Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, the tenth most densely populated; the state's capital and largest city is Columbus. The state takes its name from the Ohio River, whose name in turn originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river" or "large creek". Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, the first under the Northwest Ordinance. Ohio is known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, Ohioans are known as "Buckeyes". Ohio rose from the wilderness of Ohio Country west of Appalachia in colonial times through the Northwest Indian Wars as part of the Northwest Territory in the early frontier, to become the first non-colonial free state admitted to the union, to an industrial powerhouse in the 20th century before transmogrifying to a more information and service based economy in the 21st.
The government of Ohio is composed of the executive branch, led by the Governor. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives. Ohio is known for its status as both a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected. Ohio is an industrial state, ranking 8th out of 50 states in GDP, is the second largest producer of automobiles behind Michigan. Ohio's geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic expansion; because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo and business traffic passes through its borders along its well-developed highways. Ohio has the nation's 10th largest highway network and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North America's population and 70% of North America's manufacturing capacity. To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles of coastline. Ohio's southern border is defined by the Ohio River, much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohio's neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, West Virginia on the southeast.
Ohio's borders were defined by metes and bounds in the Enabling Act of 1802 as follows: Bounded on the east by the Pennsylvania line, on the south by the Ohio River, to the mouth of the Great Miami River, on the west by the line drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami aforesaid, on the north by an east and west line drawn through the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan, running east after intersecting the due north line aforesaid, from the mouth of the Great Miami until it shall intersect Lake Erie or the territorial line, thence with the same through Lake Erie to the Pennsylvania line aforesaid. Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. In 1980, the U. S. Supreme Court held that, based on the wording of the cessation of territory by Virginia, the boundary between Ohio and Kentucky is the northern low-water mark of the river as it existed in 1792. Ohio has only that portion of the river between the river's 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark.
The border with Michigan has changed, as a result of the Toledo War, to angle northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River. Much of Ohio features glaciated till plains, with an exceptionally flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp; this glaciated region in the northwest and central state is bordered to the east and southeast first by a belt known as the glaciated Allegheny Plateau, by another belt known as the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. Most of Ohio is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills and forests; the rugged southeastern quadrant of Ohio, stretching in an outward bow-like arc along the Ohio River from the West Virginia Panhandle to the outskirts of Cincinnati, forms a distinct socio-economic unit. Geologically similar to parts of West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania, this area's coal mining legacy, dependence on small pockets of old manufacturing establishments, distinctive regional dialect set this section off from the rest of the state.
In 1965 the United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, an attempt to "address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region." This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia. While 1/3 of Ohio's land mass is part of the federally defined Appalachian region, only 12.8% of Ohioans live there Significant rivers within the state include the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee River, Muskingum River, Scioto River. The rivers in the northern part of the state drain into the northern Atlantic Ocean via Lake Erie and the St. Lawrence River, the rivers in the southern part of the state drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Ohio River and the Mississippi; the worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, including the downtown business district of Dayton; as a result, the Miami Conservancy District was created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio and the United States.
Grand Lake St. Marys in the west-central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for ca
Coshocton County, Ohio
Coshocton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,901, its county seat is Coshocton. The county was formed on January 31, 1810 from portions of Muskingum and Tuscarawas Counties and organized in 1811, its name comes from the Delaware Indian language and has been translated as "union of waters" or "black bear crossing". The Coshocton, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Coshocton County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 567 square miles, of which 564 square miles is land and 3.6 square miles is water. Holmes County Tuscawaras County Guernsey County Muskingum County Licking County Knox County As of the census of 2000, there were 36,655 people, 14,356 households, 10,164 families residing in the county; the population density was 65 people per square mile. There were 16,107 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.35% White, 1.09% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races.
0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.4% were of German, 23.4% American, 11.6% English and 9.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.9% spoke English, 2.4% German, 1.5% Pennsylvania Dutch, 0.9% Dutch as their first language. There were 14,356 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.20% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,701, the median income for a family was $41,676.
