Harbledown is a village in Kent, England west of Canterbury and contiguous with the city. At local government level the village is designated as a separate civil parish, that of Harbledown and Rough Common; the High Street is a conservation area with many listed buildings, including a tall and intact Georgian terrace on the south side. The area includes several orchards for fruit on its outskirts, within the parish boundaries. Toponymists have determined that the village name means "Herebeald's hill". A popular story is that the place was dubbed "hobble down", after Henry II of England walked barefoot through Harbledown on a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral, in repentance for his mistaken involvement in the murder of Thomas Becket. Another suggestion is that since the name has been recorded as Herbaldoun, it is possible that the name is related to the herbs growing in the hills. "The spot is remarked to be peculiarly healthful, herbalists are said to come every year to collect medicinal plants which grow only on that particular place."
For this reason the leprosy hospital was founded on this spot. The Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels is compact and attractive but more significant is the Hospital of St Nicholas: this is now an Almshouse with a range of cottages for elderly people, it was a leper hospital whose inmates supported themselves by displaying a slipper, worn by St Thomas Becket. As you enter the Hospital of St Nicholas a plaque reads: "This ancient Hospital of St Nicholas Harbledown was founded by Archbishop Lanfranc c. 1084 for the relief of Lepers. On the disappearance of Leprosy from England Lanfranc's foundation developed into the Almshouses of today; the main door of the church is kept locked for security reasons but the interior of the building can be seen by appointment with the Sub Prior. Visitors are invited to walk in the grounds of the Hospital." Aphra Behn, a pioneering female playwright, was baptized here on 14 December 1640. There is thought to be a reference to the village of Harbledown towards the close of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
In the Prologue to the Manciple's tale, the pilgrims are said to near Bobbe-up-and-doun, | Under the Blee, in Canterbury Weye. Richard Culmer, a Puritan clergyman, suspended from his duties in 1635, was restored to the clergy in 1638 as a curate, he was sent to the Parish of Harbledown to assist the Reverend Austin. Culmer, known as "Blue Dick" because he always wore a blue gown, was vindictive towards drunkenness and Sabbath sports. Cricket at this time was played at an inter-parish level only in the south-eastern counties but there had been a number of ecclesiastical cases in which people playing the game on a Sunday were prosecuted. Whereas Culmer had managed to suppress Sabbath sport in other places, he was less successful in Harbledown where the parishioners provoked him by "crickit playing before his door, to spite him". Having failed to stop cricket in the village by private remonstrances, Culmer in 1640 publicly denounced the sport as "profane" if played on a Sunday; this is one of cricket's earliest known references.
At the 2001 UK census, the Harbledown electoral ward, which includes part of Chartham, had a population of 2,593. The ethnicity was 2.8 % Asian, 0.8 % black and 0.9 % other. The place of birth of residents was 88.1% United Kingdom, 0.8% Republic of Ireland, 3.1% other Western European countries, 8% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 73.3% Christian, 0.5% Buddhist, 0.4% Hindu, 0.2% Sikh, 0.2% Jewish and 0.6% Muslim. 15.7% were recorded as having no religion, 0.7% had an alternative religion and 8.5% did not state their religion. The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 35.9% in full-time employment, 12.7% in part-time employment, 11.3% self-employed, 1.5% unemployed, 2.3% students with jobs, 8.3% students without jobs, 17.9% retired, 4.9% looking after home or family, 3.3% permanently sick or disabled and 1.9% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 15.1% retail, 8.2% manufacturing, 5.8% construction, 12% real estate, 10.8% health and social work, 24.1% education, 4.6% transport and communications, 6.7% public administration, 2.7% hotels and restaurants, 2.9% finance, 2.6% agriculture and 4.5% other.
