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Land bridge

A land bridge, in biogeography, is an isthmus or wider land connection between otherwise separate areas, over which animals and plants are able to cross and colonise new lands. A land bridge can be created by marine regression, in which sea levels fall, exposing shallow submerged sections of continental shelf. Adam's Bridge, connecting India and Sri Lanka The Bering land bridge, which intermittently connected Asia with North America as sea levels rose and fell under the effect of ice ages Doggerland, a former landmass in the southern North Sea which connected the island of Great Britain to mainland Europe during the last ice age The Isthmus of Panama, whose appearance three million years ago allowed the Great American Interchange The Sinai Peninsula, linking Africa and Eurasia In the 19th century a number of scientists noted puzzling geological and zoological similarities between separated areas. To solve these problems, "whenever geologists and paleontologists were at a loss to explain the obvious transoceanic similarities of life that they deduced from the fossil records, they sharpened their pencils and sketched land bridges between appropriate continents."

The concept was first proposed by Jules Marcou in Lettres sur les roches du Jura et leur distribution géographique dans les deux hémisphères, 1857–1860. The hypothetical land bridges included: Archatlantis from the West Indies to North Africa Archhelenis from Brazil to South Africa Archiboreis in the North Atlantic Archigalenis from Central America through Hawaii to Northeast Asia Archinotis from South America to Antarctica Lemuria in the Indian Ocean Marsupials between South America and Australia; the theory of continental drift provided an alternate explanation. However the continental drift theory was not accepted until the development of plate tectonics in the early 1960s, which more explained the motion of continents over geological time. Habitat fragmentation Sea level rise Ernest Ingersoll. "Land-Bridges Across the Oceans". Encyclopedia Americana

Sœur Thérè

Sœur Thérè is a French televised legal drama that ran on TF1 from September 30, 2002, until May 16, 2011, was created by Michel Blanc. Since June 20, 2012, the show has been broadcast on TV5Monde; the series was filmed in the Saint-Julien-le-Pauvre Church in Paris and the Royal Abbey of St. Vincent in Senlis; the series reached a peak audience of 9.9 million viewers in 2004, but it began to lose viewers until its end in 2011. Sister Thérèse is a police officer-turned nun, her ex-husband Gérard Bonaventure, who serves as the local police lieutenant asks for Sister Thérèse's help in solving murder cases, she does so with the full support of the convent's Mother Superior, a fan of crime fiction. In most episodes of the show, Sister Thérèse solves the crime using creative or unconventional methods, such as tracking counterfeit T-shirt sales or finding a cadaver while on a religious pilgrimage; the series introduces plot twists, like Sister Thérèse having temporary amnesia and introducing her previously-unknown twin sister.

The series focuses on the interaction between the convent and the police force that comes as a result of Sister Thérèse's cooperation with Gérard. Gérard's assistant Gabriel uses his visits to the convent as a means to see Sister Clémence and on, Sister Florence. Gérard's intern Brice falls in love with one of the nuns, Sister Suzanne. Gérard's partner on the police force, does not appreciate Sister Thérèse's interference in the team's crime-solving work; the nuns must deal with Jacky Roche, their scheming landlord, who wants to take back his property. To help in paying their rent, the nuns manufacture duvets, which they sell on the website Most episodes end with a running gag in which Sister Thérèse refuses to continue cooperating with Gérard and Gérard misidentifies her website as Dominique Lavanant as Sister Thérèse, the nun who solves crimes and runs the convent's duvet-selling website. Martin Lamotte as Gérard Bonaventure, Sister Thérèse's ex-husband and the city's police lieutenant.

Édith Scob as the Mother Superior, who encourages Sister Thérèse's involvement in solving crimes due to her own love of crime novels. Sébastien Knafo as Gabriel Lambert, Gérard's assistant. Guillaume Delorme as Brice Malory, Gérard's intern, who replaces Gabriel. Ariane Séguillon as Lucie, Gérard's partner on the police force. Philippe Khorsand as Jacky Roche, the landlord who wants to reclaim his property from the convent. Taïra Borée as Sister Marie-Mayriam. Julie de Bona as Sister Florence. Marie Denarnaud as Sister Clémence. Maria Ducceschi as Sister Suzanne. Anne Benoît as Catherine Bayard Arthur Dupont as Dimitri Blondel Francine Bergé as The reverend Lucien Jean-Baptiste as Moussa Marie-Christine Adam as Madame Poivre Mata Gabin as The judge Nicolas Vaude as Rémy Couty Pascal Elso as Rosset Stéphane Debac as Denis Perrin Valérie Vogt as Le Balto's Boss Christian Faure has directed 2 Episodes of the TV Series. Sœur Thérè on IMDb Sœur Thérè on AlloCiné

Harry F. Byrd Jr.

Harry Flood Byrd Jr. was an American orchardist, newspaper publisher and politician. He served in the Senate of Virginia and represented Virginia in the United States Senate, succeeding his father, Harry F. Byrd Sr, his public service spanned thirty-six years, while he was a publisher of several Virginia newspapers. After the decline of his family's political machine, due to its infamous support of massive resistance, he abandoned the Democratic Party in 1970, citing concern about its leftward tilt, he rehabilitated his political career, becoming the first independent in the history of the U. S. Senate to be elected by a majority of the popular vote. Byrd was born December 20, 1914 in Winchester, the eldest child of Harry F. Byrd Sr. and his wife Anne Byrd. His siblings included a sister and two brothers, Richard Evelyn and Beverley; the Byrds were one of the First Families of Virginia, Byrd was a member of the Virginia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. His uncle, Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd was polar explorer.

