Bridges Street is a 300-metre two-way street in Sheung Wan, Hong Kong. On the east, the street intersects Staunton Street. On the west, it intersects Square Street; the west side of the street ends with a staircase. Therefore, to go to Hollywood Road, drivers must drive back to Aberdeen Street, its name comes from William Thomas Bridges, a British lawyer, Acting Attorney General and Acting Colonial Secretary, active in Hong Kong from 1851 to 1861. Bridges was an old friend of the 4th Governor of Hong Kong; the law firm established by Bridges became known as Deacons. Bridges Street Market. A Bauhaus style market opened in 1953, scheduled to be renovated and open in 2018 as a news museum, it was built on the site of the former American Congregational Mission Preaching House at which Dr. Sun Yat-Sen was baptised into Christianity in 1883. CentreStage, a new luxury landmark apartment near Soho, Hong Kong Ladder Street King's College Old Boys' Association Primary School; the Church of Christ in China China Congregational Church.
Chinese YMCA of Hong Kong Bridges Street Centre. Built in 1918 in Eclectic architectural style with Chicago School influence; the architects were Hussey of Chicago, which specialised in YMCA building design. The premises included the first indoor swimming pool in Hong Kong and sports playground with a jogging track, it is part of the Western Heritage Trail. Its central building was a Grade II historic building and was listed as a Grade I historic building in 2009. Island Christian Academy Bridges Street on Google Map
Gage Street is a street in Central, Hong Kong. It is on the lower hill and between the junction with Cochrane Street and Lyndhurst Terrace, Graham Street and Aberdeen Street; the street is a market. It is named after William Hall Gage; the 2013 novel Gage Street Courtesan by Christopher New depicts the European courtesans who lived in that street in the 19th century. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Google Maps of Gage Street
A lascar was a sailor or militiaman from the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, the Arab world, other territories located to the east of the Cape of Good Hope, who were employed on European ships from the 16th century until the middle of the 20th century. The Persian word lashkar derives from the Arabic word for a guard or soldier; the Portuguese adapted this term to "lascarin", meaning Asian militiamen or seamen from any area east of the Cape of Good Hope. This means that Indian, Malay and Japanese crewmen were covered by the Portuguese definition; the British of the East India Company described Indian lascars as'Topazes', but adopted the Portuguese name, calling them'lascar'. Lascars served on British ships under "lascar agreements"; these agreements allowed shipowners more control than was the case in ordinary articles of agreement. The sailors could be transferred from one ship to another and retained in service for up to three years at one time; the name lascar was used to refer to Indian servants engaged by British military officers.
Indian seamen had been employed on European ships since the first European made the sea voyage to India. Vasco da Gama, the first European to reach India by sea, hired an Indian pilot at Malindi to steer the Portuguese ship across the Indian Ocean to the Malabar Coast in southwestern India. Portuguese ships continued to employ lascars from the Indian Subcontinent in large numbers throughout the 16th and 17th centuries from Goa and other Portuguese colonies in India; the Portuguese applied the term "lascar" to all sailors on their ships who were from the Indies, which they defined as the areas east of the Cape of Good Hope. Through the Portuguese and Spanish maritime world empires, some Indian lascars found their way on to British ships, were among the sailors on the first British East India Company ships to sail to India. Lascar crewmen from India are depicted on Japanese Namban screens of the sixteenth century; the Luso-Asians appear to have evolved their own pidgin Portuguese, used throughout South and Southeast Asia.
When the British adopted the term "lascar", they used it for all Asian crewmen, but after 1661 and the ceding of Bombay to England by Portugal, the term was used to describe crewmen from East India. Among other terms was "topaze" to describe Indo-Portuguese naval militia from Bombay and former Portuguese territories such as Diu, Damman and the Hugli River; the term "sepoy" was used to describe Indian military militia. The number of Indian seamen employed on UK ships was so great that the British tried to restrict this by the Navigation Acts in force from 1660, which required that 75 percent of the crew of a British-registered ship importing goods from Asia had to be British; the need arose because of the high sickness and death rates of European sailors on India-bound ships, their frequent desertions in India, which left ships short of crew for the return voyage. Another reason was war when conscription of British sailors by the Royal Navy was heavy from Company ships in India. In 1756, a fleet under admirals Pocock and Watson, with an expeditionary force under Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Clive set off from Bombay with 1,300 men, including 700 Europeans, 300 sepoys and 300'topaze Indo-Portuguese'.
