passaglia to kick a game-winning field goal, giving BC a 26-23 victory over the Baltimore Stallions, it was McManus's second Grey Cup and third appearance in five years in the Canadian Football League. In 1995, McManus was given the reins as the Lions' full-time starter. McManus threw for 19 touchdowns, but the Lions' efforts to defend their Grey Cup were derailed come playoff time, as the Lions were defeated by the Edmonton Eskimos in the Western Division Semi-Final despite McManus throwing for 333 yards and two touchdowns.
Any animosity McManus must have felt to the Eskimos must have cooled, however, as he signed with Edmonton during the off-season as a free agent following his release by British Columbia. Once again, McManus was second in the league in passing yardage for 1996, this time behind Doug Flutie, with 4,425 yards, 22 touchdowns, 19 interceptions. McManus led the Eskimos to second in the Western Division and the Grey Cup game, including a 68-7 slaughtering of McManus's old Blue Bombers in the Western Semi-Final. In the driving snow at Ivor Wynne Stadium, the Toronto Argonauts defeated Edmonton in the 84th Grey Cup 43-37. McManus had an excellent game despite the conditions with 413 yards and three touchdowns, but was outplayed by Toronto's Flutie, named the most outstanding player. McManus's only interception of the game came when Doug Flutie's brother Darren fell trying to catch a well-thrown ball, the ball ricocheted off of Flutie and into the waiting arms of a Toronto defensive back, who returned it for a touchdown.
1997 was a slight regression for McManus, but not for the Eskimos as they won their division for the first time since 1991. McManus fell to fourth in passing yardage but was still the Edmonton nominee for Most O
The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a professional Canadian football team based in Hamilton, Canada. They are members of the East Division of the Canadian Football League; the Tiger-Cats play their home games at Tim Hortons Field. They were founded in 1950 with the merger of the Hamilton Wildcats. Since the 1950 merger, the team has won the Grey Cup championship eight times, most in 1999; the Hamilton Tiger-Cats Football Club recognizes all Grey Cups won by Hamilton-based teams as part of their history, which would bring their win total to 15. However, the CFL does not recognize these wins under one franchise, rather as the individual franchises that won them. If one includes their historical lineage, Hamilton football clubs won league championships in every decade of the 20th century, a feat matched by only one other North American franchise in professional sports, the Triple-A Rochester Red Wings of the International League. Neither of these teams won a championship in the first decade of the 21st century.
In their first forty years of existence, the Tiger-Cats were a model franchise, qualifying for the playoffs in all but three of those years and winning seven Grey Cup championships. They are one of six teams in the modern era to win the Grey Cup at home and were the first to accomplish this when they did it in 1972. However, since 1990, they have missed the playoffs on eleven occasions and have won just one Grey Cup in 1999, their lowest moment came when they lost a CFL record 17 games in one season with just one win during their 2003 season. The franchise has started to return to prominence after qualifying for the post-season in four of the past five seasons, including a loss in the 101st Grey Cup and again in the 102nd Grey Cup; the owner/caretaker of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats Football Club is businessman Bob Young, who purchased the club on October 7, 2003. He was born in Hamilton, Ontario and graduated from Victoria College at the University of Toronto, his fortune was earned in the software industry and he is the owner and CEO of Lulu, a self-publishing website.
As of 2011, the Hamilton Tiger-Cats Executive Committee consists of three people: Bob Young, Caretaker. Although the current Hamilton Tiger-Cats were only founded in 1950, football in Hamilton goes back much further than that; the history of Hamilton Tiger-Cats Football Club can be traced back to November 3, 1869 in a room above George Lee’s Fruit Store, when the Hamilton Football Club was formed. The Hamilton football club played their first game on December 1869 against the 13th Battalion. In 1872, the Hamilton Football club began play at the Hamilton AAA Grounds and they became known as the Tigers in 1873; the Hamilton Tigers began play in the Ontario Rugby Football Union in 1883 and won their first Canadian Dominion Football Championship in 1906 when the Tigers beat McGill University 29–3. The Tigers continued in the ORFU until 1907, when the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union was formed; the IRFU became known as the Big Four and the IRFU became the East division of the modern CFL in the 1950s.
