Fieldton is an unincorporated community in Lamb County, United States. Although it is unincorporated, Fieldton has a post office, with the ZIP code of 79326. Fieldton lies on the high plains of the Llano Estacado in eastern Lamb County at the intersection of Farm to Market roads 37 and 1072, just to the north of Blackwater Draw, a dry tributary of the Double Mountain Fork Brazos River; the community is located 10 mi northeast of Littlefield, 11 mi southwest of Olton, 38 mi northwest of Lubbock, Texas. Elevation: 3,579′, Population: 126 Blackwater Draw Yellow House Canyon Llano Estacado West Texas Fieldton, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fieldton, Texas Photos of the Llano Estacado
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Cochran County, Texas
Cochran County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,127; the county seat is Morton. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1924, it is named for a defender of the Alamo. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 775 square miles, of which 775 square miles is land and 0.09 square miles is water. Cochran County lies on the high plains of the Llano Estacado; the western border of the county lies along the border of New Mexico. State Highway 114 State Highway 125 State Highway 214 Bailey County Hockley County Yoakum County Lea County, New Mexico Roosevelt County, New Mexico As of the census of 2000, there were 3,730 people, 1,309 households, 1,017 families residing in the county; the population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 1,587 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 64.48% White, 4.53% Black or African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 27.35% from other races, 2.55% from two or more races.
44.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,309 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.30% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.25. In the county, the population was spread out with 31.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,525, the median income for a family was $31,163. Males had a median income of $25,064 versus $17,652 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,125.
About 21.40% of families and 27.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.20% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over. Morton Whiteface Bledsoe Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Cochran County Cochran County government's website Cochran County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Cochran County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Photos of West Texas and Eastern New Mexico
U.S. Route 70
U. S. Route 70 is an east–west United States highway that runs for 2,385 miles from eastern North Carolina to east-central Arizona; as can be derived from its number, it is a major east–west highway of the Southern and Southwestern United States. It ran from coast to coast, with the current Eastern terminus near the Atlantic Ocean in North Carolina, the former Western terminus near the Pacific Ocean in California. Before the completion of the Interstate system, U. S. Highway 70 was sometimes referred to as the "Broadway of America", due to its status as one of the main east–west thoroughfares in the nation, it was promoted as the "Treasure Trail" by the U. S. Highway 70 Association as of 1951. U. S. 70 begins in Globe at a junction with U. S. Route 60, concurrent with State Route 77. SR 77 splits off east of town. U. S. 70 enters the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation and runs southeast for 17 miles to Peridot, where it crosses Indian Route 9. It has no other highway junctions until Safford, where it begins a ten-mile overlap with U.
S. 191. U. S. 70 runs an additional 37 mi. before crossing into New Mexico east of Franklin. After entering the state of New Mexico, U. S. 70 heads southeast. Five miles after crossing the state line, it serves as the southern terminus for New Mexico State Road 92. U. S. 70 does not have another highway junction for 21 mi, where it meets State Roads 464 and 90 three miles north of Lordsburg. At Lordsburg, U. S. 70 joins with Interstate 10 eastbound, splitting off in Las Cruces, becoming Picacho Avenue in Las Cruces. When Picacho Avenue meets Main Street, US 70 follows. U. S. 70 crosses Interstate 25, has been upgraded at this point to a controlled access highway until entering the foothills of the Organ Mountains. As a divided highway, U. S. 70 crosses the Organ Mountains via San Augustin Pass, descends to the valley floor of the Tularosa Basin, next crosses the White Sands Missile Range. Overhead missile tests can close the highway for a few hours; the road passes the entrance to the White Sands National Monument, shortly after that passes the southern end of Holloman Air Force Base.
It turns northbound, picks up a concurrency with U. S. 54 upon entering Alamogordo. On the north end of Alamogordo, US54/US70 intersects the beginning of U. S. Route 82 near La Luz; the concurrency with US 54 lasts until Tularosa, the highway remains divided until US 70 and US 54 diverge. After splitting off to the northeast, U. S. 70 enters the Lincoln National Forest. The road runs across the Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation and near the resort town of Ruidoso. In Hondo, it begins another concurrency, this time with U. S. 380. U. S. 70 bypasses Roswell to the northwest, together with U. S. 285. U. S. 70 heads off to the northeast, running through Portales and Clovis before entering Texas at Texico. From mile 170.6 to mile 197.25 on US 70 the speed limit is posted at 75 mph across White Sands Missile Range. Just longer than a standard marathon. US 70 is the only non-interstate in New Mexico to receive a speed limit of 75 miles per hour. U. S. 70 enters Texas joins with U. S. 60 and U. S. 84. U. S. 60 splits off to the northeast in Farwell, just over the state line.
