Soda Stereo was an Argentine rock band created in Buenos Aires in 1982 by the power trio made up of Gustavo Cerati, Héctor "Zeta" Bosio, Charly Alberti. They are considered one of the most influential and important Latin American bands of all time and a legend of Latin music, it achieved international success throughout the 1980s and 1990s, playing a pivotal role in the surfacing and dissemination of Latin and Ibero-American rock outside Argentina. They were the first Latin rock group to achieve success throughout Hispanic America. Soda was part of a renewal in Argentina's rock scene, coinciding with the return of democracy at the beginning of the 80s with its attending optimism and the birth of other history-making acts like Virus, Sumo, Los Abuelos de la Nada, Los Fabulosos Cadillacs, Los Enanitos Verdes, etc. Soda’s early sound was influenced by new wave bands such as the said Virus, the Police, Elvis Costello and post-punk bands such as Television; the band evolved into a heavier sounding alternative rock band drawing influences from classic rock, progressive rock, neo-psychedelia and electronic music with the albums Canción Animal and Sueño Stereo.
Soda Stereo has topped the all-time lists in their native Argentina, becoming one of the best-selling Argentinian bands of all time and setting landmarks in record sales and concert attendances. Throughout their 15-year career, the band sold over 17 million albums in Latin America alone – this number has since continued to rise following the separation of the band. After the band's separation, all three of its members found separate endeavours – Gustavo Cerati continued a successful solo career after the band's split, releasing four studio albums, while Zeta Bosio worked for a time as bassist for several underground groups and is now touring as a DJ. In 2010, Gustavo Cerati suffered a massive stroke while on tour for his Fuerza natural album and fell into a coma dying on 4 September 2014, thus sealing the official end for the band, whose status as one of the best rock bands of Argentina has grown more since its demise. In the summer of 1982 Gustavo Cerati, at 22 years of age, Hector Zeta Bosio, at 23 years of age, collided at Punta del Este, both studying advertising majors.
At the time, both men were part of rock bands, Cerati with his group Sauvage and Bosio with the Morgan, a band he shared with Sandra Baylac, Hugo Dop, Christian Hansen, Pablo Rodriguez, Charly Amato, Osvaldo Kaplan, Andres Calamaro. Cerati and Bosio, each drawn together by the other's musical tastes, established a friendship and a musical bond that encouraged them to start playing together. Cerati first joined Bosio's group The Morgan formed Stress with Charly Amato and drummer Pablo Guadalupe working on the project Erekto with bandmate Andres Calamaro. Both projects did not meet Cerati's expectations and both fell through. Meanwhile, Cerati's sister, Maria Laura Cerati, saw herself harassed by Carlos Ficicchia, a man she had met in River Plate, Argentina who called to ask her out, all advances of which she rejected. On one occasion, when Cerati answered the phone for his sister, he entered a deep musical conversation with Ficicchia, who mentioned that he was a drummer, the son of famous Argentine jazz drummer and songwriter Tito Alberti.
Interested in his talents after hearing him play and Bosio would ask him to join the band–if he would cut his hair. It was during this time that Ficicchia would adopt the stage name "Charly Alberti"; the band, after experimenting with multiple names settled on the name los Estereotipos, which referenced a song by the Specials which they enjoyed listening to. The band would record a demo under this name, with Richard Coleman on backing guitar, a short-lived member of the band, recruited to "beef up" the guitar sound; the songs recorded would include "Porque No Puedo Ser Del Jet Set?", which would become a hit single for the band on their debut studio album. Other songs recorded included "Dime Sebastian" and "Debo Soñar" by Ulises Butrón, in which Ulises Butrón played guitars and Daniel Melero played keyboards; the trio, regretting using cliches in their band name, would brainstorm random words and write them down, a university pastime for Cerati and Bosio–eventually coming up with Soda Stereo, thanks in part to Cerati's excessive soda consumption during band rehearsals.
