Lawshall is a village and civil parish in Suffolk, England. Located around a mile off the A134 between Bury St Edmunds and Sudbury, it is part of Babergh district; the parish has nine settlements comprising the three main settlements of The Street, Lambs Lane and Bury Road along with the six small hamlets of Audley End, Hanningfield Green, Harrow Green, Hart's Green, Hibb's Green and Lawshall Green. Notable buildings in the parish include All Lawshall Hall. In addition Coldham Hall is close to the village and part of the grounds of the estate are located within the parish. Other important features include Frithy Wood, classified as Ancient Woodland and a designated Site of Special Scientific Interest, The Warbanks historical site; the village was known as "Hlaw-gesella" which meant the shelter or hut on a hill or high ground. Early records indicate that in years the name was recorded as "Laushella", "Lawesselam", "Laveshel", "Laweshell" and "Laugesale". Other names identified in the County of Suffolk records include Lausel, Lausell, Laushalle, Laushille, Laushulle, Lawcell, Laweshille, Lawsall, Lawschyll and Lawsell.
The village of Lawshall is a dispersed in nature with an scattered distribution of houses and groups of houses. There are three main centres of settlement within the parish, these being The Street, Lambs Lane and the linear development along Bury Road. In addition there are six small hamlets comprising Audley End, Hanningfield Green, Harrow Green, Hart's Green, Hibb's Green and Lawshall Green; the centre of the village is recognised as the area around All the Primary School. The earliest documentary record for the village dates from 972AD. However, it seems probable that there was a settlement within the parish well before this time; the present centre of the village is unlikely to have been the site of the original settlement as the basic requirement for a reliable supply of water would have precluded the area around the church. Hanningfield Green has been suggested as a stronger possibility for the site of the original Bronze Age settlement but another location could have been somewhere along the Chad Brook although none of the early records gives the exact location.
Morley suggests. The earliest evidence of man in the parish can be identified in the now nearly ploughed out Warbanks which were pre-Roman and may have been an earlier defence system. A late Bronze Age sword was found on the site of the Warbanks and has been dated as 800-600BC and could give a clue to the age of the bank. Around 972 Alwinus, son of Bricius, was Lord of the Manor. Alwinus surrendered his manor to the Abbot; this was duly recorded in the Ramsey Chronicle and represents the first documentary evidence of Laushella. The land was to remain with the Ramsey Abbey until about 1534. Lawshall was recorded in the Domesday Book and the entry for the parish states "St Benedict held Lawshall as a Manor with eight caracutes of land"; the parish held the following: There is documentary evidence that the Abbot of Ramsey still controlled the manor with an agreement drawn up between the Abbot and William Herberd in 1269. The agreement required Herberd to provide for the widow of Alexander Hemning, the tenant of Lawshall Hall, her two sons.
Herberd was to "maintain the sons and land in as good or better state than when he first had access to the wife of Alexander". There is a possible link with a current parish place name as Herberd could have had connections with the current Herberts Farm. In the 1327 list of Subsidy Returns for Lawshall 38 names were mentioned and it is assumed that the subsidy was only levied on people in the parish with a degree of wealth. Names listed in the return that can still be recognised in today's place names include Roberto Herbard, Alicia de Hanningfield and Johanne de Rownei. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1534 the Manor of Lawshall, including Lawshall Hall, was granted to John Rither for 13 years and in 1547 was sold to Sir William Drury; the Drurys of Hawstead were a important family in the district and over the years several members of the family had distinguished connections with the Royal Family. It is possible that these connections brought about the visit of Queen Elizabeth I to Lawshall in 1578.
Queen Elizabeth I visited Henry Drury at Lawshall Hall during her "Royal Progress" tour in August 1578. The Queen was travelling from Long Melford and after dining at Lawshall Hall with some of the Drury family continued to Hawstead where she was entertained by Sir William Drury. One can imagine "the great rejoycing of ye said Parish" as she made her awy through the entire length of the village. For the small village of Lawshall, this would have indeed been a day to remember. In June 1563 there was a controversial double wedding; the first marriage united the Catholic Rookwood and Protestant Drury families and the second marriage was between Elizabeth Drury of Lawshall and Robert Drury of Hawstead. Thirty years Elizabeth is named on the list of Papist recusants who had refused to attend Church of England services. Ambrose Rookwood of Coldham Hall was involved in the Catholic conspiracy to blow up King James I and his Parliament. Rookwood had one of the finest studs of horses in the country and was invited to jo
Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England. It has borders with Cambridgeshire to the west and Essex to the south; the North Sea lies to the east. The county town is Ipswich; the county is low-lying with few hills, is arable land with the wetlands of the Broads in the north. The Suffolk Coast and Heaths are an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. By the fifth century, the Angles had established control of the region; the Angles became the "north folk" and the "south folk", from which developed the names "Norfolk" and "Suffolk". Suffolk and several adjacent areas became the kingdom of East Anglia, which merged with Mercia and Wessex. Suffolk was divided into four separate Quarter Sessions divisions. In 1860, the number of divisions was reduced to two; the eastern division was administered from the western from Bury St Edmunds. Under the Local Government Act 1888, the two divisions were made the separate administrative counties of East Suffolk and West Suffolk. A few Essex parishes were added to Suffolk: Ballingdon-with-Brundon and parts of Haverhill and Kedington.
On 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, East Suffolk, West Suffolk, Ipswich were merged to form the unified county of Suffolk. The county was divided into several local government districts: Babergh, Forest Heath, Mid Suffolk, St Edmundsbury, Suffolk Coastal, Waveney; this act transferred some land near Great Yarmouth to Norfolk. As introduced in Parliament, the Local Government Act would have transferred Newmarket and Haverhill to Cambridgeshire and Colchester from Essex. In 2007, the Department for Communities and Local Government referred Ipswich Borough Council's bid to become a new unitary authority to the Boundary Committee; the Boundary Committee reported in favour of the proposal. It was not, approved by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government. Beginning in February 2008, the Boundary Committee again reviewed local government in the county, with two possible options emerging. One was that of splitting Suffolk into two unitary authorities – Ipswich and Felixstowe and Rural Suffolk.
In February 2010, the then-Minister Rosie Winterton announced that no changes would be imposed on the structure of local government in the county as a result of the review, but that the government would be: "asking Suffolk councils and MPs to reach a consensus on what unitary solution they want through a countywide constitutional convention". Following the May 2010 general election, all further moves towards any of the suggested unitary solutions ceased on the instructions of the incoming Coalition government. In 2018 it was determined that Forest Heath and St Edmundsbury would be merged to form a new West Suffolk district, while Waveney and Suffolk Coastal would form a new East Suffolk district; these changes took effect on 1 April 2019. West Suffolk, like nearby East Cambridgeshire, is renowned for archaeological finds from the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, the Iron Age. Bronze Age artefacts have been found in the area between Mildenhall and West Row, in Eriswell and in Lakenheath. Many bronze objects, such as swords, arrows, palstaves, daggers, armour, decorative equipment, fragments of sheet bronze, are entrusted to St. Edmundsbury heritage service, housed at West Stow just outside Bury St. Edmunds.