U. S. 70/84 angle southeast to Muleshoe, where the two routes split. U. S. 70 heads due east, meeting U. S. 385 at Springlake, having an interchange with Interstate 27 in Plainview. U. S. 70 arcs toward the south to begin a concurrency with US 62 in Floydada. The two routes head east to Paducah, where US 62 splits off to the north to join with U. S. 83. U. S. 70 proceeds to Vernon, where it overlaps U. S. 287 and U. S. 183. Near Oklaunion, U. S. 70/183 split off to the north to cross the Red River into Oklahoma. The route through Texas was cosigned with Texas State Highway 28 before 1939. SH 28 was designated in 1919 as a route from Muleshoe to Olney with a spur, SH 28A, from SH 28 at Crowell east to the Oklahoma border. In 1922, the route split in Benjamin, going east to Olney. In 1926, The portion from Crowell to Sagerton became SH 51, while the portion from Benjamin to Olney became SH 24. SH 28 was instead rerouted over SH 28A to end at the Oklahoma border. By 1939, the route was cancelled due to US 70.
U. S. 183 splits away from U. S. 70 three miles north of the state line, in the town of Davidson. It has an interchange with I-44, serving as the southern terminus of the H. E. Bailey Turnpike, one mile west of the town of Randlett. U. S. 70 passes south of Waurika. U. S. 70 becomes a four-lane divided highway near Wilson and runs through Lone Grove before entering the city of Ardmore, where it heads south on Interstate 35, bypassing the central business district. US-70 serves as the southern terminus of U. S. 177 in Madill. U. S.70 heads to Durant, where it has an interchange with the U. S. 69/75 freeway. East of Soper, U. S.70 joins with U. S.271. The two routes approach Hugo, where they serve as the southern terminus of the Indian Nation Turnpike. U. S. 271 splits off at this interchange, continuing the freeway southbound from the turnpike. U. S. 70 heads through downtown Hugo. It bypasses Idabel to the north, it meets U. S. 259 and State Highway 3 northeast of town and overlaps them into Broken Bow, forming a wrong-way concurrency with SH-3.
U. S. 70 splits off to the east in Broken Bow before leaving the state. U. S. 70 enters Arkansas eight miles west of De Queen, cros
Baptists are Christians distinguished by baptizing professing believers only, doing so by complete immersion. Baptist churches generally subscribe to the tenets of soul competency/liberty, salvation through faith alone, scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ordinances: baptism and the Lord's supper. Diverse from their beginning, those identifying as Baptists today differ from one another in what they believe, how they worship, their attitudes toward other Christians, their understanding of what is important in Christian discipleship. Historians trace the earliest "Baptist" church to 1609 in Amsterdam, Dutch Republic with English Separatist John Smyth as its pastor. In accordance with his reading of the New Testament, he rejected baptism of infants and instituted baptism only of believing adults. Baptist practice spread to England, where the General Baptists considered Christ's atonement to extend to all people, while the Particular Baptists believed that it extended only to the elect.
Thomas Helwys formulated a distinctively Baptist request that the church and the state be kept separate in matters of law, so that individuals might have freedom of religion. Helwys died in prison as a consequence of the religious conflict with English dissenters under King James I. In 1638, Roger Williams established the first Baptist congregation in the North American colonies. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the First and Second Great Awakening increased church membership in the United States. Baptist missionaries have spread their faith to every continent. Baptist historian Bruce Gourley outlines four main views of Baptist origins: the modern scholarly consensus that the movement traces its origin to the 17th century via the English Separatists, the view that it was an outgrowth of Anabaptist traditions, the perpetuity view which assumes that the Baptist faith and practice has existed since the time of Christ, the successionist view, or "Baptist successionism", which argues that Baptist churches existed in an unbroken chain since the time of Christ.