Compared with national figures, the ward had a high proportion of workers in education and agriculture. There were a low proportion in manufacturing and restaurants, transport and communications. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 31.3% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide. Upper Harbledown Harbledown Parish Council Website
Shere is a village in the Guildford district of Surrey, England 4.8 miles east south-east of Guildford and 5.4 miles west of Dorking, centrally bypassed by the A25. It is a small still agricultural village chiefly set in the wooded'Vale of Holmesdale' between the North Downs and Greensand Ridge with many traditional English features, it has a central cluster of old village houses, shops including a blacksmith and trekking shop, tea house, art gallery, two pubs and a Norman church. Shere has a CofE infant and nursery school with'outstanding academic results' catering for 2- to 7-year-old children which serves the village and surrounding villages and towns, a museum which opens most afternoons at weekends; the River Tillingbourne runs through the centre of the village. More than four-fifths of homes are in the central area covering 3.11 square kilometres. Shere is a civil parish, extending to the east and south into hamlets founded in the early Middle Ages which in the 19th century, were consolidated into three villages.
These are Holmbury St. Mary and Peaslake; this larger entity has area of 24.5 square kilometres. Shere appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Essire in the ancient hundred of Blackheath, it was held by William the Conqueror. Its Domesday assets were: 1 church, 2 mills worth 10s per year, 14 ploughs, 3 acres of meadow, woodland worth 50 hogs, it rendered £15 per year to its overlords. In 1086, when Gomshall was royal demesne, the villeins there were exempt from the sheriff's jurisdiction. Eleanor, Countess of Ormond owning the Vachery manor, had view of frankpledge in Gomshall Towerhill. In 1281 William Braose was granted free warren there In the 13th century Roger de Clare settled for a life-rent on the church and sold the manor of Shere to a grandson of Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex. In turn his grandson divided the manor, according with the law of moiety title to his daughter John Butler who thus received the new manor of Shiere Vachery. Two other manors evolved. Highlights of the influential tapestry of powerful owners include: The Victoria County History cites numerous mentions in the Assize Rolls, Patent Rolls, Feet of Fines and the ecclesiastical records of Westminster and Lambeth Palaces.
Traditionally the parish included the areas of the current civil parish and measured about 4½ miles from north to south, from 2 to 2½ miles from east to west and contained 6,400 acres of land and 12 of water. The neighbourhood was for a time one of the wildest in Surrey: sheep-stealers and poachers found a refuge in these remote hills; some of the cottages have, still existing large cellars, stated to have been by H. E. Malden "far too large for any honest purpose, were no doubt made for storing smuggled goods till they could be conveniently taken on to London". In 1671, a Shere man called Edward Bound was charged by church authorities with "playing cricket on the Sabbath" and was exonerated, one of the sport's earliest references. Iron was worked into implements in centuries before the 18th century in Shere. In 1911 great quantities of watercress were grown, no longer the case. Holmbury St. Mary up in the Greensand Ridge was a modern village term devised in 1878 for the two hamlets of Felday in Shere and Pitland Street in Shere and Abinger, when the place became a civil parish and ecclesiastical parish.
The Church of England schools were built in 1860 and enlarged in 1900. Shere Infant and Nursery School has been serving the local community since 1852, celebrating its 175th birthday in 2017; the school received a'Good' status from the Ofsted inspection in December 2015. The church of St James is in the Early English style, most being 12th, 13th and 14th century, it replaced an earlier Anglo-Saxon church mentioned in the Domesday Book. Constructed of ironstone rubble with sandstone buttresses, it was restored in 1895 by S. Weatherley. By the north chancel wall there is a 14th-century quatrefoil window and squint – belonging to an Anchorite cell. There is 14th-century glass in the east window and the chancel fittings were renewed in 1956 by Louis Osman, it is a Grade I listed building. Within the village centre conservation area are 34 listed buildings that pre-date 1830, in some cases by several centuries; the village can be accessed for long distance travel from the north and west from the A3 at West Clandon – from the east the M25 at Leatherhead and the A24 at Dorking followed by the A25 road provides a shorter alternative route than taking the first route.
