Deba is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. The town centre is right on the sea, the municipal district includes a series of charming country villages, such as Itziar and Elorriaga; the natural setting is a perfect combination of green mountains. Traditionally, the attraction of Deba is based on the beauty of the landscape, its rich heritage, centuries-old culture and exquisite gastronomy. Today, it is reinforced with modern facilities, entertainment and leisure facilities that meet all visitors' needs. Deba is a town of summer residents, but it is on the St James’s Way. Thousands of years before Deba was founded, the town's relationship with sea and water formed an indelible part of its history; the shell deposits and bone harpoons found in many caves in the Deba municipal districts and some of the figures in the Palaeolithic shrine at Ekain are testimonies of that relationship. Curiously, thousands of year Roman chronicles cite the coast and the Deba, a river that would lend its name to the town.
The town's origins date back to 1343. History tells that Sancho IV of Castile granted the citizens of "Monte-Real", in Itziar, a charter as a township in 1294. Subsequently, they moved closer to the coast and founded a new settlement that they called Monreal de Deba. In the 15th century, Deba enjoyed a period of splendour due to shipping with the export of wool from Castile and Aragón to various European countries. In the 19th century the port declined and a new activity began: tourism. Deba's relationship with the sea changed when the town became one of the pioneers of tourism in Europe. Deba still faces the sea with a taste of salt in the air; the town offers visitors the opportunity to enjoy a unique coast and a modern spa, thus combining fun with therapy. It has an annual festival called "San Roke festivities". Http://ocio.diariovasco.com/fotos-fiesta/deba-sanroke1.php?foto=11 Official Website Information available in Spanish and Basque. DEBA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish
Aia is a village situated on the slopes of Mount Pagoeta in the Basque province of Gipuzkoa, Spain. It is located 30 km to the west of Donostia-San Sebastián and about 10 km inland from the coastal town of Zarautz. Aia is set amongst hills and forests, surrounded by mountains; the town has the Church of San Esteban, which includes a notable centrepiece. The population of Aia has declined since the 1950s, to a population of 1,750 in 2005. Based on cave paintings and engravings and stone implements that have been found in the Aia district, it is believed that human habitation of the area dates back to over 10,000 years ago; the town of Aia itself was mentioned in one of the oldest documents of Gipuzkoa dated 1025. The town was mentioned as being part of the Union of Sayaz in the Decree of the Brotherhood of the Province of Gupuzkoa in 1375. Farming was the main economic activity in the Aia district, with families of the small villages living within closed, self-sufficient economic systems. Land was owned by the municipality and rented to the farmers to work.
Specialised crafts began to develop, in particular Aia became a main centre for the production of iron. This was due to the abundance of natural deposits of iron in the area. Numerous foundries were established in the area, which had a significant impact on the growth of the local population, it was from these foundries. The demise of these old forges in Guipúzcoa was brought about by the introduction of blast furnaces that ran on coal. Aia is situated within Basque farmlands, unchanged over several hundred years, it has several tourist attractions, including the 1,335-acre Pagoeta Nature Reserve which sits to the west of the town of Aia and preserves the natural environment of the area, as well as the district's cultural heritage. The park contains a number of ruins of old mills and farmhouses, some ancient burial mounds dating back 5,000 years; the Agorregi Forge, located within the park, is one of the best preserved examples of a foundry in Gipuzkoa province. The forge which can be seen today was built in 1754 by the Lord of Laurgain Palace over the ruins of an earlier version.
Lying at the bottom of a deep valley near Manterola farmhouse, it used the river's hydraulic energy to power its bellows and turn its waterwheels. Situated near Aia and within the Pagoeta Nature Reserve is the Iturraran Botanic Garden; the garden was established in 1986 and includes more than 1,000 species of plants and shrubs from all over the world. It includes some endangered flora of the Basque Country. Aia is a municipality formed by a principal nucleus – the town of Aia – and its neighbourhoods, which resemble small villages, it comprises eleven neighbourhoods: Alzola: A parish with 11 inhabitants. Andatza o San Pedro: 249 inhabitants. Arratola Aldea: 38 inhabitants. Arrutiegia: 106 inhabitants. Elcano: 100 inhabitants; this neighbourhood is shared with Zarauz. Etxetaballa: 45 inhabitants. Iruretaegia: 97 inhabitants. Kurpidea: 59 inhabitants. Laurgain: 78 inhabitants. Olaskoegia: 202 inhabitants. Santio Erreka: 254 inhabitants. Urdaneta: 78 inhabitantsThe urban nucleus of Aia has about 470 inhabitants.
