Tyrnavos is a municipality in the Larissa regional unit, of the Thessaly region of Greece. It is the second largest town of the Larissa regional unit, the town is near the mountains and the Thessalian Plain. The river Titarisios, a tributary of the Pineios, flows through the town, Tyrnavos is bypassed by the GR-3 and has an old road connecting the town to Elassona. It will be linked with a superhighway numbered 3 with an opening date. Tyrnavos is located south-southwest of Thessaloniki and Katerini, northwest of Larissa, east-northeast of Trikala and south-southeast of Elassona, here live an important community of aromanians. Tyrnavos was built by the Slavs as a settlement with huts in the 7th or 8th century AD. In 1423 the Turkish general Turahan Bey conquered the area of Thessaly, Turahan founded Tyrnavos, gathering the local inhabitants and settling them in the new town, which he adorned with several buildings and which he granted extensive privileges. In 1770 there were 16 churches and 6 mosques in the town, Tirnavos was liberated from Ottoman rule on September 1,1881 and by decision of the Berlin Congress, Greece annexed it.
The Turkish bath is the only Muslim building to have saved as well as some other preservable buildings of the town. The city holds an annual carnival, which has its roots in antiquity. It is at least 100 years old, the first written records about its celebration date from 1898. However, the prohibition of the carnival didn’t intimidate the inhabitants of Tirnavos that celebrated it even secretly, after the war, disguised people are incorporated into the carnival chariots. However, the dictatorship prohibited it once more and its celebration was interrupted until 1980 when the custom was revised, in recent years, the carnival of Tirnavos is renowned as the biggest and best carnival in Central Greece. The carnival is celebrated during about a month, but the festivities culminate on the last Sunday of carnival with the big Parade of chariots, the custom of “Burani” takes place on the day of, the first days of Lent. This customs have made Tirnavos famous, shrove Monday is a day of merry moral freedom or laxity of morals during which the rules of decent behavior are temporarily violated.
The use of sexual and love symbols are combined with the traditional folk manifestations, strictly speaking, the “bourani” is a folk fare but in essence, it is a phallus festival that symbolizes the reproduction and fertility. First, the inhabitants of the go to the country church of Prophet Elijah in a free wide area. Each group spread a table with various dishes on the ground, at the same time, they lit a fire on which they prepared the “Bourani”, a spinach soup
Agia is a village and a municipality in the Larissa regional unit, Greece. Agia is located east of Larissa and south of Melivoia. The Mavrovouni mountains dominate the south and the Aegean Sea lies to the east.79 km2, the municipal unit Agia has an area of 189.487 km2, and it had the same territory as the present municipality. Agia became part of Greece, along with most of Thessaly, forests near Agia were affected by the 2007 Greek forest fires, leaving tens homeless. The fire consumed approximately 100 km² on Mavrovouni, list of settlements in the Larissa regional unit Agia on GTP Travel Pages Agia on GTP Travel Pages
Vale of Tempe
The Vale of Tempe is a gorge in the Tempi municipality of northern Thessaly, located between Olympus to the north and Ossa to the south. The valley is 10 kilometers long and as narrow as 25 meters in places, with cliffs nearly 500 meters high, in ancient times, it was celebrated by Greek poets as a favorite haunt of Apollo and the Muses. On the right bank of the Pineios sat a temple to Apollo, the Tempe Pass is a strategic pass in Greece since it is the main route from Larisa through the mountains to the coast. Though it can be bypassed via the Sarantoporo Pass, the route takes longer. Because of this it has been the scene of battles throughout history. In 480 BC,10,000 Athenians and Spartans gathered at Tempe to stop Xerxess invasion. However, once there, they were warned by Alexander I of Macedon that the vale could be bypassed and that the army of Xerxes was overwhelmingly large, the Greeks retreated. The Vale of Tempe was home for a time to Aristaeus, son of Apollo and Cyrene, and it was here that he chased Eurydice, wife of Orpheus, in the thirteenth century AD a church dedicated to Aghia Paraskevi was erected in the valley.
