An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. Simplistically speaking, the person denominated actor or actress is someone beautiful who plays important characters, the actor performs in the flesh in the traditional medium of the theatre, or in modern mediums such as film and television. The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής, literally one who answers, the actors interpretation of their role pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs even when the actor is playing themselves, as in forms of experimental performance art, or, more commonly, to act, is to create. Formerly, in societies, only men could become actors. When used for the stage, women played the roles of prepubescent boys. The etymology is a derivation from actor with ess added. However, when referring to more than one performer, of both sexes, actor is preferred as a term for male performers. Actor is used before the name of a performer as a gender-specific term.
Within the profession, the re-adoption of the term dates to the 1950–1960s. As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper, Im an actor – I can play anything. The U. K. performers union Equity has no policy on the use of actor or actress, an Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the. subject divides the profession. In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that Actress remains the term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. However, player remains in use in the theatre, often incorporated into the name of a group or company, such as the American Players. Also, actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as players, prior to Thespis act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, and in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are commonly called Thespians, the exclusively male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama, tragedy and the satyr play.
Western theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans, as the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies, from the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder
London /ˈlʌndən/ is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain and it was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. Londons ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1. 12-square-mile medieval boundaries. London is a global city in the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism. It is crowned as the worlds largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world, London is a world cultural capital. It is the worlds most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the worlds largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic, London is the worlds leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. Londons universities form the largest concentration of education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted the modern Summer Olympic Games three times, London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.
Its estimated mid-2015 municipal population was 8,673,713, the largest of any city in the European Union, Londons urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The citys metropolitan area is the most populous in the EU with 13,879,757 inhabitants, the city-region therefore has a similar land area and population to that of the New York metropolitan area. London was the worlds most populous city from around 1831 to 1925, Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Pauls Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world, the etymology of London is uncertain. It is an ancient name, found in sources from the 2nd century and it is recorded c.121 as Londinium, which points to Romano-British origin, and hand-written Roman tablets recovered in the city originating from AD 65/70-80 include the word Londinio. The earliest attempted explanation, now disregarded, is attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae and this had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
From 1898, it was accepted that the name was of Celtic origin and meant place belonging to a man called *Londinos. The ultimate difficulty lies in reconciling the Latin form Londinium with the modern Welsh Llundain, which should demand a form *lōndinion, from earlier *loundiniom. The possibility cannot be ruled out that the Welsh name was borrowed back in from English at a date, and thus cannot be used as a basis from which to reconstruct the original name. Until 1889, the name London officially applied only to the City of London, two recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue and dance. The story and emotional content of a musical – humor, love, anger – are communicated through the words, movement, since the early 20th century, musical theatre stage works have generally been called, musicals. These were followed by the numerous Edwardian musical comedies and the theatre works of American creators like George M. Cohan. Musicals are performed around the world and they may be presented in large venues, such as big-budget Broadway or West End productions in New York City or London. Alternatively, musicals may be staged in smaller fringe theatre, Off-Broadway or regional theatre productions, musicals are often presented by amateur and school groups in churches and other performance spaces. In addition to the United States and Britain, there are vibrant musical theatre scenes in continental Europe, Australasia, the three main components of a book musical are its music and book. The interpretation of a musical is the responsibility of its team, which includes a director. A musicals production is characterized by technical aspects, such as set design, stage properties, lighting.
The creative team and interpretations generally change from the production to succeeding productions. Some production elements, may be retained from the production, for example. There is no fixed length for a musical, while it can range from a short one-act entertainment to several acts and several hours in length, most musicals range from one and a half to three hours. Musicals are usually presented in two acts, with one intermission, and the first act is frequently longer than the second. A book musical is usually built four to six main theme tunes that are reprised in the show. Several shorter musicals on Broadway and in the West End have been presented in one act in recent decades, moments of greatest dramatic intensity in a book musical are often performed in song. Proverbially, when the emotion becomes too strong for speech, you sing, many fewer words are sung in a five-minute song than are spoken in a five-minute block of dialogue. Therefore, there is time to develop drama in a musical than in a straight play of equivalent length.
