Leonard Kevin Bias was a first-team All-American college basketball forward at the University of Maryland. He was selected by the Boston Celtics as the second overall pick in the 1986 NBA draft on June 17, died two days from cardiac arrhythmia induced by a cocaine overdose. Bias was born and raised in the Maryland suburbs of Washington, D. C, he was one of four children born to Dr Lonise Bias. He had a sister and two brothers and James III, known as "Jay". From Landover, Bias graduated from Northwestern High School in Hyattsville and subsequently attended the University of Maryland; as a freshman, he was viewed as "raw and undisciplined," but Bias developed into an All-American player. In his junior year, he led the Atlantic Coast Conference in scoring and was named the ACC's Player of the Year, his senior season was highlighted by his performance in an overtime victory against top-ranked North Carolina in which he scored 35 points, including 7 in the last 3 minutes of regulation and 4 in overtime.
At the end of the year, Bias collected his second ACC Player of the Year award and was named to two All-America teams. Bias impressed basketball fans with his amazing leaping ability, his physical stature and his ability to create plays, was considered one of the most dynamic players in the nation. By his senior year, scouts from various National Basketball Association teams viewed Bias as the most complete forward in the Class of 1986. According to Celtics scout Ed Badger, "He's maybe the closest thing to Michael Jordan to come out in a long time. I'm not saying he's as good as Michael Jordan, but he's an explosive and exciting kind of player like that." Jordan was in his second season with the Chicago Bulls. On June 17, Bias was selected by the Boston Celtics as the second overall pick in the 1986 NBA draft, held in New York City at Madison Square Garden. Red Auerbach, the Celtics' president and general manager, had dealt guard Gerald Henderson and cash to the Seattle SuperSonics for the pick in 1984.
After the draft and his family returned to their suburban Maryland home. On June 18, Bias and his father flew to Boston, from Washington, D. C. for an NBA club draft acceptance and product endorsement signing ceremony with the Celtics' coaches and management. Bias had discussions with Reebok's sports marketing division regarding a five-year endorsement package worth $1.6 million. After returning home to Maryland, Bias retrieved his newly leased sports car and drove back to his room on the campus of the University of Maryland, he dined with some teammates and a member of the football team. He left campus at 2 a.m. on Thursday, June 19 and drove to an off-campus gathering, which he attended before returning to his dorm in Washington Hall sometime between 2:30 and 3 a.m. For the next three to four hours, longtime friend Brian Tribble and several teammates insufflated cocaine in the dormitory suite shared by Bias and his teammates. According to the campus timeline, Bias had a seizure and collapsed some time between 6:25 and 6:32 a.m. while talking with teammate Terry Long.
At 6:32 a.m. when the 911 call to Prince George's County emergency services was made by Tribble, Bias was unconscious and not breathing. All attempts by the emergency medical team to restart his heart and breathing were unsuccessful. After additional attempts to revive him at Leland Memorial Hospital in Riverdale, Bias was pronounced dead at 8:55 a.m. of a cardiac arrhythmia related to usage of cocaine. It was reported that there were alcohol found in his system. Four days after Bias died, more than 11,000 people attended a June 23 memorial service at the Cole Field House, the university recreation and student center where Bias played for the Terrapins; those speaking at the service included Red Auerbach, who said he had planned for three years to draft Bias for the Celtics. On June 30, 1986, the Celtics honored Bias with their own memorial service, giving his never-used #30 Celtics jersey to his mother, Lonise. Bias was interred at Lincoln Memorial Cemetery in Maryland. On July 25, 1986, a grand jury returned indictments against Brian Tribble for possession of cocaine and possession of cocaine with intent to distribute.
Bias's Maryland teammates Terry Long and David Gregg were charged with possession of cocaine and obstruction of justice. Long and Gregg were both suspended from the team on July 31. All three defendants entered not guilty pleas in August. On October 20, 1986, prosecutors dropped all charges against Long and Gregg in exchange for their testimony against Tribble. On October 30, the grand jury added three more indictments against Tribble—one count of conspiracy to obstruct justice and two counts of obstruction of justice. On October 30, Kenneth Mark Fobbs, Tribble's roommate, was charged with perjury for lying to the grand jury about the last time he had seen Tribble; the state dropped the perjury charges against Fobbs on March 24, 1987, a jury acquitted Tribble of all charges related to the Bias case on June 3, 1987. In October 1990, Tribble pleaded guilty to a drug charge following a two-year undercover sting operation, he was sentenced to ten years and one month in prison. A few weeks after Bias' death, committees in the House of Representatives began writing anti-drug legislation.