Males had a median income of $31,095 versus $21,276 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,364. About 7.00% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,901 people, 14,658 households, 10,089 families residing in the county; the population density was 65.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 16,545 housing units at an average density of 29.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.0% white, 1.1% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 29.5% were German, 14.2% were Irish, 11.2% were English, 10.3% were American. Of the 14,658 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 40.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $39,469 and the median income for a family was $47,931. Males had a median income of $39,701 versus $26,706 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 12.4% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.0% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over. The county courts meet in the courthouse located in Coshocton. Built in 1875, it is still in use today. Coshocton Conesville Nellie Plainfield Warsaw West Lafayette https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites Canal Lewisville Fresno National Register of Historic Places listings in Coshocton County, Ohio Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. 1928. Coshocton County Government's website
Colorado House of Representatives
The Colorado House of Representatives is the lower house of the Colorado General Assembly, the state legislature of the U. S. state of Colorado. The House is composed of 65 members from an equal amount of constituent districts, with each district having 75,000 people. Representatives are elected to two-year terms, are limited to four consecutive terms in office but can run again after a two-year respite; the Colorado House of Representatives convenes at the State Capitol building in Denver. Current committees include: House Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee House Appropriations Committee House Business Affairs & Labor Committee House Education Committee House Finance Committee House Health and Environment Committee House Judiciary Committee House Local Government Committee House Public Health Care & Human Services Committee House State and Military Affairs Committee House Transportation and Energy Committee Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Law and government of Colorado Governor of Colorado Lieutenant Governor of Colorado Colorado General Assembly Colorado Senate Colorado House of Representatives List of Colorado state legislatures Courts of Colorado Colorado Supreme Court United States of America United States Congress United States congressional delegations from Colorado List of United States Senators from Colorado Colorado Congressional Districts List of United States Representatives from Colorado American Legislative Exchange Council members Colorado General Assembly Video of proceedings from 2013
Alabama House of Representatives
The Alabama House of Representatives is the lower house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the U. S. state of Alabama. The House is composed of 105 members representing an equal number of districts, with each constituency containing at least 42,380 citizens. There are no term limits in the House; the House is one of the five lower houses of state legislatures in the United States, elected every four years. Other lower houses, including the United States House of Representatives, are elected for a two-year term; the House meets at the Alabama State House in Montgomery. All revenue-raising matters must originate in the Alabama House, just as in the Congress of the United States; the House must have a quorum to conduct business, a majority of a quorum can pass any bill except a constitutional amendment, which requires a three-fifths vote of all those elected. An appropriation to a non-government organization, such as a private college, requires a two-thirds vote of those elected.
In order to be a member of the Alabama House of Representatives, one must be a minimum of 21 years of age. The Alabama House of Representatives is composed of 105 members, chosen from an equal number of districts across the state; each member represents a district of 42,000 people, is elected to a four-year term. Members of the House at the time of their election must have been citizens of Alabama for three years, have lived in their respective districts for at least one year preceding their election; the Speaker of the House is a member of the body and is elected by his colleagues to serve as its presiding officer. Members of the House are paid a salary of ten dollars per day, plus expenses other than travel in an amount fixed by joint resolution of the legislature; the Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is the chief leadership position and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments.
Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber. Speaker of the House: Republican Mac McCutcheon, District 25 Majority Leader: Republican Nathaniel Ledbetter, District 24 Minority Leader: Democrat Anthony Daniels, District 53 Throughout most of the state's history, the Democratic Party has held the majority in the Alabama House of Representatives except for a few brief exceptions; the Whig Party controlled the lower house in 1819 and again in 1821-23 and for the last time in 1837-1838. After the Civil War, Republicans held the majority during the Reconstruction period from 1868-1870 and again from 1872-1874; this was followed by 136 years of Democratic control ending in November, 2010. Beginning with the 2010 General Election Republicans swept to a large majority and have increased it in the succeeding elections in 2014 and 2018. Current committees include: Government of Alabama Alabama Senate Alabama Republican Party Alabama Democratic Party Alabama House of Representatives Official Site
Bryce Edgmon is Speaker of the Alaska House of Representatives, representing the 37th District since 2006. After his party won 17 seats in 2016, 2 Independents and 3 moderate Republicans decided to caucus with the Democrats, elevating him to Speaker, he is the first Alaskan Native in the history of the state to hold the position. In addition to his duties as Speaker, Edgmon is serves as vice-chair of the Health & Social Services Committee and chair of the Committee on Committees, he is a member of the Commerce, Community & Economic Development. Prior to the 30th Alaska Legislature, Edgmon was seated on the House Finance Committee, with chairmanships of the Department of Public Safety and Department of Corrections Budget Subcommittees. During the 26th Legislature, Edgmon was co-chair of the House Energy Committee and chairman of the House Special Committee on Fisheries. Additionally, he has served on the Resources and Education Standing Committees and the ADF&G, Revenue and Transportation Budget Subcommittees.
Edgmon was born and raised in Dillingham, where he fished commercially for salmon and herring for more than twenty years and where he was a longtime chairman of the board of Choggiung Ltd. the Alaska Native village corporation for the communities of Dillingham and Portage Creek. Edgmon is married to Melody Nibeck, they have three children: Evan and Magy, he lives in Dillingham. He received his Bachelor of Business Administration from the University of Anchorage. List of Native American politicians List of state legislature Speakers Alaska State House Majority Site Alaska State Legislature Biography Project Vote Smart profile Follow the Money – Bryce Edgmon 2006 1994 campaign contributions Bryce Edgmon at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature
United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States; the composition of the House is established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The House is composed of Representatives who sit in congressional districts that are allocated to each of the 50 states on a basis of population as measured by the U. S. Census, with each district entitled to one representative. Since its inception in 1789, all Representatives have been directly elected; the total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435. As of the 2010 Census, the largest delegation is that of California, with fifty-three representatives. Seven states have only one representative: Alaska, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming; the House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration.
