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Lawrence County, Indiana

Lawrence County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 46,134; the county seat is Bedford. Lawrence County comprises the Bedford, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area. Lawrence County was formed in 1818 from land given by Orange County, it was named for Capt. James Lawrence, who uttered the famous words "Don't give up the ship." After being mortally wounded during the War of 1812. Until the Battle of Tippecanoe, there was a lack in population of white men, due to the fact that Native Americans still lived in the area; the first trace of settlement in Lawrence County was near Leesville. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 451.93 square miles, of which 449.17 square miles is land and 2.76 square miles is water. Monroe County Jackson County Washington County Orange County Martin County Greene County U. S. Route 50 State Road 37 State Road 54 State Road 58 State Road 60 State Road 158 State Road 446 State Road 450 State Road 458 Hoosier National Forest Avoca Williams Joe Palooka Statue – a statue of a comic strip character Joe Palooka, dedicated in 1948, is located near the town hall in Oolitic.

Spring Mill State Park is located near Mitchell Lawrence County has had several native residents that have become astronauts over the years. They include: Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom was raised in Mitchell. Gus Grissom Memorial, located at the Spring Mill State Park near Mitchell, has many mementos of his career, including the space capsule he commanded, "The Molly Brown" from Gemini 3, the space suit worn during his Mercury Liberty Bell 7 mission. In recent years, average temperatures in Bedford have ranged from a low of 18 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −29 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 111 °F was recorded in July 1930. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.70 inches in February to 5.04 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county.

Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms, they are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Lawrence County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,134 people, 18,811 households, 12,906 families residing in the county. The population density was 102.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 21,074 housing units at an average density of 46.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.4% were German, 14.6% were Irish, 13.1% were American, 10.4% were English.

Of the 18,811 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $50,355. Males had a median income of $42,337 versus $30,386 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,352. About 10.9% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lawrence County, Indiana Lawrence County Sheriff's Office


Nonograms known as Picross or Griddlers, are picture logic puzzles in which cells in a grid must be colored or left blank according to numbers at the side of the grid to reveal a hidden picture. In this puzzle type, the numbers are a form of discrete tomography that measures how many unbroken lines of filled-in squares there are in any given row or column. For example, a clue of "4 8 3" would mean there are sets of four and three filled squares, in that order, with at least one blank square between successive sets; these puzzles are black and white—describing a binary image—but they can be colored. If colored, the number clues are colored to indicate the color of the squares. Two differently colored numbers may not have a space in between them. For example, a black four followed by a red two could mean four black boxes, some empty spaces, two red boxes, or it could mean four black boxes followed by two red ones. Nonograms have no theoretical limits on size, are not restricted to square layouts.

Nonograms are known by many other names, including Paint by Numbers, Pic-a-Pix, Picma, PrismaPixels, Pixel Puzzles, Edel, FigurePic, HeroGlyphix, Illust-Logic, Japanese Crosswords, Japanese Puzzles, Kare Karala!, Logic Art, Logic Square, Logik-Puzzles, Oekaki Logic, Oekaki-Mate, Paint Logic, Picture Logic, Paint by Sudoku and Binary Coloring Books. In 1987, Non Ishida, a Japanese graphics editor, won a competition in Tokyo by designing grid pictures using skyscraper lights that were turned on or off. Coincidentally, a professional Japanese puzzler named. Paint by numbers puzzles started appearing in Japanese puzzle magazines. Non Ishida published three picture grid puzzles in 1988 in Japan under the name of "Window Art Puzzles". Subsequently, in 1990, James Dalgety in the UK invented the name Nonograms after Non Ishida, The Sunday Telegraph started publishing them on a weekly basis. By 1993, the first book of nonograms was published by Non Ishida in Japan; the Sunday Telegraph published a dedicated puzzle book titled the "Book of Nonograms".

Nonograms were published in Sweden, United States, South Africa and other countries. The Sunday Telegraph ran a competition in 1998 to choose a new name for their puzzles. Griddlers was the winning name. Paint by numbers puzzles were implemented by 1995 on hand held electronic toys such as Game Boy and on other plastic puzzle toys. Nintendo picked up on this puzzle fad and released two "Picross" titles for the Game Boy and nine for the Super Famicom in Japan. Only one of these, Mario's Picross for the Game Boy, was released outside Japan. Since one of the most prolific Picross game developers has been Jupiter Corporation, who released Picross DS on the Nintendo DS in 2007, 8 titles in the Picross e series for the Nintendo 3DS eShop, 3 titles in the Picross S series for the Nintendo Switch. Increased popularity in Japan launched new publishers and by now there were several monthly magazines, some of which contained up to 100 puzzles; the Japanese arcade game Logic Pro was released by Deniam Corp in 1996, with a sequel released the following year.