Gomshall railway station is less than 1 mile away on the Reading to Gatwick line. While 1614 people in 2001 for instance were economically active, only 178 used public transport and 1037 used motor vehicles; the average Shere commuter travels 20.3 kilometres to work. The economy is some farming within it. A significant minority of the working population are London commuters in the civil parish at large; the 2001 census shows the self-employed (including with emplo
Horsted Keynes is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. The village is about 5 miles north east in the Weald; the civil parish is rural, covering 1,581 hectares, has a population of 1,586. The Prime Meridian passes about 1 mile to the east of the village of Horsted Keynes. Guillaume de Cahaignes, a French knight who participated in the Norman conquest of England, lord of what is now Cahagnes, was given Milton in Buckinghamshire and the Sussex village of Horstede which became Horstede de Cahaignes and in time Horsted Keynes; the place name is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086. The village has been formally twinned with the Normandy village of Cahagnes since 1971; the Horsted Cahagnes Society promotes social and cultural links, organises annual exchange visits between the two places. On Saturday, 28 August 1624, Horsted Keynes hosted what is believed to be the earliest known organised cricket match in Sussex. Knowledge of it stems from the death thirteen days of Jasper Vinall, on whom an inquest was held.
He had suffered a head injury during the game. Two months before being assassinated, U. S. President John F. Kennedy slept in the parish when he stayed one Saturday night at Birch Grove, the home of the former Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan; the American Secret Service closed the village that night, siting their communication hub in the Lounge Bar of The Crown Inn. On 1 July 2003 a lightning bolt struck the electricity pole beside The Crown public house on the village green which has stood there for at least 300 years and much longer; the roof and much of the building were destroyed in one of the largest fires in the area for many years. The fire did not spread to the petrol storage tanks of the adjacent Crown Garage. In May 2007 a telephone pole was struck. Several homes in Lewes Road were left without a telephone service for over one month whilst permission was sought to dig on private land to relay a cable; this part of Sussex was known for its iron industry long before the industrial revolution and the coming of the railways.
Little remains of this now, except for the hammer ponds and other traces of this activity dotted around the surrounding countryside, although iron working is remembered in many local place names. Horsted Keynes is centred on a village green with Post Office and village store; the Post Office was to be closed down for lack of use but was bought up by a group of villagers who invested in its continued use for the community. It now serves a large rural area. Like many other English villages Horsted Keynes is losing businesses that have been there for many years. After the closure of the main village store in 1992, the more recent loss of the butcher, village hairdresser and photographer, the village garage closed down in June 2007, it was only 20 years ago that the village had two garages, but now it has none, leaving the nearest petrol retailer more than 6 miles away. Planning permission was granted and the garage site has now been turned into residential accommodation; the two principal churches are: the Anglican Parish Church dedicated to St Giles and the Roman Catholic church of St Stephen, unoccupied and controlled from the nearest town, Haywards Heath.
Harold Macmillan was buried in the churchyard of St Giles after his death in December 1986, alongside his wife Dorothy, who died 20 years previously. The railway station, three-quarters of a mile from the village, is now owned and operated by the Bluebell Railway, run by volunteers and operates using vintage steam trains; the station also had a connection with Haywards Heath, between 1883 and 1963. Robert Leighton - buried here Harold Macmillan, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - buried here, alongside his wife Dorothy Macmillan. HorstedKeynes.com - website for the village The Horsted Cahagnes Society
History of cricket to 1725
The earliest definite reference to cricket is dated Monday, 17 January 1597. It is a deposition in the records of a legal case at Guildford, Surrey, re the use of a parcel of land c.1550 and John Derrick, a coroner, testified that he had at that time played cricket on the land when he was a boy. Derrick's testimony makes clear that the sport was being played c.1550, but its true origin is a mystery. All that can be said with a fair degree of certainty is that its beginning was earlier than 1550, somewhere in south-east England within the counties of Kent and Surrey. Unlike other games with batsmen and fielders, such as stoolball and rounders, cricket can only be played on short grass as the ball was delivered along the ground until the 1760s. Therefore, forest clearings and land where sheep had grazed would have been suitable. Cricket was being played in the south-east of England by 1598; the sparse information available about the early years suggests that it may have been a children's game in the 16th century but, by 1611, it had become an adult pastime.
