Las Vegas Valley
The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area in the southern part of the U. S. state of Nevada. The state's largest urban agglomeration, it is the heart of the Las Vegas–Paradise-Henderson, NV MSA; the Valley is defined by the Las Vegas Valley landform, a 600 sq mi basin area surrounded by mountains to the north, south and west of the metropolitan area. The Valley is home to the three largest incorporated cities in Nevada: Las Vegas and North Las Vegas. Five unincorporated towns governed by the Clark County government are part of the Las Vegas Township and constitute the largest community in the state of Nevada; the names Las Vegas and Vegas are interchangeably used to indicate the Valley, the Strip, the city, as a brand by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority to denominate the region. The Valley is affectionately known as the "ninth island" by Hawaii natives and Las Vegans alike, in part due to the large number of people from Hawaii who live in and travel to Las Vegas. Since the 1990s the Las Vegas Valley has seen rapid growth, tripling its population of 741,459 in 1990 to 2,227,053 estimated in 2018.
The Las Vegas Valley remains one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States, in its short history has established a diverse presence in international business, urban development and entertainment, as well as one of the most iconic and most visited tourist destinations in the world. In 2014, a record breaking 41 million visited the Las Vegas area, producing a gross metropolitan product of more than $100 billion; the first reported non-Native American visitor to the Las Vegas Valley was the Mexican scout Rafael Rivera in 1829. Las Vegas was named by Mexicans in the Antonio Armijo party, including Rivera, who used the water in the area while heading north and west along the Old Spanish Trail from Texas. In the 19th century, areas of the valley contained artesian wells that supported extensive green areas, or meadows, hence the name Las Vegas; the area was settled by Mormon farmers in 1854 and became the site of a United States Army fort in 1864, beginning a long relationship between southern Nevada and the U.
S. military. Since the 1930s, Las Vegas has been identified as a gaming center as well as a resort destination targeting adults. Nellis Air Force Base is located in the northeast corner of the valley; the ranges that the Nellis pilots use and various other land areas used by various federal agencies, limit growth of the valley in terms of geographic area. Businessman Howard Hughes arrived in the late 1960s and purchased many casino hotels, as well as television and radio stations in the area. Legitimate corporations began to purchase casino hotels as well, the mob was run out by the federal government over the next several years; the constant stream of tourist dollars from the hotels and casinos was augmented by a new source of federal money from the establishment of what is now Nellis Air Force Base. The influx of military personnel and casino job-hunters helped start a land building boom, now leveling off; the Las Vegas area remains one of the world's top entertainment destinations. The valley is contained in the Las Vegas Valley landform.
This includes the cities of Las Vegas, North Las Vegas, Henderson, the unincorporated towns of Summerlin South, Spring Valley, Sunrise Manor, Enterprise and Whitney. The valley is technically located within the larger metropolitan area, as the metropolitan area covers all of Clark County including parts that do not fall within the valley; the government of Clark County has an "Urban Planning Area" of Las Vegas. This definition is a rectangular area, about 20 mi from east to west and 30 miles from north to south. Notable exclusions from the "Urban Planning Area" include Red Rock, Blue Diamond, Mount Charleston; the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department is the largest police department in the valley and the state and exercises jurisdiction in the entire county. There are 3,000 police officers that cover the city of Las Vegas; the department does not exercise primary jurisdiction in areas with separate police forces such as North Las Vegas, Boulder City, Nellis Air Force Base and the Paiute reservation.
The Las Vegas Valley lies in the Mojave Desert. The surrounding land is desert with mountains in the distance; the Las Vegas Valley lies in a high-altitude portion of the Mojave Desert, with a subtropical hot-desert climate. The Valley averages less than 5 in of rain annually. Daily daytime summer temperatures in July and August range from 100 °F to 110 °F, while nights range from 72 °F to 80 °F. Low humidity, tempers the effect of these temperatures, though dehydration, heat exhaustion, sun stroke can occur after a limited time outdoors in the summer; the interiors of automobiles prove deadly to small children and pets during the summer and surfaces exposed to the sun can cause first- and second-degree burns to unprotected skin. July and August can be marked by "monsoon season", when moist winds from the Gulf of California soak much of the Southwestern United States. While not only raising humidity levels, these winds develop into dramatic desert thunderstorms that can sometimes cause flash flooding.
Winters in the Las Vegas Valley are chilly, but sunny. Winter highs in December and January range from 52 °F to 60 °F, while nighttime lows range from 34 °F to 42 °F (
Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from municipal wastewater, containing household sewage plus some industrial wastewater. Physical and biological processes are used to remove contaminants and produce treated wastewater, safe enough for release into the environment. A by-product of sewage treatment is a semi-solid slurry, called sewage sludge; the sludge has to undergo further treatment before being suitable for disposal or application to land. Sewage treatment may be referred to as wastewater treatment. However, the latter is a broader term which can refer to industrial wastewater. For most cities, the sewer system will carry a proportion of industrial effluent to the sewage treatment plant which has received pre-treatment at the factories themselves to reduce the pollutant load. If the sewer system is a combined sewer it will carry urban runoff to the sewage treatment plant. Sewage water can travel towards treatment plants via piping and in a flow aided by gravity and pumps.
The first part of filtration of sewage includes a bar screen to filter solids and large objects which are collected in dumpsters and disposed of in landfills. Fat and grease is removed before the primary treatment of sewage; the term "sewage treatment plant" is nowadays replaced with the term wastewater treatment plant or wastewater treatment station. Sewage can be treated close to where the sewage is created, which may be called a "decentralized" system or an "on-site" system. Alternatively, sewage can be collected and transported by a network of pipes and pump stations to a municipal treatment plant; this is called a "centralized" system. Sewage is generated by residential, institutional and industrial establishments, it includes household waste liquid from toilets, showers and sinks draining into sewers. In many areas, sewage includes liquid waste from industry and commerce; the separation and draining of household waste into greywater and blackwater is becoming more common in the developed world, with treated greywater being permitted to be used for watering plants or recycled for flushing toilets.
Sewage may include urban runoff. Sewerage systems capable of handling storm water are known as combined sewer systems; this design was common when urban sewerage systems were first developed, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Combined sewers require more expensive treatment facilities than sanitary sewers. Heavy volumes of storm runoff may overwhelm the sewage treatment system, causing a spill or overflow. Sanitary sewers are much smaller than combined sewers, they are not designed to transport stormwater. Backups of raw sewage can occur if excessive infiltration/inflow is allowed into a sanitary sewer system. Communities that have urbanized in the mid-20th century or generally have built separate systems for sewage and stormwater, because precipitation causes varying flows, reducing sewage treatment plant efficiency; as rainfall travels over roofs and the ground, it may pick up various contaminants including soil particles and other sediment, heavy metals, organic compounds, animal waste, oil and grease.
Some jurisdictions require stormwater to receive some level of treatment before being discharged directly into waterways. Examples of treatment processes used for stormwater include retention basins, buried vaults with various kinds of media filters, vortex separators. In regulated developed countries, industrial effluent receives at least pretreatment if not full treatment at the factories themselves to reduce the pollutant load, before discharge to the sewer; this process is called pretreatment. The same does not apply to many developing countries where industrial effluent is more to enter the sewer if it exists, or the receiving water body, without pretreatment. Industrial wastewater may contain pollutants which cannot be removed by conventional sewage treatment. Variable flow of industrial waste associated with production cycles may upset the population dynamics of biological treatment units, such as the activated sludge process. Sewage collection and treatment in the United States is subject to local and federal regulations and standards.
Treating wastewater has the aim to produce an effluent that will do as little harm as possible when discharged to the surrounding environment, thereby preventing pollution compared to releasing untreated wastewater into the environment. Sewage treatment involves three stages, called primary and tertiary treatment. Primary treatment consists of temporarily holding the sewage in a quiescent basin where heavy solids can settle to the bottom while oil and lighter solids float to the surface; the settled and floating materials are removed and the remaining liquid may be discharged or subjected to secondary treatment. Some sewage treatment plants that are connected to a combined sewer system have a bypass arrangement after the primary treatment unit; this means that during heavy rainfall events, the secondary and tertiary treatment systems can be bypassed to protect them from hydraulic overloading, the mixture of sewage and stormwater only receives primary treatment. Secondary treatment removes suspended biological matter.