Within the compressed nature of a musical, the writers must develop the characters, the material presented in a musical may be original, or it may be adapted from novels, classic legends, historical events or films. On the other hand, many musical theatre works have been adapted for musical films, such as West Side Story, My Fair Lady, The Sound of Music, Oliver
AVN sponsored the first AVN Awards ceremony in February 1984. The award ceremony occurs in early January during the AVN Adult Entertainment Expo in Las Vegas, since 2008, the ceremony has aired in a form edited for time on Showtime, which is usually broadcast in a 90-minute time slot. Awards for gay adult video were a part of the AVN Awards from the 1986 ceremony through the 1998 ceremony, the increasing number of categories made the show unwieldy. For the 1999 ceremony AVN Magazine began hosting the GayVN Awards, however, it appears that the GayVN Awards have been discontinued, the last award year was 2010. Originally, the show was part of the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. The event started out as the Adult Software exhibition of the show, when the show became a separate event, it initially moved to Caesars Palace, but it has since moved to other Las Vegas venues. A writer from Los Angeles magazine made the claim in 2006 that awards often go to consistent advertisers in AVN magazine, actresses trying to secure a nomination stop in to schmooze at the magazines Chatsworth offices.
Client once presented dolls of herself to editors and writers, similar allegations have been made regarding the Academy Award nominations and influencing Academy member voting that date back to at least 1988 with regard to movies such as Rain Man. In 2013, actress Tanya Tate offered some insights into the industry in an interview with the Huffington Post about the 30th AVN Awards at which she was nominated for an award. She stated, If you are more popular with the fans, companies are likely to book you for their production. People that win male and female performer of the year are generally solid consistent talent that are open to many levels, the following is a list of the winners in the major categories for the AVN Awards. From 1999 onwards, AVN Magazine began hosting the GayVN Awards, list of pornographic film studios Official website Adult Video News Awards at the Internet Movie Database The History of the Porn Awards and Las Vegas
Sin City (studio)
Sin City is an American pornographic film studio. The company is owned by David Sturman, the son of Reuben Sturman, David Sturmans son Jared is the General Manager. In 2007 it signed an exclusive contract with Tory Lane to perform in. In May 2008 it was announced that she had left her contract
Jim South is a recruiter and agent in America’s pornography industry. South sold insurance in Dallas for a few years and moved to Los Angeles in 1968 and he opened a fashion modeling agency first, formed the World Modeling Talent Agency in Sherman Oaks, California in 1976. The agency represented many performers and models who worked in movies and magazines. World Modeling became infamous for unknowingly representing a underaged Traci Lords, through Souths agency, 15-year-old Lords started nude modeling under the stage name Kristie Elizabeth Nussman. Lords became the September 1984 Penthouse Pet of the Month, for which she earned $5000, the charges were eventually dismissed after the discovery that the government had issued Lords a passport under the name Kristi Nussman. In an interview South said, The only reason that dropped was that the government that saw the very same ID I saw gave Traci a passport to go to Europe to make an X-rated movie. That movie, Traci, I Love You, which was made in Cannes soon after Lords 18th birthday, is her only legal porn film in the United States.
In interviews and her book, Lords held him in contempt for what she sees as his unapologetic role in her sexual exploitation. Lords wrote that South gave her cocaine and champagne during her first nude photo shoot at World Modeling, in 1991, porn producers discovered that Alexandra Quinn, a World Modeling talent, had entered porn in 1990 at age 17. Quinn pretended that she was born in 1968, the year as Traci Lords birth. Unlike the Lords case, Quinn did not generate a scandal with media coverage, World Modeling shut down in November 2006 because of falling profits. Over a year on December 5,2007, South announced the reopening of World Modeling with a change of direction as well as an intent to reduce the number of women he represents. Souths female clients could earn up to $1,500 for a days work, exotic acts, involving multiple partners or bizarre fetishism could fetch $3,500. South did not work on percentage basis, but was rather paid $65 a day per performer by the films producer, in rare cases, when having negotiated an exclusive deal, he would get a cut from the profits.