In addition to this basic power, the House has certain exclusive powers, among them the power to initiate all bills related to revenue. The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol; the presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, elected by the members thereof. The Speaker and other floor leaders are chosen by the Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conference, depending on whichever party has more voting members. Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was a unicameral body in which each state was represented, in which each state had a veto over most action. After eight years of a more limited confederal government under the Articles, numerous political leaders such as James Madison and Alexander Hamilton initiated the Constitutional Convention in 1787, which received the Confederation Congress's sanction to "amend the Articles of Confederation". All states except Rhode Island agreed to send delegates; the issue of how to structure Congress was one of the most divisive among the founders during the Convention.
Edmund Randolph's Virginia Plan called for a bicameral Congress: the lower house would be "of the people", elected directly by the people of the United States and representing public opinion, a more deliberative upper house, elected by the lower house, that would represent the individual states, would be less susceptible to variations of mass sentiment. The House is referred to as the lower house, with the Senate being the upper house, although the United States Constitution does not use that terminology. Both houses' approval is necessary for the passage of legislation; the Virginia Plan drew the support of delegates from large states such as Virginia and Pennsylvania, as it called for representation based on population. The smaller states, favored the New Jersey Plan, which called for a unicameral Congress with equal representation for the states; the Convention reached the Connecticut Compromise or Great Compromise, under which one house of Congress would provide representation proportional to each state's population, whereas the other would provide equal representation amongst the states.
The Constitution was ratified by the requisite number of states in 1788, but its implementation was set for March 4, 1789. The House began work on April 1789, when it achieved a quorum for the first time. During the first half of the 19th century, the House was in conflict with the Senate over regionally divisive issues, including slavery; the North was much more populous than the South, therefore dominated the House of Representatives. However, the North held no such advantage in the Senate, where the equal representation of states prevailed. Regional conflict was most pronounced over the issue of slavery. One example of a provision supported by the House but blocked by the Senate was the Wilmot Proviso, which sought to ban slavery in the land gained during the Mexican–American War. Conflict over slavery and other issues persisted until the Civil War, which began soon after several southern states attempted to secede from the Union; the war culminated in the abolition of slavery. All southern senators except Andrew Johnson resigned their seats at the beginning of the war, therefore the Senate did not hold the balance of power between North and South during the war.
The years of Reconstruction that followed witnessed large majorities for the Republican Party, which many Americans associated with the Union's victory in the Civil War and the ending of slavery. The Reconstruction period ended in about 1877; the Democratic Party and Republican Party each held majorities in the House at various times. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw a dramatic increase in the power of the Speaker of the House; the rise of the Speaker's influence began in the 1890s, during the tenure of Republican Thomas Brackett Reed. "Czar Reed", as he was nicknamed, attempted to put into effect his view that "The best system is to have one party govern and the other party watch." The leadership structure of the House developed during the same period, with the positions of Majority Leader and Minority Leader being created in 1899. While the Minority Leader
Kevin Mullin is an American politician serving in the California State Assembly. He is a Democrat representing the 22nd Assembly District, which encompasses most of the San Francisco Peninsula region. Mullin is serving as the Assembly Speaker Pro Tempore. Prior to being elected to the Assembly in 2012, he was a Mayor and City Councilmember in South San Francisco. Mullin attended public and Catholic elementary schools, graduated from Junipero Serra High School, received a bachelor's degree in Communications from the University of San Francisco, a master's degree in public administration from San Francisco State University. Additionally, Mullin completed an executive leadership program at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. Prior to service as an elected official, Mullin was a local business owner, district director to then-Senator Jackie Speier, political director for his father, Assemblymember Gene Mullin, he served as district director for then-State Senator Jackie Speier and as political director for his father, former State Assemblymember Gene Mullin.
As an entrepreneur, Mullin created KM2 Communications—a multimedia production business in South San Francisco. He produced public affairs programming seen on local television and hosted various programs seen on Peninsula-TV Channel 26. Mullin was elected to the South San Francisco City Council in 2007. In 2011, he served as mayor. Mullin represented the cities of San Mateo County on the Metropolitan Transportation Commission. During his first term as Assembly member, Mullin served as Assistant Speaker pro Tempore. On December 1, 2014, he was sworn in as Speaker pro-Tempore. In this role, he has presided over Assembly floor sessions and continued as part of Speaker Anthony Rendon's leadership team, his legislative priorities will be to focus on a balanced budget with a healthy rainy day fund, election reform, clean energy and strengthening our innovation economy. Mullin serves on the following committees: Budget, Budget Subcommittee #4 on State Administration and Professions, Local Government and Taxation, Elections and Redistricting and Housing and Community Development.
Mullin lives in South San Francisco with his wife, Jessica Stanfill Mullin, their twin sons Liam and Landon and their Kerry Beagle, Sunshine. He is the son of former Assemblymember Gene Mullin. Official website Campaign website