Aia official website Information available in Spanish and Basque. 360 degree view of Aia AIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Azkoitia is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Autonomous Community of Basque Country, in northern Spain. It is the seat of the municipality of the same name. Azkoitia and the municipality of the same name, are located on and around the upper Urola river valley, centered on a small alluvial plain surrounded by the Basque mountains. Except for the valley itself, the terrain is rather rugged, with elevations ranging to little less than 950 meters; as of 2004, the municipality numbers 10,946 inhabitants, of which 5,324 are men and 5,262 are women. Age is distributed among the sexes rather evenly with children and adolescents forming 16.235% of the population, adults making up 53.744%, senior citizens forming the remaining 30.021%. Azkoitia was the birthplace of the mother of Saint Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuit religious order. Ignatius' maternal grandfather, Don Martin Garcia de Licona, had purchased Balda Tower in the mid-15th century. Recurring bloody encounters in the region persuaded the king, Henry IV of Castile, to reduce the tower from a fortress to a courthouse.
On 13 July 1467 Don Martin's daughter, Dona Marina Saenz de Licona Balda married Don Beltran Ibanez de Onaz y Loyola from neighbouring Azpeitia in the Licona family home in Azkoitia. The original wedding contract still exists. Loyola's birth house is still preserved as a museum a part of a large Jesuit compound, it is located a few kilometers east of Azkoitia's city center, at the small community of Azpeitia, is a major tourist attraction. Official Website Information Basque. AZKOITIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish ^ Demographics for all Basque municipalities
Aretxabaleta is a town in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Autonomous Community of Basque Country, northern Spain. It is located on the Bergara road adjacent to its larger northern neighbor, the city of Arrasate, the smaller Eskoriatza to the south. In the past, the Basque name "Aretxabaleta" was used, both in Spanish and in English with the Spanish spelling, Arechavaleta; the local government decided to change the spelling to the Basque "Aretxabaleta" on June 4, 1979. Their decision was authorized by Spanish central government on March 3, 1981. Official Website Information Basque. ARETXABALETA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish
See Lazcano for people with this surname. Lazkao is a town and municipality located in the Goierri region of the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Basque Country. Lazkao is located in the province of Gipuzkoa, Spain. Lazkao lies in a lush valley. To its north are Beasain and Ordizia. Distances to important places San Sebastián: 45 km Madrid: 428 km Barcelona: 507 km Nearest train station: In Beasain to 2 km Communicated with roads to these towns: Olaberria, Ordizia, Beasain. Bus stations through all the town with these lines: Ataun-Lazkao-Beasain Ataun-Lazkao-Ordizia-Zaldibia San Sebastián-Logroño San Sebastián-Pamplona Airports: Airport of Hondarribia: 58 km Airport of Loiu: 86 km Airport of Noain: 68 km Airport of Foronda: 83 km Town Council Mayor: Felix Urkola Deputy-Mayor: Ane Irastortza Second Deputy-Mayor: Aitor Altuna Third Deputy-Mayor: Imanol Aran Fourth Deputy-Mayor: Marian Zufiria Councillors: Begoña Bueno Iñaki Estensoro Amagoia Naldaiz Jabi Arrasate Azeari Andonegi Ioseba Hernandez Leire Mendia Urtzi Iruin Municipal PoliceThe municipal police force in Lazkao, has four policemen, two police cars and a motorbike.
The police station is located in the ground floor of the town hall of Lazkao. The municipal police of Lazkao carries out these duties: Traffic, works control, organization of the town market, lost objects, etc. Many Basque historians think that Lazkao was founded in 1053. Two men were shot in Lazkao during the Spanish Civil War; the future leader of ETA, Eustakio Mendizabal, studied at the Benedictine monastery in Lazkao from 1954 to 1966. In 2005, a Benedictine monk of the town was arrested by the Spanish National Police and by the Guardia Civil, they thought that the monk had connections with the Basque separatist group ETA. In 2006, ETA detonated a bomb in the company Azkar, because Azkar did not pay the revolutionary tax to the group. 2007 was the Second anniversary of bicentenary of the arrival of the Benedictine monks to the town. Celebrated by the Deputy-General of Gipuzkoa and by Juan Jose Ibarretxe, the Lehendakari of the Basque Autonomous Community. Day of the Donkey Every first Sunday in January.