South claims he maintained a strict no-dating policy with his clients, South married his wife in 1975. Jim South at the Internet Movie Database Jim South at the Internet Adult Film Database World Modeling Talent Agency
Windsor is a city in Ontario and the southernmost city in Canada. It is located on the shore of the Detroit River, directly across the river from Detroit. Windsor is a contributor to Canadas automotive industry and has a storied history. Prior to European exploration and settlement, the Windsor area was inhabited by the First Nations, a French agricultural settlement was established at the site of Windsor in 1749. It is the oldest continually inhabited European-founded settlement in Canada west of Montreal, the area was first named la Petite Côte. Later it was called La Côte de Misère because of the sandy soils near LaSalle, Windsors French-Canadian heritage is reflected in French street names such as Ouellette, François, Langlois and Lauzon. The current street system of Windsor reflects the Canadien method of land division. Today, the street name often indicates the name of the family that at one time farmed the land where the street is now located. The street system of outlying areas is consistent with the British system for granting land concessions, there is a significant French-speaking minority in Windsor and the surrounding area, particularly in the Lakeshore, Tecumseh and LaSalle areas.
In 1794, after the American Revolution, the settlement of Sandwich was founded and it was renamed Windsor, after the town in Berkshire, England. The Sandwich neighbourhood on Windsors west side is home to some of the oldest buildings in the city, including Mackenzie Hall, this building functions as a community centre. The oldest building in the city is the Duff-Baby House built in 1792 and it is owned by Ontario Heritage Trust and houses government offices. The François Baby House in downtown Windsor was built in 1812 and houses Windsors Community Museum, Windsor was the site of a battle during the Upper Canada Rebellion in 1838, and served as a theatre for the Patriot War, that year. Windsor was established as a village in 1854, became a town in 1858, the Windsor Police Service was established on July 1,1867. A fire consumed much of Windsors downtown core on October 12,1871, Ford City and Walkerville were separate legal entities in their own right until 1935. They are now historic neighbourhoods of Windsor, Ford City was officially incorporated as a village in 1912, it became a town in 1915, and a city in 1929.
Walkerville was incorporated as a town in 1890, Sandwich was established in 1817 as a town with no municipal status. It was incorporated as a town in 1858 and these three towns were annexed by Windsor in 1935
The steps and essential style of jazz dancing, originated from dances of Africans brought to the Americas as slaves. Originally, the jazz dance encompassed any dance done to jazz music. Over time, a clearly defined jazz genre emerged, changing from a dance to a theatrical dance performed on stage by professionals. The term was first used to describe dances done to the jazz music of the early 20th century. At that time, it referred to any dance done to jazz music, a defining feature was its free conversation-like style of improvisation. Beginning in the 1930s and continuing through the 1960s, jazz dance transformed from its form into a theatre-based performance art. During this time, choreographers from other genres experimented with the style, including George Balanchine, Agnes de Mille, Jack Cole, Hanya Holm, Helen Tamiris, Michael Kidd, Jerome Robbins, and Bob Fosse. All of these choreographers influenced jazz by requiring highly trained dancers, in the 1950s, jazz dance was profoundly influenced by Caribbean and Latin American influences introduced by Katherine Dunham.
(This section refers to elements of Modern Jazz Dance, the elements of other jazz styles can be found in detail on their own entries Isolations are a quality of movement that were introduced to jazz dance by Katherine Dunham. A low center of gravity and high level of energy are other important identifying characteristics of jazz dance, other elements of jazz dance are less common and are the stylizations of their respective choreographers. One such example are the limbs and hunched-over posture of Bob Fosse. Modern dance is now competed and performed through North America and many countries across the world. There are many different stylistic preferences seen in jazz dances, such as a slow or fast pace, Jazz can be performed to any type of song and can be characterized by the technical and sharp movements. Michael Bennett, writer and dancer who was an award winner. A Chorus Line and Dream Girls are examples of some of his work, busby Berkley, movie choreographer in the 1930s and 1940s famous for geometric pattern and kaleidoscopic arrangements Jack Cole, considered the father of jazz dance technique.