The first show under Soda's new name occurred in December 1982, at Alfredo Lois birthday party and Bosio's university classmate. Lois would go on to become Soda's video director as well as stylistic guru. Shortly after this first show, Richard Coleman, fourth member, left the band on good terms, recognizing that the band sounded better without him. In July 1983 the now-trio made their debut at the Discothèque Airport in the Buenos Aires neighborhood of Belgrano, Buenos Aires; the band
Canción Animal is the fifth album released by the Argentine rock band Soda Stereo, released in August 1990. Many of the songs on the album are among the band's most popular, such as one of their biggest hits "De Música Ligera", the last song played in Soda Stereo's last concert in 1997, "Hombre al agua", "Un Millón de Años Luz", "Te para tres" and others, it is considered one of the best and most influential albums in the history of Latin American rock music. For many people, it's regarded as the best album to come out of South America. All tracks written except where noted. Soda StereoGustavo Cerati – Lead vocals, guitars Zeta Bosio – bass guitar, backing vocals Charly Alberti – drums, percussionAdditional personnelAlfredo Lois – art direction Mariano Lopez – engineer / mixing Pedro Aznar – vocal arrangement Daniel Melero - Keyboards and arrangements Tweety González - Keyboards Andrea Álvarez - Percussion Peter Baleani – production coordination Roger Hughes – assistant engineer Vanessa Eckstem - assistant Adrian Taverna - Band assistant Caito Lorenzo & Alfredo Lois - Photography Lyrics Coveralia - Cancion Animal Rate your music - Cancion animal by Soda Stereo CDUniverse - Soda Stereo, Cancion Animal CD Album
Héctor Juan Pedro Bosio Bertolotti better known by his stage name Zeta Bosio, is an Argentine rock musician, record producer and disc jockey, better known as the bassist of the Argentine rock band Soda Stereo. He was the bassist of Chilean band La Ley between 2013 and 2014. Nowadays he plays in the band Shoot the Radio. Bosio, along with Gustavo Cerati and Charly Alberti, formed Soda Stereo in 1982, they recorded over a dozen records until they disbanded in 1997. Since he kept a low profile until quite recently. ProyectoUnder.com is the music portal chosen by Bosio as a way to promote underground bands. Bosio is now working with his independent record label Alerta Discos, he has produced albums for bands such as "Aguirre" and "Peligrosos Gorriones". He presented a TV show called "Rock Road" for Much Music Argentina and the Chilean channel Via X. In 2011, he was a judge in the Chilean TV show Factor X. Bosio began his contact with music at age 11, when he first heard The Beatles and became determined to learn to play bass guitar.
While at the school he formed two bands: "Water" and "La Banda de San Francisco." He joined the navy, with his first paycheck bought a bass guitar in Puerto Rico. In the army he joined the orchestra and honed his musical skills: "I played all kinds of music from salsa to Arabic songs."When he returned to Buenos Aires, he studied advertising at the University of El Salvador. He was part of "The Morgan," a band that included Sandra Baylac, Hugo Dop, Christian Hansen, Pablo Rodriguez, Charly Amato, Osvaldo Kaplan, Andres Calamaro, Gustavo Cerati, they played on the student program "Happy Sunday" on Channel 9. The Morgan released a single, Perfume, a song by Rita Lee. In 1979, Zeta met Gustavo Cerati in college. During the summer of 1982, they met again at Punta del Este, Cerati with his group Sauvage and Bosio with The Morgan. Due to a series of adventures and Bosio established a close musical bond and friendship which led them to play together. Zeta and Gustavo shared the same musical tastes and dreams, began a search for integrating a punk rock group inspired by The Police, with their own songs in Spanish.
Cerati first joined The Morgan and formed a band called the Stress Erekto Project with Andres Calamaro. Shortly after Gustavo and Zeta decided to visit Charly Alberti, to hear him play his father's drums. Soda Stereo was formed there, debuted in July 1983. In Soda Stereo, Zeta sang backing vocals, he played acoustic guitar and the chapman stick. Soda Stereo was dissolved in September 1997 and subsequently Zeta worked with other groups, first through the web Under Project as manager of Sony Music Argentina, in more recent years with Alert Discos. In 2005, 2006 and 2007, Zeta hosted, he was bassist in the band invited Catupecu Machu Argentina, after the car accident suffered by Gabriel Ruiz Diaz. In June 2007, Soda Stereo announced their comeback with a tour. Between October and December of that year, Zeta Bosio and Soda Stereo played throughout Latin America on a tour called Me Verás Volver. In 2008, Zeta and his companions in Soda Stereo returned to their own projects after their brief reunion. In addition to hosting the show Keep Rockin on Radio Rock & Pop, Zeta toured as a DJ performing in various parts of Latin America in what were called Live Sessions.