During the Third Macedonian War in 169 BC the Romans broke through Perseus of Macedons defences here, during the revolution of Andriskos in 148 BC the valley was the site of another conflict. There were other battles fought there during the raids that mark the end of the Roman era in Greece and in Byzantine. Tempe extended about five miles in length but varied in the dimensions of its breadth so as to be in some places scarce one acre, all vallies that are pleasant, either for their situation or the mildness of their climate, are called Tempe by the poets. Tempe has become notorious for the condition of the road passing through it. On October 4,1999 a bus carried some PAOK fans who returned from a match in Athens crashed with a truck, the result was 7 deaths,6 PAOK fans and the bus driver. On December 16,2009, a rockfall occurred. The road was closed, and during the inspection the next day a massive rockslide occurred. The road remained closed until May 2010 while rocks were scaled off the cliff faces above the road, and rockfall protection fences were built.
The US city of Tempe and the Sydney suburb of Tempe are two named after it, as is a farm in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, with nearby farms named Olympus. Th Vale of Tempe Road tracing a small valley in Penang, Catullus refers to Tempe in Catullus 64 lines 285-286
Pieria (regional unit)
Pieria is one of the regional units of Greece located in the southern part of the Region of Central Macedonia, within the historical province of Macedonia. Its capital is the town of Katerini, Pieria is the smallest regional unit within Macedonia. The name Pieria originates from the ancient Pieres tribe, in Pieria, there are many sites of archeological interest, such as Dion and Platamonas. Pieria is home to Mt. Pierus where Hermes launches himself from to visit Calypso, home to Orpheus, Mt. Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece and throne of the ancient Greek gods, is located in the southern part of Pieria. Other ancient cities included Leibethra and Pimpleia, the Pieria regional unit is bordered by Larissa to the south and west, Kozani to the west and Imathia to the north. The Pierian Mountains lie to the west, the Thermaic Gulf lies to the east. It has a valley by the GR-13, most of the population live within the Olympian Riviera. The lowest point is the Thermian Gulf and the highest point is Mount Olympus and it combines extensive plains, high mountains and sandy beaches.
The regions beauty gives it a potential for further tourist development. Its climate is mainly of Mediterranean type with hot summers and cool winters, severe winter weather is common in the central and western parts of Pieria, especially in the Pierian Mountains and on Mount Olympus. On June 8,2007, a low pressure system from Southern and Central Europe resulted in heavy rainfall that ravaged the prefecture and caused great damage in fruit. The worst hit area was Korinos, the regional unit Pieria is subdivided into 3 municipalities. These are, Dio-Olympos Katerini Pydna-Kolindros As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, the name Pieria has been connected to Homeric πῖαρ fat, πίειραν ἄρουραν fertile land in a metaphorical sense. It became part of the Roman Republic after the Fourth Macedonian War, and remained part of the Roman Empire and its successor and it was invaded and became a part of the Ottoman Empire.
During the Greek War of Independence in 1821, Pieria took up arms along with the rest of Greece, until 1947, Pieria was part of the Thessaloniki Prefecture, as a province. Pieria saw a boom in agriculture and business. The village of Elafos in the municipal unit Elafina, formerly a community in the Imathia prefecture, was united with Pieria in 1974 and his original name was Georgios Zorbas
Tsaritsani or Tsiaritsiani is a village and a community of the Elassona municipality. Before the 2011 local government reform it was an independent community, the 2011 census recorded 2,040 inhabitants in the village. The community of Tsaritsani covers an area of 57.791 km2, according to the 2011 census, the population of the settlement of Tsaritsani was 2,040 people, a decrease of almost 12% compared with the population of the previous census of 2001. Tsaritsani lies in the part of Larissa regional unit,40 km from Larissa. It has an area of 57.791 km². Its geography includes farmlands in the areas, the mountains are around the area as well as grasslands, ledges are to be founded in some areas. The population of Tsaritsani is occupied in animal husbandry, the name of Tsaritsani is of Slavic origin, most likely from Tsar or Tsaritsa. The history of Tsaritsani starts with the Slavic settlement of Greece in the seventh century AD, the village participated in the Greek War of Independence and offered fighters to the Sacred Band.