He was a key inspiration to Matt Mattox, Bob Fosse, Jerome Robbins, Gwen Verdon and he is credited with popularizing the theatrical form of jazz dance with his great number of choreographic works on television and Broadway. Katherine Dunham, an anthropologist and pioneer in Black theatrical dance, the exercise routine he created for his own rehabilitation became the worlds first complete technique for learning jazz dance. Bob Fosse, a noted jazz choreographer who created a new form of dance that was inspired by Fred Astaire
Kylie Ireland is an American pornographic actress, film director, producer and Satellite radio show host. She is an inductee into the AVN, XRCO, and NightMoves Halls of Fame, Ireland was born on May 26,1970, in Longmont, Colorado, a small community outside Denver. She grew up a student until her parents divorced when she was 13. At 15 she became rebellious and started taking drugs, until her father sent her to live with her mother. In San Diego, Ireland returned to getting good grades, graduated high school, while going to high school and college, Ireland worked part-time ordering videos for a chain of video stores, which she credits for learning a lot about pornographic films. Ireland returned to Colorado to continue college partially in Boulder, partially in Fort Collins, one of her first female lovers was a waitress at the same club who would become the pornographic actress Juli Ashton. She entered the film industry in 1994, through an acquaintance with glamour photographer Warren Tang. Her first films were Lil Ms.
Behaved, where she performed with Randy West, Ireland moved to Los Angeles after her first five films, and performed in a total of 80 films her first year, before returning to Colorado intending to slow down her film work. From 1995 to 2000, Ireland performed in exclusive contracts, starring in a few films per year, while traveling across America and Europe, strip tease dancing and promoting her films. Her first contract, with Sin City Entertainment, was brief and that was followed by a five-year contract with VCA Pictures. Ireland served as VCAs Director of Publicity from 1999 to 2000, demonstrating that no hard feelings remained about the lawsuit, she had a one-month stint as Director of Publicity for Sin City in April 2003. In 1996, during her time at VCA, Ireland returned to her red hair. In January 1995 Ireland was awarded AVN Best New Starlet by Adult Video News Magazine and this would be the first of many adult film awards. Fans of X-Rated Entertainment awarded her the Vixen award in 1995 and she was named by Playboy Magazine as one of their Top 10 Porn Stars for 1997.
In 2001, AVN listed her among the Top 50 Porn Stars of All Time, when her contract with VCA expired, Ireland directed her first movie, The Whore Next Door. Ireland continued to direct, first for Jewel DeNyle at Platinum X Pictures, in April 2006, she founded her own adult film company, SlutWerkz, which features women directors and Cross as head of production and starring in hardcore gonzo pornography. SlutWerkz launch was delayed from its planned fall 2007 to sometime in 2008 after replacing the original intended distributors, the company originally planned to release one film per month. Ireland started her website, http, //www. kylieireland. com, in 1996, becoming one of the first pornographic actresses on the Web
Stephanie Gregory Clifford, is an American pornographic actress and director best known by her stage name Stormy Daniels and known as Stormy Waters and simply Stormy. She is a member of the NightMoves, AVN and XRCO Halls of Fame, in 2009, a recruitment effort led her to consider challenging incumbent David Vitter for the 2010 Senate election in her native Louisiana. Daniels parents divorced when she was four and she was subsequently raised by her mother. Daniels has said of her childhood that she came from an average, Daniels began stripping at age 17 at a club in Baton Rouge, expanded to become a feature entertainer with Continental Theatrical Agency in September 2000. She chose her name to reflect her love of Mötley Crüe, whose bassist, Nikki Sixx. Since she is from Louisiana, she chose the last name Daniels after seeing a Jack Daniels advertisement that read a Southern favorite. While working as a feature she met Devon Michaels, who was doing lesbian scenes in a pair of upcoming movies — one for Wicked Pictures and one for Sin City—and invited Daniels to accompany her.