The committees finished their work by the middle of August 1986. The House passed its first version of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 shortly after Labor Day, sending the bill to the Senate, it was signed by President Ronald Reagan on October 27, 1986. Provisions in Section 1002 provided for life imprisonment for a per
Landover Hills, Maryland
Landover Hills is a town in Prince George's County, United States. The population was 1,687 at the 2010 census, it has a neighborhood named Defense Heights. Landover Hills was incorporated in 1945. Landover Hills is located at 38°56'36" North, s76°53'27" West. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.30 square miles, all of it land. Woodlawn Landover East Riverdale New Carrollton Bladensburg District of Columbia At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the town was $55,313, the median income for a family was $55,938. Males had a median income of $31,842 versus $32,464 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,779. About 10.1% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. The town's fire department is a combination career/volunteer fire department and operates an engine company, a BLS ambulance, an ALS medic unit, a medical ambulance bus.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,687 people, 496 households, 381 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,623.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 549 housing units at an average density of 1,830.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 22.1% White, 43.3% African American, 1.4% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 27.4% from other races, 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.8% of the population. There were 496 households of which 48.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 23.2% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40 and the average family size was 3.78. The median age in the town was 31.3 years. 29.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 50.1% male and 49.9% female.
Mayor: Lee P. Walker City Council: Jeannette M. Ripley Joseph Williams Jeff Schomisch Kathleen Walker Mavis BullardThe U. S. Postal Service operates the Landover Hills Post Office adjacent to the town, in an unincorporated area with a Hyattsville postal address. Landover Hills falls under the jurisdiction of Prince George's County Public Schools, its territory is zoned to multiple schools:Elementary schools: Cooper Lane Elementary School Judge Sylvania S. Woods Elementary School The zoned middle school is Charles Carroll Middle School. Parkdale High School serves Landover Hills. Private schools in the Landover Hills area are: New Hope Academy - in the town limits Saint Mary's School - in the town limits Ascension Lutheran School - Adjacent to the town; the Landover Hills Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency servicing the municipality. The LHPD is assisted by the Prince George's County Police and Sheriff's Office as directed by authority; the current chief of police is Jr.. The agency doubles as the town code enforcement when needed.
Town of Landover Hills official website Landover Hills Police Department Prince George’s County Public Schools
Cheverly is a town in Prince George's County, United States, located within close proximity to Washington, D. C. though not bordering it directly. The town was founded in 1918, it was incorporated in 1931. Cheverly had 6,173 residents as of the 2010 Census. Cheverly borders the adjacent communities of Tuxedo, Chapel Oaks, Landover Hills, Villa Heights, Bladensburg. Cheverly, MD is home to the Prince George's Hospital Center, Prince George's County Health Department, Cheverly Professional Building, Pepsi Soda Plant, Judith P Hoyer Early Childhood Center, Cheverly American Legion, Magruder Spring Historic Landmark, ABC Supply Company Inc. Washington Woodworking Company, Cheverly Sport Fair Fishing Store, Cheverly Liquor Store, Publick Playhouse Theater; the main ZIP code for Cheverly is 20785. Cheverly was begun as a planned suburb in the early 1900s; the Cheverly area was first platted in 1904 for a 93-acre community called Cheverly Gardens. The land was subsequently purchased in 1918 by Robert Marshall, president of the Washington Suburban Realty Company.
The Cheverly subdivision platted by Marshall was developed around the 1839 Magruder family homestead known as Mount Hope. Marshall became the first resident of Cheverly by taking up residence in the restored homestead in 1919. In 1923, the first road, now known as Cheverly Avenue, was completed and paved to connect the Pennsylvania Railroad line to Landover Road. 34 developer-built houses were constructed between 1921 and 1925. Most of the early houses were mail-order homes from the McClure Homes Company. Marshall lost control of the Washington Suburban Realty Company in 1927. Harry Wardman assumed the position until the company’s bankruptcy in 1929 due to the stock market crash. Incorporation was granted in 1931 to address concerns for better services. During the 1930s and 1940s, the streets were improved and lighting enhanced, the number of residences increased from 135 to 650. Residential construction continued through the 1960s, creating a varied housing stock of early Cape Cod houses, with ranch and split-level types.
Two garden-style apartment complexes were constructed in the early 1960s along Landover Road near the U. S. Route 50 interchange; the community center, town hall, park facility was built in 1978. Industrial property was established in 1958 on the west side of town and adjacent to Route 50. On April 29, 2006, the community held a 75th anniversary celebration at the town community center; the historic home Mount Hope has been the town's official symbol since 1931. The following is a list of historic sites in Cheverly identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission: Cheverly is located at 38°55′28″N 76°54′49″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.35 square miles, all of it land. While a majority of the homes in Cheverly are small to mid-sized red brick homes, there are a few apartment complexes Cheverly contains; the names of these apartment complexes notably are: Cheverly Gardens Apartments. The population density was 4,572.6 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 2,395 housing units at an average density of 1,774.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 32.4% White, 57.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 5.3% from other races, 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.5% of the population. There were 2,287 households of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.4% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age in the town was 37.8 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 50.6% male and 49.4% female. As of the American Community Survey of 2013, the median income for a household in the town was $95,274, the median income for a family was $112,353.