The expedition against Angria is one of the first references to the British use of Indo-Portuguese militia and one of the first actions of the Bombay Marine. Lascars served with The Duke of Wellington on campaign in India during the late 18th and early 19th century in India. In 1786, the Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor was set up thanks to concern over lascars left in London. However, in a report made after one month of the Committee's existence, it was found that only 35 of the 250 recipients of aid were lascars. On Captain James Cook's ill-fated second voyage to the Pacific, HMS Resolution, had lost so many men that she had to take on new crew in Asia to get back to England. In 1797 one group of Lascars were shipwrecked off the coast off Tasmania on Preservation island on ship, built in Calcutta; the Sydney Cove wreck was the first merchant wreck after the creation of the New South Wales colony. Lascars were paid only 5% of their fellow white sailors' wages and were expected to work longer hours as well as being given food of inferior quality and in smaller portions.
The remuneration for lascar crews "was much lower than European or Negro seamen" and "the cost of victualling a lascar crew was 50 percent less than that of a British crew, being six pence per head per day as opposed to twelve pence a day." The lascars lived under conditions not unlike slavery, as shipowners could keep their services for up to three years at a time, moving them from one ship to the next on a whim. The ill-treatment of lascars continued into the 19th century; the British East India Company recruited seamen from areas around its factories in Bengal and Gujarat, as well as from Yemen, British Somaliland and Portuguese Goa. They were known by the British as lascars; these seamen included Indian sailors. Between 1803 and 1813, there were more than 10,000 lascars from India visiting British port cities and towns. By 1842, 3,000 lascars visited the UK annually, by 1855, 12,000 lascars were arriving annually in British ports. In 1873, 3,271 lascars arrived in Britain. Throughout the early 19th century lascars visited Britain at a rate of 1,000 every year, which increased to a rate of 10,000 to 12,000 every year throughout the late 19th century.
Lascars would lodge in
Glenealy, Hong Kong
Glenealy is one of the few roads or streets without a suffix in Hong Kong. Located in the Mid-levels on the Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, it starts from Ice House Street and goes uphill to Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens, across Robinson Road and ends at Hornsey Road and Conduit Road. Glenealy was the short form of a valley called Glenealy Ravine; the valley separates the Government Hill in the east and Pedder's Hill in the west. Alternatively, the valley was known as Elliot's Vale, after Charles Elliot, at the beginning and a road from Robinson Road leading to the house named Glenealy on the site of present Roman Catholic Cathedral is known as Elliot Crescent. Vale in Elliot's Vale means a river runs from Victoria Peak down to Central; the Elliot Vale name seems, however. The name Glenealy was restored after Elliott's administration ended, with a new suffix of "ravine", a fitting name in view of its steepness. Glenealy was the name of a mansion in the Victorian era, it belonged to an American opium trader, Warren Delano Jr. grandfather of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States of America.
The mansion gave way to the Catholic Cathedral of Hong Kong, whose construction commenced in 1883. The present address of the cathedral is 16 Caine Road. Another Glenealy landmark is the 100-year-old Anglican Sheng Kung Hui St Paul's Church, whose gates open to Wyndham Street. St. Paul's College was founded here too, as a school for boys, it was closed in 1941 due to the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong. After the war it was amalgamated with St. Paul's Girls' School to become St. Paul's Co-educational College, a new campus was built away from Glenealy, it is one of the steepest roads in Hong Kong with public transport. It has a gradient of 1:5 in the Robinson Road to Conduit Road section, with Route 2*, 3, 3A and 45A passing this road, congested; the other 1:5 roads used by public transport in Hong Kong are Aberdeen Reservoir Road, Breezy Path and Castle Road. The present Glenealy "street" is short, running from number 1 to 10 only; the nearest point to reach Glenealy 1 is to walk uphill from the Hong Kong Fringe Club, while the nearest point to reach Glenealy 10 is to walk downhill from Caine Road near the Caritas House, through the short pedestrian subway.
A total of 3 Glenealy street signs can be found - one is tucked away at the far end at the bottom of the hill where it can hardly be seen, one is hoisted at Sheng Kung Hui St Paul's Church near the Hong Kong Fringe Club yet no street number is mentioned. The 3rd sign, hoisted at the top of the Caritas House, is the only street sign showing the street number. A section about Glenealy Map: Glenealy, Hong Kong
Sheung Wan is an area in Hong Kong, located in the north-west of Hong Kong Island, between Central and Sai Ying Pun. Administratively, it is part of the Western District; the name can be variously interpreted as Gateway District. Sheung Wan was one of the earliest settled places by the British, belonged to the historical Victoria City; the site of the original occupation of Hong Kong Island by British forces in 1842 was at Possession Street, between Queen's Road Central and Hollywood Road. A plaque to this effect can be found in Hollywood Road Park at the top of Possession Street; the foot of Possession Street, Possession Point, was at that time on the shoreline, but is now several hundred yards inland due to reclamation. Sheung Wan is surrounded by Sai Ying Pun in the west, Central in the east, Victoria Harbour in the north and Victoria Peak in the south. Part of the Mid-Levels is located within Sheung Wan; the border between Central and Sheung Wan consists of the entire Castle Lane, the entire Aberdeen Street, the entire Wing Kut Street, the section of Des Voeux Road Central between Wing Kut Street and Wing Wo Street, the section of Wing Wo Street north of Des Voeux Road Central, the section of Connaught Road Central between Wing Wo Street and Rumsey Street, the section of Rumsey Street from Connaught Road Central to the waterside.
