CBC News, stylized as CBCnews, is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, CBC.ca. Founded in 1941, CBC News is the largest news broadcaster in Canada and has local and national broadcasts and stations, it collaborates with its French-language counterpart, Radio-Canada Info, although the two are organizationally separate. The CBC follows the Journalistic Standards and Practices which provides the policy framework within which CBC journalism seeks to meet the expectations and obligations it faces from the public; the first CBC newscast was a bilingual radio report on November 2, 1936. The CBC News Service was inaugurated during World War II on January 1, 1941 when Dan McArthur, chief news editor, had Wells Ritchie prepare for the announcer Charles Jennings a national report at 8:00 pm. Readers who followed Jennings were Frank Herbert and Earl Cameron.
CBC News Roundup startet on August 16, 1943 at 7:45 pm, being replaced by The World at Six on October 31, 1966. On English-language television the first newscast, part of CBC Newsmagazine, was given on September 8, 1952 on CBLT, the only English station telecasting; that year CBC National News was introduced changing its name to The National in 1970. CBC began delivering news online in 1996 via the Newsworld Online website; the CBC News Online site launched in 1998. In 2009, CBC's Television News, Radio News and Digital News departments were merged into CBC News with a central assignment and reporting structure. In 2013, CBC News relaunched its CBC Aboriginal website, based in Winnipeg, with journalists in Toronto and other cities. In 2016, the site was renamed CBC Indigenous. In 2017, CBC News relaunched its flagship newscast, The National, with four co-anchors based in Toronto and Vancouver. CBC News has won Canadian awards including Michener, Canadian Screen, Canadian Association of Journalists and RTDNA awards and internationally, Prix Italia, Monte Carlo, Gabriel and International Emmys.
Thousands of hours of archival CBC News programming are available at the CBC Digital Archives Website and Facebook page. The Television News section of CBC News is responsible for the news programs on CBC Television and CBC News Network, including national news programs like The National, The Fifth Estate, The Investigators with Diana Swain and The Weekly with Wendy Mesley, they are responsible for news, business and sports information for Air Canada's inflight entertainment. The distinctive music on all CBC television news programs was introduced in 2006 as part of the extensive rebranding of all news programming under the CBC News title. Most local newscasts on CBC Television are branded as CBC News:, such as CBC News: Toronto at Six. Local radio newscasts are heard on the half-hour during morning and afternoon drive shows and on the hour at other times during the day; the Radio News section of CBC News produces on-the-hour updates for the CBC's national radio newscasts and provides content for regional updates.
Major radio programs include World Report, The World at Six, The World This Hour and The World this Weekend. The majority of news and information is aired on CBC Radio One. All newscasts are available via apps or via voice-activated virtual assistants. CBC News Online is the CBC's CBC.ca news website. Launched in 1996, it was named one of the most popular news websites in Canada in 2012; the website provides regional and international news coverage, investigative, business and entertainment. Investigative, business, Indigenous, health and tech news. An Opinion section was reintroduced in November 2016. Many reports are accompanied by podcasting and video from the CBC's television and radio news services. CBC News content is available on multiple platforms including Facebook, Instagram, etc. CBC News Network is an English-language news channel owned and operated by the CBC, it began broadcasting on July 31, 1989 from several regional studios in Halifax, Toronto and Calgary. It was revamped and relaunched as the CBC News Network in 2009 as part of a larger renewal of the CBC News division.
Current programs include CBC News Now, Power & Politics, The National with Adrienne Arsenault and, Ian Hanomansing, Andrew Chang and Rosemary Barton. In November 2005, the CBC News Weather Centre was established to cover local and international weather, using in part data provided by Environment Canada. Claire Martin was hired to serve as the primary face of the Weather Centre. In April 2014, the national Weather Centre was disbanded due to CBC budget cuts. In November 2014, citing difficulties implementing this new system, CBC announced a one-year trial content sharing partnership with The Weather Network, the owned cable specialty channel, which went into effect on December 8. Under the partnership, in exchange for access to weather-related news coverage from the CBC, The Weather Network provides the national weather reports seen on The National and CBCNN da
Iroquois Falls is a town in Northern Ontario, with a population of 4,595 at the 2011 census. The town centre lies 11 km east of Hwy 11 on the banks of the Abitibi River, west of Lake Abitibi. Timmins, one of the largest cities in northern Ontario, is 70 kilometres to the southwest; the following communities are within the municipal boundaries: Monteith, Nellie Lake, Porquis Junction. Iroquois Falls' primary industry was a large mill producing newsprint and commercial printing papers. In December 2014, the owner, Resolute Forest Products, announced its permanent closure. There are three hydro-electric dams nearby; the Monteith Correctional Complex, a provincial prison serving a regional catchment area, is located in the community of Monteith. The background of the town's name varies depending on the source, attributing it to invasions by the Iroquois on Huron or Ojibway villages, it is unclear who has relayed the tale, settlers or the First Nations people themselves. Iroquois Falls was built as a company town by Frank Harris Anson, owner of the Abitibi Power and Paper Company.
Anson had been influenced by the garden city movement of urban planning, was committed to building an elaborate town. A Chicago architectural firm was hired to design the landscaping and houses, work crews began clearing land in 1913; the town's park and commercial developments were separated from the paper mill, the residential streets curved with a focus on the centre of the town. A large church was built, the first English Catholic Parish in Northern Ontario, today remains a historic landmark. Anson's company town had a hospital, a school, a company hotel. Employee homes were designed with gambrel roofs to resemble New England farmhouses, their design and location reflected the employee's rank at the mill. Papermakers lived in double-adjoined homes, while senior managers lived on separate streets in single-family homes. Much of the town was destroyed by fire in 1916, though Anson continued his beautification program during the 1920s as the community rebuilt; the town's avant-garde style earned it the nickname "Anson's Folly".