The earliest known organised match was played circa 1611, a year in which other significant references to the sport are dated. From 1611 to 1725, fewer than thirty matches are known to have been organised between recognised teams. Only a limited number of players and venues of the period have been recorded; the earliest matches played by English parish teams are examples of village cricket. Although village matches are now considered minor in status, the early matches are significant in cricket's history because they are known. There were no newspaper reports of matches until the end of the seventeenth century and so the primary sources are court records and private diaries, hence games were recorded. During the reign of Charles I, the gentry took an increased interest as patrons and as players. A big attraction for them was the opportunity that the game offered for gambling and this escalated in the years following the Restoration when cricket in London and the south-eastern counties of England evolved into a popular social activity.
The patrons staged. Meanwhile, English colonists had introduced cricket to North America and the West Indies, the sailors and traders of the East India Company had taken it to the Indian subcontinent. In the first quarter of the 18th century, more information about cricket became available as the growing newspaper industry took an interest; the sport noticeably began to spread throughout England. By 1725, significant patrons such as Edwin Stead, Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond and Sir William Gage were forming teams of county strength in Kent and Sussex; the earliest known great players, including William Bedle and Thomas Waymark, were active. Cricket was attracting large, vociferous crowds and the matches were social occasions at which gambling and alcoholic drinks were additional attractions; the most accepted theory about the origin of cricket is that it first developed in early medieval times to the south and south-east of London in the geographical areas of the North Downs, the South Downs and the Weald.
The counties of Kent and Surrey were therefore the earliest centres of excellence and it was from here that the game reached London, where its lasting popularity was ensured, other southern counties like Berkshire, Essex and Middlesex. As early as c.1611, a cricket match was recorded at Chevening in Kent between teams representing the Downs and the Weald. A number of words in common use at the time are thought to be possible sources for the name "cricket". In the earliest known reference to the sport in 1598, it is called creckett. Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England and the County of Flanders when the latter belonged to the Duchy of Burgundy, the name may have been derived from the Middle Dutch krick, meaning a stick. In what may be an early reference to the sport, a 1533 poem attributed to John Skelton describes Flemish weavers as "kings of crekettes", a word of apparent Middle Dutch origin. In Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language, he derived cricket from "cryce, Saxon, a stick".
In Old French, the word criquet seems to have meant a kind of club or stick, though this may have been the origin of croquet. Another possible source is the Middle Dutch word krickstoel, meaning a long low stool used for kneeling in church, the shape of which resembled the two stump wicket used in early cricket. According to Heiner Gillmeister, a European language expert of the University of Bonn, "cricket" derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey, met de sen. Gillmeister believes the sport itself had a Flemish origin but "the jury is still out" on the matter. Cricket was devised by children and survived for many generations as a children's game, it was derived from bowls, assuming bowls is the older sport, by the intervention of a batsman trying to stop the ball reaching its target by hitting it away. Playing on sheep-grazed land or in clearings, the original implements may have been a matted lump of sheep's wool as the ball; the invention of the game could have happened in Norman or Plantagenet times anytime before 1300.
All acknowledged subject experts and authorities agree that there is no evidence
West Horsley is a semi-rural village between Guildford and Leatherhead in Surrey, England. It lies on the A246, south of the M25 and the A3, its civil parish ascends to an ancient woodland Sheepleas Woods which are on the northern downslopes of the ridge of hills known as the North Downs in the extreme south of the village, cover about a tenth of its area, 255 acres. The bulk of West Horsley's land is north of the Surrey Hills AONB, the rest is within it. West Horsley appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Orselei held by son of Othere, its Domesday assets were: 8 hides. It rendered £6 each year to its lords of the manor. Both Horsleys were burnt to the ground during the Norman conquest of 1066 since its Saxon thane, was brother-in-law to King Harold and refused to submit; the village was part of the lands given to the Norman, Walter Fitz Otha, the new constable of Windsor Castle. The population fell during the Black Death and the land was given over to grazing, since the peasant population was insufficient for farming.