Modern Baptist churches trace their history to the English Separatist movement in the 1600s, the century after the rise of the original Protestant denominations. This view of Baptist origins has the most historical support and is the most accepted. Adherents to this position consider the influence of Anabaptists upon early Baptists to be minimal, it was a time of considerable religious turmoil. Both individuals and churches were willing to give up their theological roots if they became convinced that a more biblical "truth" had been discovered. During the Protestant Reformation, the Church of England separated from the Roman Catholic Church. There were some Christians who were not content with the achievements of the mainstream Protestant Reformation. There were Christians who were disappointed that the Church of England had not made corrections of what some considered to be errors and abuses. Of those most critical of the Church's direction, some chose to stay and try to make constructive changes from within the Anglican Church.
They are described by Gourley as cousins of the English Separatists. Others decided they must leave the Church because of their dissatisfaction and became known as the Separatists. Historians trace the earliest Baptist church back to 1609 in Amsterdam, with John Smyth as its pastor. Three years earlier, while a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge, he had broken his ties with the Church of England. Reared in the Church of England, he became "Puritan, English Separatist, a Baptist Separatist," and ended his days working with the Mennonites, he began meeting in England with 60–70 English Separatists, in the face of "great danger." The persecution of religious nonconformists in England led Smyth to go into exile in Amsterdam with fellow Separatists from the congregation he had gathered in Lincolnshire, separate from the established church. Smyth and his lay supporter, Thomas Helwys, together with those they led, broke with the other English exiles because Smyth and Helwys were convinced they should be baptized as believers.
In 1609 Smyth first baptized himself and baptized the others. In 1609, while still there, Smyth wrote a tract titled "The Character of the Beast," or "The False Constitution of the Church." In it he expressed two propositions: first, infants are not to be baptized. Hence, his conviction was that a scriptural church should consist only of regenerate believers who have been baptized on a personal confession of faith, he rejected the Separatist movement's doctrine of infant baptism. Shortly thereafter, Smyth left the group, layman Thomas Helwys took over the leadership, leading the church back to England in 1611. Smyth became committed to believers' baptism as the only biblical baptism, he was convinced on the basis of his interpretation of Scripture that infants would not be damned should they die in infancy. Smyth, convinced that his self-baptism was invalid, applied with the Mennonites for membership, he died while waiting for membership, some of his followers became Mennonites. Thomas Helwys and others kept their Baptist commitments.
The modern Baptist denomination is an outgrowth of Smyth's movement. Baptists rejected the name Anabaptist. McBeth writes that as late as the 18th century, many Baptists referred to themselves as "the Christians commonly—though falsely—called Anabaptists."Another milestone in the early dev
Bailey County, Texas
Bailey County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,165; this county is east from the New Mexico state line. Its county seat is Muleshoe; the county was created in 1876 and organized in 1919. It is named for a defender of the Alamo. Bailey County was one of 30 prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas, but is now a wet county. Bailey County history is highlighted in the Muleshoe Heritage Center located off U. S. Highways 70 and 64 in Muleshoe; the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge, located in the county, was founded in 1935 and is the oldest such refuge in Texas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 827 square miles, of which 827 square miles are land and 0.7 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 84 State Highway 214 Parmer County Lamb County Cochran County Roosevelt County, New Mexico Curry County, New Mexico Grulla National Wildlife Refuge Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, 7,165 people resided in the county.
About 75.3% were White, 1.4% Native American, 1.2% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 19.6% of some other race, 2.0% of two or more races. As of the census of 2000, 6,594 people, 2,348 households, 1,777 families resided in the county; the population density was eight people per square mile. The 2,738 housing units averaged three per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 66.68% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 28.60% from other races, 2.65% from two or more races. Of the 2,348 households, 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.3% were not families. About 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.28. In the county, the population was distributed as 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,901, for a family was $32,898. Males had a median income of $25,150 versus $18,309 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,979. About 13.50% of families and 16.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over. Most of Bailey County is served by the Muleshoe Independent School District, which extends into neighboring counties. Farwell Independent School District and Sudan Independent School District, which are based in nearby counties, extend into Bailey County and serve small portions of it. Muleshoe Bula Circle Back Enochs Maple Needmore Virginia City Dry counties Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Bailey County Official website Bailey County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online Bailey County from the Texas Almanac Bailey County from the TXGenWeb Project Bailey County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government