The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
South Carolina's 3rd congressional district
The 3rd Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in western South Carolina bordering both Georgia and North Carolina. It includes all of Abbeville, Edgefield, Laurens, McCormick, Oconee and Saluda counties and portions of Greenville and Newberry counties; the district is rural, but much of the economy revolves around the manufacturing centers of Anderson and Greenwood. The district was a Democratic stronghold, Democrats continued to hold most local offices well into the 1990s. However, most residents share the conservative views of their counterparts in the 4th district and the district has elected Republicans since 1994. Republicans now dominate the district's politics at all levels scoring margins rivaling those in the 4th. Indeed, no Democrat has cleared the 40 percent mark in the district in a quarter-century. South Carolina's senior Senator, Lindsey Graham, held this seat from 1995 to 2003, he was succeeded by J. Gresham Barrett. State Rep. Jeff Duncan won the seat in 2010.
From 2003 to 2013 the district included all of Abbeville, Edgefield, Greenwood, McCormick, Oconee and Saluda counties and most of Aiken and Laurens counties. South Carolina's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Mauldin, South Carolina
Mauldin is a city in Greenville County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 15,224 at the 2000 census, 22,889 in 2010, an estimated 25,135 in 2015, it is a principal city of the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin Metropolitan Statistical Area. Mauldin is located south of the center of Greenville County, between the city of Greenville to the northwest and Simpsonville to the southeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.0 square miles, of which 0.04 square miles, or 0.46%, are water. U. S. Route 276 passes through the center of Mauldin, leading northwest 8 miles to the center of Greenville and southeast 5 miles to Simpsonville. Interstate 385 runs through the eastern side of Mauldin, leading north to Interstate 85 on the east side of Greenville. I-385 connects with Interstate 185 on the southern edge of Mauldin, I-185 continues west and northwest 13 miles to join I-85 on the southwest side of Greenville. From its interchange with I-185, I-385 leads southeast 30 miles to Interstate 26 near Clinton.
Benjamin Griffith was awarded the first land grant in what is now called Mauldin in 1784. The name of Mauldin was given to the town accidentally in 1820 thanks to South Carolina's lieutenant governor, W. L. Mauldin; the train station was called "Mauldin" because the lieutenant governor had assisted in getting the Greenville Laurens Railroad Company to come through the village. Over time, the entire area took the name of Mauldin. During the Civil War, many of Mauldin's citizens left to fight, the city dried up, it never recovered until after World War II when the community was incorporated as a town. As of the census of 2000, there were 15,224 people, 6,131 households, 4,242 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,767.1 people per square mile. There were 6,500 housing units at an average density of 754.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 74.25% White, 20.82% African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.24% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.73% of the population. There were 6,131 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 30.8% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $51,657, the median income for a family was $61,817. Males had a median income of $41,047 versus $29,985 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,750. About 3.2% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
The supermarket chain BI-LO once had its headquarters in Mauldin. Greenville County School District operates public schools; the only high school is Mauldin High School. Kevin Garnett, professional basketball player Orlando Jones, actor Al Yeargin, professional baseball player City of Mauldin official website Mauldin High School Mauldin Police Department
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Abbeville County, South Carolina
Abbeville County is a county located in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 25,417, its county seat is Abbeville. It is the first county in the United States alphabetically. Abbeville County is included in the Greenwood, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area. Both Abbeville County and the county seat, get their name from the town of Abbeville, France; the county was part of Ninety-Six District, South Carolina, but was designated Abbeville County in 1785, with parts of the county going to the creation of the counties of Greenwood and McCormick. Abbeville County was settled by Scotch Irish and French-Huguenot farmers in the mid-18th century; the Treaty of Dewitt's Corner, a historic peace negotiation with the Cherokee Indians, was signed in Dewitt's Corner in the county. A a result of the treaty, the Cherokee tribe broke into two factions, one of which, the Chickamauga Cherokee, continued fighting area settlers for another 30 years.
Abbeville County was a hotbed of secession before the Civil War and was where the last Confederate council of war was heldIn 1950 Abbeville County had a population of 22,456. Bryan McClain is the chairman of the Abbeville County Council, who represents District 7; the other members and their districts are as following: Charlie Stone- District 1 John Calhoun- District 2 Claude Thomas- District 3 William Norris- District 4 Oscar Klugh- District 5 Don Campbell- District 6 There were nine documented lynchings in Abbeville, SC. Dave Roberts known as "David Roberts","Robert Dane", 1882. Tut Danford, 1889. Jake "Jacob" Davis, August 21, 1893. Will Lawton, December 6, 1893. James A. Nelson known as "James Macon","James Mason", 1894. Allen Pendleton, 1905. Will Lozier, 1915. Anthony Crawford, a prominent landowner, businessman lynched for not selling his cotton at the price demanded. 1916. Mark "Max" Smith, 1919. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 511 square miles, of which 490 square miles is land and 21 square miles is water.
