Bernal Heights, San Francisco
Bernal Heights is a residential neighborhood in southeastern San Francisco, California. The prominent Bernal Heights hill overlooks the San Francisco skyline and features a microwave transmission tower; the nearby Sutro Tower can be seen from the Bernal Heights neighborhood. Bernal Heights lies to the south of San Francisco's Mission District, its most prominent feature is the open parkland and radio tower on its large rocky hill, Bernal Heights Summit. Bernal is bounded by Cesar Chavez Street to the north, San Jose Avenue to the west, US 101 to the east, I-280 to the south. Bernal Heights was part of the 1839 Rancho Rincon de las Salinas y Potrero Viejo, a 4,446-acre Mexican land grant awarded to José Cornelio Bernal. By 1860, the land belonged to François Louis Alfred Pioche, a Frenchman and financier, who subdivided it into smaller lots, its streets were laid out during the Civil War by Army engineers from the Presidio, which explains why so many Bernal streets are named for military men. It was first populated by Irish immigrants who farmed the land and ran dairy ranches.
According to legend, a mini gold rush was triggered in 1876 when con artists planted the hilltop with traces of gold. Bernal Heights remained undeveloped until the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Built atop bedrock, the hill's structures survived the tremor, the sparseness of the development saved much of Bernal from the ravages of the firestorm that followed; the commercial corridor of Eugenia Avenue filled in with shops as the pastureland on the hilltop was developed for workers' homes during the rapid rebuilding of the city. Some of the tiny earthquake cottages, which the city built to house quake refugees, survive to this day, including three that were moved up to Bernal Heights. During World War II, the area saw another population surge; the new arrivals included many African-American families who worked at the nearby San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point. During the Vietnam War, the neighborhood was known as "Red Hill" for the anti-war activists in shared households and collectives who moved in among the working-class families.
By the 1990s, Bernal's pleasant microclimate, small houses and freeway access to the peninsula and Silicon Valley led to a third wave of migration. Bernal has not gentrified to the extent of its neighbor Noe Valley, but gentrification and property values are increasing as urban professionals replace working-class home owners and renters. Notable residents include Tom Ammiano, Honey Lee Cottrell, Dan Nakamura, Annie Sprinkle, Charles Gatewood, Terry Zwigoff Matt Nathanson, children's author Jane Wattenberg and Matt Stewart; the neighborhood is residential, with a commercial strip along Cortland Avenue featuring restaurants, bakeries, a fish and butchery shop, multiple salons, the second Good Life natural grocery store, a wine and beer store and bars. The local branch of the San Francisco Public Library at 500 Cortland was built by Frederick H. Meyer with funding from the Works Progress Administration and dedicated in 1940. After closing for nearly two years for renovations and after much long-standing contention over the murals that adorn the library's exterior, the library reopened in January 2010.
There is a collection of restaurants and cafés at the bottom of the northern slope, near the Cesar Chavez Avenue border. They center around the newly renovated rectangular Precita Park. Notable in that area is Precita Eyes, a mural art center. A strong tradition of neighborhood activism led to the establishment of the Bernal Heights Neighborhood Center in 1979, it works to promote community organizing, affordable housing services, senior services, youth services. Additionally, the neighborhood center hosts "Fiesta on the Hill," one of the last street fairs of the summer festival season; the fair is billed as a "community-building event," and takes place on the third Sunday in October. Bernal's north slope has been referred to as one of San Francisco's "banana belts", with warmer temperatures from San Francisco Bay and less marine fog making its way inland; the grassland on the hilltop is home to a remarkable urban ecosystem, including the majority of native north-coast wildflowers — most notable of, the state flower: the California poppy — raccoons, skunks, at times, at least one coyote.
The radio tower is a major connection point for the metropolitan San Francisco area. Bernal Hill Park is a designated "off-leash" park for dogs, it is a destination for many dogs and their owners since it is one of the largest parks in San Francisco. Bernal Heights Boulevard, which circles the hilltop, has about a 1-mile-long path of asphalt and hard packed sand for walking and running, closed to motor traffic, it is the site of the San Francisco Illegal Soapbox Society's annual derby. Precita Park, named after its eponymous creek, Holly Park provide grassy open areas to the north and south of the hill, respectively; the park is known for its unusually steep streets. Bradford above Tompkins, with an alleged 41% grade, is claimed to be the steepest in the world, but this has yet to be graded by Guinness World Records; the southeast corner of Bernal Heights is home to the open-air Alemany Farmers' Market, one of the oldest extant farmers' markets in the US, operating every Saturday in this location since August 4, 1947.