Other finds include traces of barrows. In the east of the county is Sutton Hoo, the site of one of England's most significant Anglo-Saxon archaeological finds, a ship burial containing a collection of treasures including a Sword of State and silver bowls, jewellery and a lyre; the majority of agriculture in Suffolk is either mixed. Farm sizes vary from anything around 80 acres to over 8,000. Soil types vary from heavy clays to light sands. Crops grown include:winter wheat, winter barley, sugar beet, oilseed rape and spring beans and linseed, although smaller areas of rye and oats can be found growing in areas with lighter soils along with a variety of vegetables; the continuing importance of agriculture in the county is reflected in the Suffolk Show, held annually in May at Ipswich. Although latterly somewhat changed in nature, this remains an agricultural show. Below is a chart of regional gross value added of Suffolk at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
Well-known companies in Suffolk include Greene Branston Pickle in Bury St Edmunds. Birds Eye has its largest UK factory in Lowestoft, where all its meat products and frozen vegetables are processed. Huntley & Palmers biscuit company has a base in Sudbury; the UK horse racing industry is based in Newmarket. There are two USAF bases in the west of the county close to the A11. Sizewell B nuclear power station is at Sizewell on the coast near Leiston. Bernard Matthews Farms have some processing units in the county Holton. Southwold is the home of Adnams Brewery; the Port of Felixstowe is the largest container port in the United Kingdom. Other ports are at Ipswich, run by Associated British Ports. BT has its main development facility at Martlesham Heath. There are several towns in the county with Ipswich being most populous. At the time
Frithy and Chadacre Woods
Frithy and Chadacre Woods is a 28.7 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in the parishes of Lawshall and Shimpling in Suffolk. Three ancient and semi-natural woods form the SSSI, namely Frithy Wood in Lawshall parish and Ashen Wood and Bavins Wood on the Chadacre Estate in Shimpling parish. All three woods are of the wet ash / maple type, with hazel present in considerable quantity. There are pedunculate oak trees and other tree and shrub species include aspen, wild cherry, midland hawthorn, crab apple, holly and common dogwood; the structure of the woods has been influenced by management of the coppice. The three woods have a diverse woodland floor vegetation, dominated by either dog's mercury or brambles, they contain a number of plants characteristic of woodlands of this type including herb paris in Ashen Wood and wood spurge, woodruff and stinking iris in Frithy Wood. The SSSI lies within the distribution of oxlip and all three woods contain this species. There are many other woodland floor plants including early purple orchid, twayblade and bluebell.
There are several well-vegetated rides in the group of woods that support a mixture of woodland and meadow plant species and which attract considerable numbers of common butterflies. Frithy Wood contains an area of pasture which projects into the wood, shaded by a number of standard trees; the birdlife of Frithy Wood has been recorded in detail with species including the nightingale, European green woodpecker, great spotted woodpecker and lesser spotted woodpecker which breed regularly. Roe deer, fallow deer and muntjac can be seen in the woods but they have caused considerable damage to the ground vegetation. Forest school sessions are held in Frithy Wood by permission of the landowners. The'school' represents an initiative of All Saints Primary School and the Green Light Trust, an environmental and educational charity. Oliver Rackham has stated that "a wood now called The Frith is certain to be pre-conquest, from Old English Fyrhp." In a book he stated that "an Anglo-Saxon is fyrth, a wood, which has given rise to many Frith or Frithy Woods."
There is documentary evidence for the existence of Frithy Wood back to 1545 and its Saxon name would imply that the wood is much older than that. All three woods are part of ancient woodland and contain broad boundary banks and ditches typical of coppice woods dating from the medieval period or before. In more recent times in the twentieth century pigs were kept in Frithy Wood and at one time the wood extended as far as The Street. On 31 August 1921 it was reported in the Suffolk Free Press that the remains of George Nunn aged 55 of Lawshall were discovered hanging in Frithy Wood, he had been missing for around 4 months since 22 April and was found a short distance from where he lived. The woods are not private with easy access
The Street, Lawshall
The Street is a linear settlement in the civil parish of Lawshall in the Babergh district in the county of Suffolk, England. It extends from Lawshall Hall in the west to Donkey Lane in the east; the settlement includes Swanfield, east of the Swan Public House and the small residential development of Hall Mead, opposite All Saints Church. The Street is located between Harrow Green and Hanningfield Green and is just over one mile off the A134 between Bury St Edmunds and Sudbury; the Street was known as Church Street in the 1567 Lawshall Survey. At that time there was a track known as The Parson's Way from The Street to the Bury Road at Hill's Farm. There was a track from Lawshall Hall to Carpenters Cottage in Donkey Lane; this fifteenth flint church is a Grade 1 Listed Building with stone dressings comprising a tall west tower, aisles and a nineteenth-century chancel. The first record of the church was in the Domesday Book although it is not the church, visible today; the earliest one that can be dated is in the Early English period c.1166-1266, the chancel and the east windows being of this period.
