Late Jurassic

The Late Jurassic is the third epoch of the Jurassic period, it spans the geologic time from 163.5 ± 1.0 to 145.0 ± 0.8 million years ago, preserved in Upper Jurassic strata. In European lithostratigraphy, the name "Malm" indicates rocks of Late Jurassic age. In the past, Malm was used to indicate the unit of geological time, but this usage is now discouraged to make a clear distinction between lithostratigraphic and geochronologic/chronostratigraphic units; the Late Jurassic is divided into three ages, which correspond with the three stages of Upper Jurassic rock: During the Late Jurassic epoch, Pangaea broke up into two supercontinents, Laurasia to the north, Gondwana to the south. The result of this break-up was the spawning of the Atlantic Ocean. However, at this time, the Atlantic Ocean was narrow; this epoch is well known for many famous types of dinosaurs, such as the sauropods, the theropods, the thyreophorans, the ornithopods. Other animals, such as crocodiles and the first birds, appeared in the Jurassic.

Listed here are only a few of the many Jurassic animals: Camarasaurus, a large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from North America. Apatosaurus, a large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from North America. Brachiosaurus, a large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from North America. Brontosaurus, a large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from North America. Diplodocus, a large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from North America. Barosaurus, a large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from North America. Europasaurus, a small herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from Europe. Supersaurus the largest North American sauropod of them all. Dicraeosaurus, a large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from Africa. Giraffatitan, another large sauropod from Africa. Allosaurus the biggest Jurassic predator, the most common late Jurassic theropod of North America present in Europe. Epanterias, one of the largest Jurassic carnivores, from North America. Torvosaurus, a large Jurassic carnivore, from North America and Europe. Ceratosaurus, a medium-sized Jurassic carnivore of North America and Africa.

Compsognathus, a small theropod from Europe. Yangchuanosaurus, a large theropod from Asia. Tuojiangosaurus, a thyreophoran from Asia. Stegosaurus, a thyreophoran from North America and Europe. Dryosaurus, a North American ornithopod. Camptosaurus, an ornithopod from North America and Europe. Gargoyleosaurus, a thyreophoran from North America. Archaeopteryx, the first known bird, from Europe. Rhamphorhynchus a long-tailed pterosaur from Europe. Pterodactylus, a short-tailed pterosaur from Europe. Ophthalmosaurus, a common sea-going ichthyosaur from what is now Europe and North America. Liopleurodon, a medium sized sea-going pliosaur from. Perisphinctes, an ammonite. Owen, Donald E.. "Commentary: Usage of Stratigraphic Terminology in Papers and Talks". Journal of Sedimentary Petrology. 57: 363–372. Kazlev, M. Alan. "Late Jurassic — The Malm Epoch: The Acme of the Dinosaurs". Palæos. Retrieved 2014-10-23


The Irreconcilables were bitter opponents of the Treaty of Versailles in the United States in 1919. The term refers to about 12 to 18 United States Senators, both Republicans and Democrats, who fought intensely to defeat the ratification of the treaty by the Senate in 1919, they succeeded, the United States never ratified the Treaty of Versailles and never joined the League of Nations. The Republican Party controlled the United States Senate after the election of 1918, but the Senators were divided into multiple positions on the Versailles question, it proved possible to build a majority coalition, but impossible to build a two thirds coalition, needed to pass a treaty. One block of Democrats supported the Versailles Treaty. A second group of Democrats supported the Treaty but followed President Woodrow Wilson in opposing any amendments or reservations; the largest block, led by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, comprised a majority of the Republicans. They wanted a treaty with reservations on Article 10, which involved the power of the League of Nations to make war without a vote by the United States Congress.