In 1931, at his father's urging, young Harry Byrd enrolled at Virginia Military Institute. Two years Byrd transferred to the University of Virginia, where he became a member of the St. Anthony Hall fraternity, but left before graduating due to familial obligations. On August 9, 1941, Byrd married Gretchen Thompson, they had sons Harry and Thomas, a daughter Beverley. In 1935, nicknamed “Young Harry”, left the University of Virginia in Charlotteville to shore up his father's newspaper, The Winchester Star, he gave up an opportunity to join a global business in Paris. The Star had been without a full-time editor since his father left to represent Virginia in the United States Senate in 1933, as the Great Depression intensified. Upon joining the paper, his father warned him, "If you make too many mistakes, you're gone." However, the father arranged for his son to learn the publishing business under the tutelage of John Crown at the Harrisonburg Daily News Record. Within a year of assuming the helm of the Winchester Star, Byrd became its editor and publisher, although his father retained financial control and advised him on editorials.

Byrd worked with many publishers of small newspapers in Virginia, assuming leadership sometimes directly or otherwise through a seat on the paper's board of directors. He became the publisher of the Harrisonburg Daily News Record from 1936 to 1941 and again from 1946 to 1981, continued as a member of its board of directors until his death. Byrd became owner of the Page Shenandoah Newspaper Corporation, which published The Page News and Courier in Luray and The Shenandoah Valley Herald in Woodstock, he left the Page Shenandoah Newspaper Corporation in 1987 and retired as Chairman of the Byrd newspapers in 2001, succeeded by his son Thomas. In all, he dedicated 78 years to publishing in another; the entire Byrd family owned the publishing company for more than 100 years. Shortly after his marriage, Byrd volunteered for the United States Navy during World War II and served in Navy Public Relations, he requested transfer to a combat position and was assigned to the Central Pacific as an Executive Officer with a bombing squadron of Consolidated PB2Y Coronados until mustering out in 1946.

During his naval service, he rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander. After the war, Byrd oversaw construction of a new publishing plant for the Star, he became a director of the Associated Press and served as its Vice-President. In 1948 Byrd won election to the Senate of Virginia for the district including Winchester, the area his father represented, he was the third consecutive generation of the Byrd family to enter politics. His grandfather Richard Evelyn Byrd Sr. served as the Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, his father had served as a Virginia state senator, Governor of Virginia and United States senator. Byrd had begun accompanying his father on trips during the elder's governorship, once remarked that "I was in every county and city in the state by the time I was thirteen years old." In time Byrd became a key member in his father's statewide political network, known as the Byrd Organization. Byrd inherited his father's insistence upon fiscal restraint by government, referred to as a "pay-as-you-go" policy.

He reflected part of this populist political legacy when he stated, "I am convinced we have too many laws, too much government regulation, much too much government spending. The wealthy can take care of themselves, the needy are taken care of by the government, it is Middle America, the broad cross section, the people who work and to whom the government must look for taxes - it is they who have become the forgotten men and women."Byrd served in the Senate of Virginia from 1948 to November 1965, where he was Chairman of the General Laws Committee. As a major player in the Byrd Organization, he supported Massive Resistance, a movement against desegregation which his father announced and led, despite the 1955 U. S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education. In 1956, Byrd provided strong and integral support of legislation that became known as the Stanley plan; the plan required the closing of all desegregating schools those desegregating pursuant to court order. It was invalidated within three years by the Virginia Supreme Court.

The plan's legacy of racially based school closures and funding disruptions persisted in some localities until 1964, was the nadir of the Byrd political brand. The U. S. Supreme Court in Davis v. Mann and Reynolds v. Sims invalidated the unequal voting district apportionment relied upon by the

630 Euphemia

630 Euphemia is a mid-sized Eunomian asteroid. Photometric observations at the Palmer Divide Observatory during 2005 showed a best fit rotation period of 79.18 ± 0.02 hours with a brightness variation of 0.2 ± 0.02 in magnitude. However, some uncertainty remains concerning the reliability of this result. Lightcurve plot of 630 Euphemia, Palmer Divide Observatory, B. D. Warner Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 630 Euphemia at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 630 Euphemia at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters

1933–34 Washington Huskies men's basketball team

The 1933–34 Washington Huskies men's basketball team represented the University of Washington for the 1933–34 NCAA college basketball season. Led by fourteenth-year head coach Hec Edmundson, the Huskies were members of the Pacific Coast Conference and played their home games on campus at the UW Pavilion in Seattle, Washington; the Huskies were 18 -- 4 overall in 14 -- 2 in conference play. They traveled to Los Angeles for the PCC championship series against USC, the winner of the Southern division. After dropping the first game, Washington won the next two to take the conference crown; the National Invitation Tournament debuted in 1938, the NCAA Tournament in 1939. Sports Reference – Washington Huskies: 1933–34 basketball season Washington Huskies men's basketball media guide – History


Multidrug resistance-associated protein 9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ABCC12 gene. This gene is a member of the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette transporters and the encoded protein contains two ATP-binding domains and 12 transmembrane regions. ABC proteins transport various molecules across extra- and intracellular membranes. ABC genes are divided into seven distinct subfamilies: ABC1, MDR/TAP, MRP, ALD, OABP, GCN20, White; this gene is a member of the MRP subfamily, involved in multi-drug resistance. This gene and another subfamily member are arranged head-to-tail on chromosome 16q12.1. Increased expression of this gene is associated with breast cancer. Human ABCC12 genome location and ABCC12 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser. Adding link to ABCC12 gene details page and display in UCSC genome browser