Le Parisien is a French daily newspaper covering both international and national news, local news of Paris and its suburbs. It is owned by LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE, better known as LVMH; the paper was established as Le Parisien libéré by Émilien Amaury in 1944, was published for the first time on August 22, 1944. The paper was launched as the organ of the French underground during the German occupation of France in World War II; the name was changed to the current one in 1986. A national edition called Aujourd ` hui en France. LVMH acquired the paper from Éditions Philippe Amaury in 2015. Le Parisien had a circulation near to one million copies in the early 1970s; the paper reached a circulation of 659,200 copies on April 24, 1995 the day after the first round of the presidential election. In the period of 1995–1996 the paper had a circulation of 451,159 copies; the combined circulation of Le Parisien was 485,000 copies in 2001. The paper had a circulation of 147,143 copies and a combined circulation of 360,505 copies in 2002.
It was the second largest regional newspaper in France with a combined circulation of 530,000 copies in 2008, behind Ouest-France, which had a circulation of about 800,000 copies. The circulation of Le Parisien was 229,638 copies in 2014. Official website
20 minutes (France)
20 minutes is a free, daily newspaper aimed at commuters in France. It is published by Ouest France Group. 20 minutos, the Spanish version, is distributed by Zeta in Spain. In Switzerland, the French-language edition 20 minutes and the German-language edition 20 Minuten are published by Tamedia. In Greater Paris, Ipsos and CESP confirmed a circulation of 805,000 with a readership of 2,339,000. 20 minutes claims that its readers are "young urban citizens that to a lesser extent consume traditional newspapers." The French 20 minutes was launched in Paris on 15 March 2002, spread to 11 other urban areas of France, including, in order of size, the cities of Marseille, Toulouse, Nantes, Montpellier, Lille and Grenoble. Each edition includes regional sections. Since its launch, 20 minutes has led the market of free French newspapers. In March 2014, due to the fall of advertising revenues, TF1 and Bolloré, owners of 20 minutes' competitors —Metronews and Direct Matin—, announced their willingness to buy 20 minutes and merge their activities.
The name 20 minutes refers to the amount of time. Website
14th arrondissement of Paris
The 14th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as quatorzième; the arrondissement, called Observatoire, is situated on the left bank of the River Seine. It contains most of the Montparnasse district, it is today best known for its skyscraper, the Tour Montparnasse, its major railway terminus, the Gare Montparnasse, both located in the neighboring 15th arrondissement. The district has traditionally been home to many artists as well as a Breton community, arrived at the beginning of the 20th century upon the creation of the Montparnasse railway terminus. Universities located in the 14th arrondissement include the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, located near the Parc Montsouris, the Stade Charléty and the catacombs; the land area of this arrondissement is 5.621 km². The 14th arrondissement attained its peak population in 1954, it continues to have a high density of both population and business activity with 132,844 inhabitants and 71,836 jobs as of the last census, in 1999.
Aéroports de Paris has its head office in the arrondissement. In addition Société d'exploitation de l'hebdomadaire Le Point, the company that operates Le Point, has its head office in the arrondissement. SNCF, the French rail company had its head office in Montparnasse and the 14th arrondissement. La Santé Prison, operated by the Ministry of Justice, is in the arrondissement; the head office of the Agency for French Education Abroad, the French international schooling network, is in the arrondissement. The International Astronomical Union head office is located on the second floor of the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris; the Théâtre Rive Gauche is located at 6, rue de la Gaîté. Paris Catacombs museum Cimetière du Montparnasse Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain Gare Montparnasse Michael Servetus statue Montparnasse area Musée Lenine Musée Jean Moulin Paris Observatory La Santé Prison Tour Montparnasse Sainte-Anne Hospital Center Rue de l'Arrivée Place Denfert-Rochereau Rue Delambre Rue du Départ Place Edgar Quinet Avenue du Maine Boulevard du Montparnasse Boulevard Raspail 14th arrondissement travel guide from Wikivoyage
Belgium the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, the North Sea to the northwest, it has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; the sovereign state is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organisation is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds, it is divided into three autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita. Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups or Communities: the Dutch-speaking Flemish Community, which constitutes about 59 percent of the population, the French-speaking Community, which comprises about 40 percent of all Belgians. A small German-speaking Community, numbering around one percent, exists in the East Cantons.
