Colorado County, Texas
Colorado County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 20,874, its county seat is Columbus. It is named for the Colorado River of Texas; the county was organized the next year. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 974 square miles, of which 960 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water. Interstate 10 U. S. Highway 90 U. S. Highway 90 Alternate State Highway 71 Austin County Wharton County Jackson County Lavaca County Fayette County Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 20,390 people, 7,641 households, 5,402 families residing in the county; the population density was 21 people per square mile. There were 9,431 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.79% White, 14.80% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.04% from other races, 1.78% from two or more races.
19.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,641 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,425, the median income for a family was $41,388. Males had a median income of $30,063 versus $20,014 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,910.
About 12.30% of families and 16.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.00% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over. Columbus Eagle Lake Weimar Glidden Osage Pisek Provident City Like many southern counties, Colorado County was predominantly Democratic prior to the 1960s and predominantly Republican since then; the last Democrat to carry the state was Jimmy Carter in 1976. List of museums in East Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Colorado County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Colorado County Colorado County government’s website Colorado County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Weimar Information and Events Columbus Information and Events
Moulton is a town in Lavaca County, United States. The population was 944 at the 2000 census. Moulton is located at 42°34′26″N 97°8′47″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 944 people, 383 households, 243 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,147.2 people per square mile. There were 451 housing units at an average density of 548.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.87% White, 0.74% African American, 0.11% Asian, 2.33% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.14% of the population. There were 383 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.3% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.97. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 27.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $27,865, the median income for a family was $34,688. Males had a median income of $23,125 versus $18,971 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,284. About 7.7% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over. The Town of Moulton is served by the Moulton Independent School District; the Moulton Eagle
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Gonzales County, Texas
Gonzales County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 19,807; the county is named for the city of Gonzales. The county was organized the following year. Paleo-Indians Hunter-gatherers were here thousands of years ago; the historic Comanche and Waco tribes migrated into the area and competed most with European American settlers of the nineteenth century. 1519–1685 Hernando Cortez and Alonso Álvarez de Pineda claim Texas for Spain. 1685–1690 France plants its flag on Texas soil, but departs after only five years. 1821 Mexico won its independence from Spain. Citizens of the United States were granted Mexican citizenship. 1825Green DeWitt's petition for a land grant to establish a colony in Texas is approved by the Mexican government. Gonzales is established and named for Rafael Gonzales, governor of Coahuila y Tejas.1828 When Jean Louis Berlandier visits, he finds settler cabins, a fort-like barricade and livestock, as well as nearby villages of Tonkawa and Karankawa.
1829, September 15 – Mexican President Vicente Ramon Guerrero, a former slave of Spanish and Native American descent, emancipates all slaves within the Republic of Mexico: 1st – Slavery is abolished in Mexico. 2nd – Consequently, those who have been until now considered slaves are free. 3rd – When the circumstances of the treasury may permit, the owners of the slaves will be indemnified in the mode that the laws may provide. And in order that every part of this decree may be complied with, let it be printed and circulated. Given at the Federal Palace of Mexico, the 15th of September, 1829. Vicente Guerrero To José María Bocanegra 1831 The Coahuila y Tejas government sends a six-pound cannon to Gonzales for settlers' protection against Indian raids. 1835The colony sends delegates to conventions to discuss disagreements with Mexico. September – The Mexican government views the conventions as treason. Troops are sent to Gonzales to retrieve the cannon. October 2 – The Battle of Gonzales becomes the first shots fired in the Texas Revolution.
The colonists put up armed resistance, with the cannon pointed at the Mexican troops, above it a banner proclaiming, "Come and take it". Commemoration of the event becomes the annual "Come and Take It Festival". October 13 – December 9 – Siege of Bexar becomes the first major campaign of the Texas Revolution.1836Gonzales County is established. February 23 – Alamo messenger Launcelot Smithers carries to the people of Gonzales, the Colonel William Barret Travis letter stating the enemy is in sight and requesting men and provisions. February 24 – Captain Albert Martin delivers to Smithers in Gonzales the infamous "Victory or Death" Travis letter addressed "To the People of Texas and All Americans in the World" stating the direness of the situation. Smithers takes the letter to San Felipe, site of the provisional Texas government. February 27 – The Gonzales Alamo Relief Force of 32 men, led by Lieutenant George C. Kimble, depart to join the 130 fighters at the Alamo. March 1 – The Gonzales "Immortal 32" make their way inside the Alamo.