He has stated that he is fascinated by electronic music and Dancefloor, in addition to being a DJ, Zeta has plans to release a solo album with his mixes and compositions. Zeta participated in the Lollapalooza festival, held for the first time outside the US, in Chile in April 2011. In 2013, Zeta joined Chilean band La Ley as bassist. Zeta Bosio participated in the musical production of the following albums: Nada Personal Signos Ruido Blanco Doble Vida Languis Canción Animal Rex Mix Dynamo Zona de Promesas Sueño Stereo Official Soda Stereo site ProyectoUnder Alerta Discos Official Alerta Discos/Zeta Bosio Facebook page
The bass guitar is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, four to six strings or courses. The four-string bass is tuned the same as the double bass, which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest-pitched strings of a guitar, it is played with the fingers or thumb, or striking with a pick. The electric bass guitar has pickups and must be connected to an amplifier and speaker to be loud enough to compete with other instruments. Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has replaced the double bass in popular music as the bass instrument in the rhythm section. While types of basslines vary from one style of music to another, the bassist plays a similar role: anchoring the harmonic framework and establishing the beat. Many styles of music include the bass guitar, it is a soloing instrument. According to the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, an "Electric bass guitar a Guitar with four heavy strings tuned E1'-A1'-D2-G2."
It defines bass as "Bass. A contraction of Double bass or Electric bass guitar." According to some authors the proper term is "electric bass". Common names for the instrument are "bass guitar", "electric bass guitar", "electric bass" and some authors claim that they are accurate; the bass guitar is a transposing instrument, as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds. In the 1930s, musician and inventor Paul Tutmarc of Seattle, developed the first electric bass guitar in its modern form, a fretted instrument designed to be played horizontally; the 1935 sales catalog for Tutmarc's electronic musical instrument company, featured his "Model 736 Bass Fiddle", a four-stringed, solid-bodied, fretted electric bass guitar with a 30 1⁄2-inch scale length, a single pick up. The adoption of a guitar's body shape made the instrument easier to hold and transport than any of the existing stringed bass instruments; the addition of frets enabled bassists to play in tune more than on fretless acoustic or electric upright basses.
Around 100 of these instruments were made during this period. Audiovox sold their “Model 236” bass amplifier. Around 1947, Tutmarc's son, began marketing a similar bass under the Serenader brand name, prominently advertised in the nationally distributed L. D. Heater Music Company wholesale jobber catalogue of 1948. However, the Tutmarc family inventions did not achieve market success. In the 1950s, Leo Fender and George Fullerton developed the first mass-produced electric bass guitar; the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company began producing the Precision Bass in October 1951. The "P-bass" evolved from a simple, un-contoured "slab" body design and a single coil pickup similar to that of a Telecaster, to something more like a Fender Stratocaster, with a contoured body design, edges beveled for comfort, a split single coil pickup; the "Fender Bass" was a revolutionary new instrument for gigging musicians. In comparison with the large, heavy upright bass, the main bass instrument in popular music from the early 1900s to the 1940s, the bass guitar could be transported to shows.
When amplified, the bass guitar was less prone than acoustic basses to unwanted audio feedback. In 1953 Monk Montgomery became the first bassist to tour with the Fender bass guitar, in Lionel Hampton's postwar big band. Montgomery was possibly the first to record with the bass guitar, on July 2, 1953 with The Art Farmer Septet. Roy Johnson, Shifty Henry, were other early Fender bass pioneers. Bill Black, playing with Elvis Presley, switched from upright bass to the Fender Precision Bass around 1957; the bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, many early pioneers of the instrument, such as Carol Kaye, Joe Osborn, Paul McCartney were guitarists. In 1953, following Fender's lead, Gibson released the first short-scale violin-shaped electric bass, with an extendable end pin so a bassist could play it upright or horizontally. Gibson renamed the bass the EB-1 in 1958. In 1958, Gibson released the maple arched-top EB-2 described in the Gibson catalogue as a "hollow-body electric bass that features a Bass/Baritone pushbutton for two different tonal characteristics".
