Frankenhardt is a rural Gemeinde in the district of Schwäbisch Hall in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It consists of thirty-nine villages and other settlements; the largest village is Oberspeltach, followed by Gründelhardt. The township lies about twenty kilometres east of the town of Schwäbisch Hall; the township was created in 1975 by the merger of the townships of Gründelhardt and Honhardt with the incorporated Oberspeltach municipality
Gerabronn is a small town in the county of Schwäbisch Hall, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. In 2006 it had a population of about 4,547 and covered an area of 40.38 km². Gerabronn is the home town of the two leading German politicians of the Green Party: Joschka Fischer and Rezzo Schlauch. Gerabronn developed from a village, founded in the 10th century. Named Gerhiltebrunnen, it was called Gerolzbrunn, Gerltbrunn or Gerhartsbrunn, until in the 17th century the current name became common; the village was first mentioned in a 1226 feud letter, when the area came under the control of the Bishop of Würzburg. Until the 19th century Gerabronn was only a village. Industrialization and a connection to the railway further helped the growth of the town. In 1938 the Amt was dissolved and became part of the county of Crailsheim, which in 1972 was included into the county of Schwäbisch Hall. In 1972-75, the independent municipalities of Amlishagen, Dünsbach and Michelbach/Heide, as well as Ober- and Unterweiler from the municipality of Wittenweiler, were included into the town.
Gerabronn lies in 422 up to 460 meters height on a hill on the Hohenlohe Plain. Neighbouring municipalities The town borders in the north on Blaufelden, in the east on Rot am See, in the south on the towns of Kirchberg an der Jagst and Ilshofen and in the west on Langenburg. City Districts From 1972 until 1975, the municipalities of Amlishagen, Dünsbach and Michelbach/Heide as well as Oberweiler und Unterweiler from the municipality of Wittenweiler were annexed following the municipal reform; the coat of arms shows the quartered black-and-white shield of the Hohenzollern family, who were the Viscounts of Nürnberg when the coat of arms was granted to the town in 1545. To distinguish the coats of arms of the family and the town two vaulting horses were added, as horse breeding was popular in the town historically; the horses were displayed on the black quarters, but in 1902 they were placed on the silver quarters, the design being made official in 1953. Joschka Fischer, Federal Foreign Minister and Vice Chancellor 1998-2005 http://www.gerabronn.de Official homepage
Schwäbisch Hall, or Hall for short is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg and capital of the district of Schwäbisch Hall. The town is located in the valley of the Kocher river in the north-eastern part of Baden-Württemberg. Hall was a Free Imperial City for five centuries until it was annexed by Württemberg in 1802. "Schwäbisch" refers to the Swabian League. The origin of the second part of the name, "Hall", is unclear, it might be derived from a West Germanic word family that means "drying something by heating it" referring to the open-pan salt making method used there until the saltworks closed down in 1925. Salt was produced from brine by the Celts at the site of Schwäbisch Hall as early as the fifth century BCE; the town was first mentioned in a document called Öhringer Stiftungsbrief dating from 1063. The village belonged first to the Counts of Comburg-Rothenburg and went from them to the Imperial house of Hohenstaufen, it was Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa who founded the imperial mint and started the coining of the so-called Heller.
Hall flourished through the production of salt and coins. Since 1204 it has been called a town. After the fall of the house of Hohenstaufen, Hall defended itself against the claims of a noble family in the neighbourhood; the conflict was settled in 1280 by Rudolph I of Habsburg. Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian granted a constitution that settled internal conflicts in 1340. After this, the city was governed by the inner council, composed by twelve noblemen, six "middle burghers" and eight craftsmen; the head of the council was the Stättmeister. A second phase of internal conflicts 1510–12 brought the dominating role of the nobility to an end; the confrontation with the noble families was started by Stättmeister Hermann Büschler, whose daughter Anna Büschler is the subject of a popular book by Harvard professor Steven Ozment. The leading role was taken over by a group of families. Amongst them where the Bonhöffers, the ancestors of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. From the 14th to the 16th centuries, Hall systematically acquired a large territory in the surrounding area from noble families and the Comburg monastery.
