Land diving is a ritual performed by the men of the southern part of Pentecost Island, Vanuatu. The precursor to bungee jumping, men jump off wooden towers around 20 to 30 meters high, Land diving is done without any safety equipment, except for the vines. The tradition has developed into a tourist attraction, according to the Guinness World Records, the g-force experienced by those at their lowest point in the dive is the greatest experienced in the non-industrialized world by humans. The origin of land diving is described in a legend of a woman who was dissatisfied with her husband and it is sometimes claimed that the woman was upset that her husband was too vigorous regarding his sexual wants, so she ran away into the forest. Her husband followed her, so she climbed a banyan tree, Tamalie climbed after her, and so she tied lianas to her ankles and jumped and survived. Her husband jumped after her, but did not tie lianas to himself, the men performed the original land diving so that they would not be tricked again. The land diving ritual is associated with the yam harvest. It is performed annually in the months of April, May, a good dive helps ensure a bountiful yam harvest. The villagers believe land diving can enhance the health and strength of the divers, a successful dive can remove the illnesses and physical problems associated with the wet season. Furthermore, land diving is considered as an expression of masculinity, nevertheless, the men who do not choose to dive or back out of diving are not humiliated as cowards. In the Sa language, gol refers to both the tower and the land dive, the tower symbolically represents a body, with a head, shoulders, breasts, belly, genitals, and knees. The diving platforms represent the penises and the struts beneath represent the vaginas, technically, the time of yam harvest is significant because tower construction is best done during the dry season. Also, the lianas have the best elasticity during this time, during the period of preparation for naghol, the men seclude themselves from the women and refrain from sex. Furthermore, women are not allowed to go near the tower or else Tamalie, additionally, the men must not wear any lucky charms during the dive. The construction of the tower typically takes two and five weeks of construction. Around twenty to thirty men help construct it, the men cut trees to construct the body, clear a site for the tower, and remove rocks from the soil. The soil is tilled to soften the ground, the wood is freshly cut, so that it can remain strong. The core of the tower is made from a tree
A diver prepared to jump. Except for the vines, land diving is performed without safety equipment.
Villagers soften the ground to help absorb the impact.
People below dance and sing chants, providing emotional support for the divers.
The platforms are at several different heights, with the most experienced diver jumping from the top.