In 1959 these were followed by the more conventional-looking EB-0 Bass. The EB-0 was similar to a Gibson SG in appearance. Whereas Fender basses had pickups mounted in positions in between the base of the neck and the top of the bridge, many of Gibson's early basses featured one humbucking pickup mounted directly against the neck pocket; the EB-3, introduced in 1961 had a "mini-humbucker" at the bridge position. Gibson basses tended to be smaller, sleeker instruments with a shorter scale length than the Precision. A number of other companies began manufacturing bass guitars during the 1950s: Kay in 1952, Hofner and Danelectro in 1956, Rickenbacker in 1957 and Burns/Supersound in 1958. 1956 saw the appearance at the German trade fair "Musikmesse Frankfurt" of the distinctive Höfner 500/1 violin-shaped bass made using violin construction techniques by Walter Höfner, a second-generation violin luthier. The design was known popularly as the "Beat
Backing vocalists or backup singers are singers who provide vocal harmony with the lead vocalist or other backing vocalists. In some cases, a backing vocalist may sing alone as a lead-in to the main vocalist's entry or to sing a counter-melody. Backing vocalists are used in a broad range of popular music, traditional music and world music styles. Solo artists may employ professional backing vocalists in studio recording sessions as well as during concerts. In many rock and metal bands, the musicians doing backing vocals play instruments, such as guitar, electric bass, drums, or keyboards. In Latin or Afro-Cuban groups, backing singers may play percussion instruments or shakers while singing. In some pop and hip-hop groups and in musical theater, the backing singers may be required to perform elaborately choreographed dance routines while they sing through headset microphones; the style of singing used by backing singers varies according to the type of song and the genre of music the band plays.
In pop and country songs, backing vocalists may perform vocal harmony parts to support the lead vocalist. In hardcore punk or rockabilly, other band members who play instruments may sing or shout backing vocals during the chorus section of the songs. Alternative terms for backing vocalists include backing singers, backing vocals, additional vocals or in the United States and Canada, backup singers or sometimes background singers or harmony vocalists. While some bands use performers whose sole on-stage role is performing backing vocals, it is common for backing singers to have other roles. Two notable examples of band members who sang back-up are The Beatles; the Beach Boys were well known for their close vocal harmonies with all five members singing at once such as "In My Room" and "Surfer Girl". All five members would sing lead, although most Brian Wilson or Mike Love would sing lead with guitarists Carl Wilson and Al Jardine and drummer Dennis Wilson singing background harmonies; the Beatles were known for their close style of vocal harmonies – all Beatles members sang both lead and backing vocals at some point John Lennon and Paul McCartney, who supported each other with harmonies with fellow Beatle George Harrison joining in.
Ringo Starr, while not as prominent in the role of backing singer as his three bandmates due to his distinctive voice, can be heard singing backing vocals in such tracks as "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" and "Carry That Weight". Examples of three-part harmonies by Lennon, McCartney and Harrison include "Nowhere Man", "Because", "Day Tripper", "This Boy"; the members of Crosby, Nash & Young and Bee Gees all each wrote songs and sang back-up or lead vocals and played various instruments on their albums and various collaborations with each other. Former guitarist John Frusciante and current guitarist Josh Klinghoffer of the Red Hot Chili Peppers sing nearly all backing vocals singing some parts without accompaniment from lead vocalist Anthony Kiedis; the band's bassist Flea filled in for additional vocals. Frusciante sang one song by himself during concerts. Another example is "No Frontiers" by The Corrs, sung by Sharon and Caroline. Other backing vocalists include rhythm guitarist Sebastien Lefebvre & bass guitarist David Desrosiers of pop punk band Simple Plan, guitarist John Petrucci of Dream Theater, lead guitarist Kirk Hammett & bass guitarist Robert Trujillo of Metallica, guitarists Zacky Vengeance & Synyster Gates and of heavy metal band Avenged Sevenfold.
In the recording studio, some lead singers record their own backing vocals by overdubbing with a multitrack recording system. A multitrack recording system enables the record producer to add many layers of recordings over top of each other. Using a multitrack system, a lead vocalist can record his or her own backing vocals, record the lead vocal part over top; some lead vocalists prefer this approach because the sound of their own harmonies will blend well with their main vocal. One famous example is Freddie Mercury of Queen singing the first part of "Bohemian Rhapsody" himself by overdubbing. Patrick Stump of Fall Out Boy, Tom DeLonge of Angels and Airwaves, Wednesday 13 in his own band and Murderdolls, Ian Gillan of Deep Purple, Simon Le Bon of Duran Duran and Brad Delp of Boston recorded lead and backing vocals for their albums. With the exception of a few songs on each album, Dan Fogelberg, Eddie Rabbitt, David Bowie and Richard Marx sing all of the background vocals for their songs. Robert Smith of the Cure not only sings his own backing vocals in the studio, but doesn't perform with backing vocalists when playing live.
