States of Venezuela
Venezuela is a federation made up of twenty-three states, a Capital District and the Federal Dependencies, which consist of a large number of islands and islets on the Caribbean Sea. Venezuela claims the Guayana Esequiba territory which comprises six districts in the independent nation of Guyana, the states and territories of Venezuela are usually organized into regions, although these regions are mostly geographical entities and count with no administrative entities. Prior to the Federal War of, the country was divided into provinces rather than states, the victorious forces were supposed to grant more autonomy to the individual states, but this was not implemented. From 1863 to the early 1900s there were numerous changes, including the merger and splitting of states. States that existed during this time included Guzmán Blanco State, originally a renamed Aragua State, in 1881 the states of Miranda, Guárico, Nueva Esparta and the Vargas department of the Federal District were merged into the state.
This was part of a territorial reorganisation reducing the number of states from 20 to 9, the 1990s saw the creation of three new states, Delta Amacuro and Vargas. Venezuelas territory is divided into eight geographical regions, which are mostly used for geographical and planning purposes. Below is a list of the 23 states of Venezuela, the states are listed along with their correspondent emblems and location. Nueva Esparta is named for the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence, for the capital city, itself named for Trujillo in Spain. Zulias name stems from a transliteration from the chibcha language
New Sparta State, in Spanish Estado Nueva Esparta, is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It comprises Margarita Island and the largely uninhabited Cubagua, the state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean coast of Venezuela. It is the only state of Venezuela. The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2 and its capital city is La Asunción, and the main urban center is Porlamar. Its name comes from the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence, founded in 1525, the Province of Margarita was the oldest of those that in 1777 formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela. It was dependent on the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo until 1739, in 1821, when Gran Colombia was created, the Province of Margarita was integrated to the Orinoco Department, along with other regions. When the Republic of Venezuela arose in 1830, it was one of the original Provinces of Venezuela, in 1864, when Venezuela was divided into 20 states and a Federal District, Margarita took the name of State of New Sparta.
In 1881 its status was changed to be a section of the Greater Guzmán Blanco State, in 1909 it recovered the condition of a State, and in 1948 it added the island of Cubagua. The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2 and its capital city is La Asunción. The main urban center is Porlamar, other important towns are Juan Griego, Punta de Piedras, San Juan Bautista, Las Guevaras, Las Hernández, Villa Rosa, Bella Vista, El Valle del Espíritu Santo. According to the 2011 Census, the composition of the population was
Aragua State is located in the north-central region of Venezuela. It has plains and jungles and Caribbean beaches, the most popular are Cata and Choroni. It has Venezuelas first national park which is called Henri Pittier, the capital is Maracay, other important cities include Turmero and El Limón. Aragua State covers a surface area of 7,014 km² and, based on the 2011 census information. The name Aragua is said to derive from a Cumanagota word for a type of palm, Aragua was part of the Province of Caracas until 1848, when the Province was split into three parts, one being Aragua Province. The Province became a state in 1864, some mergers and demergers with other states followed, until Aragua became an autonomous state again in 1901. Its capital until 1917 was La Victoria, when the capital was moved to Maracay, Aragua borders the Caribbean Sea to the north, with its coastline backed by the fast-rising central Cordillera mountain range. Codazzi Peak reaches over 2400 m above sea level, much of the rest of the state is made up of fertile valleys used for intensive agriculture, apart from in the extreme south where the flats of the central Llanos region begin.
On the western border is Lake Valencia, the main rivers in the state are the Aragua, the Guárico, the El Limón, the Tuy, the Pao and the Turmero. They flow into the Caribbean Sea, Lake Valencia, or feed the vast Orinoco River network, the Camatagua reservoir is one of the main reservoirs supplying Caracas. Since 2008 the governor is Rafael Isea for the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, the Tigres de Aragua, a team of the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League, represents the state and plays in Maracay. States of Venezuela Dancing devils of Corpus Christi Ciudad Maracay, information about Maracay and Aragua State INE, Population statistics for Aragua
Barquisimeto is a city in Venezuela. It is the capital of the state of Lara and head of Iribarren Municipality, Barquisimeto was founded in 1552 by Juan de Villegas, as a headquarters and to have better control of the territory believed to be rich in gold. Its original name was Nueva Segovia de Barquisimeto and this city had four settlements due to ignorance of the physical environment of the region. The first one was in 1552 nearby Buría River, but moved in 1556 due to frequent floods suffered by inhabitants, the second one was in the valley of the Turbio River where the city stayed until Lope de Aguirre burned it down in 1561. Its rebuilding was made 102 km, but in 1562 they asked for permission to move to another due to strong winds blowing in the place. Finally, Barquisimeto was located on the plateau of the Turbio River in 1563. During the countrys independence, Barquisimeto joined the movement and its deputy José Ángel Álamo signed the Independence Act on July 5,1811. In 1929, the city went through a modernization program carried out by General Juan Vicente Gomez and he fixed the streets and avenues and buildings were built, like the Jacinto Lara Headquarters, the Government Palace and the Ayacucho Park.