UK games developer Jagex released a nonogram puzzle in 2011 as part of their annual Halloween event for their java based game, Runescape. In 2013, Casual Labs released a mobile version of these puzzles called "Paint it Back" with the theme of restoring an art gallery. Released early in 2017, Pictopix has been presented as a worthy heir to Picross on PC by Rock, Shotgun. In particular, the game enables players to share their creations. Paint by numbers have been published by Sanoma Uitgevers in the Netherlands, Puzzler Media in the UK and Nikui Rosh Puzzles in Israel. Magazines with nonogram puzzles are published in the US, UK, Netherlands, Hungary, Finland and many other countries. To solve a puzzle, one needs to determine which will be empty. Solvers use a dot or a cross to mark cells they are certain are spaces. Cells that can be determined by logic should be filled. If guessing is used, a single error can spread over the entire field and ruin the solution. An error sometimes comes to the surface only after a while, when it is difficult to correct the puzzle.

The hidden picture plays little or no part in the solving process. The picture may help eliminate an error. Simpler puzzles can be solved by a reasoning on a single row only at each given time, to determine as many boxes and spaces on that row as possible. Trying another row, until there are no rows that contain undetermined cells. More difficult puzzles may require several types of "what if?" Reasoning that include more than one row. This works on searching for contradictions: When a cell cannot be a box, because some other cell would produce an error, it will be a space, and vice versa. Advanced solvers are sometimes able to search deeper than into the first "what if?" reasoning. At the beginning of the solution, a simple method can be used to determine as many boxes as possible; this method uses conjunctions of possible places for each block of boxes. For example, in a row of ten cells with only one clue of 8, the bound block consisting of 8 boxes could spread from the right border, leaving two spaces to the left.

Agent Fresco

Agent Fresco are an Icelandic band that combines pop, art and math-rock, formed in 2008, just weeks prior to competing in the Músíktilraunir, which they won. Their first release was the EP Lightbulb Universe; the lead singer is Arnór Dan Arnarson. Vignir Rafn Hilmarsson plays bass guitar as well as the electric upright bass, Hrafnkell Örn Guðjónsson the drums, Þórarinn Guðnason the guitar and piano/keyboards. In late 2010, Agent Fresco released A Long Time Listening. Destrier, their second full-length album, followed on August 7, 2015. Agent Fresco won a Kraumur Award for their debut EP Lightbulb Universe. In 2009 they were named best new artist at the Icelandic Music Awards, they won Rock Album of the Year in 2016 for Destrier, with Arnór Dan winning Male Singer of the Year. Arnór Dan Arnarson – vocals, keyboards Þórarinn Guðnason – guitar, programming Vignir Rafn Hilmarsson – bass, upright bass Hrafnkell Örn Guðjónsson – drums, percussion A Long Time Listening Destrier Lightbulb Universe "Eyes of a Cloud Catcher" "Translations" "A Long Time Listening" "Dark Water" "See Hell" "Wait For Me" "Howls" Arnór Dan Arnarson was featured on several songs on the soundtrack for the 2014 TV Anime Terror in Resonance.

He contributed vocals on four tracks of the 2013 Ólafur Arnalds album For Now I Am Winter, in 2015 he sang on two songs of the Broadchurch soundtrack composed by Arnalds. In 2018, Arnarson released his debut solo single, titled "Stone by Stone"

Robert L. Scott

Robert L. Scott was an American scholar influential in the study of rhetorical theory, criticism of public address and communication research and practice, he was professor emeritus in the Communication Studies Department at the University of Minnesota. He is the author of five books, numerous articles in speech, communications and rhetoric journals, contributed many book chapters, his article “On Viewing Rhetoric As Epistemic,” is considered one of the most important academic articles written in rhetorical studies in the past century. Scott was born in Nebraska, he was the youngest of four children born to Anna Scott. His father was an educator, superintendent of schools and founder of Fairbury Community College, now Southeast Community College, he married Betty Rose Foust on September 13, 1947. They had three children. Scott graduated from Fairbury High School and earned his undergraduate degree at Colorado State College of Education now University of Northern Colorado where he majored in English.

He earned his master's degree in Speech at the University of Nebraska and Ph. D. in Speech at the University of Illinois. Scott was the debate coach at the University of Houston, 1953–1957, University of Minnesota, 1957–1964. Scott was an assistant professor at the University of Houston from 1953 until 1957, when he took an assistant professor position at the University of Minnesota in speech communication, where he taught until 1998. During his time in the department he was department chair from 1971 to 1989, director of graduate study 1961–1971 and 1990–1996, he served as department chair for Spanish and Portuguese 1992-1994, director, School of Journalism and Mass Communication 1995-1997. Scott served on numerous all-university, College of Liberal Arts and graduate school committees. National Communication Association International Communication Association International Society for the History of Rhetoric Rhetoric Society of America Central States Communication Association Western Communication Association American Association of University Professors Kenneth Burke Society Quarterly Journal of Speech, editor, 1972–74.