The wealth of this era can still be seen in some gothic buildings like St. Michael's Church with its impressive stairway; the town joined the Protestant Reformation early. Johannes Brenz, a follower of Martin Luther, was made pastor of St. Michael's Church in 1522 and began to reform the church and the school system along Lutheran lines. Hall suffered during the Thirty Years' War, though it was never besieged or scene of a battle. However, it was forced to pay enormous sums to the armies of the various parties to the imperial and French troops, who committed numerous atrocities and plundered the town and the surrounding area. Between 1634 and 1638 every fifth inhabitant died of hunger and diseases from the bubonic plague; the war left economically ruined place. But with the help of reorganizations of salt production and trade and a growing wine trade, there was an astonishingly fast recovery. Fires were a constant threat to the wooden houses of the town; the great fires of 1680 and of 1728 destroyed much of the city, which led to new buildings in the Baroque style, such as the city hall.
The Napoleonic wars brought the history of Hall as a Free Imperial City to an end. Following the Treaty of Lunéville, the duke of Württemberg was allowed by Napoleon to occupy the town and several other minor states as a compensation for territories on the Left Bank of the Rhine that fell to France; this took place in 1802 — Hall lost its territory and its political independence and became a Oberamtsstadt. Ownership of the salt works was handed over to the state. A long economic crisis during the 19th century forced many citizens to move to other places in Germany or to emigrate overseas to the United States. While other towns like Heilbronn grew due to the Industrial Revolution, the population of Hall stagnated; the economic situation improved during the second half of the 19th century — a main factor was the railway line to Heilbronn — but was not followed by a significant growth of the town. It was not until the 1920s and 1930s that new settlements were built on the heights surrounding the old town.
Hall grew through the incorporation of Steinbach and Hessental. In 1827, a health spa was established on one of the islands in the Kocher river. After the building of the railway it became a considerable economical factor; the well-preserved old town brought a rising number of tourists. Since the beginning of the 20th century, Hall has developed many festivities. Well known are the theatre productions which are performed every year in the centre of the city on the steps of St. Michael. In 1934, Hall was named Schwäbisch Hall. During the Third Reich a Luftwaffe air base was built at Hessental. During Kristallnacht on 9 November 1938, local Nazis burned the synagogue in Steinbach and devastated shops and houses of Jewish citizens. 40 Jewish citizens of Schwäbisch Hall fell victim to the Holocaust in extermination camps in Eastern Europe. In 1944 a concentration camp was established next to the train station Hall-He
Schrozberg is a town in the district of Schwäbisch Hall, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located 21 km west of Rothenburg ob der Tauber, 31 km northeast of Schwäbisch Hall. Georg Philipp Ernst Wolf Johann Paul Dallinger Friedrich Scheuermann Friedrich Gottert Wilhelm Hirschburger Max Kunert Rudolf Neu Klemens Izsak Jacqueline Förderer since 1 July 2016 Paul Wolf, city planner in Hannover and Dresden Fritz Hayn and organist from 1923 on Ulmer Münster
Vellberg is a town in the district of Schwäbisch Hall, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located 10 km east of Schwäbisch Hall, 15 km southwest of Crailsheim
Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France. It is Germany's third-largest state, with an area of 11 million inhabitants. Baden-Württemberg is a parliamentary republic and sovereign, federated state, formed in 1952 by a merger of the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern; the largest city in Baden-Württemberg is the state capital of Stuttgart, followed by Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Other cities are Freiburg im Breisgau, Heilbronn, Pforzheim and Ulm; the sobriquet Ländle is sometimes used as a synonym for Baden-Württemberg. Baden-Württemberg is formed from the historical territories of Baden, Prussian Hohenzollern, Württemberg, parts of Swabia. In 100 AD, the Roman Empire invaded and occupied Württemberg, constructing a limes along its northern borders. Over the course of the third century AD, the Alemanni forced the Romans to retreat west beyond the Rhine and Danube rivers. In 496 AD the Alemanni were defeated by a Frankish invasion led by Clovis I.
