Pompeys Pillar National Monument
Pompeys Pillar National Monument is a rock formation located in south central Montana, United States. Designated a National Monument on January 17, 2001, managed by the U. S. Bureau of Land Management, it consists of only 51 acres, making it one of the smallest National Monuments in the U. S, it was designated a National Historic Landmark on July 25, 1965. The new Pompeys Pillar Interpretive Center opened in 2006. Exhibits in the 5,700-square foot center relate the journey of Captain William Clark and his detachment, including Sacagawea and her son Pomp, down the Yellowstone River Valley in 1806; the pillar itself stands 150 feet above the Yellowstone River and consists of sandstone from the late Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation, 75 – 66 million years ago. The base of the pillar is 1 acre; the pillar features an abundance of Native American petroglyphs, as well as the signature of William Clark, co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Clark's inscription is the only remaining physical evidence found along the route, followed by the expedition.
The inscription consists of his signature and the date, July 25, 1806. Clark wrote that he climbed the sandstone pillar and "had a most extensive view in every direction on the Northerly Side of the river", he named the outcropping after Jean Baptiste Charbonneau—the son of expedition member Sacagawea—whom he nicknamed "Pompy". His original name for it was "Pompys Tower". Situated 25 miles northeast of Billings, along Interstate 94, the pillar gets 50,000 visitors annually. Archeological evidence suggests that the outcropping has been witness to 11,000 years of human involvement in the area. In addition to the pictographs and the signature of William Clark, hundreds of other people have carved their initials into the rock, including early pioneers to the area. Pompey's Pillar, Montana List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana National Register of Historic Places listings in Yellowstone County, Montana "Pompeys Pillar National Monument Official Website". U. S. Bureau of Land Management. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
"Pompeys Pillar National Monument". National Landscape Conservation System. Retrieved 2006-08-13. "Pompeys Pillar National Monument". The Wilderness Society. Archived from the original on 2006-07-10. Retrieved 2006-08-13. "Pompeys Pillar National Monument". Pompeys Pillar Historical Association. Retrieved 2006-08-13
War Horse National Wildlife Refuge
War Horse National Wildlife Refuge, located in the center of the U. S. state of Montana, is divided into three separate sections, with each centered on a small body of water. It is an integral part of the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge Complex, although the refuge is unstaffed and has few visitor improvements. One reservoir is stocked with rainbow trout; when the lakes and reservoir are filled, the refuge provides excellent habitat for migratory bird species. The region is surrounded by sagebrush plains and Ponderosa pine groves that flourish in the region due to its acid-shale soils. Along with over 100 bird species, regular inhabitants include Sage Grouse and mule deer. War Horse National Wildlife Refuge
Wibaux is a town in and the county seat of Wibaux County, United States. The population was 589 at the 2010 census; as of the census of 2010, there were 589 people, 278 households, 153 families residing in the town. The population density was 545.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 308 housing units at an average density of 285.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.4% White, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population. There were 278 households of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 45.0% were non-families. 42.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.76. The median age in the town was 50.4 years.
19.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 47.4% male and 52.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 567 people, 239 households, 139 families residing in the town; the population density was 532.3 people per square mile. There were 321 housing units at an average density of 301.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.06% White, 0.35% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.18% from other races, 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population. There were 239 households out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.8% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 3.00. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 26.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 80.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $26,518, the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $25,893 versus $20,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,105. About 2.9% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over. The town had names such as Keith and Mingusville. In 1895, the town was renamed for prominent local cattle rancher, Pierre Wibaux, who had immigrated to the area from France in 1883. Wibaux expanded his herds by buying stock from less fortunate ranchers. After Wibaux's arrival, the town became a major cattle shipping center for the Northern Pacific Railroad, notably receiving some of the cattle from Theodore Roosevelt's Maltese Cross and Elkhorn ranches near Medora, North Dakota; the great cattle drives of the 1880s passed by Wibaux on their way from Texas to the northern ranges.
Theodore Roosevelt had a famous encounter with a bully at Nolan's Hotel in Wibaux shortly after moving to the North Dakota Badlands in 1884. Arriving at the hotel late at night, Roosevelt was accosted by a drunk sheep herder carrying cocked revolvers in both hands, ordered to buy drinks for the crowd. Roosevelt pretended to move towards the bar punched the man three times in quick succession, causing the drunk to fire his revolvers as he fell; the future president took away the man's guns before several other occupants of the hotel dragged him out into a shed. The National Register of Historical Places has three entries in Wibaux: The Pierre Wibaux House, St. Peter's Catholic Church, the Wibaux Historical District. Wibaux operates a state travel center at the town's exit from Interstate 94, the Pierre Wibaux House Museum, the Centennial Car Museum, sent to the New York World's Fair in 1964. At the western end of town, there is a statue of Pierre Wibaux that he commissioned in his will to look over the sloping landscape.