This river was named Turbio River by the Spanish conquerors, a name that is still in use today, another possible name origin is due to a red dye called bariquí. It is known as the Dusk City due to its beautiful sunsets, the citys modern Barquisimeto Cathedral is the cathedral episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Barquisimeto. The Divina Pastora is a statue of the Virgin Mary holding the infant Jesus and it is considered to be one of the most important religious icons of Venezuela. Divina Pastora is the saint of the city of Barquisimeto. The original image dates from 1735, Divina Pastora is celebrated in a procession on January 14 of each year, when a massive Marian procession occurs, considered to be one of the largest in the world, attracting thousands of pilgrims. This procession is unlike other mass Marian celebrations in the world and this procession occurs due to the devotion the people of Barquisimeto have towards it as gratitude towards saving the city from a cholera outbreak that occurred in the city in the 19th century.
In 2013,3,000,000 faithful honored the Divina Pastora, Barquisimeto is located on the terrace of the same name, on the banks of the Turbio River,622 metres above sea level and a population that exceeds 800,000 inhabitants. Its climate is pleasant in the months of December to March, Urdaneta Municipality South, Palavecino Municipality East, Peña Municipality, Yaracuy State West, Jiménez and Torres Municipalities. In the city, the climate is dominant. Located in that region, Barquisimeto records 650 mm of rain per year, although, in higher regions near the Andes, temperatures are lower and the rain is more constant
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital, the center of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the part of the country. Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 910 m above sea level, the valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2, 200-metre-high mountain range, Cerro El Ávila, to the south there are more hills and mountains. Libertador holds many of the government buildings and is the Capital District, the Distrito Capital had a population of 2,013,366 as of 2011, while the Metropolitan District of Caracas was estimated at 3,273,863 as of 2013. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an population of 5,243,301. Businesses that are located in the city include service companies, banks and it has a largely service-based economy, apart from some industrial activity in its metropolitan area. The Caracas Stock Exchange and Petróleos de Venezuela are headquartered in Caracas, PDVSA is the largest company in Venezuela.
Caracas is Venezuelas cultural capital, with restaurants, museums. Some of the tallest skyscrapers in Latin America are located in Caracas, in 2015, Venezuela and its capital, had the highest per capita murder rates in the world, with 119 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Most murders and other violent crimes go unsolved, at the time of the founding of the city in 1567, the valley of Caracas was populated by indigenous peoples. Francisco Fajardo, the son of a Spanish captain and a Guaiqueri cacica, fajardos settlement did not last long. It was destroyed by natives of the led by Terepaima. This was the last rebellion on the part of the natives, on 25 July 1567, Captain Diego de Losada laid the foundations of the city of Santiago de León de Caracas. The foundation −1567 – I take possession of land in the name of God. In 1577 Caracas became the capital of the Spanish Empires Venezuela Province under Governor Juan de Pimentel, during the 17th century, the coast of Venezuela was frequently raided by pirates.
With the coastal mountains as a barrier, Caracas was relatively immune to such attacks, encountering little resistance, the invaders sacked and set fire to the town after a failed ransom negotiation. As the cocoa cultivation and exports under the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas grew in importance, in 1777, Caracas became the capital of the Captaincy General of Venezuela. José María España and Manuel Gual led a revolution aimed at independence
Amazonas (Venezuelan state)
Amazonas State is one of the 23 states into which Venezuela is divided. It covers nearly a fifth of the area of Venezuela, but has less than 1% of Venezuelas total population, the state capital is Puerto Ayacucho. The capital until the early 1900s was San Fernando de Atabapo, although named after the Amazon River, most of the state is drained by the Orinoco River. Amazonas State covers a surface area of 176,899 km² and. Its density is of 0.8 inhabitants per km², Amazonas has Venezuelas highest proportion of indigenous peoples of Venezuela, these make up only around 1. 5% of the population nationwide, but the proportion is nearly 50% in Amazonas. The territory covered by present-day Amazonas was previously part of the Guayana Province, Amazonas was created as a state in 1994, having been a Federal Territory since 1864. According to the 2011 Census, the composition of the population was, Amazonas Department, Colombia Amazonas State
The City of Barquisimeto is the shire town of the Iribarren Municipality. The Iribarren Municipality, according to a 2007 population estimate by the National Institute of Statistics of Venezuela, has a population of 1,027,022 and this amounts to 57. 2% of the states population. The municipalitys population density is 372.11 inhabitants per square kilometre, the mayor of the Iribarren Municipality is Alfredo Ramos, elected on December 8,2013. The municipality is divided into 10 parishes, Concepción, El Cují, Juan de Villegas, Santa Rosa, Unión, Aguedo Felipe Alvarado, Buena Vista, iribarren-lara. gob. ve Nuevo Sistema Ferroviario de Venezuela Video of Barquisimeto and its surroundings