A flea market occupies the market area on Sundays. Bernal Hill, along with the other hills in the San Francisco area, is a folded hill, created by the "wrinkling up" effect of the Pacific Plate subducting under the No
Mission Bay, San Francisco
Mission Bay is a 303-acre neighborhood on the east side of San Francisco, California. It is bordered by China Basin to the north, Dogpatch to the south, San Francisco Bay to the east. An industrial district, it underwent development fueled by the construction of the UCSF Mission bay campus, is in the final stages of development and construction, it is the site of the under construction Chase Center. Mission Bay is bounded by Townsend Street on the north, Third Street and San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. Before urbanization, Mission Bay was nestled inside of a +500 acre salt marsh and lagoon, was occupied by year-round tidal waters; this area was a natural habitat and refuge for large water fowl populations that included ducks, herons, egrets and gulls. The Native American tribes who resided in this area were the Costanoan people who spoke eight different languages which delineated between the various tribelets; the tribe most prevalent in the Bay area was the Patwin people who resided in the area for over 5,000 years.
Beginning in the mid-1800s, Mission Bay was used as a convenient place to deposit refuse from building projects. It was used to as a dumping ground for debris from the 1906 earthquake; as the marsh stabilized with the weight of the infill, the area became an industrial district. By 1850 the area was used for shipbuilding and repair and meat production, oyster and clam fishing. With the addition of the railroad, Mission Bay became the home to shipyards, canneries, a sugar refinery and various warehouses. In 1998 the area was announced by the Board of Supervisors as a redevelopment project. Much of the land was long a railyard of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, transferred to Catellus Development Corporation when it was spun off as part of the aborted merger of Southern Pacific and the Santa Fe Railway. Catellus subsequently sub-contracted several parcels to other developers, it has evolved into a wealthy neighborhood of luxury condominiums and biotechnology research and development. Mission Bay was the original headquarters of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine prior to the organization's move to Oakland.
It is the headquarters, at 550 Terry Francois Blvd, of the Old Navy brand of The Gap clothing retailer. It is the location of a new research campus of the University of California, San Francisco, UCSF Mission Bay Mission Bay was to be the location of a 14 acre, two-million-square-foot Salesforce.com U. S. headquarters. Salesforce sold the property it owned to the NBA's Golden State Warriors, who have announced plans to build an arena that will open by the 2019–20 NBA season; the northern terminus of the Third Street Light Rail Project of the San Francisco Municipal Railway. The northern terminus of Caltrain. An AT&T Fiber to the premises greenfield project; the first new branch of the San Francisco Public Library in over 40 years, The Mission Bay Branch Library, opened on July 8, 2006. It is located on the ground floor of a new multi-use facility, which includes an adult day health center, affordable senior housing, retail space and a large community meeting room; the new library is 7,500 square feet, is the 27th branch of the San Francisco Public Library.
455 Mission Bay Boulevard South planned to be the headquarters of Pfizer's Biotherapeutics and Bioinnovation Center, occupied by Nektar Therapeutics in November 2010 as their corporate headquarters. The other half of the building is occupied by Bayer's U. S. Innovation Center. Location of the San Francisco Public Safety Building at Third Street and Mission Rock, it includes Police Station and Mission Bay Fire Station. Funding for the building was passed with a 79.4 percent positive vote on Proposition B. The home of Rock Health, a seed accelerator for digital health startups. An estimated 56 biotech companies were clustered in Mission Bay in mid-2010; the San Francisco Bay Trail. The Blue Greenway waterfront trail. Sinking sidewalk on the 1200 block of 4th street Mission Bay is served by the N Judah and T Third Street lines of San Francisco's Muni Metro; the N Judah links the neighborhood to Downtown, BART, Hayes Valley and the Sunset District, the T Third Street links to downtown, BART, the Bayview and Visitacion Valley neighborhoods.
Several other Muni bus and trolley bus lines link the area to neighborhoods to the north and south. The Caltrain commuter rail system connects Mission Bay with San Gilroy; the proposed Central Subway project will make the link between Mission Bay, Oracle Park, Market Street-Union Square, Chinatown faster. Although near to and associated with Oracle Park, the ballpark is in the adjacent South Beach neighborhood. UCSF has built a new 289-bed hospital serving children and cancer patients which opened in February 2015. Construction of the hospital began in October 2010. Mission Bay has a large residential component with 6,404 apartments and/or condos planned; the Beacon is one of the largest condominium complexes in San Francisco and anchors much of the activity in North Mission Bay. With 595 condominium units, it sits on a full city block bounded by Townsend to the north, King to the south and 3rd and 4th Streets. A Safeway anchors the retail sections of the building; the building's name refers to its being the first large scale mixed-use project planned for the new neighborhood, thus "The Beacon" of the area's revival.
The California Institute for Regenerative Me
Alamo Square, San Francisco
Alamo Square is a residential neighborhood and park in San Francisco, California, in the Western Addition. Its boundaries are not well-defined, but are considered to be Webster Street on the east, Golden Gate Avenue on the north, Divisadero Street on the west, Fell Street on the south. Alamo Square Park, the neighborhood's focal point and namesake, consists of four city blocks at the top of a hill overlooking much of downtown San Francisco, with a number of large and architecturally distinctive mansions along the perimeter, including the "Painted Ladies", a well-known postcard motif; the park is bordered by Hayes Street to the south, Steiner Street to the east, Fulton Street to the north, Scott Street to the west. Named after the lone cottonwood tree, Alamo Hill, was a watering hole on the horseback trail from Mission Dolores to the Presidio in the 1800s. In 1856, Mayor James Van Ness created a 12.7 acres park surrounding the watering hole, creating "Alamo Square". Alamo Square Park includes a playground and a tennis court, is frequented by neighbors and dog owners.
On a clear day, the Transamerica Pyramid building and the tops of the Golden Gate Bridge and Bay Bridge can be seen from the park's center. The San Francisco City Hall can be seen directly down Fulton Street; the area is part of the city's fifth Supervisorial district and is served by several Muni bus lines, including the 5, 21, 22, 24. In 2016 it was closed for a $4.3 million renovation lasting seven months. The Alamo Square neighborhood is characterized by Victorian architecture, left untouched by the urban renewal projects in other parts of the Western Addition; the Alamo Square area contains the second largest concentration of homes over 10,000 square feet in San Francisco, after the Pacific Heights neighborhood. A row of Victorian houses facing the park on Steiner Street, known as the "Painted Ladies", are shown in the foreground of panoramic pictures of the city's downtown area. A number of movies, television shows and commercials have been filmed around Alamo Square; the park features in the 1978 horror film The Invasion of the Body Snatchers, the 2012 romantic comedy The Five-Year Engagement.
The opening sequence of the American sitcom Full House features a romp in Alamo Square Park with the famous row of Victorians in the background. There are many architecturally significant mansions on the perimeter of the park, including the William Westerfeld House, the Archbishop's Mansion, the residences of the Russian and German Imperial consuls in the early 1900s, the mansions on the block diagonally across from the Painted Ladies. In 1984, the Alamo Square Historic District was created by the Board of Supervisors, stating: The Alamo Square Historic District is significant as a continuum of distinguished residential architecture by distinguished architects spanning the period from the 1870s to the 1920s; the towered Westerfield House, the renowned "Postcard Row" with its background of the downtown skyline, the neighboring streetscapes are as identified worldwide with San Francisco as the cable cars and Coit Tower. With a variety of architectural styles, the District is unified in its residential character small scale, construction type, intense ornamentation, use of basements and retaining walls to adjust for hillside sites...
With a high degree of integrity to its original designs, the District serves as a visual reminder of how businessmen lived two to four generations ago. The demographics of the neighborhood are characteristic of other urban neighborhoods that have undergone gentrification: many young people and upper-middle-class homeowners, in addition to a diverse older population. Divisadero Street, which divides Alamo Square from North Panhandle, is home to a number of small businesses including a growing collection of hip and popular restaurants and bars, catering to the young tech professionals who are contributing to the booming San Francisco startup economy, who value Alamo Square's weather, conveniently central location and easy access to transportation options. Efforts on the part of Alamo Square and North Panhandle residents and merchants have led to restrictions on chain stores on the corridor; the Harding Theater on Divisadero, closed for many years, is a local symbol of the power of a number of non-profit groups to stymie development, in spite of efforts to put forward a variety of proposals to use this valuable piece of property.
Neighborhood groups include the Alamo Square Neighborhood Association and the Haight-Divisadero Neighborhood Merchants Association. Author Alice Walker lived in one of the "Painted Lady" Victorians across from Alamo Square park up to the mid-1990s. Parks of San Francisco 49-Mile Scenic Drive Map of district 5 of the county, which Alamo Square is a part of Alamo Square Neighborhood Association Alamo Square, from San Francisco Parks Alliance
Marina District, San Francisco
The Marina District is a neighborhood located in San Francisco, California. The neighborhood sits on the site of the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition, staged after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake to celebrate the reemergence of the city. Aside from the Palace of Fine Arts, all other buildings were demolished to make the current neighborhood; the Marina has the highest non-Hispanic white resident percentage of any recognized neighborhood in San Francisco. The area is bounded to the east by Van Ness Fort Mason; the northern half of the Marina is a shoreline of the San Francisco Bay, features the Marina Green, a picturesque park adjacent to the municipal boat marina from which the neighborhood takes its name. Much of the Marina is built on former landfill, is susceptible to soil liquefaction during strong earthquakes; this phenomenon caused extensive damage to the entire neighborhood during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The area in the 19th century prior to the 1906 earthquake consisted of bay shallows, tidal pools, sand dunes, marshland similar to nearby Crissy Field.
Human habitation and development came in the mid to late 19th century in the form of a sandwall and of a road from the nearby Presidio to Fort Mason. Most of the sand dunes were leveled out and a hodgepodge of wharves and industrial plants was built extending from what is now Laguna Street to Steiner Street. However, all of this was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. During reconstruction of the city after the 1906 earthquake, the area was chosen as the site of the Panama–Pacific International Exposition. Although rubble from the earthquake was used as part of the land reclamation, most of the landfill came from dredging mud and sand from the bottom of the Bay. After the end of the exposition in 1915, the land was sold to private developers, who tore down nearly all of the fair's attractions and developed the area into a residential neighborhood; this major redevelopment was completed in the 1920s. In the 1930s, with the completion of the nearby Golden Gate Bridge, Lombard Street was widened, soon developed into a strip of roadside motels.
The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake caused severe liquefaction of the fill upon which the neighborhood is built, causing major damage including a small firestorm. Firefighters resorted to pumping water directly from the Bay, to replace water unavailable from broken water mains; the neighborhood was rebuilt. Physically, the neighborhood appears to have changed little since its construction in the 1920s; the neighborhood is most famous for the Palace of Fine Arts, which until 2013 housed the Exploratorium, a renowned hands-on science museum and children's educational center, which takes up much of the western section of the neighborhood. The Palace is the only building left standing in its original location within the 1915 Exposition fairgrounds; the grounds around the Palace are a popular year-round attraction for tourists and locals, are a favorite location for weddings and wedding party photographs for couples. Chestnut Street is another main attraction for travelers from around the world. Stretching from Fillmore Street down to Divisadero, Chestnut is lined with a collection of stores to shop, as well as restaurants, coffee shops and bars to visit.
The neighborhood is noted for its demographics, which since the 1980s have shifted from middle-class families and pensioners, to professionals in their twenties and thirties. These now make up more than half of the population, although a small, affluent older population remains. San Francisco's Academy of Art University has a campus housing building at the Southern edge of the neighborhood on Lombard Street; the San Francisco Police Department Northern Station serves the Marina District. It is in the San Francisco Unified School District and is within the Sherman Elementary School attendance area; as of 2018 Sherman has about 20 teachers. A16 "Strangers in the night – Bars, cheap sex, boozy anthropology". San Francisco Bay Guardian. Google maps
West Portal, San Francisco
West Portal is a small neighborhood in San Francisco, California. West Portal is a residential area of the City; the neighborhood's main corridor, West Portal Avenue, serves as a principal shopping district of southwestern San Francisco. West Portal is located at the southern edge of the hills in central San Francisco; the neighborhood is named for the western terminus of the Muni tunnel beneath Twin Peaks that opened in 1918. The ride in the subway from West Portal Station to Castro Station is about seven minutes. South of West Portal Station, the L Taraval goes west along Ulloa Street, the K Ingleside and the M Oceanview go south along West Portal Avenue, it is served by the T Third Street Line. The neighborhood is served by 57 Muni bus lines; because of its small size and collection of mom and pop stores and saloons, the neighborhood is described as having a village-like atmosphere. The neighborhood is served by the West Portal Branch of the San Francisco Public Library. Like Glen Park, West Portal is a San Francisco community that functions as a small city itself.