The Tigers faced stiff local competition with the ORFU's Hamilton Alerts who, in 1912, won the City of Hamilton its first Grey Cup, the trophy, now awarded to the Canadian Dominion Football Champions, by beating the Toronto Argonauts 11–4. In the following season, the Tigers won their first of five Grey Cups when they beat the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club by the lopsided margin of 44–2; the Alerts were refused entry into the ORFU in 1913 with many of its players opting to join the Tigers, while the Alerts faded from existence. The Alerts gave way to a team under the name Hamilton Rowing Club from 1913–1915, who played in the ORFU. 1914 saw the complete amalgamation of the Hamilton Alerts and the Hamilton Tigers and the football club continued playing under the name "Tigers". In 1915, in the final pre-war season, the Hamilton Tigers won their second Grey Cup. After over a decade-long drought, the Hamilton Tigers won the Grey Cup championship game in 1928, 1929 and 1932; the 1941 season saw the Tigers suspend play for the remainder of World War II.
The Hamilton Tigers folded because a number of players had gone into the armed services. It is believed by some that the failure of the Tigers is what caused the IRFU to be dissolved, the Eastern Rugby Football Union to be formed; because of the absence of the Tigers, a new club called the Hamilton Wildcats were formed to play in the ORFU in 1941. The Wildcats were given permission to use players from the Hamilton Tigers, but not the traditional black and yellow colors of the Tigers. In 1943, the Hamilton Flying Wildcats, stocked with Royal Canadian Air Force personnel, won the 31st Grey Cup. Things returned to normal in 1945 when the IRFU and the Hamilton Tigers resumed play while the Wildcats continued on in the ORFU. In 1948 the Hamilton Wildcats joined the IRFU to replace the Tigers who joined the Ontario Rugby Football Union; the Tigers and Wildcats switch of unions only lasted. At this time, the Tigers and Wildcats competed for fans and bragging rights so vehemently that neither team could operate on a sound financial level.
The Tigers and Wildcats amalgamated in 1950 to form the Hamilton Tiger-Cats that would compete in the IRFU. Under the guidance of prominent and distinguished local leaders such as Ralph "Super-Duper" Cooper and F. M. Gibson, i
College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States. Unlike most other sports in North America, no minor league farm organizations exist in American or Canadian football. Therefore, college football is considered to be the second tier of American football in the United States and Canadian football in Canada. However, in some areas of the country, college football is more popular than professional football, for much of the early 20th century, college football was seen as more prestigious than professional football, it is in college football where a player's performance directly impacts his chances of playing professional football. The best collegiate players will declare for the professional draft after three to four years of collegiate competition, with the NFL holding its annual draft every spring in which 256 players are selected annually.
Those not selected can still attempt to land an NFL roster spot as an undrafted free agent. After the emergence of the professional National Football League, college football remained popular throughout the U. S. Although the college game has a much larger margin for talent than its pro counterpart, the sheer number of fans following major colleges provides a financial equalizer for the game, with Division I programs — the highest level — playing in huge stadiums, six of which have seating capacity exceeding 100,000 people. In many cases, college stadiums employ bench-style seating, as opposed to individual seats with backs and arm rests; this allows them to seat more fans in a given amount of space than the typical professional stadium, which tends to have more features and comforts for fans.. College athletes, unlike players in the NFL, are not permitted by the NCAA to be paid salaries. Colleges are only allowed to provide non-monetary compensation such as athletic scholarships that provide for tuition and books.
Modern North American football has its origins in various games, all known as "football", played at public schools in Great Britain in the mid-19th century. By the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport known as Rugby football; the game was taken to Canada by British soldiers stationed there and was soon being played at Canadian colleges. The first documented gridiron football match was played at University College, a college of the University of Toronto, November 9, 1861. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was William Mulock Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear. In 1864, at Trinity College a college of the University of Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland and Frederick A. Bethune devised rules based on rugby football. Modern Canadian football is regarded as having originated with a game played in Montreal, in 1865, when British Army officers played local civilians.