The church was completely rebuilt in the mid-15th century on the profits of the cloth industry, became a vast preaching house after the Reformation. Lawshall Hall is a mid 16th century red brick house with some blue brick diapering, built on a T shaped plan, with the older wing extending north-west; the house may have been part of an old monastery and has massive brick walls 6 feet thick in places. Part of the original wall is apparent at the north-west end of the front wing, with 2 small stone framed windows and a Tudor arched doorway; the house has been altered and was refronted on the south-west elevation in the 19th century with 3 window range of double-hung sashes. The north-east wing has some original mullioned and transomed windows but has been blocked; the roof was tiled in the 20th century. The house is dated 1557 with the arms of the Drury's. Queen Elizabeth I visited Henry Drury at Lawshall Hall during her "Royal Progress" tour in August 1578; the Swan Inn is an 18th-century timber-framed and plastered building with an L-shaped plan with a front extension at right angles to the road.
This front extension was demolished in 1968. The roof is thatched with three dormers. There are coins nailed to the underside of the timber beams in the public bar, it was the custom of soldiers during the Great War to nail up coins in this way and to reclaim them upon their return. Alas many of the coins were not reclaimed reflecting the loss of 24 men from the village, it is not possible to provide a complete list of all the publicans of the Swan or the verified dates when they took over or left the public house. However with reference to the Official Census, White's Directory, Post Office Directory and other sources the following list is provided: Lawshall had its own workhouse, located in The Street east of All Saints Church. In 1776 it was recorded as having 20 inmates. On 2 June 1790 the Bury and Norwich Post reported that Sarah Allen and her accomplice Ann Flower were committed to the new Bridewell by J. Plampin for setting fire to the workhouse at Lawshall. From 19th century press reports it is clear.
For example on 11 April 1843 the Bury and Norwich Post reported that a fire broke out at Place Farm in Hartest and the engines from Chadacre and Lawshall attended. The farm dwelling house was saved but two thatched cottages were destroyed. In another arsen incident the paper reported on 27 November 1849 that "the inhabitants of Lawshall were alarmed by the cry of fire which had broken out on the property of George Morley in Lawshall Street which destroyed a barn and outbuildings. Prompt assistance from the Lawshall and Chadacre fire engines saved the house" In 1857 a large service was held in All Saints Church to celebrate the completion of restoration work including the rebuilding of the chancel; some £15 was obtained from the offertory and this was used to build a coal house and well for the village. The coal house was situated opposite the Swan Inn and in its life became a reading room; the building has long since been demolished. Maintaining a similar theme, the traditional K6 red telephone box opposite Swanfield began enjoying a new lease of life in 2011 as a small book swap shop.
Where the old “telephone” logo once took pride of place at the top of the booth, the words “information” and “book swap shop” are now proclaimed in black letters on a white background. The horse hair factory, first recorded in 1855, was located next to Walnut Trees and was used as a village hall until the new village hall facility was constructed at Lambs Lane in the 1960s; the old village hall served as the dining hall for the school. The village pond is located to the north of The Street and for many years was available to local residents as a result of the goodwill of a local farmer; the pond was well stocked for fishing with common carp, mirror carp, crucian carp, common roach and tench. A familiar sight was to see local youngsters cycling or walking along The Street with their fishing rods. English Heritage lists the following seven Grade II Listed buildings within the settlement of The Street, Lawshall: Bowaters and Shepherds Cottage - Images of England Church House - Images of England Fox Cottage - Images of England Street Farmhouse - Images of England Swan Inn - Images of England The Old Post Office - Images of England The Walnut Trees - Images of EnglandNB: The above property details represent the names and addresses that were used at the time that the buildings were listed.
In some insta
English Heritage is a charity that manages over 400 historic monuments and places. These include medieval castles, Roman forts and country houses; the charity states that it uses these properties to ‘bring the story of England to life for over 10 million people each year’. Within its portfolio are Stonehenge, Dover Castle, Tintagel Castle and the best preserved parts of Hadrian's Wall. English Heritage manages the London Blue Plaque scheme, which links influential historical figures to particular buildings; when formed in 1983, English Heritage was the operating name of an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government titled the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, that ran the national system of heritage protection and managed a range of historic properties. It was created to combine the roles of existing bodies that had emerged from a long period of state involvement in heritage protection. In 1999 the organisation merged with the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England and the National Monuments Record, bringing together resources for the identification and survey of England's historic environment.