Secondary treatment is performed by indigenous, water-borne micro-organisms in a managed habitat. Seconda
A wetland is a distinct ecosystem, inundated by water, either permanently or seasonally, where oxygen-free processes prevail. The primary factor that distinguishes wetlands from other land forms or water bodies is the characteristic vegetation of aquatic plants, adapted to the unique hydric soil. Wetlands play a number of functions, including water purification, water storage, processing of carbon and other nutrients, stabilization of shorelines, support of plants and animals. Wetlands are considered the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, serving as home to a wide range of plant and animal life. Whether any individual wetland performs these functions, the degree to which it performs them, depends on characteristics of that wetland and the lands and waters near it. Methods for assessing these functions, wetland ecological health, general wetland condition have been developed in many regions and have contributed to wetland conservation by raising public awareness of the functions and the ecosystem services some wetlands provide.
Wetlands occur on every continent. The main wetland types are swamp, marsh and fen. Many peatlands are wetlands; the water in wetlands is either brackish, or saltwater. Wetlands can be non-tidal; the largest wetlands include the Amazon River basin, the West Siberian Plain, the Pantanal in South America, the Sundarbans in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta. The UN Millennium Ecosystem Assessment determined that environmental degradation is more prominent within wetland systems than any other ecosystem on Earth. Constructed wetlands are used to treat municipal and industrial wastewater as well as stormwater runoff, they may play a role in water-sensitive urban design. A patch of land that develops pools of water after a rain storm would not be considered a "wetland" though the land is wet. Wetlands have unique characteristics: they are distinguished from other water bodies or landforms based on their water level and on the types of plants that live within them. Wetlands are characterized as having a water table that stands at or near the land surface for a long enough period each year to support aquatic plants.
A more concise definition is a community composed of hydric soil and hydrophytes. Wetlands have been described as ecotones, providing a transition between dry land and water bodies. Mitsch and Gosselink write that wetlands exist "...at the interface between terrestrial ecosystems and aquatic systems, making them inherently different from each other, yet dependent on both."In environmental decision-making, there are subsets of definitions that are agreed upon to make regulatory and policy decisions. A wetland is "an ecosystem that arises when inundation by water produces soils dominated by anaerobic and aerobic processes, which, in turn, forces the biota rooted plants, to adapt to flooding." There are four main kinds of wetlands – marsh, swamp and fen. Some experts recognize wet meadows and aquatic ecosystems as additional wetland types; the largest wetlands in the world include the swamp forests of the Amazon and the peatlands of Siberia. Under the Ramsar international wetland conservation treaty, wetlands are defined as follows: Article 1.1: "...wetlands are areas of marsh, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water, static or flowing, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres."
Article 2.1: " may incorporate riparian and coastal zones adjacent to the wetlands, islands or bodies of marine water deeper than six metres at low tide lying within the wetlands." Although the general definition given above applies around the world, each county and region tends to have its own definition for legal purposes. In the United States, wetlands are defined as "those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands include swamps, marshes and similar areas"; this definition has been used in the enforcement of the Clean Water Act. Some US states, such as Massachusetts and New York, have separate definitions that may differ from the federal government's. In the United States Code, the term wetland is defined "as land that has a predominance of hydric soils, is inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions and under normal circumstances supports a prevalence of such vegetation."
Related to this legal definitions, the term "normal circumstances" are conditions expected to occur during the wet portion of the growing season under normal climatic conditions, in the absence of significant disturbance. It is not uncommon for a wetland to be dry for long portions of the growing season. Wetlands can be dry during the dry season and abnormally dry periods during the wet season, but under normal environmental conditions the soils in a wetland will be saturated to the surface or inundated such that the soils become anaerobic, those conditions will persist through the wet portion of the growing season; the most important factor producing wetlands is flooding. The duration of flooding or prolonged soil saturation by groundwater determines whether the resulting wetland has aquatic, marsh or swamp vegetation
Las Vegas Review-Journal
The Las Vegas Review-Journal is a major daily newspaper published in Las Vegas, since 1909. It is the largest circulating daily newspaper in Nevada and one of two daily newspapers in the Las Vegas area, it is ranked as one of the top 25 newspapers in the United States by circulation. The Review-Journal has a joint operating agreement with The Greenspun Corporation-owned Las Vegas Sun, which runs through 2040. In 2005, the Sun ceased afternoon publication and began distribution as a section of the Review-Journal. On March 18, 2015, the sale of the newspaper's parent company, Stephens Media LLC, to New Media Investment Group was completed. In December 2015, casino magnate Sheldon Adelson purchased the newspaper for $140 million via News + Media Capital Group LLC, although a subsidiary of New Media Investment Group, GateHouse Media, was retained to manage the newspaper. $140 million was considered a steep price amounting to a 69% gain for New Media Investment Group after owning the newspaper for nine months.