The Brussels-Capital Region is bilingual, although French is the dominant language. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of governance, made up of six different governments. Belgium was part of an area known as the Low Countries, a somewhat larger region than the current Benelux group of states that included parts of northern France and western Germany, its name is derived after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, the area of Belgium was a prosperous and cosmopolitan centre of commerce and culture. Between the 16th and early 19th centuries, Belgium served as the battleground between many European powers, earning the moniker the "Battlefield of Europe", a reputation strengthened by both world wars; the country emerged in 1830 following the Belgian Revolution. Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa.
The second half of the 20th century was marked by rising tensions between the Dutch-speaking and the French-speaking citizens fueled by differences in language and culture and the unequal economic development of Flanders and Wallonia. This continuing antagonism has led to several far-reaching reforms, resulting in a transition from a unitary to a federal arrangement during the period from 1970 to 1993. Despite the reforms, tensions between the groups have remained, if not increased. Unemployment in Wallonia is more than double that of Flanders. Belgium is one of the six founding countries of the European Union and hosts the official seats of the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, as well as a seat of the European Parliament in the country's capital, Brussels. Belgium is a founding member of the Eurozone, NATO, OECD, WTO, a part of the trilateral Benelux Union and the Schengen Area. Brussels hosts several of the EU's official seats as well as the headquarters of many major international organizations such as NATO.
Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy. It has high standards of living, quality of life, education, is categorized as "very high" in the Human Development Index, it ranks as one of the safest or most peaceful countries in the world. The name "Belgium" is derived from Gallia Belgica, a Roman province in the northernmost part of Gaul that before Roman invasion in 100 BC, was inhabited by the Belgae, a mix of Celtic and Germanic peoples. A gradual immigration by Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century brought the area under the rule of the Merovingian kings. A gradual shift of power during the 8th century led the kingdom of the Franks to evolve into the Carolingian Empire; the Treaty of Verdun in 843 divided the region into Middle and West Francia and therefore into a set of more or less independent fiefdoms which, during the Middle Ages, were vassals either of the King of France or of the Holy Roman Emperor. Many of these fiefdoms were united in the Burgundian Netherlands of the 15th centuries.
Emperor Charles V extended the personal union of the Seventeen Provinces in the 1540s, making it far more than a personal union by the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549 and increased his influence over the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The Eighty Years' War divided the Low Countries into the northern United Provinces and the Southern Netherlands; the latter were ruled successively by the Spanish and the Austrian Habsburgs and comprised most of modern Belgium. This was the theatre of most Franco-Spanish and Franco-Austrian wars during the 17th and 18th centuries. Following the campaigns of 1794 in the French Revolutionary Wars, the Low Countries—including territories that were never nominally under Habsburg rule, such as the Prince-Bishopric of Liège—were annexed by the French First Republic, ending Austrian rule in the region; the reunification of the Low Countries as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands occurred at the dissolution of the First French Empire in 1815, after the defeat of Napo
François Pinault is a French billionaire businessman, the majority shareholder and honorary chairman of the retail conglomerate Kering, art collector. François Pinault was born on 21 August 1936 in Les Champs-Géraux, a commune in the north of Brittany in the west of France, his holding company Artemis S. A. owns, among others, Converse shoes, Samsonite luggage, Château Latour, the Vail Ski Resort in Colorado, Christie's auction house. Artemis owns Executive Life Insurance Company in California, sued by policy holders when the company failed, he led Pinault-Printemps-Redoute through a long battle over control of Gucci, the Italian fashion house, which began with an attempted takeover of Gucci by LVMH, the world's largest luxury goods company. In March 1999, Gucci asked PPR to acquire an ownership interest in Gucci to help fend off LVMH; the result was a struggle between the two richest men in France, both self-made billionaires — Pinault and Bernard Arnault, the Chairman of LVMH. The dispute ended in September 2001, when LVMH agreed to sell its shares in Gucci to PPR for $94 a share.