Though small, the neighborhood has many banks, coffee shops, salons, a first run movie theatre, spas. West Portal Avenue is dotted with locally owned and operated businesses which include a book store, toy store, produce market, hardware store; the frequent fog helps keep the area green in the rainless summer months, on a clear day, the park above the tunnel provides a view of the Marin Headlands and the Farallon Islands in the Pacific
Eureka Valley, San Francisco
Eureka Valley is a neighborhood in San Francisco a quiet residential neighborhood but boasting one of the most visited sub-neighborhoods in the city, The Castro. The neighborhood is popular with the LGBT community; the rainbow flag, signifying LGBT pride, can be seen displayed throughout the area. It was a working-class Irish neighborhood until a combination of factory jobs loss and the migration of gays into The Castro radically changed the neighborhood in the 1960s. In 1977, this district elected the first gay politician—Harvey Milk—to public office; the only official definition of neighborhoods in San Francisco is by the city's Planning Department, which defines, a larger "Castro/Upper Market" neighborhood. The definition of Eureka Valley by the Castro/Eureka Valley Neighbors Association as well as a 2007 Planning Department study is: Sanchez Street on the east 22nd Street on the south Twin Peaks on the west Duboce Avenue on the northwith Noe Valley to the south and Mission District to the east.
It encompasses several micro neighborhoods including The Duboce Triangle. Neighborhood associations defining sub-neighborhoods within Eureka Valley are: 19th Street, Buena Vista, Corbett Heights, Corona Heights, Dolores Heights, Duboce Triangle, Hartford Street for Hartford, Mission Dolores. In 1845 José de Jesús Noé was granted Rancho San Miguel, four thousand acres stretching from Twin Peaks into Noe and Eureka valleys. In 1854 John M. Horner purchased the ranch and laid out Horner's Addition in a grid bounded by Castro Street on the west, Valencia Street on the east, 18th Street on the north and 30th Street on the south. Eureka Valley was part of the Mission Dolores subdivision but was not developed until the 1890s and the early 1900s; the opening of the Market & Castro Street Cable Car line in 1886 opened Eureka Valley to development — small wood-frame cottages and two-story flats. The only industry in the area was a mattress factory on the block bounded by Market and Fifteenth streets. Most residents were working and lower-middle-class tradesmen, small business owners, civil servants and artisans, with Irish, German and Scandinavian immigrants, as well as some old-stock Americans living in the neighborhood.
Eureka Valley escaped destruction in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and subsequent fire because the fires were stopped at Dolores Street. After the 1906 earthquake, thousands of earthquake refugees began purchasing lots and erecting cottages and flats in the area; the momentum continued after the completion of Twin Peaks Tunnel in 1918 and the Municipal Railway’s J Church streetcar line in 1917. The Eureka Valley Improvement Association, founded on September 3, 1905 lobbied the city's Board of Supervisors for many early improvements in the neighborhood, such as improved streetcar service, better lighting, public school construction; the association was instrumental in preventing the spread of the fires after the 1906 earthquake. The Eureka Valley branch of the San Francisco Public Library opened in 1902 at the corner of Noe and Seventeenth streets; the original building, damaged in the 1957 Daly City earthquake, was replaced by the current structure in 1962, refurbished in 2009. The commercial area of Eureka Valley, centered on the intersection of 18th Street and Castro Street, was transformed in the 1970s with the development of the gay community known as "The Castro."
