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Larry Scott (sports administrator)

Larry Scott is an American sports administrator and former professional tennis player, the commissioner of the collegiate Pac-12 Conference. He has served as chairman and CEO of the Women's Tennis Association and as president and COO of ATP Properties, a division of the Association of Tennis Professionals. Scott was born in New York City. A speaker of French, Scott graduated in 1986 from Harvard University with a B. A. in European History. While at Harvard, he named an All-American; as a professional tennis player, Scott reached a career-high singles ranking of No. 210 and doubles ranking of No. 69 in the world. He won one doubles title. Following his retirement as a pro tennis player, Scott spent a decade serving as president and COO of ATP Properties, a division of the Association of Tennis Professionals. During his time in ATP management, Scott put together a lucrative partnership between the ATP and the Swiss marketing company ISL. Scott became chairman and CEO of the Women's Tennis Association on April 16, 2003.

While at the WTA, Scott oversaw a fivefold increase in sponsorship money and a 250% increase in total revenue. This included the largest sponsorship in the history of women's athletics, a six-year, $88-million deal with Sony Ericsson. Scott successfully formed sponsorships with Whirlpool and Bed Bath & Beyond. Prize money increased 40% during Scott's time with the WTA. Scott was an advocate for equal pay. Before Scott's tenure, two of the four Grand Slam tournaments and the French Open, awarded less prize money to women than to men. Scott lobbied for the increase of women's prize money at Wimbledon and the French Open to be equal to that of men's prize money, so that men's and women's prize money are now equal at all Grand Slam events. Among Scott's other achievements was the securing of a contract with Eurosport to broadcast WTA tennis in 54 countries. Scott oversaw new investments of $710 million in tennis stadiums. In February 2009, Israeli tennis player Shahar Pe'er was denied a visa, on the basis of her nationality, by the United Arab Emirates.

She was unable to play in the 2009 Dubai Tennis Championships. For this, Scott had the WTA levy a $300,000 fine against the tournament organizers. On March 24, 2009, Scott announced that he was resigning as chairman and CEO of the Women's Tennis Association in order to take up a new position as the commissioner of the collegiate Pacific-10 Conference on July 1, 2009, he succeeded the retiring Tom Hansen. On February 9, 2010, Scott announced that the Pac-10 would be considering expanding to twelve schools; the Pac-10 Conference became the Pac-12 Conference following the addition of Colorado and Utah on July 1, 2011. Under Scott, the conference formed a $3 million broadcasting contract with ESPN and Fox Sports to create the Pac-12 Networks; the inaugural Pac-12 Football Championship Game took place in Eugene, Oregon on December 2, 2011. Biography on WTA Tour website Larry Scott at the Association of Tennis Professionals Larry Scott at the International Tennis Federation

The Snow Queen (opera)

The Snow Queen is a chamber opera in six scenes and a prologue by Matthew King. The libretto, by Andrew McKinnon, is based on the original allegorical fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen; the opera was composed in 1992 for the British soprano Jane Manning who sang the title role in the first performance with Pal Rullestad and Tracy Chadwell in supporting roles. The work has significant roles for two young singers as Gerda and Kay, the heroic children in the story and a chorus of treble voices; the work is scored for a small ensemble of eight players with conductor: string trio, flute/piccolo/alto flute, clarinet/bass clarinet, piano/celesta and percussion. The pianist has to play a melodian. At one point, the conductor is required to play a French horn; the wide-ranging musical narrative involves a plethora of musical styles. A review of the first performance described King as being "like a bright Hollywood composer with a sense of humour" and, after a subsequent performance at the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London, another reviewer suggested that the opera contained'"music of distinctive beauty with disarming theatre sense.'"

Prologue - An introductory narrative about a sinister hobgoblin, whose malevolent mirror breaks into a million pieces, is spoken by the soprano over a muttering accompaniment of whispering with percussion played by all members of the ensemble. Scene 1 - Gerda and her brother Kay sing a lullaby-trio with their grandmother. Kay is abducted by the Snow Queen; the composer has said that the music in the scene "hovers between Schoenbergian expressionism and Grieg with hints of Kurt Weill." Scene 2 - Gerda sets out on her journey to the North Pole in order to rescue Kay. A witch holds her captive for a period in a magic garden, but lets her continue her quest; the music in this scene switches between Hungarian Klezmer style. Scene 3 is composed in the manner of a Baroque opera, complete with a fugal overture, Handelian recitatives and melismatic arias and a chorus, reminiscent of a Bach cantata. During the scene Gerda meets princess who lends her a golden coach. Scene 4 is a bizarre cabaret. There is a revolution during which the instrumental ensemble invade the stage and sing marxist choruses.