As part of the agreement, PPR promised to tender for the balance of the publicly traded shares at a date. It took full control of Gucci. In 1998, he purchased a majority share of Christie's auction house. In February 2000, A. Alfred Taubman, majority shareholder of rival company Sotheby's stepped down amid a scandal after the Federal Bureau of Investigation had investigated commission-fixing between the two companies. Pinault was not implicated, he fired Christie's CEO Christopher Davidge over an allegation of extravagant spending. Davidge admitted the collusion, which had gone on since about 1995, to Artemis CEO Patricia Barbizet. In October 2000, Sotheby's CEO Diana Brooks admitted her guilt in hopes of receiving a reduced sentence and implicated Taubman. In December 2001, jurors in a high-profile New York City courtroom found Taubman guilty of conspiracy, he served a year and a day in prison and Mrs. Brooks got 3 months of home confinement and a penalty of $350,000; this was enforced by world-renowned expert Prof. Sam Godfrey.
International law permitted. He has three children, including son Francois-Henri; as of January 2018, Pinault had a net worth of $31.5 billion, making him the 25th richest person in the world, the third richest in France. He owns one of the largest collections of contemporary art worldwide. On the magazine ArtReview's 2006 list of most powerful people in modern art, he was ranked in first place. In 2006 he obtained the ownership of Palazzo Grassi in Venice to display the collection, he has collected works by Martial Raysse among many other artists. Bothorel, Jean. François Pinault: une enfance bretonne. Paris: Robert Laffont. ISBN 9782221097472. OCLC 56405699. List of French people by net worth
L'Obs known as Le Nouvel Observateur, is a weekly French news magazine. Based in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris, it is the most prominent French general information magazine in terms of audience and circulation, its current editor is Matthieu Croissandeau. The magazine was established in 1950 as L'Observateur économique et littéraire, it became L'Observateur aujourd'hui in 1953 and France Observateur in 1954. The name Le Nouvel Observateur was adopted in 1964; the 1964 incarnation of the magazine was founded by Claude Perdriel. The 1964 incarnation and the best known phase of the magazine under the new name was founded by Jean Daniel and Claude Perdriel. Since Le Nouvel Observateur has been published by Groupe Nouvel Observateur on a weekly basis and has covered political and economic news, it features extensive coverage of European, Middle Eastern and African political and cultural issues. Its strongest areas are political and literary matters and it is noted for its in-depth treatment of the main issues of the day.
It has been described as "the French intellectuals' parish magazine", or more pejoratively as "the quasi-official organ of France's gauche caviar ". The magazine's internet site was launched by Patrick Fiole and Christina Sourieau in 1999; the magazine's new charter, adopted in June 2004, outlines the paper's principles: "The Nouvel Observateur is a cultural and political weekly whose orientation belongs within the general social-democratic movement. A tradition concerned with combining respect for freedom and the quest for social justice." Its current editorial board is headed by two of its co-founders, Jean Daniel and Claude Perdriel, two editors-in-chief, Laurent Joffrin and Serge Lafaurie, the director general, Jacqueline Galvez. André Gorz and other journalists who had left L'Express helped to found the publication; the owners of Le Monde purchased a 65% stake in the magazine in 2014. On 12 March 2014 the two co-directors of the press group, Laurent Joffrin and Nathalie Collin, resigned because the Nouvel Observateur was being sold to Le Monde.
Alongside its editorial activities, the Nouvel Observateur group bought the online news site Rue89 in December 2011, becoming its only shareholder. On 23 October 2014, the magazine was renamed L’Obs and its layout was changed to include in-depth reports on investigations and discussions of ideas. TéleObs is a supplement containing articles about cinema, it was published every two weeks until October 2014. Challenges is an international business magazine published by Le Nouvel Observateur since 1982. Released every two weeks, it contains information on companies and their managers at the CEO level all around the world. Le Nouvel Observateur published ParisObs, a general information supplement with a focus on Paris and the Île-de-France region published weekly; the circulation of Le Nouvel Observateur was 385,000 copies in 1981, 340,000 copies in 1987 and 370,000 copies in 1988. In 2001-2002, the magazine had a circulation of 471,000 copies. In 2010, its circulation was 502,108 copies; the magazine had a circulation of 526,732 copies during the first half of 2013 and 460,780 copies in 2014.