In 2018, Editor and Publisher magazine named the Review-Journal as one of 10 newspapers in the United States "doing it right". The Clark County Review was first printed in 1909 and became the Las Vegas Review in 1926 when owner Frank Garside, who owned several other Nevada papers, brought in Al Cahlan as a partner. In March 1929, the Clark County Journal began publication, in July of that year, the Review bought the Journal and shortly thereafter began co-publication as the Las Vegas Evening Review-Journal. In the early 1940s, Cahlan and Garside's company, Southwestern Publishing, bought the Las Vegas Age, from Charles P. "Pop" Squires, which began publication in 1905 and was the oldest surviving paper in Las Vegas. The word "evening" was dropped from the name in 1949 when Garside left the company and Cahlan struck an agreement with Donald W. Reynolds and his Donrey Media Group. In 1953, the RJ signed on one of Las Vegas' earliest radio stations. Two years it signed on Las Vegas' third television station, KLRJ-TV, in 1955 changing the calls to KORK-TV.
The station was sold in 1979, changing its call letters again first to KVBC, in 2010, to the current KSNV-DT. In December 1960, Reynolds exercised a buyout option with Cahlan, bought the paper. Reynolds died in 1993, longtime friend Jack Stephens bought his company, renamed it Stephens Media and moved the company's headquarters to Las Vegas; the Review-Journal entered into its first Joint Operating Agreement, or JOA, with the Sun in 1990, amended in 2005. In early 2015, the Stephens Media newspapers were sold to New Media Investment Group; the current Review-Journal headquarters was built in 1971. A new $40 million printing press was installed in 2000 as part of a four-year, 152,000-square-foot expansion project; the two printing presses consist of 16 towers. They were the largest presses in the world; the newspaper has won the "General Excellence" award from the Nevada Press Association several times and has won the "Freedom of the Press" award for its First Amendment battles from the statewide organization.
When the paper was sold in 2015, it was unclear who the buyer was. The purchaser was a limited liability company, News + Media Capital Group LLC, the only name listed on the documents was Michael Schroeder, a publisher of four small regional newspapers in Connecticut. At a December 10 staff meeting informing the Review-Journal staff that the paper had been sold, Schroeder was introduced as the manager, he refused to say who the owners of News + Media were, saying that employees should "focus on jobs...and don't worry about who are." Jason Taylor, the Review-Journal's publisher, said only that the ownership included "multiple owner/investors, that some are from Las Vegas, that in face-to-face meetings he has been assured that the group will not meddle in the newspaper’s editorial content.” There were widespread rumors that the primary buyer was Sheldon Adelson, a week three Review-Journal reporters confirmed that the purchase had been orchestrated by Adelson's son-in-law Patrick Dumont on Adelson's behalf.
A month before the new owner was revealed, three reporters at the newspaper received an assignment from corporate management: Spend two weeks monitoring the activity of three Clark County judges. One of the judges was District Judge Elizabeth Gonzalez, hearing a long-running wrongful termination lawsuit filed against Adelson and his company. In January a set of editorial principles were drawn up and publicized to ensure the newspaper's independence and to deal with possible conflicts of interest involving Adelson's ownership. In February Craig Moon, a veteran of the Gannett organization, was announced as the new publisher and promptly withdrew those principles from publication, he began to review and sometimes kill stories about an Adelson-promoted proposal for a new football stadium. In the months since, reporters say that stories about Adelson, about an ongoing lawsuit involving his business dealings in Macau, have been edited by top management; the new ownership triggered numerous departures.