Each year the town holds a summer festival, called the Ski Fest as homage to its predominantly Polish roots. The 2002 Vin Diesel movie, Knockaround Guys, was based in Wibaux. Wibaux is located at 46°59′13″N 104°11′23″W, it is the easternmost town in Montana along Interstate 94 and runs a rest stop/information center for motorists using the highway, only open in the summer between May and September and is closed the rest of the year. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.08 square miles, all of it land. Beaver Creek runs through the town and has been known to contain large Walleye and Northern Pike
Wibaux County, Montana
Wibaux County is a county in the U. S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,017 making it the fourth-least populous county in Montana, its county seat is Wibaux. Wibaux County was created by the Montana Legislature in 1914 from parts of Dawson and Richland Counties; the name comes from Pierre Wibaux, a late 19th-century cattle baron and friend of Theodore Roosevelt whose ranch was just over the border. According to legend, Pierre Wibaux's cowboys surrounded the town of Mingusville, wouldn't let anyone enter or leave town unless they signed a petition changing the name of the town to Wibaux. Upon his death, his ashes were spread over a hill west of Wibaux. Today, a statue of Pierre Wibaux stands on that hill. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 890 square miles, of which 889 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. It is the third-smallest county in Montana by land area. Interstate 94 U. S. Highway 10 Montana Highway 7 S-261 Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 1,068 people, 421 households, 287 families in the county.
The population density was less than 1 person per square mile. There were 587 housing units at an average density of 0.7/square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.03% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.28% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. 0.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.4 % were of 13.3 % Polish, 6.7 % English and 6.4 % Irish ancestry. There were 421 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.80% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.02. The county population contained 25.80% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, 21.50% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,224, the median income for a family was $34,265. Males had a median income of $22,750 versus $18,667 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,121. About 8.60% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.70% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,017 people, 457 households, 281 families in the county; the population density was 1.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 538 housing units at an average density of 0.6/square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 46.3% were German, 13.7% were Polish, 13.4% were Irish, 12.1% were American, 9.5% were English, 8.0% were Norwegian, 5.3% were Dutch.
Of the 457 households, 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.5% were non-families, 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.80. The median age was 49.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $40,417 and the median income for a family was $51,354. Males had a median income of $43,438 versus $24,821 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,579. About 7.2% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over. Wibaux County voters are reliably Republican. Since 1964 they have selected the Democratic Party candidate in only one national election. Wibaux Carlyle St. Phillip Yates List of cemeteries in Wibaux County, Montana List of lakes in Wibaux County, Montana List of mountains in Wibaux County, Montana National Register of Historic Places listings in Wibaux County, Montana
Montana is a landlocked state in the Northwestern United States. Montana has several nicknames, although none are official, including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more "The Last Best Place". Montana is the 4th largest in area, the 8th least populous, the 3rd least densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. The western half of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller island ranges are found throughout the state. In all, 77 named; the eastern half of Montana is characterized by badlands. Montana is bordered by Idaho to the west, Wyoming to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota to the east, the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan to the north; the economy is based on agriculture, including ranching and cereal grain farming. Other significant economic resources include oil, coal, hard rock mining, lumber; the health care and government sectors are significant to the state's economy. The state's fastest-growing sector is tourism.
Nearly 13 million tourists annually visit Glacier National Park, Yellowstone National Park, the Beartooth Highway, Flathead Lake, Big Sky Resort, other attractions. The name Montana comes from the Spanish word Montaña, which in turn comes from the Latin word Montanea, meaning "mountain", or more broadly, "mountainous country". Montaña del Norte was the name given by early Spanish explorers to the entire mountainous region of the west; the name Montana was added to a bill by the United States House Committee on Territories, chaired at the time by Rep. James Ashley of Ohio, for the territory that would become Idaho Territory; the name was changed by Representatives Henry Wilson and Benjamin F. Harding, who complained Montana had "no meaning"; when Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864 for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory. This time Rep. Samuel Cox of Ohio, objected to the name. Cox complained the name was a misnomer given most of the territory was not mountainous and that a Native American name would be more appropriate than a Spanish one.
Other names such as Shoshone were suggested, but it was decided the Committee on Territories could name it whatever they wanted, so the original name of Montana was adopted. Montana is one of the nine Mountain States, located in the north of the region known as the Western United States, it borders North South Dakota to the east. Wyoming is to the south, Idaho is to the west and southwest, three Canadian provinces, British Columbia and Saskatchewan, are to the north. With an area of 147,040 square miles, Montana is larger than Japan, it is the fourth largest state in the United States after Alaska and California. S. state. The state's topography is defined by the Continental Divide, which splits much of the state into distinct eastern and western regions. Most of Montana's 100 or more named mountain ranges are in the state's western half, most of, geologically and geographically part of the Northern Rocky Mountains; the Absaroka and Beartooth ranges in the state's south-central part are technically part of the Central Rocky Mountains.