The first guerilla groups of the Greek Peoples Liberation Army in the area were created from residents of Tsaritsani, the village witnessed mass execution of its people twice, on 12 March 1943 and on 20 August 1944 by the Italian and German occupation forces respectively. As a result, Tsaritsani is a stronghold of the left, in the European Parliament elections of 2014 the Communist Party of Greece received a 30. 83% share of the vote in the village, when its nationwide share was 6. 11%. Tsaritsani is home to Oikonomos Tsaritsani, a club that has competed in the third tier of Greek football. Greek international footballer Giorgos Mitsibonas, a Tsaritsani native, started his career from the club, list of settlements in the Larissa regional unit Cultural Club of Tsaritsani
Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece. It is located in the Olympus Range on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, between the units of Pieria and Larissa, about 80 km southwest from Thessaloniki. Mount Olympus has 52 peaks, deep gorges, and exceptional biodiversity, the highest peak Mytikas, meaning nose, rises to 2,918 metres. It is one of the highest peaks in Europe in terms of topographic prominence, Olympus was notable in Greek mythology as the home of the Greek gods, on the Mytikas peak. Mount Olympus is noted for its rich flora with several species. It has been a National Park, the first in Greece, since 1938 and it is a Worlds Biosphere Reserve. Every year thousands of people visit Olympus to admire its fauna and flora, to tour its slopes, organized mountain refuges and various mountaineering and climbing routes are available to visitors who want to explore it. The usual starting point is the town of Litochoro, on the foothills of the mountain,100 km from Thessaloniki, where, in the beginning of every summer.
The shape of Olympus was formed by rain and wind, which produced an isolated tower almost 3,000 metres above the sea, Olympus has many peaks and an almost circular shape. The mountain has a circumference of 150 kilometres, a diameter of 26 kilometres. To the northwest lies the Vlach village of Kokkinoplou, the Makryrema stream separates Olympus from the massif of Voulgara. The villages Petra and Dion lie to the northwest, while on the side there is the town of Litochoro. On its southeastern side, the Ziliana gorge divides Mount Olympus from Kato Olympos, while on its foothills, there are the villages Sykaminea. The Aghias Triadas Sparmou Monastery and the village Pythion lie to the west, Olympus dry foothills are known as the Xirokampi, containing chaparral and small animals. Further east, the plain of Dion is fertile and watered by the streams originate on Olympus. Mount Olympus is formed of rock laid down 200 million years ago in a shallow sea. Various geological events that caused the emergence of the whole region.
Around one million years ago glaciers covered Olympus and created its plateaus, the complicated geological past of the region is obvious on the morphology of Olympus and its National Park
Larissa is the capital and largest city of the Thessaly region, the fifth most populous in Greece and capital of the Larissa regional unit. It is an agricultural centre and a national transportation hub, linked by road and rail with the port of Volos. Larissa, within its municipality, has 162,591 inhabitants, legend has it that Achilles was born here, and that Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, died here. Today, Larissa is a commercial and industrial centre in Greece. The region is linked to the rest of Europe through the International Airport of Central Greece located in Nea Anchialos a short distance from Larissa. Larissa lies on the river Pineios, the municipality Larissa has an area of 335.98 km2, the municipal unit Larissa has an area of 122.586 km2, and the community Larissa has an area of 88.167 km2. The Larissa Chasma, a gash in the surface of Dione. The climate of Larissa is transitional, the winter is cold and wet, and some snowstorms may occur. The summer is hot, and temperatures of 40 °C may occur, thunderstorms or heavy rain may cause agricultural damage.
Larissa receives 450 mm of rain per year, according to Greek mythology it is said that the city was founded by Acrisius, who was killed accidentally by his grandson, Perseus. There lived Peleus, the hero beloved by the gods, in mythology, the nymph Larissa was a daughter of the primordial man Pelasgus. In this paragraph, Homer shows that the Pelasgians, Trojan allies and it is likely that this city of Larissa was different to the city that was the birthplace of Achilles. The Larissa that features as a Trojan ally in the Iliad was likely to be located in the Troad, traces of Paleolithic human settlement have been recovered from the area, but it was peripheral to areas of advanced culture. The area around Larissa was extremely fruitful, it was agriculturally important, the name Larissa is in origin a Pelasgian word for fortress. There were many ancient Greek cities with this name, the name of Thessalian Larissa is first recorded in connection with the aristocratic Aleuadai family. Larissa is thought to be where the famous Greek physician Hippocrates, when Larissa ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late 5th century BC, it chose local types for its coins.
The obverse depicted the nymph of the spring, for whom the town was named. The reverse depicted a horse in various poses, the horse was an appropriate symbol of Thessaly, a land of plains, which was well known for its horses