The violinist leads the robber band. Scene 5 contains several quotations from the Ring Cycle. Gerda meets a Reindeer. En route, they encounter wise women of Lapland who speak mysterious prophecies to them. Scene 6 is at the North Pole; the music of the Snow Queen's palace sounds like a Javanese gamelan but when the Snow Queen appears she sings a terrifyingly long and virtuosic aria in Anglo Saxon verse. The music, composed in parallel time signatures is an unusual mix of Stravinsky and a kind of serial jazz. Gerda sings the opening lullaby to her brother and the ice splinter in his heart melts, they go home. The Snow Queen, left all alone, laments her loss accompanied by a melodian; the chorus sings in response, hinting at the possibility of redemption. Robert Maycock, Review of the first performance of The Snow Queen Michael White, Review of the first full staging of The Snow Queen, The Independent, January 1, 1996. Retrieved via subscription 3 March 2008

Bridgewater Collieries

Bridgewater Collieries originated from the coal mines on the Manchester Coalfield in Worsley in the historic county of Lancashire owned by Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater in the second half of the 18th century. After the Duke's death in 1803 his estate was managed by the Bridgewater Trustees until the 3rd Earl of Ellesmere inherited the estates in 1903. Bridgewater Collieries was formed in 1921 by the 4th Earl; the company merged with other prominent mining companies to form Manchester Collieries in 1929. Small scale coal mining had been carried on since the Middle Ages where coal seams outcropped in Worsley and the surrounding area. John Edgerton, the first Duke of Bridgewater, bought the Worsley estate in 1630. After inheriting the estate in 1748 the third Duke was keen to exploit the resources under his agricultural estate but the coal mines he inherited were small and wet as water percolated through porous sandstone above the coal; the problem was solved by driving an underground level intersecting the coal seams northwards towards Walkden from the Bridgewater Canal into the rock face of an old quarry at the Delph.

This level served two purposes, it drained the coal workings and provided a means of transporting coal out of the mines. The Worsley Navigable Levels developed into an extensive system of underground canals branching from the original level; the mine workings were accessed by several shafts sunk along the main drainage level providing access for colliers and materials. These included Wood Pit, Ingles Pit and Kempnough Pit in Worsley and Edge Fold Pits and Magnall's Pit in Walkden. Workshops were built at Walkden; the underground levels were driven as far as Farnworth and westwards towards Chaddock Pit in Tyldesley. In order to acquire the mineral rights, in 1810 Robert Haldane Bradshaw, Superintendent of the Bridgewater Trustees bought the Chaddock estate in Tyldesley and the Booths estate in Boothstown which extended to 50 Cheshire acres, he bought the Garrett Hall estate in Tyldesley in 1829. The Duke had sunk the Queen Anne and Chaddock Pits in the 18th century and by about 1820 they were linked to the Bridgewater Canal at Boothstown Basin by an underground level.

In 1838 Chaddock Pit was the biggest colliery in Tyldesley and was still working in 1848. By 1830 over 300 shallow pits had been sunk including some at Wardley near the Preston to Manchester road, most were short-lived. Abbot's Fold pit worked the Worsley Four Foot mine and was linked by an underground level to Ingles pit at Worsley and had a tramway to the canal. To the north Mather's Field pit worked coal was wound by a steam engine. In the 1830 the Burgess Land pit was sunk to the Bin mine north of Ellenbrook, it employed 35 "men and boys" in 1852 and was linked to the canal by a tramroad. Shude Hill pit had a steam winding engine; the City and Gatley pits at New Manchester north of Mosley Common were sunk in the 1840s and linked to the navigable levels and a horse-drawn tramroad to Mathers Fold. These pits worked the Brassey mine at 262 feet and the Rams mine at 360 feet and employed 64 workers in 1852. An explosion of firedamp in 1838 and a roof fall in 1843 caused two deaths; the Bridgewater Trustees began sinking deep shafts closer to the Ellenbrook in 1862 and the pits became known as Mosley Common Colliery.

The area has been opencasted. During the 1860s deep pits were sunk at Linnyshaw Collieries. List of Collieries in Astley and Tyldesley Glossary of coal mining terminology

List of songs recorded by Radiohead

The English rock band Radiohead have recorded more than 160 songs since their debut in 1992, most credited to the band as a whole. They have worked with producer Nigel Godrich since 1994. Several of their albums are ranked among the greatest of all time. Radiohead's first album, Pablo Honey, preceded by their breakthrough single "Creep", features a sound reminiscent of alternative rock bands such as the Pixies and Nirvana; the Bends marked a move toward "anthemic rock", with more cryptic lyrics about social and global topics, elements of Britpop. OK Computer, the first Radiohead album produced by Godrich, features more abstract lyrics that reflected themes of modern alienation, subtle and textured songs. Kid A and Amnesiac, recorded in the same sessions, marked a drastic change in style, incorporating influences from electronic music, 20th-century classical music and jazz. Radiohead's sixth album, Hail to the Thief, combines electronic and rock music with lyrics written in response to the War on Terror.