The game gained a following, the Montreal Football Club was formed in 1868, the first recorded non-university football club in Canada. Early games appear to have had much in common with the traditional "mob football" played in Great Britain; the games remained unorganized until the 19th century, when intramural games of football began to be played on college campuses. Each school played its own variety of football. Princeton University students played a game called "ballown" as early as 1820. A Harvard tradition known as "Bloody Monday" began in 1827, which consisted of a mass ballgame between the freshman and sophomore classes. In 1860, both the town police and the college authorities agreed; the Harvard students responded by going into mourning for a mock figure called "Football Fightum", for whom they conducted funeral rites. The authorities held firm and it was a dozen years before football was once again played at Harvard. Dartmouth played its own version called "Old division football", the rules of which were first published in 1871, though the game dates to at least the 1830s.
All of these games, others, shared certain commonalities. They remained "mob" style games, with huge numbers of players attempting to advance the ball into a goal area by any means necessary. Rules were simple and injury were common; the violence of these mob-style games led to a decision to abandon them. Yale, under pressure from the city of New Haven, banned the play of all forms of football in 1860. American football historian Parke H. Davis described the period between 1869 and 1875 as the'Pioneer Period'. On November 6, 1869, Rutgers University faced Princeton University in the first-ever game of intercollegiate football, it was played with a round ball and, like all early games, used a set of rules suggested by Rutgers captain William J. Leggett, based
National Football League
The National Football League is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided between the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference. The NFL is one of the four major professional sports leagues in North America, the highest professional level of American football in the world; the NFL's 17-week regular season runs from early September to late December, with each team playing 16 games and having one bye week. Following the conclusion of the regular season, six teams from each conference advance to the playoffs, a single-elimination tournament culminating in the Super Bowl, held in the first Sunday in February, is played between the champions of the NFC and AFC; the NFL was formed in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association before renaming itself the National Football League for the 1922 season. The NFL agreed to merge with the American Football League in 1966, the first Super Bowl was held at the end of that season. Today, the NFL has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world and is the most popular sports league in the United States.
The Super Bowl is among the biggest club sporting events in the world and individual Super Bowl games account for many of the most watched television programs in American history, all occupying the Nielsen's Top 5 tally of the all-time most watched U. S. television broadcasts by 2015. The NFL's executive officer is the commissioner; the players in the league belong to the National Football League Players Association. The team with the most NFL championships is the Green Bay Packers with thirteen; the current NFL champions are the New England Patriots, who defeated the Los Angeles Rams in Super Bowl LIII for their sixth Super Bowl championship. On August 20, 1920, a meeting was held by representatives of the Akron Pros, Canton Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians, Dayton Triangles at the Jordan and Hupmobile auto showroom in Canton, Ohio; this meeting resulted in the formation of the American Professional Football Conference, a group who, according to the Canton Evening Repository, intended to "raise the standard of professional football in every way possible, to eliminate bidding for players between rival clubs and to secure cooperation in the formation of schedules".
Another meeting was held on September 17, 1920 with representatives from teams from four states-Akron, Canton and Dayton from Ohio. The league was renamed to the American Professional Football Association; the league elected Jim Thorpe as its first president, consisted of 14 teams. The Massillon Tigers from Massillon, Ohio was at the September 17 meeting, but did not field a team in 1920. Only two of these teams, the Decatur Staleys and the Chicago Cardinals, remain. Although the league did not maintain official standings for its 1920 inaugural season and teams played schedules that included non-league opponents, the APFA awarded the Akron Pros the championship by virtue of their 8–0–3 record; the first event occurred on September 26, 1920 when the Rock Island Independents defeated the non-league St. Paul Ideals 48–0 at Douglas Park. On October 3, 1920, the first full week of league play occurred; the following season resulted in the Chicago Staleys controversially winning the title over the Buffalo All-Americans.
On June 24, 1922, the APFA changed its name to the National Football League. In 1932, the season ended with the Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans tied for first in the league standings. At the time, teams were ranked on a single table and the team with the highest winning percentage at the end of the season was declared the champion; this method had been used since the league's creation in 1920, but no situation had been encountered where two teams were tied for first. The league determined that a playoff game between Chicago and Portsmouth was needed to decide the league's champion; the teams were scheduled to play the playoff game a regular season game that would count towards the regular season standings, at Wrigley Field in Chicago, but a combination of heavy snow and extreme cold forced the game to be moved indoors to Chicago Stadium, which did not have a regulation-size football field. Playing with altered rules to accommodate the smaller playing field, the Bears won the game 9–0 and thus won the championship.
