Kasteel Wittem is a former restaurant located in Castle Wittem in the village of Wittem, in the Netherlands. It was a dining restaurant that was awarded one Michelin star in the period 1977-1989. In the period 1975-1979, head chef was Jan Vossen, at least in the period 1987-1990, Theus van Schaik was the head chef. Wim Rekko took over, but could not retain the star, the restaurant was part of Hotel Kasteel Wittem, which closed down in June 2009. The owners Marc and Peter Ritzen had run the hotel for 40 years, the hotel reopened, now without a restaurant, in January 2010. In 2008, Kasteel Wittem and Hostellerie De Hamert celebrated with special arrangements the fact that they were together 100 years in business, the first since 1968, restaurant-hotel Kasteel Wittem was a member of the Alliance Gastronomique Néerlandaise, but left after the sale of the hotel in 2009. List of Michelin starred restaurants in the Netherlands
A restaurant, or an eatery, is a business which prepares and serves food and drinks to customers in exchange for money. Meals are generally served and eaten on the premises, but many offer take-out and food delivery services. In Western countries, most mid- to high-range restaurants serve alcoholic beverages such as beer, some restaurants serve all the major meals, such as breakfast and dinner. Other restaurants may serve a single meal or they may serve two meals or even a kids meal. Restaurants may be classified or distinguished in different ways. The primary factors are usually the food itself, the cuisine and/or the style of offering, beyond this, restaurants may differentiate themselves on factors including speed, location, service, or novelty themes. In the former case, customers usually wear casual clothing, in the latter case, depending on culture and local traditions, customers might wear semi-casual, semi-formal or formal wear. Typically, at mid- to high-priced restaurants, customers sit at tables, their orders are taken by a waiter, after eating, the customers pay the bill.
Another restaurant approach which uses few waiters is the buffet restaurant, customers serve food onto their own plates and pay at the end of the meal. Buffet restaurants typically still have waiters to serve drinks and alcoholic beverages, fast food restaurants are considered a restaurant. The travelling public has long been catered for with ships messes and railway restaurant cars which are, in effect, many railways, the world over, cater for the needs of travellers by providing railway refreshment rooms, a form of restaurant, at railway stations. In the 2000s, a number of travelling restaurants, specifically designed for tourists, have been created and these can be found on trams, buses, etc. A restaurants proprietor is called a restaurateur /ˌrɛstərəˈtɜːr/, like restaurant, professional cooks are called chefs, with there being various finer distinctions. Most restaurant will have various waiting staff to serve food and alcoholic drinks, including busboys who remove used dishes and cutlery.
In finer restaurants, this may include a host or hostess, a maître dhôtel to welcome customers and to them. A new route to becoming a restauranter, rather than working ones way up through the stages, is to operate a food truck, once a sufficient following has been obtained, a permanent restaurant site can be opened. This trend has become common in the UK and the US, a chefs table is a table located in the kitchen of a restaurant, reserved for VIPs and special guests. Patrons may be served a themed tasting menu prepared and served by the head chef, Restaurants can require a minimum party and charge a higher flat fee
Au Coin des Bons Enfants
Au Coin des Bons Enfants is a restaurant located in Maastricht, Netherlands. It is a dining restaurant that was awarded one Michelin star in the period 1958–1970. GaultMillau awarded the restaurant 15.0 out of 20 points, the first head chef was Theo Koch. In 1995, George Taselaar took over the restaurant and became head chef, the restaurant is located in a former orphanage, originally built in 1750. List of Michelin starred restaurants in the Netherlands Official website
Beluga is a restaurant on Plein 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands. It is a dining restaurant that is awarded two Michelin stars from 2005 to present. It was awarded one Michelin star in the period 1998-2004, gaultMillau gave the restaurant a rating of 19.5 out of 20. The restaurant was established by chef Hans van Wolde in 1997, originally it was located in Havenstraat in the old centre of Maastricht. In 2001 the restaurant moved to the floor of a new building by Jo Coenen on the banks of the river Maas in the posh neighbourhood Céramique. In the Summer of 2011 Van Wolde started Beluga Beach Club in a park along the Meuse river, the independent food guide Lekker. nl places Beluga often in the top five of the Lekker Top-100. In 2005 the restaurant placed fifth, advancing to second place in 2006, in 2007, Beluga placed first, ahead of three restaurants with three Michelin stars
Aubergine is a restaurant in Steyl in the Netherlands. It is a dining restaurant that is awarded one Michelin star in the period 2006–present. GaultMillau awarded the restaurant 14 out of 20 points, head chef of Aubergine is Paul Pollux. List of Michelin starred restaurants in the Netherlands
International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay.
The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces.
Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
Gulpen is a village in the Dutch province of Limburg. It is approximately midway between the Dutch city of Maastricht and the German city of Aachen, Gulpen was a separate municipality until 1999, when it merged with Wittem. The newly formed municipality is called Gulpen-Wittem, the town itself derives its name from the river Gulp, which runs straight through the centre of the village and characterises the townscape. There is a Romanesque tower in the old cemetery, which dates from the 11th Century and is the still existing part of a mediaeval village church. Considering its construction and its location, it served as defence tower. The former rectory, which leans against the tower, dates from 1732 and it is now being let as luxurious group accommodation. The current Neo-Romanesque St. Petrus church dates from 1924 and was designed by Casper Franssen, a former monastery that was built in 1932 after a design by Alphons Boosten is being used as town hall. The village is home to the Gulpener Brewery, every year in June, a walking tour of 70 kilometres is organised that is called the Nacht van Gulpen. A little over a thousand people participate in this event each year, J.
Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, Gulpen. Map of the municipality, around 1868
Onder de Boompjes
Onder de Boompjes was a restaurant located in Hattem Castle in Roermond, in the Netherlands. It was a dining restaurant that was awarded one Michelin star in the period 1999-2004. Owner and head chef of Onder de Boompjes was René Brienen, the restaurant was originally located on Irenestraat 1 in Overloon but moved in April 2002 to Hattem Castle in Roermond. The restaurant closed down in 2004, due to bankruptcy, list of Michelin starred restaurants in the Netherlands
Michelin Guides are a series of guide books published by the French company Michelin for more than a century. The acquisition or loss of a star can have effects on the success of a restaurant. Michelin publishes a series of guides to countries. In 1900, fewer than 3,000 cars graced the roads of France, four years later, in 1904, the brothers published a guide to Belgium similar to the Michelin Guide. The brothers subsequently introduced guides for Algeria and Tunisia, the Alps and the Rhine, Germany and Portugal, the British Isles, in 1909, the Michelin Guide for France saw its first English-language version published. During the First World War, publication of the guide was suspended, after the war, revised editions of the guide continued to be given away until 1920. The companys website recounts the story that André Michelin, visiting a tire merchant, based on the principle that man only truly respects what he pays for, the brothers decided to charge a price for the guide, which was about 750 francs or $2.15 in 1954.
They made changes, listing restaurants by specific categories, the debut of hotel listings. In 1926, the guide began to award stars for fine dining establishments, there was only a single star awarded. Then, in 1931, the hierarchy of zero, finally, In 1936, the criteria for the starred rankings were published, A very good restaurant in its category, Excellent cooking, worth a detour, Exceptional cuisine, worth a special journey. In 1931 the cover of the guide was changed from blue to red, publication of the annual guide resumed on 16 May 1945, a week after VE Day. The first Michelin Guide to Italy was published in 1956 and it awarded no stars in the first edition. In 1974, the first guide to Britain since 1931 was published, in November 2005 Michelin produced its first American guide, concentrating on New York, covering 500 restaurants in the citys five boroughs and 50 hotels. In 2007 a Tokyo Michelin Guide was launched, in the same year the guide introduced a magazine, Étoile. In 2008 a Hong Kong and Macau volume was added to the list of Michelin Guides, the Michelin website in 2013 notes that the guide is published in 14 editions covering 23 countries and sold in nearly 90 countries.
In 2008 the German restaurateur Juliane Caspar was appointed editor-in-chief of the French edition of the guide and she had previously been responsible for the Michelin guides to Germany and Austria. She became the first woman and first non-French national to occupy the French position, Red Guides have historically listed many more restaurants than rival guides have done, relying on an extensive system of symbols to describe each establishment in as little as two lines. Reviews of starred restaurants include two to three culinary specialities, short summaries have been added to enhance descriptions of many establishments
Valuas is a restaurant in Venlo, Netherlands. It is a dining restaurant that was awarded one Michelin star for the period 2006–present. GaultMillau awarded the restaurant 16 out of 20 points, head chef and half-owner of Valuas is Eric Swaghoven. His brother Marcel Swaghoven owns the other half and acts as Maître d and their father was once running Hotel Wilhelmina and operated the bistro Valuas. Due to illness the brothers were running the bistro since the mid ninety-nineties. They own the place since 1998, Valuas is a member of Les Patrons Cuisiniers. 2013, Lodewijk van der Grinten Ondernemersprijs List of Michelin starred restaurants in the Netherlands
Toine Hermsen (restaurant)
Toine Hermsen is a restaurant located in Maastricht in the Netherlands. It is a dining restaurant that was awarded one or two Michelin stars from 1993 to present. GaultMillau awarded the restaurant 16.0 out of 20 points, toine Hermsen is a member of Les Patrons Cuisiniers. - 1993-1997, one star - 1998-2001, two stars - 2002–present, one star List of Michelin starred restaurants in the Netherlands