Abbeville County is in the Saluda River basin. Greenville County - north Anderson County - north Laurens County - northeast Greenwood County - east McCormick County - southeast Elbert County, Georgia - west Sumter National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 26,167 people, 10,131 households, 7,284 families residing in the county; the population density was 52 people per square mile. There were 11,656 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 68.33% White, 30.29% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, 0.71% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.1% were of American, 9.7% Irish, 6.7% English, 5.5% German and 5.3% Scotch-Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 10,131 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 15.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families.
25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,635, the median income for a family was $38,847. Males had a median income of $30,452 versus $21,045 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,370. About 10.10% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,417 people, 9,990 households, 6,939 families residing in the county.
The population density was 51.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,079 housing units at an average density of 24.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 69.6% white, 28.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.7% were American, 10.9% were Irish, 9.7% were English, 7.6% were German, 5.6% were Scotch-Irish. Of the 9,990 households, 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 41.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $33,143 and the median income for a family was $45,147. Males had a median income of $39,217 versus $29,199 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $16,653. About 16.3% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over. Most Abbeville County schools are part of the Abbeville County School District; the following schools are within the district: Abbeville County Adult Education Abbeville High School Abbeville County Career Center Cher
Greenwood County, South Carolina
Greenwood County is a county located in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 69,661, its county seat is Greenwood. Greenwood County is included in SC Micropolitan Statistical Area; the arrival of the railroad in 1852 stimulated cotton growing and textile manufacturing in this area. The rise of textile manufacturing in the New South altered the society of the region; the first cotton mill in Greenwood opened in 1890 with 75 workers. When it nearly failed in 1908, James C. Self became president of Greenwood Cotton Mill and built one of the largest privately-held companies in the industry. Abney Mills, based in Greenwood, spread its production plants across the upstate. Greenwood County was formed in 1897 from portions of Abbeville and Edgefield counties, part of the old Ninety-Six District, it was named for Greenwood. This had been named around 1824 after a plantation owned by an early resident; the area was developed for cotton plantations and was dependent on slave labor.
It has continued to be agricultural in the 21st century. Greenwood County was the site of the November 1898 Phoenix Election riot; the Great Depression altered the landscape of Greenwood County. Farmers were impoverished, land values declined, local textile mills struggled to survive and to resist union efforts to organize the workers. After 1933, New Deal programs offered limited work relief for the unemployed; the largest New Deal project in the area was construction of Buzzard's Roost Dam on the Saluda River to impound Lake Greenwood and generate electricity in a county-owned power plant. Today the hydroelectric plant has been sold to Duke Power Company while the lake offers an array of recreational facilities. Since 1950, Greenwood County has experienced diversified industrial growth with construction of new factories by major corporations such as Monsanto, Velux and Fujifilm. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 463 square miles, of which 455 square miles is land and 8.2 square miles is water.
Greenwood County is in the Saluda River basin. Laurens County - north Newberry County - northeast Edgefield County - southeast Saluda County - southeast McCormick County - southwest Abbeville County - west Ninety Six National Historic Site Sumter National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 66,271 people, 25,729 households, 17,753 families residing in the county; the population density was 146 people per square mile. There were 28,243 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 65.57% White, 31.74% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 2.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 25,729 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 16.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.00% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,702, the median income for a family was $42,022. Males had a median income of $30,759 versus $23,820 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,446. About 9.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,661 people, 27,547 households, 18,438 families residing in the county; the population density was 153.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 31,054 housing units at an average density of 68.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 62.9% white, 31.4% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 3.5% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.8% were American, 8.7% were English, 8.2% were Irish, 8.0% were German. Of the 27,547 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 37.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,797 and the median income for a family was $49,785. Males had a median income of $36,806 versus $29,327 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,728. About 12.8% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
Greenwood County boasts a modern and diverse economic base, from Fujifilm’s North American manufacturing and research and development headquarters to nationally recognized genetics research at the Greenwood Genetic Center. 26% of the local workforce is dedicated to manufacturing. In 2015, the median household income in Greenwood County, SC was $37,060, a 2.82% growth from the previ
1790 United States Census
The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214. Congress assigned responsibility for the 1790 census to the marshals of United States judicial districts under an act which, with minor modifications and extensions, governed census taking until the 1840 census. "The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president." Both Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and President George Washington expressed skepticism over the results, believing that the true population had been undercounted.
If there was indeed an undercount, possible explanations for it include dispersed population, poor transportation links, limitations of contemporary technology, individual refusal to participate. Although the Census was proved statistically factual, based on data collected, the records for several states were lost sometime between 1790 and 1830. One third of the original census data have been lost or destroyed since their original documentation; these include some 1790 data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont. No microdata from the 1790 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves.
Under the direction of the current Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, marshals collected data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory. The census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. At 17.8 percent, the 1790 Census's proportion of slaves to the free population was the highest recorded by any census. Media related to 1790 United States Census at Wikimedia Commons Historic US Census data 1790 Census of Population and Housing official reports Population of 24 Urban Places: 1790