The median income for married-couple families was $123,218, the median income for non-family households was $54,079. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,433 people, 2,258 households, 1,637 families residing in the town; the population density was 4,769.9 people per square mile. There were 2,348 housing units at an average density of 1,741.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 56.79% African American, 33.86% White, 6.76% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 3.44% from two or more races, 3.22% from other races, 2.50% Asian, 0.17% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander. There were 2,258 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples livin
FedExField Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, is an American football stadium located near the Capital Beltway in Prince George's County, Maryland, U. S. five miles east of Washington, D. C. near the site of the old Capital Centre arena. The stadium is the home of the Washington Redskins of the National Football League. From 2004 until 2010, it had the largest seating capacity in the NFL at over 91,000; the capacity is 82,000. FedEx Field has a Landover postal address. FedExField was built as a replacement for the Redskins' prior venue, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium in Washington, D. C. In 1994 Jack Kent Cooke sought to build a new stadium on the grounds adjacent to Laurel Park Racecourse along Whiskey Bottom and Brock Bridge roads. Lack of parking facilities and support prompted a second site selection; the stadium opened in 1997 as Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, in honor of the deceased owner of the team, the stadium site was known as Raljon from the first names of Cooke's sons – "Ralph" and "John". Notably, Cooke was able to register Raljon with the United States Postal Service as a legal alternate address for the 20785 zip code of Landover, where the stadium is located, went to some lengths to require media to use Raljon in datelines from the stadium.
This ended when Daniel Snyder bought the Redskins from the Cooke estate, the Redskins now give the stadium's address as Landover. A special exit, Exit 16, was built from the Capital Beltway. After Snyder's purchase, the stadium's naming rights were sold to FedEx in November 1999 for an average of $7.6 million per year. The waiting list for Redskins season tickets was over 160,000 names long. However, according to The Washington Post, Redskins ticket office employees improperly sold tickets directly to ticket brokers for several years before the practice was discovered in 2009. Although the Redskins have never sold out the entire stadium, the team has not had a game blacked out on local television since 1972 because it does not count "premium club level seating" when calculating sellouts. From 2004 to 2010 Redskins fans set. In 2005 the team drew a record 716,998 fans overall; the December 30, 2007, 27–6 win against the Dallas Cowboys was the most watched game in Redskins history, with 90,910 fans in the stands to see Washington clinch a playoff spot.
On January 8, 2000, the Washington Redskins defeated the Detroit Lions 27–13 in the first NFL playoff game at FedExField. On December 29, 2002, the Redskins defeated the rival Dallas Cowboys, 20–14; this game was Darrell Green's final game. He played 20 seasons with the Redskins; the game broke a 10-game losing streak to the Cowboys. The stadium has five levels – the Lower Level, the Club Level, the Lower and Upper Suite Levels, the Upper Level; the Lower and Upper Levels are all named after important figures of the Redskins, NFL, Washington, D. C. area. The Lower Level is named "George Preston Marshall Lower Level", The Club is named "Joe Gibbs Club Level, The Upper Level is called "Pete Rozelle Upper Level." The Suite Levels have 243 suite and Owner's Club luxury boxes and 15,044 club seats. After Daniel Snyder purchased the Redskins, five rows of "Dream Seats" were installed in front of what had been the first row of the lower level, extending down to the level of the field. Seats in the previous first row of the lower level were not tall enough to see over the players on the sidelines.
FedExField hosts the annual Prince George's Classic college football game, a game between two black universities. It has hosted several other college football games as well, including the 1998 game between the University of Notre Dame and the United States Naval Academy; the 2004 Black Coaches Association Classic between the University of Southern California Trojans and the Virginia Tech Hokies, the 112th Army–Navy Game. FedExField is not well known as a soccer venue, as D. C. United of Major League Soccer elected to remain at RFK Stadium after the new stadium's opening, they began playing at Audi Field within the city in 2018. FedExField has been used for some international soccer matches — both for the United States and for El Salvador. On March 28, 2015, Argentina defeated El Salvador at FedExField before a crowd of 53,978. On June 7, 2014, the stadium hosted a doubleheader. Spain, the 2010 World Cup winner, defeated El Salvador 2–0 in a warm-up match in front of a crowd of 53,267 before the 2014 World Cup.