The closest the Treaty came to passage, came in mid-November 1919, was when Lodge and his Republicans formed a coalition with the pro-Treaty Democrats, were close to a two-thirds majority for a Treaty with reservations, but Wilson rejected this compromise and enough Democrats followed his lead to permanently end the chances for ratification. Among the leading Irreconcilables were Republicans George W. Norris of Nebraska, William Borah of Idaho, Robert La Follette of Wisconsin, Hiram Johnson of California. Democrats included Senators Thomas Gore of Oklahoma, James Reed of Missouri, the Irish Catholic leader David I. Walsh of Massachusetts; the lists vary, but Ralph Stone identified 16 in 1963: Borah, Frank B. Brandegee of Connecticut, Albert B. Fall of New Mexico, Bert M. Fernald of Maine, Joseph I. France of Maryland, Asle J. Gronna of North Dakota, Philander C. Knox of Pennsylvania, La Follette, Medill McCormick of Illinois, George H. Moses of New Hampshire, Miles Poindexter of Washington, Lawrence Sherman of Illinois, Charles S. Thomas of Colorado.

Reed and Thomas were Democrats, the other 14 were Republicans McCormick's position can be traced to his Anglophobia and nationalistic attitudes, Sherman's to personal antipathy to President Woodrow Wilson and his domestic policies. Indeed, all of the Irreconcilables were bitter enemies of President Wilson, he launched a nationwide speaking tour in the summer of 1919 to refute them. However, Wilson collapsed midway with a serious stroke that ruined his leadership skills. According to Stone's 1970 book, the Irreconcilables in the Senate fell into three loosely defined factions. One group was composed of isolationists and nationalists who proclaimed that America must be the sole commander of its destiny, that membership in any international organization that might have power over the United States was unacceptable. A second group, the "realists", rejected isolationism in favor of limited cooperation among nations with similar interests, they thought. A third group, the "idealists", called for a League with far reaching authority.

The three factions cooperated to help defeat the treaty. All of them denounced the League as a tool of its nefarious empire. Among the American public as a whole, the Irish Catholics and the German Americans were intensely opposed to the Treaty. Treaty of Versailles Henry Cabot Lodge Woodrow Wilson Bailey, Thomas A. Woodrow Wilson and the Great Betrayal Duff, John B. "The Versailles Treaty and the Irish-Americans," Journal of American History Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 582–598 in JSTOR Stone, Ralph A. The Irreconcilables: The Fight Against the League of Nations. Stone, Ralph A. "The Irreconcilables' Alternatives to the League," Mid America, 1967, Vol. 49 Issue 3, pp 163–173, Ralph A. "Two Illinois Senators among the Irreconcilables," Mississippi Valley Historical Review Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 443–465 in JSTOR Stone, Ralph A. ed. Wilson and the League of Nations, articles by scholars

Fahed Attal

Fahed Attal is a Palestinian professional football player playing for Shabab Al-Khaleel of the West Bank Premier League. After grabbing the attention of scouts of clubs such as Al-Wahdat with a dazzling performance at the 2006 AFC Challenge Cup Attal agreed a loan deal with Al-Jazeera of the Jordan League. After scoring 8 goals in his inaugural season, Attal was transferred on a permanent deal worth $210,000 USD. In 2010, he signed a one-year $50,000 contract to join Al-Wahdat Attal would play an important role in the team winning a historic quadruple but with the signing of Abdullah Deeb, Attal chose to search for a new club, he signed a one-year contract with Hebron-based Shabab Al-Khaleel of the West Bank Premier League. He is tied for all-time leading scorer in the history of the Palestine national football team with Ashraf Nu'man, he has 14 goals in 37 games. Twelve of Attal's goals with the national team came in the 2006 calendar year earning him recognition from International Federation of Football History and Statistics which cited Attal as the World's 8th leading scorer of international goals on par with the likes of David Villa and Bastian Schweinsteiger Attal was included in the Asian Football Confederation shortlist of 10 players for the 2006 AFC Player of the Year Award Palestine had an undefeated record when Attal found the back of the net.

This was until he scored against the Philippines in the 2012 AFC Challenge Cup where they lost 4–3. Scores and results list Palestine's goal tally first. Al-WehdatJordan League: Winner: 2010–11 Jordan FA Cup: Winner: 2010–11 Jordan FA Shield: Winner: 2010 Jordan Super Cup: Winner: 2011 AFC Challenge Cup Golden Boot: 2006 Fahed Attal at Fahed Attal – FIFA competition record profile