Pre-Text: an Interdisciplinary Journal of Rhetoric, editorial board, 1981–89. Central States Speech Journal, editorial board, 1967–69. Argumentation and Advocacy, editorial board, 1989–92. Scott published influential work on rhetorical theory and criticism, his most famous article, “On Viewing Rhetoric As Epistemic,” became one of the most important academic articles written in rhetorical studies in the past century. Drawing inspiration from the ancient Sophists and Stephen Toulmin, others, Scott argued that the traditional understanding of rhetoric as an art for making the Truth effective was inadequate. If we acknowledge that truth is probable and contingent it follows that rhetoric is a central art for finding our way. Scott argued that we should “consider truth not as something fixed and final but as something to be created moment by moment” in the circumstances in which we find ourselves and with which we must cope. Humans may plot our course by fixed stars but we do not possess those stars.

Furthermore, humanity has learned. In human affairs “rhetoric is a way of knowing. In 1978, Michael Leff noted that “rhetoric is epistemic” marked the dominant trend in contemporary rhetorical theorizing. James A. Winans Awards for Outstanding Scholarship in Rhetoric and Public Address, Speech Communication Association national convention, 1970. Distinguished Teaching from the Alumni Association of the College of Liberal Arts and the University College of the University of Minnesota, 1981. Charles H. Woolbert Award for Research of Exceptional Originality and Influence from the Speech Communication Association, national convention, 1981. Recognized by the Speech Association of Minnesota for Outstanding Contributions to Minnesota Education, Speech Communication and Theater Arts, 1984. Douglas Ehninger Distinguished Rhetorical Scholar Award from the Speech Communication Association, national convention, l989. One of ten persons recognized by the Speech Communication Association in 1992 as charter members of "Distinguished Scholars" for "a distinguished career in the study of communication."

The Wallace Bacon award for a Career of Outstanding Teaching, 2005, National Communication Association. Distinguished Scholar Award, National Communication Association With Otis M. Walter and Speaking, A Guide to Intelligent Oral Communication. Editor, The Speaker's Reader: Concepts in Speech-Communication. With Wayne Brockriede, The Rhetoric of Black Power. With Wayne Brockriede, Moments in the Rhetoric of the Cold War. With Bernard L. Brock edited, Methods of Rhetorical Criticism First Edition. "A Philosophy of Discussion: 1954." Southern Speech Journal, 19, 241–9. "On the Meaning of the Term'Prima-Facie' in Argumentation. Central States Speech Journal, 12, 33-7. With Donald K. Smith. "Motivation Theory in Teaching Persuasion." Quarterly Journal of Speech, 47, 378–83. "The Problem of the Prima-Facie Case." Speaker and Gavel, 1, 81–4. "Some Implications of Existentialism for Rhetoric." Central States Speech Journal, 15, 267–78. "On Viewing Rhetoric as Epistemic." Central States Speech Jour

Tornado outbreak of May 15–17, 2013

The tornado outbreak of May 15–17, 2013 was a small but intense and deadly tornado outbreak that produced several damaging tornadoes in northern Texas, south-central Oklahoma, northern Louisiana, northern Alabama. In mid-May 2013, an upper-level shortwave trough tracked across the Southern Plains of the United States. An associated low-pressure area and atmospheric instability resulted in the formation of tornadoes across northern Texas and Oklahoma on May 15. Afterwards the storm system weakened as it tracked westward, though six additional tornadoes were reported in Texas and Alabama in the two days following May 15. Over a period of nearly two days, the storm system produced 26 tornadoes in four states; the strongest of these was an EF4 tornado which struck Hood County, Texas on May 15. However, on May 16 and May 17 no tornadoes were confirmed to have been stronger than EF1 intensity. In addition to tornadoes, large hail was reported, peaking at 4 in in diameter near Mineral Wells, Texas on May 15.

The EF4 tornado in Hood County, accounted for all six deaths caused by the severe storms, making it the first deadly tornado event in Texas since the 2007 Piedras Negras-Eagle Pass tornadoes. An additional 63 people were injured. A second tornado, rated EF3, was damaging and impacted areas southwest of Cleburne, injuring seven. Damage across the four states due to the storm system reached $272 million in damage; the outbreak was caused by an upper-level shortwave trough that moved northeastward from Mexico into the Southern Plains states during the nighttime the morning of May 15. The Storm Prediction Center in Norman, Oklahoma, a division of the National Weather Service issued a slight risk of severe thunderstorms early that morning over northwestern Texas, for a threat of large hail and damaging winds. A low-pressure area associated with the trough moved over Oklahoma that day, producing light to moderate rainfall and non-severe thunderstorms across that state into parts of North Texas. Forecasts expanded the slight risk further into northern and central Texas, into far southern Oklahoma, indicated an enhanced risk of a few isolated tornadoes in north Texas.

The atmosphere began to destabilize due to a decrease in cloud cover over central Texas. The SPC issued a severe thunderstorm watch from southern Oklahoma to central Texas that afternoon around 3:00 p.m. CDT. Supercells broke out in parts of northwestern Texas during the late afternoon hours, one of which developed the first tornado of the day at 5:38 p.m. near Belcherville in Montague County. A second tornado spawned by the same storm, rated as an EF1, touched down near Lake Amon G. Carter, damaging four homes and destroying one; as forecasters realized that conditions now favored tornadic activity, the SPC issued a tornado watch from far southern Oklahoma into central Texas at 6 p.m. CDT, replacing parts of the original severe thunderstorm watch. At 7:13 p.m. CDT, storm spotters reported a large tornado on the ground near Millsap in Parker County, which caused roof damage to several homes in the town; this tornado remained on the ground as another tornado began to intensify near Mile Marker 409 on Interstate 20 southeast of Weatherford, Texas at 7:19 p.m. NWS doppler radar detected both tornadoes, indicating the storm was a cyclical supercell, before the Millsap tornado dissipated.

An EF4 tornado hit the town of Granbury, Texas in Hood County around 8 p.m. CDT, damaging or destroying around 100 homes and killing at least six people, with the most severe damage occurring in the Rancho Brazos neighborhood; the supercell that produced the Granbury tornado spawned an EF3 tornado that hit the Fort Worth suburb of Cleburne in Johnson County around 9:30 p.m. CDT, producing its most significant damage just east of Lake Pat Cleburne; the last twister of the outbreak touched down at 12:19 a.m. producing EF1 damage in the Ellis County town of Ennis, south-southeast of Dallas. In total, the system produced at least 16 tornadoes that afternoon and evening across north and central Texas, from Montague to Coryell counties; the system continued to spin up tornadoes on May 16 and 17, though not of the same severity as the storms that occurred on the 15th, each causing only minor to moderate damage of EF0 and EF1 intensity. Four additional tornadoes occurred near the Shreveport metropolitan area on May 16, two of which touched down near Waskom and two in Caddo Parish near the towns of Greenwood and Stonewall, Louisiana.

Two short-lived tornadoes touched down in Limestone County, Alabama on May 17, causing scattered damage to trees, roofs and a barn. List of North American tornadoes and tornado outbreaks Tornadoes of 2013 Tornado outbreak of May 18–21, 2013 Tornado outbreak of April 3, 2012 April 1994 tornado outbreak Tornadoes Across North Texas May 15th, 2013

Siddeley Puma

The Siddeley Puma was a British aero engine developed towards the end of World War I and produced by Siddeley-Deasy. The first engines left the production lines of Siddeley-Deasy in Coventry in August 1917, production continued until December 1918. At least 4,288 of the 11,500 ordered engines were delivered, orders were cancelled following the Armistice. Production was continued under the name Armstrong Siddeley Puma when the manufacturer was bought by Armstrong Whitworth and became Armstrong Siddeley; the engine was based on a previous B. H. P engine, developed as the Galloway "Adriatic." The Puma engine was used in the British World War I bomber aircraft, the Airco D. H.9. In use it proved to be troublesome, making the aircraft inferior to the type it replaced; the engine was installed untidily, with the cylinder heads protruding. The D. H.9, as a type, was improved by replacing the Puma engine with the Liberty 12 to make the D. H.9A. The unit was used in the first prototype of the Airco DH.10 in a twin-engined pusher configuration but as performance was unsatisfactory, alternative engines were used in a subsequent prototype of the type and production models.

Short Silver Streak Vickers 6-Ton light tank Data from Lumsden Type: 6-cylinder water-cooled inline aircraft piston engine Bore: 5.71 in Stroke: 7.48 in Displacement: 1,149 in³ Length: 69.9 in Width: 24 in Height: 43.6 in Dry weight: 645 lb Fuel system: Carburettor Cooling system: Water-cooled Power output: 250 hp at 1,400 rpm for takeoff 265 hp at 1,500 rpm for short-term maximum power Specific power: 0.23 hp/in³ Fuel consumption: 14 US gal/h at cruise 67 US gal/h at short-term maximum power Power-to-weight ratio: 0.41 hp/lb Related development ADC Nimbus Comparable engines Austro-Daimler 6 Benz Bz. III Hiero 6 Mercedes D. IVaRelated lists List of aircraft engines "The Siddeley Aero Engines: The "Puma"". Flight. XI: 429–431. 3 April 1919. No. 536. Retrieved 12 January 2011. Contemporary technical description of the engine with photographs; the Virtual Aviation Museum