Lawman (TV series)

Lawman is an American western television series telecast on ABC from 1958 to 1962 starring John Russell as Marshal Dan Troop and Peter Brown as Deputy Marshal Johnny McKay. The series was set in Laramie, during 1879 and the 1880s. Warner Bros. had several western series on the air at the time. Prior to the beginning of production and Brown and producer Jules Schermer made a pact to maintain the quality of the series so that it would not be seen as "just another western". At the start of season two and Brown were joined by Peggie Castle as Lily Merrill, the owner of the Birdcage Saloon, a love interest for Dan; the main sponsor of the series was the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company through their Camel cigarettes brand; the alternate sponsor was General Mills. The two main stars did spots endorsing Cheerios breakfast cereal. Dan Troop leaves Abilene, for the town of Laramie, Wyoming, he is offered the town marshal's job after David Lemp, is murdered. On the way into town, he meets Johnny McKay, placing a tombstone on Lemp's grave.

Johnny mistakes Dan for a crook, but they meet up again at the cafe owned by Lemp's widow Dru, played by Bek Nelson, where Johnny works as a dishwasher. Dan puts a sign in the window of the marshal's office that reads, "Deputy Wanted." Johnny applies for the job, but Dan turns him down, because he believes that, at the age of nineteen, Johnny is too young. Dan comes across Lacey Hawks, played by Edd Byrnes, in the Bluebonnet Saloon. Lacey tries to coax Dan into a gunfight. Lacey promises Dan that his two brothers Flynn, played by Jack Elam, Walt, played by Lee Van Cleef, will come after him. Johnny tells Dan that Flynn is the one who killed Marshal Lemp, that the whole town saw him do it, but were too afraid to stand up to him, he again volunteers to help Dan take them down. Johnny tells him. Dan goes out to face them, anyway. Dan shoots Flynn, but hears another shot from behind him. Dan sees Walt fall dead, turns around to see Johnny standing there with a rifle in his hand. Dan motions for Johnny to follow him back into the office and takes down the "Deputy Wanted" sign.

During the course of Season 1, Troop teaches Johnny the fundamentals of law enforcement. While Troop is pursuing outlaws, Johnny remains behind to guard the town. However, in Seasons 2 through 4, Johnny becomes more involved in the action and carries some entire episodes by himself. During the Season 1, the episodes maintain a serious tone. However, when Lily arrives at the start of Season 2, the scripts begin incorporating some comedic elements that lighten the tone, as well as some elements of romance as Dan Troop and Lily Merrill's friendship grows. Johnny always addressed marshal Dan Troop as "Mr. Troop" or "Sir" throughout the series run. Throughout Season 1, Troop called Johnny "Boy" with a tone indicating that it was aimed at Johnny's age. Dan Troop, played by John Russell, is the town marshal of Laramie. Russell based the character on an officer. Dan is a hardnosed, by-the-book, seasoned lawman, quick with a gun, good with his fists. Russell, 37 years old when he got the part, theorized that Dan would have to be older to have this much experience as a lawman.

After the third episode, Russell had white streaks added to his hair to make him appear older. In addition to being marshal, Dan was both a friend to his deputy, Johnny McKay. According to Peter Brown on his website and Johnny's relationship mirrored the relationship that he had with Russell. While Dan was teaching Johnny how to be a lawman, Russell was teaching Brown. Dan had a romantic relationship with saloon owner Lily Merrill. Dan cared for Lily deeply, but his job thwarted their happiness, he had one brother, Clay Troop, played by James Drury, four years before the premiere of The Virginian. Clay Troop was killed in the season one episode, "The Gang", it was revealed that the woman Dan loved and wanted to marry, before her death, had instead wed Clay, a gunfighter and an outlaw. Clay said that his wife "couldn't resist trying to reform" him though she had loved Dan a little more. There were times when the townspeople would second guess Troop, but he always stuck to his guns and was determined to do the right thing.

Johnny McKay, played by Peter Brown, is the deputy marshal of Laramie. Dan had been hesitant to hire Johnny as his deputy, because of his young age, but he proved his worth. Johnny was orphaned at age ten in Kansas, his father was killed by raiders, his mother died on a wagon train. The season one episode, "The Joker," dealt with Johnny's origin when an outlaw named Barney Tremain, played by Jeff York in the first of two appearances on the series, rides into Laramie and claims to be Johnny's real father, it was never revealed. Johnny was more easy going, but he was brave fast with a gun, loyal to Dan, whom he always referred to as "Mr. Troop." He was like a younger brother to Lily. In the first season, Dan many times left Johnny behind. In the years, Johnny got more involved in the action as Dan began to see him as a partner in the fight against crime than as his humble apprentice. Johnny quit three times. Once because if Tremain was his father, he though


EMMAN was a company limited by guarantee and jointly owned by its members, eight Higher Education Institutions in the East Midlands region of the United Kingdom. EMMAN Ltd. dissolved on 10 March 2015. EMMAN owns and runs a high bandwidth Regional Network whose primary purpose is to deliver connectivity to the Janet network and the Internet for the higher education institutions, further education institutions, specialist colleges and other institutions across the East Midlands region; the network is managed by EMMAN Ltd under a contract with Janet. EMMAN provides Internet connectivity separate from Janet and wishes to develop communications within the region to encompass a broader range of customers including libraries, local authorities, small business enterprises and lifelong learning organisations; the East Midlands Metropolitan Area Network was established in 1994 as a point to point link between The University of Nottingham and The Nottingham Trent University in order to connect NTU to the Janet network via the SMDS connection at UoN.