Eureka Valley, FoundSF Castro/Eureka_Valley Neighborhood Association
Presidio of San Francisco
The Presidio of San Francisco is a park and former U. S. Army military fort on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula in San Francisco, is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, it had been a fortified location since September 17, 1776, when New Spain established the presidio to gain a foothold in Alta California and the San Francisco Bay. It passed to Mexico, which in turn passed it to the United States in 1848; as part of a 1989 military reduction program under the Base Realignment and Closure process, Congress voted to end the Presidio's status as an active military installation of the U. S. Army. On October 1, 1994, it was transferred to the National Park Service, ending 219 years of military use and beginning its next phase of mixed commercial and public use. In 1996, the United States Congress created the Presidio Trust to oversee and manage the interior 80% of the park's lands, with the National Park Service managing the coastal 20%. In a first-of-its-kind structure, Congress mandated that the Presidio Trust make the Presidio financially self-sufficient by 2013.
The Presidio achieved the goal in 2005, eight years ahead of the scheduled deadline. The park is characterized by many wooded areas and scenic vistas overlooking the Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco Bay, the Pacific Ocean, it was recognized as a California Historical Landmark in 1933 and as a National Historic Landmark in 1962. The visitor centers are operated by the National Park Service: Presidio Visitor Center: offers changing exhibits about the Presidio, information about sights and activities in the park, a bookstore; the Presidio Transit Center is located adjacent to this visitor center and is served by the PresidiGo Shuttle and Muni bus routes. Battery Chamberlin: seacoast defense museum and artillery display at Baker Beach built in 1904. Fort Point: 1861 brick and granite fortification located under the Golden Gate Bridge; the visitor center, open on Friday and Sunday, offers video orientations, guided tours, self-guiding materials, a bookstore. Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary Visitor Center: This center offers hands-on marine-life exhibits, is located in a historic Coast Guard Station at the west end of Crissy Field.
The building was used by the Coast Guard from 1890 to 1990. Golden Gate Bridge Pavilion: opened May 2012 for the 75th anniversary of the Golden Gate Bridge, the Pavilion is the first visitor center in the history of the Golden Gate Bridge, it is located just east of the southern end of the bridge. Hidden Presidio Outdoor Track: begins at Julius Kahn Playground and encircles the valley just below it.75 miles of dirt trails, wooden stairs, various altitudes. To view track course see Crissy Field Center is an urban environmental education center with programs for schools, public workshops, after-school programs, summer camps, more; the Center is operated by the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy and overlooks a restored tidal marsh. The facilities include interactive environmental exhibits, a media lab, resource library, arts workshop, science lab, gathering room, teaching kitchen, café and bookstore; the landscape of Crissy Field was designed by George Hargreaves. The project restored a functioning and sustaining tidal wetland as a habitat for flora and fauna, which were not in evidence on the site.
It restored a historic grass airfield that functioned as a culturally significant military airfield between 1919 and 1936. The park at Crissy Field expanded and widened the recreational opportunities of the existing 1 1⁄2-mile San Francisco shore to a broader number of Presidio residents and visitors. A major planned component of the Presidio's park attractions is the Tunnel Tops project, which would construct a 14-acre park on top of the tunneled portions of Doyle Drive; the park would contain several meadows and walking trails, along with viewpoints for major landmarks such as the Golden Gate Bridge. Negotiations between Caltrans, the San Francisco County Transportation Authority, the Presidio Trust to finalize the land transfer for the park lasted from 2015 to 2018; the budget for the park is $100 million, funded with public funds from the Presidio Trust along with private contributions. Construction for the park is planned to start in October 2018 and the park is slated to be open for public use in 2021.
1776: Spanish Captain Juan Bautista de Anza led 193 soldiers and children on a trek from present day Tubac, Arizona, to San Francisco Bay. September 17, 1776: The Presidio began as a Spanish garrison to defend Spain's claim to San Francisco Bay and to support Mission Dolores. 1794: Castillo de San Joaquin, an artillery emplacement was built above present-day Fort Point, San Francisco, complete with iron or bronze cannon. Six cannons may be seen in the Presidio today. 1776–1821: The Presidio was a simple fort made of adobe and wood. It was damaged by earthquakes or heavy rains. In 1783, its company was only 33 men. Presidio soldiers' duties were to support Mission Dolores by controlling Indian workers in the Mission, farming and hunting in order to supply themselves and their families. Support from Spanish authorities in Mexico was limited. 1821: Mexico became independent of Spain. The Presidio received less support from Mexico. Residents of Alta California, which include the Presidio, debated separating from Mexico.
1827, January: Minor earthquake in San Francisco, some buildings were damaged extensively. 1835