The Holy Roman Empire was established. The majority of people in this region continued to be Roman Catholics after the Protestant Reformation influenced populations in northern Germany. In the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, numerous people emigrated from this rural area to the United States for economic reasons. After World War II, the Allies established three federal states in the territory of modern-day Baden-Württemberg: Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Württemberg-Baden. Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern were occupied by France, while Württemberg-Baden was occupied by the United States. In 1949, each state became a founding member of the Federal Republic of Germany, with Article 118 of the German constitution providing an accession procedure. On 16 December 1951, Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Baden voted via referendum in favor of a joint merger. Baden-Württemberg became a state in West Germany on 25 April 1952. Baden-Württemberg shares borders with the German states of Rhineland Palatinate and Bavaria, Switzerland.
Most of the major cities of Baden-Württemberg straddle the banks of the Neckar River, which runs downstream through the state past Tübingen, Heilbronn and Mannheim. The Rhine forms the western border as well as large portions of the southern border; the Black Forest, the main mountain range of the state, rises east of the Upper Rhine valley. The high plateau of the Swabian Alb, between the Neckar, the Black Forest, the Danube, is an important European watershed. Baden-Württemberg shares Lake Constance with Switzerland and Bavaria, the international borders within its waters not being defined, it shares the foothills of the Alps with Bavaria and the Austrian Vorarlberg, but Baden-Württemberg does not border Austria over land. The Danube River has its source in Baden-Württemberg near the town of Donaueschingen, in a place called Furtwangen in the Black Forest. Baden-Württemberg is divided into thirty-five districts and nine independent cities, both grouped into the four Administrative Districts of Freiburg, Stuttgart, Tübingen.
Map Baden-Württemberg contains nine additional independent cities not belonging to any district: The state parliament of Baden-Württemberg is the Landtag. The politics of Baden-Württemberg have traditionally been dominated by the conservative Christian Democratic Union of Germany, who until 2011 had led all but one government since the establishment of the state in 1952. In the Landtag elections held on 27 March 2011 voters replaced the Christian Democrats and centre-right Free Democrats coalition by a Greens-led alliance with the Social Democrats which secured a four-seat majority in the state parliament. From 1992 to 2001, the Republicans party held seats in the Landtag; the Baden-Württemberg General Auditing Office acts as an independent body to monitor the correct use of public funds by public offices. Although Baden-Württemberg has few natural resources compared to other regions of Germany, the state is among the most prosperous and wealthiest regions in Europe with a low unemployment rate historically.
A number of well-known enterprises are headquartered in the state, for example Daimler AG, Robert Bosch GmbH, Carl Zeiss AG, SAP SE and Heidelberger Druckmaschinen. In spite of this, Baden-Württemberg's economy is dominated by medium-sized enterprises. Although poor in workable natural resources and still rural in many areas, the region is industrialised. In 2003, there were 8,800 manufacturing enterprises with more than 20 employees, but only 384 with more than 500; the latter category accounts for 43% of the 1.2 million persons employed in industry. The Mittelstand or mid-sized company is the backbone of the Baden-Württemberg economy. Medium-sized businesses and a tradition of branching out into different industrial sectors have ensured specialization over a wide range. A fifth of the "old" Federal Republic's industrial gross value added is generated by Baden-Württemberg. Turnover for manufacturing in 2003 e
Langenburg is a town in the district of Schwäbisch Hall, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located on a hill above the river Jagst, 18 km northeast of Schwäbisch Hall, it is the place where the Wibele - small, biscuit-like pastries - were invented and are still baked today. The history of Langenburg begins with the building of a castle on the western hill crag. Prehistoric settling is but not proven. Langenburg is first documented in 1226; the free Lords of Langenburg, which stepped into history in 1201, were related to the Lords of Hohenlohe. Maybe they held family bonds. After the Langenburgs had died out, the Hohenlohe family inherited the possessions. Langenburg thus came under the rule of Hohenlohe and remained part of the Principality for the next centuries. Since 1568 Langenburg was the residency of latter principality Hohenlohe-Langenburg. In the 17th Century, Langenburg was the site of witch trials; the last victims, Anna Schmieg and Barbara Schleicher, were executed in 1672. Langenburg has a vintage car museum and the large Langenburg Castle, the seat of the family of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.
Robisheaux, Thomas. The Last Witch of Langenburg: Murder in a German Village. W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0-393-06551-0