Radiohead self-released their seventh album, as a pay-what-you-want download. It incorporates alternative art pop with more personal, "universal" lyrics. Outtakes from the album were released on In Rainbows Disk 2. In 2009, Radiohead released two non-album singles: "Harry Patch", a tribute to the last surviving World War I soldier Harry Patch, "These Are My Twisted Words", a free download. Radiohead's eighth album, The King of Limbs, emphasises the rhythm section with extensive samples and loops; the band released four non-album singles in 2011: "Supercollider" and "The Butcher", followed by "The Daily Mail" and "Staircase". After a hiatus, Radiohead recorded a title song for the 2015 James Bond film Spectre, but it was rejected, their next album, A Moon Shaped Pool, incorporates art rock and ambient music, with string and choral arrangements performed by the London Contemporary Orchestra. In 2017, Radiohead released a deluxe remaster of OK Computer, OKNOTOK 1997 2017, including B-sides and the unreleased songs "I Promise", "Man of War", "Lift".

All songs written by Thom Yorke, Jonny Greenwood, Colin Greenwood, Ed O'Brien and Philip Selway, except where noted. Radiohead have written numerous songs that have not been released. Live performances of many of the songs circulate as bootlegs. Asked in 2013 about the status of the unreleased songs, Radiohead producer Nigel Godrich said: "Everything will surface one day... it all exists... and so it will get there I'm sure." He cited "Nude", written in the late 1990s but released in 2007, as an example of a song that took years to complete. Radiohead discography MiniDiscs Footman, Tim. Welcome to the Machine: OK Computer and the Death of the Classic Album. New Malden: Chrome Dreams. ISBN 1-84240-388-5

Conus shikamai

Conus shikamai is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. The size of the shell varies between 70 mm; this marine species occurs off the Philippines and Indonesia. Coomans, H. E. Moolenbeek, R. G. and Wils, E. 1985. Alphabetical revision of the species in recent Conidae 7. Cingulatus to cylindraceus, including Conus shikamai nomen novum. Basteria, 48: 223 -311 Tucker J. K. & Tenorio M. J. Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp Puillandre N. Duda T. F. Meyer C. Olivera B. M. & Bouchet P.. One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1-23 The Conus Biodiversity website Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea "Splinoconus shikamai". Retrieved 16 January 2019

Marcus Rediker

Marcus Rediker is an American professor, historian and activist for a variety of peace and social justice causes. He graduated with a B. A. from Virginia Commonwealth University in 1976 and attended the University of Pennsylvania for graduate study, earning an M. A. and Ph. D. in history. He taught at Georgetown University from 1982 to 1994, lived in Moscow for a year, is Distinguished Professor of Atlantic History of the Department of History at the University of Pittsburgh. Rediker has written several books on Atlantic social and maritime history. Informed by the Marxist critique of capitalism, they explore their respective subjects in systemic terms while emphasizing human class-consciousness and agency. In the introduction to Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea, for example, he explains: My main intention has been to study the collective self-activity of maritime workers.... I have therefore given special attention to the efforts made by seafaring workers to free themselves from harsh conditions and exploitation.

Seamen devised various tactics of resistance and forms of self-organization. Needless to say, such tactics and innovations have been studied in the older maritime historiography. Rediker's approach can yield surprising discoveries and perspectives—like the egalitarianism of some pirate crews. "Pirates used the precapitalist share system to apportion their take," he argues in Villains of All Nations: By expropriating a merchant ship, pirates seized the means of maritime production and declared it to be the common property of those who did its work. They abolished the wage relation central to the process of capitalist accumulation. So rather than work for wages using the tools and machine owned by a merchant capitalist, pirates commanded the ship as their own property and shared in the risks of their common adventure, his most recent scholarship has turned to the related topics of the transatlantic slave trade and slave uprisings. Rediker has won a number of awards for his works such as the George Washington Book Prize, OAH Merle Curti Award, National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, American Council of Learned Societies Fellow Distinguished Lecturer, OAH, International Labor History Book Prize, OAH Merle Curti Social History Book Award and ASA John Hope Franklin Book Prize Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: Merchant Seamen and the Anglo-American Maritime World, 1700–1750 Who Built America?

Working People and the Nation’s Economy, Politics and Society, Volume 1 with Peter Linebaugh: The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic Villains of All Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age editor with Emma Christopher and Cassandra Pybus: Many Middle Passages: Forced Migration and the Making of the Modern World The Slave Ship: A Human History The Amistad Rebellion: An Atlantic Odyssey of Slavery and Freedom The Fearless Benjamin Lay: The Quaker Dwarf Who Became the First Revolutionary Abolitionist Video of a talk entitled The Real Pirates Of The Caribbean by Marcus Rediker for Bristol Radical History Group Marcus Rediker's website Interview with ReadySteadyBook Audio lecture "Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age" by Marcus Rediker The Sea is Red: An Interview with Marcus Rediker Mute Magazine Marcus Rediker Credentials