March 2 – Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico establishes the Republic of Texas. March 6 – The Alamo falls. March 13–14 – Susanna Dickinson, the widow of the Alamo defender Almaron Dickinson, arrives in Gonzales with her daughter Angelina and Colonel Travis' slave Joe. Upon hearing the news of the Alamo, Sam Houston orders the town of Gonzales torched to the ground, establishes his headquarters under a county oak tree. April 21–22 – Battle of San Jacinto, Antonio López de Santa Anna captured. May 14 – Santa Anna signs the Treaties of Velasco.1838 Gonzales men found the town of Walnut Springs in the northwest section of the county. 1840 Gonzales men join the Battle of Plum Creek against his Comanches. 1845, December 29 – Texas Annexation by the United States 1846, May 13 – The United States Congress declares war on Mexico. 1848, February 2 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican–American War. 1850 Gonzales College is founded by slave-owning planters, is the first institution in Texas to confer A.
B. degrees on women. 1853 The Gonzales Inquirer begins publication. 1860 County population is 8,059, including 3,168 slaves. 1861County votes 802–80 in favor of secession from the Union. February 1 – Texas secedes from the Union March 2 – Texas joins the Confederate States of America1863January 1 – Abraham Loncoln announces the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in Confederate held territory to be free. December – The Confederacy commissions Fort Waul, constructs it with slave labor.1865The main Confederate armies east of the Mississippi surrender in April ending the American Civil War. The Confederate military forces in Texas follow suit in May, as the units either surrender or disband; the soldiers return to their homes. June 19 – Major General Gordon Granger arrives in Galveston to enforce the emancipation of all slaves, it is the first time. The date becomes celebrated annually in Texas as Juneteenth, as an official state holiday known as Emancipation Day. December 6 – The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits slavery.1866–1876 The Sutton–Taylor feud, which involves outlaw John Wesley Hardin, is the bloodiest and longest in Texas history.
Hardin's men are known to have stayed in the community of Pilgrim. 1870, March 30 – The United States Congress readmits Te
Hallettsville is a city in Lavaca County, United States. The population was 2,550 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Lavaca County. Hallettsville is named for an early founding family. John Hallett had received a land grant from Stephen F. Austin in 1831 and after his death in 1836 his wife, Margaret Hallett, donated the land for the town's location. A few of the early settlers of the Hallettsville area include Collatinus Ballard, M. B. Bennett, A. W. Hicks, David Ives, Ira McDaniel, William Smeathers. Hallettsville is located at 29°26′43″N 96°56′27″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,345 people, 1,019 households, 627 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,051.0 people per square mile. There were 1,223 housing units at an average density of 548.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 77.10% White, 16.46% Black, 0.17% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 4.48% from other races, 1.62% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.17% of the population. There were 1,019 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,089, the median income for a family was $38,080. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $20,365 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,811. About 16.4% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.
The town is home to the Texas Championship Domino Hall of Fame and hosts a dominoes tournament every year in January. It hosts its annual Kolache Fest and Fiddler's Frolic events every September and April; the Friench Simpson Memorial Library has served the residents of Hallettsville as well as Lavaca County for over 70 years. The modern library houses over 20,000 volumes and is a major source of local history and genealogy research for the area. Public access computers with Internet connections are available for use at the library. Public education in the city of Hallettsville is provided by the Hallettsville Independent School District. Sacred Heart Catholic School, a private Pre-K–12 campus, is located in the city. Hallettsville is the birthplace of the late philanthropist and businessman Adolph R. Hanslik of Lubbock, a Czech-American sometimes called the dean of Texas cotton exporters, it is the birthplace of Logan Ondrusek, pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds. Andy Rice was an American college and professional football player.
He played collegiately for Texas Southern, went to the American Football League's Kansas City Chiefs in 1965. He started for them in the first Super Bowl against the Green Bay Packers Although the actual town involved in the real story of the "Chicken Ranch" is located a few miles north of Hallettsville on Highway 77, film makers chose the town's historic Lavaca County Courthouse square to serve as backdrop for the city scenes in The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, the 1982 musical starring Burt Reynolds and Dolly Parton. Hallettsville is the featured location in the 2009 horror film titled Hallettsville, which stars Gary Busey and Derek Lee Nixon; the town is mentioned in the Robert Earl Keen song "Armadillo Jackel" as the place where they pay $2.50 for dead armadillos. Ripley's Believe It or Not! once called Hallettsville the "13 City" because in 1913 it had 13 letters in the name, a population of 1300, 13 churches, 13 newspapers, 13 saloons. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hallettsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Hallettsville Tribune-Herald Official Website of the City of Hallettsville Halletsville Chamber of Commerce Texas State Historical Association City-Data.com ePodunk: Profile for Hallettsville, Texas
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com