The link consisted of a dark fibre connection, supplied by the local cable TV franchise, Diamond Cable. The connection consisted of an FDDI ring with two extra dark fibres for development work; the University of Derby was added to EMMAN using an 8 Mbit/s Mercury connection to UoN. During 1996 and early 1997 six Janet secondary connections have been made directly to the MAN at NTU; the UoN to NTU link was upgraded to 155 Mbit/s ATM together with an ATM connection from NTU to UoN Adult Education Centre. 1998 saw the extension of the MAN to the NTU Clifton site, an alternative route in the Nottingham area and the ordering of a dark fibre link to Derby with a consequent upgrade to ATM at 155 Mbit/s. In addition, EMMAN was directly connected to a 34 Mbit/s ATM link from SuperJanet III at UoN; the addition of dark fibres from Nottingham to Loughborough, from Loughborough to Leicester, the provision of ATM switches at Loughborough University and De Montfort University. The University of Leicester, University College Northampton and the University of Lincolnshire & Humberside to be connected.

An additional 155 Mbit/s link from Nottingham to London, which would provide an upgrade for both EMMAN and the West Midlands MAN, MidMAN was made live in March 2000. The EMMAN logo was designed by Matthew Stimson, studying Business & Technology at Nottingham Trent University between the years 1999 and 2001. On 16 January 2001, the link from EMMAN was switched from SuperJanet III to SuperJanet 4. MidMAN followed on 13 March and the 155 Mbit/s links from Nottingham to London and from Nottingham to Warwick became redundant. Once the SuperJanet 4 connection at Nottingham was operational, both the universities in the City of Nottingham moved from ATM to connecting their LANs to EMMAN with fast ethernet. In both cases, some FE colleges connected through the universities' sites continued to use ATM. In April 2001, University College Northampton was connected to EMMAN via DMU. In the same month, the University of Leicester was connected with a gigabit ethernet links to the University of Nottingham and the nearby De Montfort University, for resilience.

During the latter part of 2001, the number of FE colleges connected to EMMAN rose to over thirty as UKERNA implemented the national extension of Janet to FE sites. The East Midlands Regional Support Centre was set up to assist the colleges with the implementation and running of their connections to SuperJanet; the University of Lincoln was connected via Nottingham Trent University, bringing the total of HE institutions to eight. These eight institutions entered into negotiation for making the MAN a legal entity and the current company called EMMAN Ltd was formed in March 2002. Most of the links were upgraded from ATM to Gigabit ethernet. Two additional 8 Mbit/s serial links were procured which connected the University of Derby to Lincoln and UCN to the University of Leicester, giving Derby and UCN resilient routes to the rest of the MAN and hence to SuperJanet. During 2006 the backbone was overhauled in readiness for the upgrade from SuperJanet 4 to SuperJanet 5. An optical network layer was introduced directly over the fibre links between node sites to provide massive scalability in bandwidth across the backbone.

This network utilises Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing with 10 Gbit/s per wavelength. The equipment has the ability to structure each wavelength into separate multiple 1 Gbit/s channels for the routers that run the production IP network as well as having the capability to provide dedicated point to point links at speeds up to 10 Gbit/s either within EMMAN or for linking to the outside world via the Janet Lightpath service. Two new core nodes were created at the Nottingham Trent University secondary datacentre and the University of Nottingham primary datacentre and the EMMAN topology re-engineered into a dual star format; each core node has a separate connection into the Janet network and each edge node has dual connections into the core to provide a resilient service. A direct commercial link to the Internet was commissioned to provide Internet access for EMMAN connected customers’ activities that are not eligible for use over the Janet network. Additional public sector organisations connected to Janet via EMMAN.

All of the FE college uplinks into EMMAN were upgraded to 100 Mbit/s. EMMAN Shared Information Security Services launched in conjunction with HEFCE to provide effective and efficient specialist information security services to UK HE and related sectors. August - All distribution nodes based at University sites changed to comprise two geo

Graham Charlesworth

Graham Michael Charlesworth is an English former first-class cricketer and the coach of Oxford University Cricket Club. Charlesworth has played first-class and List A cricket for Griqualand West, Cambridge University and Combined Universities. Charlesworth studied for his undergraduate degree at Durham University, where he won a full palatinate for cricket. Charlesworth made his List A debut in October 1989 in a Nissan Shield match for Griqualand West against Western Transvaal at the Fanie du Toit Sports Complex. Charlesworth bowled 9 overs for 32 runs, scored 36* in the match. A month he made his first-class debut in a 1989/90 Castle Bowl match against Orange Free State B at Harmony Gold Mine Cricket Club A Ground, he took 1/91 in the first innings, scored 19 and 43. At the same time, Charlesworth represented Impalas, a team that represented South African minor provinces, in the Benson & Hedges Series of 1989/90 and 1990/91, his highest first-class score was 81 for Griqualand West against Boland in a 1990/91 Castle Bowl match, he made a single List A century in his career, in a 1990/91 Benson & Hedges Series match for Impalas against Eastern Province.

In 1993, Charlesworth made first-class appearances for Cambridge University, a single List A appearance for the Combined Universities in the 1993 Benson & Hedges Cup. In 1993/94, Charlesworth captained Vredenburg-Saldanha. In the 1999/2000 season, Charlesworth was coach of the Griqualand West B team. From 2002 to 2009, Charlesworth played for Oxford cricket team, before moving to Abingdon Vale in 2010. Charlesworth joined Abingdon as a player, but undertook some coaching responsibilities, in 2012, he was appointed the team's captain. At the same time, Charlesworth worked as the coach of the Oxford University cricket team. Cricinfo University of Oxford website