The Rocky Mountain Front is a significant feature in the state's north-central portion, isolated island ranges that interrupt the prairie landscape common in the central and eastern parts of the state. About 60 percent of the state is part of the northern Great Plains; the Bitterroot Mountains—one of the longest continuous ranges in the Rocky Mountain chain from Alaska to Mexico—along with smaller ranges, including the Coeur d'Alene Mountains and the Cabinet Mountains, divide the state from Idaho. The southern third of the Bitterroot range blends into the Continental Divide. Other major mountain ranges west of the Divide include the Cabinet Mountains, the Anaconda Range, the Missions, the Garnet Range, Sapphire Mountains, Flint Creek Range; the Divide's northern section, where the mountains give way to prairie, is part of the Rocky Mountain Front. The front is most pronounced in the Lewis Range, located in Glacier National Park. Due to the configuration of mountain ranges in Glacier National Park, the Northern Divide crosses this region and turns east in Montana at Triple Divide Peak.
It causes the Waterton River and Saint Mary rivers to flow north into Alberta, Canada. There they join the Saskatchewan River, which empties into Hudson Bay. East of the divide, several parallel ranges cover the state's southern part, including the Gravelly Range, the Madison Range, Gallatin Range, Absaroka Mountains and the Beartooth Mountains; the Beartooth Plateau is the largest continuous land mass over 10,000 feet high in the continental United States. It contains Granite Peak, 12,799 feet high. North of these ranges are the Big Belt Mountains, Bridger Mountains, Tobacco Roots, several island ranges, including the Crazy Mountains and Little Belt Mountains. Between many mountain ranges are rich river valleys; the Big Hole Valley, Bitterroot Valley, Gallatin Valley, Flathead Valley, Paradise Valley have extensive agricultural resources and multiple opportunities for tourism and recreation. East and north of this transition zone are the expansive and sparsely populated Northern Plains, with tableland prairies, smaller island mountain ranges, badlands.
The isolated island ranges east of the Divide include the Bear Paw Mountains, Bull Mountains, Castle Mountains, Crazy Mountains, Highwood Mountains, Judi
Kootenai National Forest
The Kootenai National Forest is a national forest located in the far northwestern section of Montana and the northeasternmost lands in the Idaho panhandle in the United States, along the Canada–US border. Of the 2.2 million acres administered by the forest, less than 3 percent is located in the state of Idaho. Forest headquarters are located in Montana. There are local ranger district offices in Eureka, Libby, Trout Creek, Troy, Montana. About 53 percent of the 94,272-acre Cabinet Mountains Wilderness is located within the forest, with the balance lying in neighboring Kaniksu National Forest. Snowshoe Peak in the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness, at 8,738 feet, is the highest peak within the forest. Mountain ranges included in the forest include the Whitefish, Bitterroot and Cabinet ranges; the Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail traverses the Forest. More than 90 miles of the 1,200-mile trail are within the Kootenai; the Kootenai and the Clark Fork rivers are the major rivers and are fed by abundant rainfall, more than double that amount found elsewhere in Montana.
Three major hydroelectric dams exist in the Kootenai National Forest. Libby Dam on the Kootenai River creates a 90-mile -long lake known as Lake Koocanusa, which extends into Canada; the shores of the lake are all forested with no private property easements. The lowest elevation in Montana is where the Kootenai River leaves the state, 1,832 feet above sea level. Other rivers in the forest include the Yaak, Fisher and Vermillion, with water flowing from over 100 lakes; the climate of the Kootenai has been described as "modified Pacific maritime" in character, meaning that compared to the remainder of Montana, this area's climate resembles that found along the Pacific coast. The character becomes "modified" by occasional intrusions of arctic air masses, more common elsewhere in Montana, which can bring winter temperatures down to −30 °F. Winters feature heavy snowfalls in the mountains. Access into the forest is via U. S. Highway 2, U. S. Highway 93, Montana State Highways 37, 56, 200, 508; the national forest is located overwhelmingly in Lincoln County, but extends into neighboring counties.
In descending order of forestland area, they are Flathead County in Montana and Boundary counties in Idaho, Sanders County in Montana. Gibralter Fire List of Forests in Montana "Kootenai National Forest". U. S. Forest Service. Retrieved 2006-07-08. "Pacific Northwest Trail". U. S. Forest Service. Retrieved 2013-11-19. "Cabinet Mountains Wilderness". The National Wilderness Preservation System. Wilderness.net. Retrieved 2006-07-08