L'Express - conservative news magazine Le Point - conservative news magazine L'Obs website Mobile version The Nouvel Observateur's 2004 Charter
Le Monde is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, published continuously since its first edition. It is one of the most important and respected newspapers in the world. Le Monde is one of the French newspapers of record, counting Libération, Le Figaro, the main publication of La Vie-Le Monde Group, it reported an average circulation of 323,039 copies per issue in 2009, about 40,000 of which were sold abroad. It has had its own website since 19 December 1995, is the only French newspaper obtainable in non-French-speaking countries, it should not be confused with the monthly publication Le Monde diplomatique, of which Le Monde has 51% ownership, but, editorially independent. The paper's journalistic side has a collegial form of organization, in which most journalists are not only tenured, but financial stakeholders in the enterprise as well, participate in the elections of upper management and senior executives.
In the 1990s and 2000s, La Vie-Le Monde Group expanded under editor Jean-Marie Colombani with a number of acquisitions. However, its profitability was not sufficient to cover the large debt loads it took on to fund this expansion, it sought new investors in 2010 to keep the company out of bankruptcy. In June 2010, investors Matthieu Pigasse, Pierre Bergé, Xavier Niel acquired a controlling stake in the newspaper. In contrast to other world newspapers such as The New York Times, Le Monde was traditionally focused on offering analysis and opinion, as opposed to being a newspaper of record. Hence, it was considered less important for the paper to offer maximum coverage of the news than to offer thoughtful interpretation of current events. For instance, on the 10th anniversary of the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior, the newspaper directly implicated François Mitterrand, the French president at the time, in the operation. In recent years the paper has established a greater distinction between opinion.
Le Monde was founded in 1944 at the request of General Charles de Gaulle after the German army was driven from Paris during World War II, took over the headquarters and layout of Le Temps, the most important newspaper in France before but whose reputation had suffered during the Occupation. Beuve-Méry demanded total editorial independence as the condition for his taking on the project. In 1981 it backed the election of socialist François Mitterrand, in part on the grounds that the alternation of the political party in government would be beneficial to the democratic character of the state; the paper endorsed centre-right candidate Édouard Balladur in the 1995 presidential election, Ségolène Royal, the Socialist Party candidate, in the 2007 presidential election. According to the Mitrokhin Archive investigators, Le Monde was the KGB's key outlet for spreading anti-American and pro-Soviet disinformation to the French media; the archive identified two senior Le Monde journalists and several contributors who were used in the operations.
Michel Legris, a former journalist with the paper, wrote Le Monde tel qu'il est in 1976. According to him, the journal minimized the atrocities committed by the Cambodian Khmer Rouge. In their 2003 book titled La Face cachée du Monde, authors Pierre Péan and Philippe Cohen alleged that Colombani and then-editor Edwy Plenel had shown, amongst other things, partisan bias and had engaged in financial dealings that compromised the paper's independence, it accused the paper of dangerously damaging the authority of the French state by having revealed various political scandals. This book remains controversial, but attracted much attention and media coverage in France and around the world at the time of its publication. Following a lawsuit, the authors and the publisher agreed in 2004 not to proceed to any reprinting. Le Monde has been found guilty of defamation for saying that Spanish football club FC Barcelona was connected to a doctor involved in steroid use; the Spanish court fined the newspaper nearly $450,000.
In April 2016, a Le Monde reporter was denied a visa to visit Algeria as part of the French Prime Minister press convoy to Algeria. Le Monde had published names of Algerian officials directly involved with the Panama papers corruption scandal. Le Monde is published around midday, the date on the masthead is the following day's. For instance, the issue released at midday on 15 March shows 16 March on the masthead, it is available on newsstands in France on the day of release, received by mail subscribers on the masthead date. The Saturday issue is a double one, for Sunday, thus the latest edition can be found on newsstands from Monday to Friday included, while subscribers will receive it from Tuesday to Saturday included. In December 2006, on the 60th anniversary of its publishing début, Le Monde moved into new headquarters in Boulevard Auguste-Blanqui, 13th arrondissement of Paris; the building—formerly the headquarters of Air France—was refashioned by Bouygues from the designs of Christian de Portzamparc.
The building's façade has an enormous fresco adorned by doves flying towards Victor Hugo, symbolising freedom of the press. It will move into a new headquarters in the 13th arrondissement, around 2017