Fan interest in the de facto championship game led the NFL, beginning in 1933, to split into two divisions with a championship game to be played between the division champions. The 1934 season marked the first of 12 seasons in which African Americans were absent from the league; the de facto ban was rescinded in 1946, following public pressure and coinciding with the removal of a similar ban in Major League Baseball. The NFL was always the foremost pro
American football positions
In American football each team has 11 players on the field at one time. The specific role that a player takes on the field is called their position. Under the modern rules of American football, teams are allowed unlimited substitutions; this has resulted in the development of three "platoons" of players: the offense, the defense, the special teams. Within those platoons, various specific positions exist depending on. In American football, the offense is the side, it is their job to advance the ball towards the opponent's end zone to score points. Broadly, the eleven players of the offense are broken into two groups: the five offensive linemen, whose primary job is to block, the six backs and receivers whose primary job is to advance the ball either running with the ball or passing it; the backs and receivers are commonly known as skill position players or as eligible receivers. Offensive linemen are not eligible to advance the ball past the line of scrimmage during a play; the organization of the offense is mandated by the rules.
The only players eligible to handle the ball during a normal play are the backs and the two players on the end of the line. The remaining players are "ineligible" to catch forward passes, so they only block. Within these strictures, creative coaches have developed a wide array of offensive formations to take advantage of different player skills and game situations; the following positions are standard in nearly every game, though different teams will use different arrangements of them. The offensive line is responsible for blocking. During normal play, offensive linemen do not handle the ball, unless the ball is fumbled by a ball carrier, a pass is deflected, or when a player, an offensive lineman takes a different position on the field; the offensive line consists of: Center The center is the player who begins the play from scrimmage by snapping the ball to the quarterback. As the name suggests, the center plays in the middle of the offensive line, though some teams may employ an unbalanced line where the center is offset to one side.
Like all offensive linemen, the center has the responsibility to block defensive players. The center also has the responsibility to call out blocking assignments and make last second adjustments depending on the defensive alignment. Offensive guard Two guards line up directly on either side of the center. Like all interior linemen, their function is to block on both passing plays. On some plays, rather than blocking straight ahead, a guard will "pull", whereby the guard comes out of their position in line to lead block for a ball carrier, on plays known as "traps", "sweeps", "screens". In such cases, the guard is referred to as a "pulling guard". Offensive tackle Two tackles play outside of the guards, their role is to block on both running and passing plays. The area from one tackle to the other is an area of "close line play" in which blocks from behind, which are prohibited elsewhere on the field, are allowed. For a right-handed quarterback, the left tackle is charged with protecting the quarterback from being hit from behind, this is the most skilled player on the offensive line.
Like a guard, the tackle may have to "pull", on a running play, when there is a tight end on their side. Tackles have a taller, longer build than interior offensive linemen, due to the need to keep separation from defensive linemen in pass blocking situations, they tend to have quick footwork skills as they engage against containing or rushing defensive ends. The six backs and receivers are those that line up behind the offensive line. There are four main positions in this set of players: Quarterback The quarterback is the player who receives the ball from the center to start the play; the most important position on the offensive side, the quarterback is responsible for receiving the play from the coaches on the sideline and communicating the play to the other offensive players in the huddle. The quarterback may need to make changes to the play at the line of scrimmage, depending on the defensive alignment. At the start of the play, the quarterback may be lined up in one of three positions. If they are positioned directly in contact with the center and receives the ball via the direct hand-to-hand pass, they are said to be "under center".
If they have lined up some distance behind the center, they are said to be in "shotgun formation". They can be in between; this is called a "pistol formation". Upon receiving the snap, the quarterback has three basic options, they may run the ball, they may hand it to another eligible ball carrier to run with it, or execute a forward pass to a player downfield. Running back Running backs are players who line up behind the offensive line, in a position to receive the ball from the quarterback and execute a rushing play. Anywhere from one to three running backs may be utilized on a play. Depending on where they line up, what role they have, running backs come in several varieties; the "tailback" (or so