Garfield Mansion is in Sheung Wan. The border's location south of Seymour Road in the Mid-Levels is unknown. Blake Garden Hollywood Road Park Man Mo Temple Pak Tsz Lane Park Sheung Wan Civic Centre Shun Tak Centre Soho, Hong Kong The Center Tung Wah Hospital Western Market Sheung Wan Market Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences YMCA of Hong Kong Bridges Street Centre Asia Art Archive The Sheung Wan Route is one part of Central and Western Heritage Trail designed by the Antiquities and Monuments Office and Leisure and Cultural Services Department; the route covers 35 historic sites in Sheung Wan. Streets in Sheung Wan include: Aberdeen Street, marking the border with Central Bonham Strand and Bonham Strand West Bridges Street Cleverly Street. Named after Charles Saint George Cleverly, the 2nd Surveyor General of Hong Kong Government. Des Voeux Road Central and Des Voeux Road West Gough Street Hillier Street Hollywood Road Jervois Street Ladder Street and other ladder streets Man Wa Lane Morrison Street Possession Street Pound Lane, a ladder street Queen's Road Central and Queen's Road West Rumsey Street Shing Wong Street, a ladder street Tai Ping Shan Street, a popular shopping street Upper and Lower Lascar Row Wellington Street, Hong Kong Wing Lee Street Wing Lok Street Wing Sing Street Sheung Wan is served by the Sheung Wan Station the western terminus of the Island Line of the MTR metro system.
Kennedy Town became the new terminus of the Island on December 28, 2014. Trams run through Sheung Wan, one of the tram termini, Western Market, is located at the junction of Des Voeux Road Central and Morrison Street near its namesake; the Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal in the Shun Tak Centre has ferries and helicopters to Macau and to several destinations in Mainland China. Numerous bus routes run through Sheung Wan. Central Bus Terminus, located next to the Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal, is one of the largest bus termini on Hong Kong Island; the head office of Wing On is in Wing On Centre in Sheung Wan. Due to the high French expatriate population, the French International School of Hong Kong operated a Kindergarten campus in Shops 2-4 on the ground floor of Tung Fai Gardens in Sheung Wan. Central and Western Heritage Trail: Sheung Wan Route Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail List of areas of Hong Kong
Bonham Road is a main road in West Mid-Levels, Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong, running East-West. The road connects Pokfulam Road in the west, near the University of Hong Kong, Caine Road in the east, at the junction with Hospital Road and Seymour Road, it was named after the third Governor of Hong Kong. It was renamed Nishi-Taisho Dori during Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. Several historical buildings are located on the road, including Fung Ping Shan building, Hung Hing Ying building and the Main Building of The University of Hong Kong. There are a few well known schools located on the road, including King's College, St. Paul's College, Hong Kong, St. Stephen's Girls' College, St. Clare's Primary School, Bonham Road Government Primary School, Chinese Rhenish Church Hong Kong, there in the 19th century. Sai Ying Pun Community Complex MTR Sai Ying Pun Station St. Stephen's Girls' College King's College, Hong Kong University of Hong Kong St. Paul's College, Hong Kong St. Stephen's Church College Chinese Rhenish Church Hong Kong List of streets and roads in Hong Kong High Street, Hong Kong Bonham Strand Google Maps of Bonham Road http://www.rhenish-hk.org.hk/
Elgin Street, Hong Kong
Elgin Street is located in Central, Hong Kong. It was named after 8th Earl of Elgin. One of the earliest streets in Hong Kong, it was known as "Mud Street" by the locals, as the street became muddy on rainy days; the street ends high at Caine Road. The street is divided into two sections by the junction with Staunton Street; the upper section is less steep than the lower. One can find several stalls selling miscellaneous things, which are heaped on the ground, on the sloping street. There were two dai pai dongs operating on the street near Hollywood Road, but one of them was forced to closed in 2005. Many international restaurants and a comedy club can be found on the upper section of the street. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Soho, Hong Kong Map of Elgin Street, Hong Kong "The Muddy Elgin Street", Hong Kong Commercial Daily