In 1636, during a court case concerning a tithe dispute, a witness called Henry Mabbinck testified that he played cricket "in the Parke" at West Horsley, one of the sport's earliest references. Beatrix Potter, best-selling author of children's books, used to stay at a cottage in the village, Tyrrellswood with her aunt and uncle, created many of her paintings of animals and wrote some of her books there. Around the same time period, Helen Allingham painted an image of the village, "Children On A Path Outside A Thatched Cottage, West Horsley, Surrey". Bill Pertwee, who played the air-raid warden in Dad's Army, lived in East Horsley during the time of his role, he is locally famed for appearing in the local pub and the youngest person singing the theme tune Who do you think you are kidding, Mr Hitler? as he entered. Maartje Tamboezer, the second murder victim of John Duffy and David Mulcahy, was killed in West Horsley in 1986, although Horsley railway station itself is in East Horsley; the bulk of West Horsley's land is north of the Surrey Hills AONB, the rest is within it.
St Mary's Church, is Grade I listed. The church was spared when the rest of the village was burned in 1066, its tower was added in 1120, the church extended to its current size in 1210. West Horsley Place is a medieval house, reconstructed between the 16th and 18th centuries, it shares in top-ranked listing status for architecture. Acquired in 1931 by the Marquis and Marchioness of Crewe, after the death of the Marquis in 1947 it was left by his wife to their daughter, Mary Crewe-Milnes, Duchess of Roxburghe. On her death in 2014 it passed to her great-nephew Bamber Gascoigne, the grandson of her much older half-sister Lady Annabel Hungerford Crewe-Milnes; this long-established motor dealers bearing its original name rather than that of its products, occupies a site accessed next to the roundabout leading onto the village main street from the A246. The Sheepleas Woods are a beech woodland and grassland on the northern downslopes of the ridge of hills known as the North Downs in the extreme south of the village, stretch to 103 hectares within the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
This similar sized and shaped area of woodland is higher than Sheepleas open space. The Raleigh School is a popular two-form entry co-educational primary academy, it is an inclusive school which takes children from 4 to 11, has a run Nursery on site that admits children from the age of 2 1/2. The vast majority of children move on to the Howard of Effingham School; the village is served in the nearby village of East Horsley. It lies on the A246, south of the M25 and the A3; the average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average, apartments was 22.6%. The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings. David Mallet, music video and film director George Waller, recipient of the Victoria Cross David Ogilvy, "The Father of advertising" West Horsley Parish Council David Ogilvy's Biography Horsley Decorative and Fine Arts Society
Boxgrove is a village and civil parish in the Chichester District of the English county of West Sussex, about five kilometres north east of the city of Chichester. The village is just south of the A285 road; the parish has an area of 1,169 hectares. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 901 people living in 423 households of whom 397 were economically active; the 2011 Census indicated at population of 957. Included in the parish are the hamlets of Crockerhill and Halnaker. An electoral ward in the same name exists; this ward stretches northwest to West Dean with a total population taken at the 2011 census of 2,235. Boxgrove is best known for the Lower Palaeolithic archaeological site discovered in a gravel quarry known as Amey's Eartham Pit located near the village but in Eartham Parish. Parts of the site complex were excavated between 1983 and 1996 by a team led by Mark Roberts of University College London. Numerous Acheulean flint tools and remains of animals dating to around 500,000 years ago were found at the site.
The area was therefore used by some of the earliest occupants of the British Isles. Remains of Homo heidelbergensis were found on the site in 1994, the only postcranial hominid bone to have been found in Northern Europe. Teeth from another individual were found two years later. A Benedictine monastery was founded at Boxgrove by Robert de Haia early in the 12th century; the priory church remains as the Church of England parish church of St. Mary and St. Blaise, minus the original nave, dates from the 13th century. Several parishioners of Boxgrove were prosecuted for playing cricket in the churchyard in 1622. There were three reasons for the prosecution: one was that it contravened a local bye-law. McCann, Tim. Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society. Media related to Boxgrove at Wikimedia Commons Historical information and sources on GENUKI