Many metalcore and some post-hardcore bands, such as As I Lay Dying, Haste the Day and Silverstein feature a main vocalist who performs using harsh vocals, whilst the backing vocalist sings harmonies during choruses to create a contrast. Some bands, such as Hawthorne Heights and Finch have the backing singers do harsh vocals to highlight specific lyrics. Pop and R&B vocalists such as Diana Ross, Ariana Grande, Mariah Carey, Michael Jackson, Janet Jackson, Beyoncé Knowles, Faith Evans, D'Angelo, Mary J. Blige and Amerie have become known for not only recording their own backing vocals, but for arranging their own multi-tracked vocals and developing complex harmonies and arrangements; when they perform live, they may have backing vocalists. Some bands use backing vocals in order to contrast with the lead singer who may be performing an unusual vocal technique. For example, Brian "Head" Welch, the lead guitarist of the band Korn, performed backin
In the music industry, a single is a type of release a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song, released separately from an album, although it also appears on an album; these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks; the biggest digital music distributor, iTunes Store, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as does popular music player Spotify. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play or, if over six tracks long, an album; when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided.
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side. Moreover, only the most popular songs from a released album would be released as a single. In more contemporary forms of music consumption, artists release most, if not all, of the tracks on an album as singles; the basic specifications of the music single were set in the late 19th century, when the gramophone record began to supersede phonograph cylinders in commercially produced musical recordings. Gramophone discs were manufactured in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch, 78 rpm shellac disc had become the most used format; the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered, synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers tailored their output to fit the new medium; the 3-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone". Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio friendly" by cutting the performance into halves, separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, that radio stations play the song in its entirety; as digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to be available separately.
The concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more promoted or more popular song within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's iTunes Store in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the iPod. In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Geffen Records released Aerosmith's "Head First" digitally for free. In 2004, Recording Industry Association of America introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download.
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles. Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007 digital downloads became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch vinyl discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc; the most common form of the vinyl single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm, the standard diameter, 7 inches; the 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for the 78 rpm shellac discs.
The first 45
El Último Concierto
El Último Concierto is a live album recorded by Argentine rock band Soda Stereo. The album was released in 1997 as two different albums, El Último Concierto A and El Último Concierto B; the album was recorded live on 20 September 1997, at the River Plate Stadium, Buenos Aires, it was the last concert by the band before their definitive break up. The DVD of the concert was released in 2005; some of the songs played are missing on both formats. The DVD is more thorough. Four other songs weren't included. En la Ciudad de la Furia – 6:38 El Rito – 7:05 Hombre al Agua – 6:29 el Séptimo Día – 4:56 Canción Animal – 4:19 Trátame Suavemente – 4:04 Paseando por Roma – 3:42 Lo que Sangra – 5:17 Zoom – 3:33 Signos – 4:31 Ella usó mi cabeza como un revólver – 4:39 Disco Eterno – 7:35 Planeador – 4:25 Luna Roja – 5:36 Té para 3 – 2:32 Cuando pase el temblor – 4:54 Claroscuro – 5:36 Persiana Americana – 4:43 Un Millón de Años Luz – 5:55 Primavera 0 – 4:25 Cae el sol – 4:50 De Música Ligera – 4:53 En la Ciudad de la Furia El Rito Hombre al Agua El Séptimo Día Canción Animal Juego de Seducción Paseando por Roma Lo que Sangra Signos Zoom Ella usó mi cabeza como un revólver Disco Eterno Planeador Luna Roja Te para Tres Sobredosis de TV Trátame Suavemente Cuando pase el temblor Persiana Americana Un Millón de Años Luz Primavera 0 Cae el Sol De Música Ligera Soda StereoGustavo Cerati – lead guitar, lead vocals.
Zeta Bosio – bass guitar, backing vocals. Charly Alberti – drums, percussion. Additional personnelRichard Coleman – additional guitar. Alejandro Terán – additional guitar, percussion, tenor saxophone. Daniel Sais – keyboards. Fabián Quintero – keyboards. Tweety Gonzalez – keyboards. Axel Krygier – keyboards, percussion, flute. Andrea Alvarez – percussion