C. United played Columbus Crew to a scoreless draw in D. C. United's first time hosting an MLS regular season game at FedExField, it hosted one quarterfinal doubleheader in the 1999 Women's World Cup. On July 1, 1999, the United States women's national soccer team defeated the German women's national team 3–2 in the FIFA Women's World Cup 1999 quarterfinals. FedExField has hosted a number of club soccer exhibition matches. During the July 2005 World Series of Football, D. C. United hosted Chelsea F. C. there. C. United's third-highest home attendance. On August 9, 2009, D. C. United hosted another international friendly against Real Madrid at FedExField. On July 30, 2011, Manchester United ended its 2011 summer tour with a 2–1 win over F. C. Barcelona at FedExField in front of 81,807 fans; this represented the largest soccer crowd in D. C.-area history. FedExField was used on July 29, 2014, in the International Champions Cup as Manchester United played Inter
Prince George's County, Maryland
Prince George's County is a county in the U. S. state of Maryland, bordering the eastern portion of Washington, D. C; as of the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 863,420, making it the second-most populous county in Maryland, behind only Montgomery County, its county seat is Upper Marlboro. It is one of the richest African American-majority counties in the United States, with five of its communities identified in a 2015 top ten list. Prince George's County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Due to its proximity to Washington, D. C. the county hosts many U. S. governmental facilities, such as Joint Base Andrews, a U. S. military airbase, as well as the headquarters of the United States Census Bureau. The official name of the county, as specified in the county's charter, is "Prince George’s County, Maryland"; the county is named after Prince George of Denmark, the consort of Anne, Queen of Great Britain, the brother of King Christian V of Denmark and Norway.
The county's demonym is Prince Georgian, its motto is Semper Eadem, a phrase used by Queen Anne. Prince George's County is referred to as "PG" or "PG County", an abbreviation, the subject of debate, some residents viewing it as a pejorative and others holding neutral feelings toward the term or preferring the abbreviation over the full name; the Cretaceous Era brought dinosaurs to the area which left a number of fossils, now preserved in a 7.5-acre park in Laurel. The site, which among other finds has yielded fossilized teeth from Astrodon and Priconodon species, has been called the most prolific in the eastern United States. In the mid to late Holocene era, the area was occupied by Paleo-Native Americans and later, Native Americans; when the first European settlers arrived, what is now Prince George's County was inhabited by people of the Piscataway Indian Nation. Three branches of the tribe are still living today, two of which are headquartered in Prince George's County. Prince George's County was created by the English Council of Maryland in the Province of Maryland in April 1696 from portions of Charles and Calvert counties.
The county was divided into six districts referred to as "Hundreds": Mattapany, Collington, Mount Calvert and New Scotland. A portion was detached in 1748 to form Frederick County; because Frederick County was subsequently divided to form the present Allegany, Garrett and Washington counties, all of these counties in addition were derived from what had up to 1748 been Prince George's County. In 1791, portions of Prince George's County were ceded to form the new District of Columbia. During the War of 1812, the British marched through the county by way of Bladensburg to burn the White House. On their return, they kidnapped William Beanes. Lawyer Francis Scott Key was asked to negotiate for his release, which resulted in his writing "The Star-Spangled Banner". Since much of the southern part of the county was tobacco farms that were worked by enslaved Africans, there was a high population of African Americans in the region. After the Civil War, many African Americans attempted to become part of Maryland politics, but were met with violent repression after the fall of Reconstruction.
In April 1865, John Wilkes Booth made his escape through Prince George's County while en route to Virginia after shooting President Abraham Lincoln. The proportion of African Americans declined during the first half of the 20th century, but was renewed to over 50% in the early 1990s when the county again became majority African American; the first African American County Executive was Wayne K. Curry, elected in 1994. On July 1, 1997, the Prince George's County section of the city of Takoma Park, which straddled the boundary between Prince George's and Montgomery counties, was transferred to Montgomery County; this was done after city residents voted to be under the sole jurisdiction of Montgomery County, subsequent approval by both counties and the Maryland General Assembly. This was the first change in Prince George's County's boundaries since 1968, when the City of Laurel was unified in Prince George's County; the county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 499 square miles, of which 483 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Prince George's County lies in the Atlantic coastal plain, its landscape is characterized by rolling hills and valleys. Along its western border with Montgomery County, Adelphi and West Laurel rise into the piedmont, exceeding 300 feet in elevation; the Patuxent River forms the county's eastern border with Howard, Anne Arundel, Calvert counties. County terrain and demographics differ by location within the county. There are five key regions to Prince George's County: North County, Central County, the Rural Tier, the Inner Beltway, South County; these regions are not formally defined and the terms used to describe each area can vary greatly. In the broadest terms, the county is divided into North County and South County with U. S. Route 50 serving as the dividing line. Northern Prince George's County includes Laurel, Adelphi, College Park and Greenbelt.
This area of the county is anchored by the Baltimore -- Washington Parkway. Laurel is experiencing a population boom with the construction of the Inter-County Connector; the key employers in this region are the University of Maryland, Belt
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However