On December 23 the paper's editor Mike Hengel stepped down in a "voluntary buyout". Many reporters and editors left the newspaper citing "curtailed editorial freedom, murky business dealings and unethical managers." Longtime columnist John L. Smith resigned after he was told he could no longer write anything about Adelson, a frequent focus of his reporting up till then. Within six months, all three of the reporters who broke the story of Adelson's ownership had left the paper; the Review-Journal is responsible for several other niche publications: El Tiempo – a free weekly Spanish language paper distributed around the Las Vegas area Neon
In geography, an oasis is the combination of a human settlement and a cultivated area in a desert or semi-desert environment. Oases provide habitat for animals and spontaneous plants; the word oasis came into English via Latin: oasis from Ancient Greek: ὄασις óasis, which in turn is a direct borrowing from Demotic Egyptian. The word for oasis in the attested Coptic language is wahe or ouahe which means a "dwelling place". Oases are made fertile when sources of freshwater, such as underground rivers or aquifers, irrigate the surface or via man-made wells; the presence of water on the surface or underground is necessary and the local or regional management of this essential resource is strategic, but not sufficient to create such areas: continuous human work and know-how are essential to maintain such ecosystems.. Rain showers provide subterranean water to sustain natural oases, such as the Tuat. Substrata of impermeable rock and stone can trap water and retain it in pockets, or on long faulting subsurface ridges or volcanic dikes water can collect and percolate to the surface.
Any incidence of water is used by migrating birds, which pass seeds with their droppings which will grow at the water's edge forming an oasis. It can be used to plant crops; the location of oases has been of critical importance for trade and transportation routes in desert areas. Thus, political or military control of an oasis has in many cases meant control of trade on a particular route. For example, the oases of Awjila and Kufra, situated in modern-day Libya, have at various times been vital to both North-South and East-West trade in the Sahara Desert; the Silk Road across Central Asia incorporated several oases. In North American history, oases have been less prominent since the desert regions are smaller, but in the USA they have allowed colonisation of the western desert regions around the Rockies. Las Vegas is an example of such a settlement. People who live in an oasis must manage water use carefully; the most important plant in an oasis is the date palm. These palm trees provide shade for smaller trees like peach trees.
By growing plants in different layers, the farmers make best use of the water. Many vegetables are grown and some cereals, such as barley and wheat, are grown where there is more moisture. In summary, an oasis palm grove is a anthropized and irrigated area that supports a traditionally intensive and polyculture-based agriculture; the oasis is integrated into its desert environment through an close association with nomadic transhumant livestock farming. However, the oasis is emancipated from the desert by a particular social and ecosystem structure. Responding to environmental constraints, it is an integrated agriculture, conducted with the superposition of two or three strata creating what is called the "oasis effect ": the first and highest stratum is made up of date palms and maintains freshness. Great Man-Made River – the world's largest irrigation project. Guelta Mirage Oasification Qanat – Water management system using underground channels Wadi – River valley a dry riverbed that contains water only during times of heavy rain Water supply – Provision of water by public utilities, commercial organisations or others Battesti, Vincent.
Jardins au désert, Évolution des pratiques et savoirs oasiens, Jérid tunisien. Paris: IRD Éditions. P. 440. ISBN 9782709915649; the dictionary definition of oasis at Wiktionary
Tule Springs in Las Vegas, Nevada, is one of the larger urban retreats in the Las Vegas Valley. It is a significant desert ecosystem consisting of a series of small lakes that formed an oasis in this area of the Mojave Desert. Both the springs and the ranch are located within the Floyd Lamb Park at Tule Springs, operated by the City of Las Vegas. Tule Springs Ranch and the associated buildings are listed as a district on the United States National Register of Historic Places and located within this area; the ranch district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 23, 1981. The area was home to numerous Native American visitors in the pre-Columbian period. More it served as a guest ranch for out-of-state residents seeking to "live" in Nevada and gain access to its easy divorce requirements. Several of the ranch's buildings remain; the springs archeological site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 20, 1979. The wash known as the Upper Las Vegas Wash is one of the feeds for the Las Vegas Wash.
The wash area includes several patches of the rare Las Vegas bear poppy. This area is part of the proposed Tule Springs Ice Age Park, a 23,000-acre conservation area and a proposed national park. In 2014, congress designated the area as a national monument, naming it Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument. Floyd Lamb State Park website Tule Springs Ice Age Park
Lake Las Vegas
Lake Las Vegas in Henderson, refers to a 320-acre artificial lake and the 3,592-acre developed area around the lake. The area is sometimes referred to as the Lake Las Vegas Resort, it is being developed by 5 companies including Lake at Las Vegas Joint Venture LLC. The area includes three resorts including the Aston MonteLago Village Resort, the Westin Lake Las Vegas Resort, the Hilton Lake Las Vegas; the dam that creates the lake is "an earthen structure 18 stories high, 4,800 ft in length and 716 ft wide at its base. It contains the same amount of dirt as Hoover Dam does concrete," and was completed in 1991; the Las Vegas Wash passes under the dam in pipes that require maintenance every 10 years. Actor J. Carlton Adair conceived Lake Las Vegas around 1967 as Lake Adair. At the time he purchased the water rights. In 1987, Ronald Boeddeker acquired 2,000 acres from the US Government; the property was acquired by Transcontinental Properties in 1990. In 1995, Henry Gluck, the former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Caesars World, became the co-Chairman of Transcontinental Properties.