On 1 April 2015, English Heritage was divided into two parts: Historic England, which inherited the statutory and protection functions of the old organisation, the new English Heritage Trust, a charity that would operate the historic properties, which took on the English Heritage operating name and logo. The British government gave the new charity an £80 million grant to help establish it as an independent trust, although the historic properties remained in the ownership of the state. Over the centuries, what is now called'Heritage' has been the responsibility of a series of state departments. There was the'Kings Works' after the Norman Conquest. Responsibility subsequently transferred to the Ministry of Public Building and Works to the Department of the Environment and now the Department for Culture and Sport; the state's legal responsibility for the historic environment goes back to the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882. Central government subsequently developed several systems of heritage protection for different types of'assets', introducing listing for buildings after WW2 and conservation areas in the 1960s.
In 1983 Secretary of State for the Environment Michael Heseltine gave national responsibility for the historic environment to a semi‑autonomous agency to operate under ministerial guidelines and to government policy. The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission was formed under the terms of the National Heritage Act 1983 on 1 April 1984; the 1983 Act dissolved the bodies that had provided independent advice – the Ancient Monuments Board for England and the Historic Buildings Council for England and incorporated these functions in the new body. Soon after, the commission gained the operating name of English Heritage by its first Chairman, Lord Montagu of Beaulieu. A national register of historic parks and gardens, was set up in 1984, a register for historic battlefields was created in March 1995.'Registration' is a material consideration in the planning process. In April 1999 English Heritage merged with the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England and the National Monuments Record, bringing together resources for the identification and survey of England's historic environment.
By adoption this included responsibility for the national record of archaeological sites from the Ordnance Survey. These, together with other nationally important external acquisitions, meant that English Heritage was one of the largest publicly accessible archives in the UK: 2.53 million records are available online, including more than 426,000 images. In 2010–2011 it recorded 4.3 million unique online user sessions and over 110,000 people visited NMR exhibitions held around the country in 2009/10. In 2012 the section responsible for archive collections was renamed the English Heritage Archive; as a result of the National Heritage Act 2002, English Heritage acquired administrative responsibility for historic wrecks and submerged landscapes within 12 miles of the English coast. The administration of the listed building system was transferred from DCMS to English Heritage in 2006. However, actual listing decisions still remained the responsibility of the Secretary of State for Culture and Sport, required by the Planning Act 1990 to approve a list of buildings of special architectural or historic interest.
Following the Public Bodies Reform in 2010, English Heritage was confirmed as the government's statutory adviser on the historic environment, the largest source of non-lottery grant funding for heritage assets. It was retained on grounds of "performing a technical function which should remain independent from Government"; however the department suffered from budget cuts during the recession of the 2010s resulting in a repairs deficit of £100 million. In June 2013 the British Government announced plans to provide an £80 million grant to enable English Heritage to become a self-financing charity; the national portfolio of historic properties remain in public ownership, but the new English Heritage will be licensed to manage them. The change occu
Lawshall Green is a hamlet in the civil parish of Lawshall in the Babergh district in the county of Suffolk, England. It is located east of Hibb's Green and is less than half a mile off the A134 between Bury St Edmunds and Sudbury. Lawshall Green was known as Halk Street Green in the 1567 Lawshall Survey; the road from the Green to the A134 was known as Madges Lane and was known as The Drove Lane. There was a lost lane known as The Welde Lane that ran north-east from the Green. English Heritage lists two Grade II Listed buildings within the hamlet of Lawshall Green: Pond Cottage - An eighteenth/nineteenth century lump building, plastered; the roof is thatched with two dormers on a central square chimney stack. The gable is weather-boarded, it was two cottages. Images of England The Howes - An eighteenth-century timber-framed house extended and turned into two cottages in the nineteenth century, with sympathetic twentieth century extensions at the east end; the roof now has three sloping roofed dormers and a central chimney stack.
Images of England Trees Farmhouse - An early-mid sixteenth timber-framed and plastered house, with additions to the north elevations, forming an L-shaped plan. The house was re-roofed in the eighteenth century at a lower pitch and pantiled, with 2 gabled dormers on the front. There is a central square chimney stack; the interior has exposed timber-framing, ceiling joists. The farmhouse is located north of Lawshall Green. Images of EnglandNB: The above property details represent the names and addresses that were used at the time that the buildings were listed. In some instances the name of the building may have changed over the intervening years; the Drake family lived at Thorne Court and they worshipped at All Saints Church, Lawshall. The family would drive along the private road from Thorne Court to Lawshall Green. Charles Frederick Tyrwitt Drake was buried in Jerusalem. In his memory the family commissioned the digging of Drake's Well and the provision of a handsome cover to be placed over the well.