Daniels accompanied Michaels to her Wicked shoot, where she met Brad Armstrong and co-starred with Michaels in her Sin City scene, Armstrong invited Daniels to stay with him where she continued doing lesbian-only scenes. In 2004, she won the Best New Starlet Award from Adult Video News and she has directed for Wicked since 2004. Daniels was inducted into the AVN Hall of Fame on January 18,2014 and was inducted into the XRCO Hall of Fame on April 16,2014. Her directorial work that year earned fourteen AVN Award nominations including a nomination for Best Safe Sex Scene for her performance with Brendon Miller in François Clousot’s First Crush, Daniels appeared in an episode of Real Sex where she is seen participating in 2001 Miss Nude Great Plains Contest. In early 2007 she appeared in Dirt on the FX Network, in 2007 Daniels appeared in Maroon 5s music video for their song Wake Up Call as a pole dancer. She appears in the film The 40-Year-Old Virgin when the character watches her in the video Space Nuts, Episode 69—Unholy Union.
A group of fans attempted to recruit Daniels to run against Republican Senator David Vitter in Louisiana in 2010, the recruitment process was centered around the website DraftStormy. com. On May 21,2009, she formed an exploratory committee, Daniels was unaffiliated with any party until April,2010 when she declared herself as a Republican. On July 28,2009, it was reported that her manager had been targeted by a car bomb attack. She announced on April 15,2010 that she would not be running for Senate, saying she could not afford a run for the Senate seat, Daniels was born as Stephanie Gregory Clifford in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Daniels has a daughter with her then-boyfriend Glendon Crain
A striptease is an erotic or exotic dance in which the performer gradually undresses, either partly or completely, in a seductive and sexually suggestive manner. The person who performs a striptease is commonly known as a stripper or exotic dancer. In Western countries, the venues where stripteases are performed on a regular basis are now usually called strip clubs, though they may be performed in such as pubs, theaters. At times, a stripper may be hired to perform at a bachelor or bachelorette party, in addition to providing adult entertainment, stripping can be a form of sexual play between partners. Striptease involves a slow, sensuous undressing, the emphasis is on the act of undressing along with sexually suggestive movement, rather than the state of being undressed. In the past, the performance often finished as soon as the undressing was finished, the costume the stripper wears before disrobing can form part of the act. In some cases, audience interaction can form part of the act, with audience urging the stripper to remove more clothing and public nudity have been subject to legal and cultural prohibitions and other aesthetic considerations and taboos.
Restrictions on venues may be through venue licensing requirements and constraints and these laws vary considerably around the world, and even between different parts of the same country. H. L. Gypsy Rose Lee, one of the most famous artists of all time. The origins of striptease as a performance art are disputed and various dates, the term striptease was first recorded in 1932, though stripping, in the sense of women removing clothing to sexually excite men, seems to go back to at least the late 19th century. There is an aspect in the ancient Sumerian myth of the descent of the goddess Inanna into the Underworld. At each of the seven gates, she removed an article of clothing or a piece of jewelry, as long as she remained in hell, the earth was barren. Some believe this myth was embodied in the dance of the seven veils of Salome, although the Bible records Salomes dance, the first mention of her removing seven veils occurs in Oscar Wildes play of Salome, in 1893. In ancient Greece, the lawgiver Solon established several classes of prostitutes in the late 6th century BC, among these classes of prostitutes were the auletrides, female dancers and musicians, noted for dancing naked in an alluring fashion in front of audiences of men.
In ancient Rome, dance featuring stripping was part of the entertainments at the Floralia and she was famous for her striptease performance of Leda and the Swan. From these accounts, it appears that the practice was hardly exceptional nor new and it was, actively opposed by the Christian Church, which succeeded in obtaining statutes banning it in the following century. The degree to which these statutes were subsequently enforced is, of course, what is certain is that no practice of the sort is reported in texts of the European Middle Ages. An early version of strip-tease became popular in England at the time of the Restoration, a strip tease was incorporated into the Restoration comedy The Rover, written by Aphra Behn in 1677