With Sid Bass and Lee Bass, two billionaires from Fort Worth, Texas, he developed the new community. The project cost US$5 billion; the lake was built on top of the Las Vegas Wash, which continues to flow under the lake in two 96-inch diameter pipes. Water diversion to fill the lake began in 1990; the lake was filled with 3 billion US gallons of water. Lake at Las Vegas Joint Venture, LLC filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on July 17, 2008. Debts were estimated at between $500 million and $1 billion. Lake Las Vegas emerged from bankruptcy in July 2010 with a plan that took nearly two years to complete. All existing debt was wiped away and the development has $30 million in hand to complete several of the unfinished infrastructure projects; the Lake Las Vegas bankruptcy creditors, not Lake Las Vegas development themselves, have filed a lawsuit against the former insiders. The creditors' theory is that the $500 million equity loan the former insiders took against the property caused the demise of Lake Las Vegas.
The creditors are hoping to recoup money from the former insiders. In a related action, resort property owners are suing lender Credit Suisse as part of a multibillion-dollar lawsuit led by bankrupt Yellowstone Club founder Timothy Blixseth and his son Beau Blixseth who claim the Lake Las Vegas Joint Venture bankruptcy was caused by a "loan to own" scheme between the bank and resort developers; the golf course was purchased by Nevada South Shore LLC, a Hawaii-based corporation for $4.5 million on February 17, 2011. The Ritz Carlton, Lake Las Vegas, closed after 8 years of operation on May 2, 2010; the Ritz Carlton was reopened by international boutique hotelier Dolce Hotels on February 11, 2011, as the Ravella at Lake Las Vegas. On April 30, 2013, Kam Sang Co. announced that the Ravella would be renamed the Hilton Lake Las Vegas, the name under which the hotel continues to operate. The Hilton opened June 6, 2013. Lake Las Vegas was the subject of a lawsuit between investment fund Claymore Holdings and Credit Suisse, the agent for a syndicate of entities that loaned $540 million to develop the property.
Claymore and others accused Credit Suisse of fraudulently inflating the value of the development in order to generate higher fees for itself. The core of the allegations centered on a new appraisal methodology conceived of by Credit Suisse executive David Miller, who in internal emails is referred to as Credit Suisse’s Dr. Frankenstein. In 2015, a Texas judge ordered Credit Suisse to pay $288 million to Highland and others; the verdict was offset by other payments to Highland, meaning that Claymore received most of the Credit Suisse judgment. Casino MonteLago was opened on May 8, 2003, having been built by Cook Inlet Region, Inc. an Alaska Native shareholder owned corporation. The casino closed for the first time on March 2010, due to the Great Recession. In November 2012, the casino was acquired along with the Ravella at Lake Las Vegas for a total of $47 million by Kam Sang Co. a California-based real estate developer. The casino closed for the second time on October 29, 2013, as a result of a lease dispute between Kam Sang and the casino's operators.
In the beginning of 2016, the facility reopened as the Lake Las Vegas Event Center, hosting special events and entertainment. It is attached to the Hilton Lake Las Vegas and accessible from MonteLago Village. "Lake Las Vegas emerging from bankruptcy protection". Associated Press. July 19, 2010. Green, Steve. "Lake Las Vegas emerges from bankruptcy". Las Vegas Sun. Green, Steve. "Company plans to rebrand closed Ritz-Carlton at Lake Las Vegas". Las Vegas Sun. Essence & Herbs Lake Las Vegas Lake Las Vegas Blog Luna Rossa Ristorante Marssa Roth, David. "The Fiscal Times." The Fiscal Times. July 21, 2011. Sonrisa Grill Sunset & Vines