The National Museum of American Diplomacy is the first museum in the nation dedicated to telling the stories of American diplomacy. Its mission is to inspire discovery of how American diplomacy shapes the United States's prosperity and security; the museum is located at the 21st Street entrance of the Harry S Truman building in Washington, D. C. where the U. S. Department of State is headquartered; the National Museum of American Diplomacy falls under the Bureau of Public Affairs. It was called the United States Diplomacy Center and was renamed in November 2019. On April 2, 2018, Mary D. Kane became the museum's new director. Ms. Kane adds both private and public sector experience to the NMAD, having served as President of Sister Cities International, Executive Director of the U. S. Chamber of Commerce, Secretary of State for Maryland. In 2000, former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, Ambassador Stephen Low, Senator Charles Mathias formed the Diplomacy Center Foundation to support the Department of State in creating the museum.
The National Capital Planning Commission approved the design in 2011. Construction of the museum began in late 2014. Secretary of State John Kerry as well as five former Secretaries of State attended the groundbreaking ceremony on September 3, 2014. Architect Hany Hassan of Beyer Blinder Belle designed the museum's award- winning 20,000 square-foot pavilion which extends out for visitors entering on 21st Street; the design intends to complement the original 1941 wing of the Harry S Truman Building, the headquarters of the U. S. Department of State; the opening hall will feature interactive exhibits to explore American diplomacy today and provide an orientation for the public about U. S. diplomats, what they do, where they are posted around the world, U. S. global bilateral and multilateral relationships, how this all relates to the everyday lives of citizens. In 2019, a preview exhibit designed in collaboration with Smithsonian Exhibits will open to the public; the National Museum of American Diplomacy aims to engage students and educators through the Center's education programs and curricula.
At the core of the center's education outreach is the diplomacy simulation program, an immersive exercise in which participants engage on a critical global issue. Working in small teams, participants step into the world of diplomacy by representing the interests of a specific stakeholder group. Under set time constraints, the groups are challenged to negotiate a solution to an international crisis. Using the information provided in the simulation materials, they develop and modify their group's policy positions in real time; the museum trains educators to run simulations using free, online materials found on the NMAD's website. Materials include a teacher's guide with links to instructional videos and scenarios with background information and short video links featuring topic experts. Educators in turn can teach thousands of challenges of diplomacy. In collaboration with Smithsonian Institution Exhibits, preview exhibit exploring the themes of Security, Prosperity and Development opened November 2019.
The preview exhibit will offer visitors an advanced look at the center's permanent exhibitions. Timed-passes are available Fridays; the museum will display Madeleine Albright's pin collection, how Shirley Temple Black was the ambassador to Ghana and Czechoslovakia, the first eve female chief of protocol, items from the TV show Madam Secretary. The National Museum of American Diplomacy inspires learning through its public programs and events to commemorate important moments and milestones in American diplomacy, including panel discussions, film screenings, ceremonies; the public programs feature Foreign and Civil Service Officers, foreign policy experts and citizen diplomats and take place in our Pavilion's lower level. The NMAD hosts panel discussions on diplomacy for the general public and hosts events in partnership with other Bureaus at the State Department, outside U. S. government agencies and embassies. The NMAD hosts outside events, such as exhibit testing and a diplomacy-centered hackathon.
Official Website of the National Museum of American Diplomacy Diplomacy Center Foundation This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State
The Clean Plate Club was the beginning of a campaign first established in 1917 when the United States Congress passed the Food and Fuel Control Act or Lever Act. This gave the President the power to "regulate the distribution, import and storage of food." President Woodrow Wilson released Executive order 2679-A creating the U. S. Food Administration and appointed Herbert Hoover as the head, enforcing this act; this organization was given the task of making sure that the limited amount of food America had as a result of World War I didn’t go to waste, to avoid importation of food as much as possible. Hoover knew that many Americans were willing to volunteer and had a strong sense of patriotism during the war, so he used that to his advantage when he advertised the idea of the “Clean Plate” campaign. Hoover promoted this idea to children who attended school with a pledge that read, “At table I’ll not leave a scrap of food upon my plate, and I’ll not eat between meals, but for supper time I’ll wait.”
This targeted children too young to understand the value of food in the difficult economic time. Many necessities such as flour and sugar were in short supply, so Hoover used a sense of American nationalism to encourage families to take appropriate rations and save food, his goal was for people to eat less, use less essential ingredients, to finish their entire meal. By doing this, young children developed the habit of eating everything given to them, thus “cleaning their plate.” The U. S. Food Administration was terminated after the First World War, but in 1947 the “Clean Plate” proposal came back and was encouraged by President Harry S. Truman, who aided in forming the “Clean Plates Club” in elementary schools across the country; this club was created after the Great Depression and World War II, when food was once again scarce. In 1947, the U. S. created the Marshall Plan, in which President Truman encouraged Americans to consume less poultry, to conserve food for starving Europeans. As a reaction to his plan, the “Clean Plate Clubs” were formed, elementary school students were again taught to clean their plates.
This concept now puts Americans at risk of unhealthy life styles. Studies show that 64 % of Americans are now in danger of being obese; the ideal of finishing a serving has now become a bad habit, as food is no longer in short supply, finishing the remainder of your meal is not a crucial belief any more. Today, portion sizes have increased shown by the fact that a serving of french fries today is twice the size of a 1950s serving, making “cleaning your plate” an unhealthy dietary action, it has been shown that parents who push their children to eat their entire meal may interfere with the self-control of their child, thus leading them to overeat, as well as creating a misunderstanding of an appropriate serving size. Some “Clean Plate” cases may turn into psychological problems, or lead to developing eating disorders. Health experts indicate that finishing meals points you in a direction that moves towards obesity and continuous health problems such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes