The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as politics, business and art, include materials such as opinion columns, weather forecasts, reviews of local services, birth notices, editorial cartoons, comic strips, advice columns. Most newspapers are businesses, they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, advertising revenue; the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves metonymically called newspapers. Newspapers have traditionally been published in print. However, today most newspapers are published on websites as online newspapers, some have abandoned their print versions entirely. Newspapers developed as information sheets for businessmen. By the early 19th century, many cities in Europe, as well as North and South America, published newspapers; some newspapers with high editorial independence, high journalism quality, large circulation are viewed as newspapers of record.
Newspapers are published daily or weekly. News magazines are weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news; the news includes political events and personalities and finance, crime and natural disasters. The paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings. Most traditional papers feature an editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and expressing an opinion on a public issue, opinion articles called "op-eds" written by guest writers, columns that express the personal opinions of columnists offering analysis and synthesis that attempts to translate the raw data of the news into information telling the reader "what it all means" and persuading them to concur. Papers include articles which have no byline. A wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. Besides the aforementioned news and opinions, they include weather forecasts; as of 2017, newspapers may provide information about new movies and TV shows available on streaming video services like Netflix.
Newspapers have classified ad sections where people and businesses can buy small advertisements to sell goods or services. Most newspapers are businesses, they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, advertising revenue; some newspapers are at least government-funded. The editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government; some newspapers with high editorial independence, high journalism quality, large circulation are viewed as newspapers of record. Many newspapers, besides employing journalists on their own payrolls subscribe to news agencies, which employ journalists to find and report the news sell the content to the various newspapers; this is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world. Circa 2005, there were 6,580 daily newspaper titles in the world selling 395 million print copies a day; the late 2000s–early 2010s global recession, combined with the rapid growth of free web-based alternatives, has helped cause a decline in advertising and circulation, as many papers had to retrench operations to stanch the losses.
Worldwide annual revenue approached $100 billion in 2005-7 plunged during the worldwide financial crisis of 2008-9. Revenue in 2016 fell to only $53 billion, hurting every major publisher as their efforts to gain online income fell far short of the goal; the decline in advertising revenues affected both the print and online media as well as all other mediums. Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has challenged the business models of the print-only era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more journalism. In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles fro
The Messenger (newspaper)
The Messenger is a newspaper, printed and delivered to the Fort Dodge, area. That area covers Buena Vista, Greene, Humboldt, Palo Alto, Sac and Wright counties, it was founded on July 31, 1856. It is printed 7 days a week; the Messenger′s slogan is: "Spend a few minutes with us... 7 days a week!" The Messenger ′ s current circulation is 21,161 Sundays. It is printed with soy ink; the Messenger of Fort Dodge, came into existence as the Fort Dodge Sentinel on July 31, 1856, as a weekly poetry and prose publication. Selling for $2 per year, The Sentinel had a circulation of 1,200 at the time. In 1860, the name increased its size to eight pages. In 1864, the name was changed to Iowa North West to reflect the expanded coverage of the newspaper. In fact, the publication at the time was the only newspaper between Sioux City and Fort Dodge. In 1884, the newspaper went daily as the news in the Fort Dodge region increased. In 1917, the newspaper merged with The Chronicle, another Fort Dodge newspaper, the name became The Fort Dodge Messenger and Chronicle.
In years, the "Chronicle" title was dropped and the newspaper was known as The Fort Dodge Messenger. In 1963, The Messenger was purchased by Ogden Newspapers of Wheeling, West Virginia, a newspaper group with more than 40 newspaper holdings. In 2006 The Messenger celebrated its 150th anniversary. Classifieds Comics Education Lotteries Obituaries Opinion Region Sports Weather The Messenger web site The Messenger Virtual Newsroom The Messenger Printing web site List of Messenger awards
The Parkersburg News and Sentinel
The Parkersburg News and Sentinel is the primary newspaper in Parkersburg, West Virginia. It was formed by the merger of the separate morning News and afternoon Sentinel on April 25, 2009. Prior to the merge, the Sentinel had published continuously for 134 years. List of newspapers in West Virginia News and Sentinel website
Shawnee is a city in Johnson County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 62,209. A Shawnee Indian mission had been established at the present site of Shawnee in 1831. Shawnee was laid out as a town in 1857. In 2010, Shawnee was recognized by Money Magazine in its annual "Best Places To Live" survey, placing 17th in the United States ranking. Shawnee was recognized for its affordable housing, air quality index, median commute time. Shawnee is located at 39°0′46″N 94°45′57″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.86 square miles, of which, 41.85 square miles is land and 1.01 square miles is water. Shawnee Mission Park is a 1,600-acre park. Shawnee is the 7th largest city in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area.. According to the 2007-2009 American Community Survey the median income for a household in the city was $71,705, the median income for a family was $86,408. Males had a median income of $55,222 versus $41,960 for females; the per capita income for the city was $33,502.
About 3.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 62,209 people, 23,651 households, 16,876 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,463.7 people per square mile. There were 24,954 housing units at an average density of 587.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.3% White, 5.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population. There were 23,651 households of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11 persons.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males. According to the town's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Shawnee has a council–manager government. Mayor and councilmembers are elected to four year terms; each ward has two representatives. However, the elections of April 2010 and 2012 will serve for three years; the day-to-day operations are managed by the city manager. A branch of the Johnson County Library serves the Shawnee mission area; the Library includes 13 locations throughout Johnson County, including the Shawnee Library. Shawnee Town 1929 Museum and Wonderscope Children's Museum are located within the city. Shawnee is in the Kansas City, Missouri television market; the Shawnee Dispatch was a weekly newspaper published by the Lawrence Journal-World and The World Company.
The Shawnee Dispatch ceased operation in November 2018. USD 512 Shawnee Mission School District USD 232 De Soto School District Maranatha Christian Academy Kansas City, Kansas Archdiocese Catholic Schools Midland Adventist Academy Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Shawnee include energy executive Linda Cook, former Attorney General of Kansas Phill Kline, comedian Chris Porter. Erfurt, Germany Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland Pittem, Belgium CityCity of Shawnee SACC: Shawnee Area Chamber of Commerce SEDC: Shawnee Economic Development CouncilMapsShawnee City Map, KDOT
The News-Sentinel is a daily newspaper based in Fort Wayne, Indiana. The afternoon News-Sentinel is politically independent; the News-Sentinel traces its origins to 1833. The Sentinel was owned for a year and half in 1878-79 by Fort Wayne native William Rockhill Nelson who went on to found and make his fortune with The Kansas City Star. In 1918, The Sentinel merged with another local paper, The Fort Wayne Daily News, to form The News-Sentinel. In 1932, Helene Foellinger joined her father's newspaper, The Fort Wayne News-Sentinel, as a reporter, feature writer and – after convincing her father of the need – the newspaper's first women's editor, she was a new college graduate. In 1935, her father named her to the board of directors, expecting her to advance into his shoes when he retired – but in October 1936, he died unexpectedly, she became the youngest publisher of a major daily newspaper in the United States, as well as one of the few females in that position. She was up to the challenge, increasing circulation about 20% – from 56,700 to 67,800 – in just five years.
Ernest "Ernie" Williams, a reporter early in Helene Foellinger's reign, became editor, a number of talented reporters from The News-Sentinel went on to positions on newspapers in larger cities and in broadcast journalism. In 1950, Foellinger formed a joint operating agreement with the rival morning newspaper, The Journal Gazette; each newspaper is separately managed and has separate editorial staffs, but Fort Wayne Newspapers provides advertising sales and printing services used by both newspapers, in 1958, built a new printing plant with offices for both newspapers. On the strength of The News-Sentinel, they ended up with a 55% share of Fort Wayne Newspapers, Foellinger served as president. In 1983, The News-Sentinel was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for "its courageous and resourceful coverage of a devastating flood in March 1982", it was honoured in 1992 as the Blue Ribbon Newspaper of the Year by the Hoosier State Press Association. Helene Foellinger was 70, there was no family member poised to take over The News-Sentinel, in 1980, when she sold News Publishing, along with the 55% share of Fort Wayne Newspapers, to Knight-Ridder in 1980.
In the 1980s, The News-Sentinel was still the dominant newspaper in Fort Wayne, with daily circulation in excess of 60,000, compared to about 10,000 less for The Journal Gazette. Moreover, their circulation was concentrated in Fort Wayne, making it attractive to city merchants. Circulation for large daily newspapers evening newspapers, has dropped in recent years. Today, The News-Sentinel has a daily circulation of 31,213 while The Journal Gazette has used its Sunday edition to build daily circulation to 73,058. In 2003, a 30-year extension to the joint operating agreement was inked. At that point, Knight Ridder boosted its ownership at a cost of $42 million. Fort Wayne Newspapers is spending $34.8 million to upgrade their printing presses, just west of the current plant at 600 W. Main Street. In 1997, Knight Ridder bought The Kansas City Star. Knight Ridder was bought by The McClatchy Company in June 2006. On August 24, 2017, it was announced that the News-Sentinel will cease daily production of a physical print edition, with a focus on digital content.
The morning delivery Fort Wayne paper, The Journal Gazette, will carry some articles using The News-Sentinel content in its daily printed morning delivery. The two papers have a contract with each other that dates back to 1950, runs through 2075. On March 14, 2006, McClatchy announced that it would sell 12 of the Knight Ridder newspapers, including The News-Sentinel, that are in markets not growing rapidly. Current and former News-Sentinel staffers disagreed on the significance. Mary Jacobus, publisher of The News-Sentinel, joined The Boston Globe on January 2006 as president and general manager. During her four-year tenure, newsroom employment dropped 29%. Like The News-Sentinel, The Boston Globe was experiencing tough times, with 8% losses in daily and Sunday circulation in the prior year. McClatchy reached an agreement to sell The News-Sentinel to Ogden Newspapers of West Virginia. Michael J. Christman, publishing two newspapers in Parkersburg, West Virginia was named the new publisher; the closing took place on June 27, 2006 with the completion of McClatchy's acquisition of Knight Ridder.
Ogden Newspapers is owned by members of the Nutting family. In the week prior to the sale, internet classified advertising giant Craigslist entered the Fort Wayne market. On August 10, 2018, seven of the remaining eight employees were laid off. Attributing the staff reduction to a "business decision", publisher Michael Christman said, “We'll still have a website. We'll still have a page in The Journal Gazette every Monday through Saturday, and we'll still have a presence at key events in the area.” Official site