It remains an impressive feature as one enters Lawshall from the A134. The St Edmund Way is a long distance footpath that extends from Sudbury to Bury St Edmunds and connects the Stour Valley Path with the Lark Valley Path; the St Edmund Way passes through Long Melford and Lavenham before reaching Lawshall Green where it progresses northward to Stanningfield and Little Whelnetham and onwards to Bury St Edmunds. The total length of the route is 13 miles and Lawshall Green represents the half-way point. An acknowledgement is made to the work of Elizabeth Clarke, the Local History Recorder for Lawshall, whose endeavours obtaining and collating information from various sources has made this article possible. Lawshall Archives Group Geograph: Pictures of Lawshall & environs Map showing Lawshall Green on streetmap.co.uk A Vision of Britain Through Time - Boundary Map of Lawshall
Belstead is a village and civil parish in the Babergh district of the English county of Suffolk. Located on the southern edge of Ipswich, around 3 miles south-west of Ipswich town centre, it had a population of 202 according to the 2011 census. Belstead has amenities such as a village hall, St Mary's the Virgin Church, The bridge school for children with learning difficulties and Belstead Brook Hotel and Spa; the Ipswich Hoard was found near Belstead in 1968. It is now in the British Museum. BELSTEAD, a parish in Samford district, Suffolk. Post Town, Ipswich. Acres, 1,022. Real property, £1,849. Pop. 292. Houses, 57; the property is divided among a few. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Norwich. Value, £370.* Patron, the Rev. E. J. Lockwood; the church is tolerable. The Bridge School is situated 1.9 miles from Belstead on Sprites Lane. The school is a special school for children aged between three and sixteen years which have severe and complex learning difficulties; the school aims to create a supportive learning environment and to allow their pupils to learn through their achievements.
The Ofsted inspection of the school, carried out in January 2015 gave the school a ‘good’ rating overall. St Mary's church is located in Belstead; the church holds services for special events such as Remembrance Sunday and a Christmas Carol function as well as monthly events. In 2005 the church became redundant with it needing repairs. With support from the community it became possible for St Mary's Church to remain open as there was support from the community of Belstead. Work took place to clean the church; the structure of the church is believed to be 700 years old. The church is described as below on its website. Graves & memorials have been identified from 1611 onwards by our village historian; the building is of simple design and attractively rustic, the tower dates from the early 14th century, is one of only 22 Suffolk towers which form porches. The interior is graced with a number of fittings and memorials dating from its earliest days, including the 15th century rood screen with paintings of saints and others, all of which were mutilated by tudor reformers or by puritans in the 1640s, a rood loft staircase set into the thickness of the outer wall, brass rubbings, wooden pews.
The population graph from 1881-2011 shows an increase in population up until 1851 when the population was at its highest total population with 308 people living in Belstead. The population began to decrease with the lowest total population occurring in 2001 when 89 people were living in the village; the decline in population began in the 1850s. In 2005 it had an estimated population of 190. 1881 Occupations - The occupations in 1881 as shown in the graph represent both types of work undertaken by both male and females in the village. In the graph it can be seen that the total highest number of workers for one particular occupation was in the agriculture sector with a total of 50, all male, workers. Females dominated more in domestic office or services as well as all professionals living in the village being female. There were only males working in most other sectors with many females having unknown or being without specified occupations.2011 Occupations - The total number of residents of a working age of 17 to 74 in 2011 has decreased to a total of 105 workers in employment.
Most employed people have professional occupations, at a total of 17 residents. The lowest employment area, with a total of seven people being employed, was in sales and customer service occupations. There has been a vast decrease in the number or residents being employed in the agricultural sector with a decrease from 50 workers in 1881 to 8 in 2011. Bobbitshole Site of Special Scientific Interest Media related to Belstead at Wikimedia Commons