On this day, the Flight to Egypt is performed throughout the street of the town. This Biblical passage was first performed in Lazkao the 17th century. Nowadays, the Nuns of the Covent of Lazkao continue to sell the traditional wafers for this event. Cyclist Joseba Beloki Runner-up in the 2002 Tour de France. Lazkao Txiki, a noted bertsolari. Official Website of the City Council LAZKAO in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Maizpide Euskaltegia - Barnetegia, Lazkao
Basque Country (autonomous community)
The Basque Country the Basque Autonomous Community is an autonomous community in northern Spain. It includes the Basque provinces of Álava and Gipuzkoa; the Basque Country or Basque Autonomous Community was granted the status of nationality within Spain, attributed by the Spanish Constitution of 1978. The autonomous community is based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, a foundational legal document providing the framework for the development of the Basque people on Spanish soil. Navarre, which had narrowly rejected a joint statue of autonomy with Gipuzkoa, Álava and Biscay in 1932, was granted a separate statute in 1982. There is no official capital in the autonomous community, but the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz, in the province of Álava, is the de facto capital as the location of the Basque Parliament, the headquarters of the Basque Government, the residence of the President of the Basque Autonomous Community; the High Court of Justice of the Basque Country has its headquarters in the city of Bilbao.
Whilst Vitoria-Gasteiz is the largest municipality in area, with 277 km2, Bilbao is the largest in population, with 353,187 people, located in the province of Biscay within a conurbation of 875,552 people. The term Basque Country may refer to the larger cultural region, the home of the Basque people, which includes the autonomous community; the following provinces make up the autonomous community: Álava, capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Biscay, capital Bilbao-Bilbo Gipuzkoa, capital Donostia-San Sebastián The Basque Country borders Cantabria and the Burgos province to the west, the Bay of Biscay to the north and Navarre to the east and La Rioja to the south. The territory has three distinct areas, which are defined by the two parallel ranges of the Basque Mountains; the main range of mountains forms the watershed between the Mediterranean basins. The highest point of the range is in the Aizkorri massif; the three areas are: Formed by many valleys with short rivers that flow from the mountains to the Bay of Biscay, like the Nervión, Urola or Oria.
The coast is rough, with small inlets. The main features of the coast are the Bilbao Abra Bay and the Estuary of Bilbao, the Urdaibai estuary and the Bidasoa-Txingudi Bay that forms the border with France. Between the two mountain ranges, the area is occupied by a high plateau called Llanada Alavesa, where the capital Vitoria-Gasteiz is located; the rivers flow south from the mountains to the Ebro River. The main rivers are the Zadorra Bayas River. From the southern mountains to the Ebro is the so-called Rioja Alavesa, which shares the Mediterranean characteristics of other Ebro Valley zones; some of Spain's production of Rioja wine takes place here. The Basque Mountains form the watershed and mark the distinct climatic areas of the Basque Country: The northern valleys, in Biscay and Gipuzkoa and the valley of Ayala in Álava, are part of Green Spain, where the oceanic climate is predominant, with its wet weather all year round and moderate temperatures. Precipitation average is about 1200 mm; the middle section is influenced more by the continental climate, but with a varying degree of the northern oceanic climate.
This gives cold, snowy winters. The Ebro valley has a pure continental climate: winters are cold and dry and summers warm and dry, with precipitation peaking in spring and autumn. Precipitation is irregular, as low as 300 mm. Half of the 2,155,546 inhabitants of the Basque Autonomous Community live in Greater Bilbao, Bilbao's metropolitan area. Of the ten most populous cities, six form part of Bilbao's conurbation, known as Greater Bilbao. With 28.2% of the Basque population born outside this region, immigration is crucial to Basque demographics. Over the 20th century most of this immigration came from other parts of Spain from Galicia or Castile and León. Over recent years, sizeable numbers of this population have returned to their birthplaces and most immigration to the Basque country now comes from abroad, chiefly from South America. Roman Catholicism is, by far, the largest religion in the Basque Country. In 2012, the proportion of Basques that identified themselves as Roman Catholic was 58.6%, while it is one of the most secularised communities of Spain: 24.6% were non-religious and 12.3% of Basques were atheist.
Bilbao-Bilbo Vitoria-Gasteiz San Sebastián-Donostia Barakaldo Getxo Irun Portugalete Santurtzi Basauri Errenteria Spanish and Basque are co-official in all territories of the autonomous community. The Basque-speaking areas in the modern-day autonomous community are set against the wider context of the Basque language, spoken to the east in Navarre and the French Basque Country; the whole Basque speaking territory has experienced both expansion in its history. The Basque language experienced a gradual territorial contraction throughout the last nine centuries, severe deterioration of its sociolinguistic status for much of the 20th century due to heavy immigration from other parts of Spain, the virtual nonexistence of Basque language schooling, national policies implemented by the different Spanish régimes. After the advent of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Countr
Gipuzkoa is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. Its capital city is Donostia-San Sebastián. Gipuzkoa shares borders with the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques at the northeast, with the province and autonomous community of Navarre at east, Biscay at west, Álava at southwest and the Bay of Biscay to its north, it is located in the Bay of Biscay. It has 66 kilometres of coast land. With a total area of 1,980 square kilometres, Gipuzkoa is the smallest province of Spain; the province has 89 municipalities and a population of 720,592 inhabitants, from which more than half live in the Donostia-San Sebastián metropolitan area. Apart from the capital, other important cities are Irun, Zarautz, Mondragón, Hondarribia, Oñati, Tolosa and Pasaia; the oceanic climate gives the province an intense green colour with little thermic oscillation. Gipuzkoa is the province of the Basque Country where the Basque language is most extensively used: 49.1% of the population spoke Basque in 2006.
The first recorded name of the province was Ipuscoa in a document from the year 1025. During the following years, in various documents, several similar names appear, such as Ipuzcoa, Ipuçcha, among others; the full etymology the word Gipuzkoa has not been ascertained, but links have been made with the Basque word Giputz, containing the root ip-, related to the word ipar and ipuin. According to this, ipuzko might refer to something "to the north" or "in the north". Gipuzkoa is the Basque spelling recommended by the Royal Academy of the Basque language, it is used in official documents in that language; the Basque spelling is mandatory in official texts from the various Spanish public administrations in documents written in Spanish. It is the spelling most used by the Spanish-language media in the Basque Country, it is the spelling used in the Basque version of the Spanish constitution and in the Basque version of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country. Gipuzkoa is the only official spelling approved for the historical territory by the Juntas Generales of the province.
Guipúzcoa is the spelling in Spanish, it has been determined by the Association of Spanish Language Academies as being the only correct use outside official Spanish documents, where the use of the Basque spelling is mandatory. It is the Spanish spelling used in the Spanish version of the Constitution and in the Spanish version of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country. At 1,980 km2 Gipuzkoa is the smallest province in Spain; the province has 88 municipalities and 709,607 inhabitants, a quarter of whom live in the capital, San Sebastián. Other important towns are Irun, Zarautz, Arrasate, Oñati with an old university, Tolosa, the provincial capital for a short time, Pasaia, the main port and Hondarribia, an old fort town across from the French Atlantic coast. Gipuzkoa is hilly and green linking mountain and sea, populated with numerous urban nuclei that dot the whole territory; the conspicuous presence of hills and rugged terrain has added to a special leaning towards hiking and mountains on the part of Gipuzkoans.
Some mountains have an emblematic or iconic significance in the local tradition, their summits being topped with crosses and mountaineer postboxes. In addition, pilgrimages which have lost their former religious zeal and taken on a more secular slant are sometimes held to their summits; some renowned mountains are Aiako Harria, Txindoki and Izarraitz, amongst others. The Aralar Natural Park is a conservation area on the border of Gipuzkoa and Navarre in the Aralar Range; the rivers of Gipuzkoa are distinctly different from other Bay of Biscay rivers. They arise in the hilly Basque inland landscape, flow in a south- north direction, forming close, narrow valleys before joining the ocean; the rivers extend for a short length with only a small fluctuation in the volume of water thanks to the stable rainfall all year round, they show an abrupt drop between origin and mouth as far as the length of the river is concerned. From west to east the rivers are the Deba, Oria, Urumea and Bidasoa. Except for a narrow strip extending east from the hamlet Otzaurte and the tunnel of San Adrian, the province drains its waters to the Atlantic basin.
The region's communication layout is in step with its geographical features, with the main lines of infrastructure along a north -south axis up to recent times along the rivers heading to the ocean. Accordingly, the inland Way of St. James, i.e. the Tunnel Route penetrated the province via Irun and turned south-west along the Oria River towards the provincial limits at the tunnel of San Adrian. This stretch was in operation up to 1765. A minor St. James route crossed Gipuzkoa east to west along the coast; the main road cutting through Gipuzkoa follows that layout, i.e. the N-1 E-5 from Irun to Donostia and on to Altsasu all along the Oria River for the most part. The major Irun-Madrid railway runs close to the river up to its origin on the slopes of Aizkorri at train stop Otzaurte in Zegama. By 1973 engineering works for the Bilbao-Behobia A-8 E-70 motorway had been completed, with the new road cutting across the valleys east to west and turning into the main axis between Donostia and Bilbao, beside