The town was incorporated in 1915, a board of trade was chartered in 1926. The paper mill created a dramatic change to the area, people migrated to the community for work; the creation of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway boosted the economy as there were few roads at the time. As Iroquois Falls grew, two new communities within the town began to emerge. An area known first as "The Wye" grew to the south, was at first a ramshackle collection of cabins and shacks, it became known as Ansonville, was home to a number of business people and others who were shut out from the company town. In contrast to Iroquois Falls, Ansonville had little town planning, no water, sewer, or electrical service. Insurance companies would not insure homes there because the risk of fire was too great, the first residents were French-Canadians and Ukrainians. Animosity was frequent between Ansonville and Iroquois Falls, many residents of Iroquois Falls condemned Ansonville "as a dark den of foreigners engaged in regular street brawls, illegal alcohol consumption, other unsavoury activities"In 1921, Ansonville began to levy taxes, which led a group of residents to establish a third community named Victoria in the north-west section of the town.
The name was changed to Montrock. In 1979, the three communities were amalgamated into one town named Iroquois Falls; the paper mill called Abitibi-Price, merged with Stone-Consolidated, with Donohue Forest Products, with Bowater to create Abitibi-Bowater. On 17 April 2009, Abitibi-Bowater sought bankruptcy protection, emerging from it as Resolute Forest Products. A tragic event occurred in 1984 at the coffee shop at Joe's Texaco in nearby Porquois Junction. Ontario Provincial Police constable Vern Miller was drinking coffee with his partner constable Norm Tiegen, when 23-year-old Gregg Prevost of Iroquois Falls entered and shot Miller with a shotgun, killing him instantly; the community was shocked and outraged, Provost was sentenced to life in prison. The town of Matheson renamed their local arena the Vern Miller Memorial Arena in his honour. Iroquois Falls falls within the northern periphery of the Humid continental climate despite extreme January and February record lows that exceed that of many subarctic regions.
In January 1935, the town set the record low temperature for Ontario of −58.3 °C, the town happens to hold the unofficial February record low of −55.6 °C. set in February 1899 and tied in February 1934 but it wasn't recorded at the location used for official temperature readings. Winter lasts from November through April. Resolute Forest Products announced the permanent closure of its mill in Iroquois Falls on December 5, 2014, eliminating 180 jobs. Mayor Michael Shea commented: "it's going to affect every village in Northern Ontario."In 2015, the Town of Iroquois Falls entered into an agreement with Resolute Forest Products, Riverside Developments, regarding redeveloping the former mill site into a multi-use industrial facility, commercial-industrial park, or a greenhouse complex. The Jus Jordan Arena arena and curling rinks were completed in 1955 through the volunteer effort of townspeople. There are a licensed lounge. A pool was added in 1979, the complex was renovated in 2007; the Iroquois Falls Curling Club is located at the arena.
The arena was home to the Abitibi Eskimos and the Iroquois Falls J
Wawa is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Algoma District and associated with Wawa Lake. Known as the township of Michipicoten, after a nearby river of that name, the township was renamed in 2007 for its largest and best-known community of Wawa; this area was first developed for fur trading. In the late 19th century, both gold and iron ore were found and mined, leading to the region's rise as the steel industry developed in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. From 1900-1918 the Helen Mine had the highest production of iron ore of any mine in Canada; the township includes the smaller communities of Michipicoten and Michipicoten River, which are small port settlements on the shore of Lake Superior. These names are derived from the Ojibwe term for the river. Fort Michipicoten was constructed at the mouth of the Michipicoten River, it was at the junction of the main fur trade route from Montreal westward and the route to James Bay via the Missinaibi River. The town developed five miles upriver from here.
French explorers reached the area by at least 1681, militia built the post in either 1725 or 1727. By 1729, it was an outpost of Fort Kaministiquia in Vérendrye's Postes du Nord; the site was opposite the mouth of the Magpie River. When the British conquered Canada in 1763, this post was abandoned. Four years it was re-opened on the same site by fur traders Alexander Henry the elder and Jean Baptiste Cadotte; the route from James Bay was explored by Philip Turnor. In 1783, it was taken over based in Montreal. In 1797, the Hudson's Bay Company built a rival post on the north bank. With the union of the two companies in 1821, the Lake Superior trade was diverted from Montreal to Hudson Bay via Michipicoten; this lasted until 1863, when the arrival of railways made it unnecessary. From 1827, the fort was the headquarters of the Superior Division, several annual meetings were held here, it was a centre for boat-building and small-scale manufacture and repair. It served as a base for missionaries and surveyors.
It was closed in 1904 and taken apart. By 1980 the site held little more than a grassy clearing, some foundation stones, the remains of the dock. Wawa's history is rich in mining and the fur trade. Mining attempts began as early as the late 1660s. William Teddy discovered gold on Wawa Lake in 1897; the population of Wawa village grew with 1,700 claims staked in 1898. However, most gold production stopped by 1906. Beginning in 1914 with the completion of the Algoma Central Railway, gold production commenced again from 22 prospects. In 1898, the town site at what is now called "the Mission" was registered as "Michipicoten City." In 1899, Wawa was plotted as a town and registered as Wawa City. In the latter half of the 1950s, the town's name was temporarily changed to Jamestown in honour of Sir James Hamet Dunn, but it was returned to Wawa at the request of the community's residents. Gold production had slowed by 1906, but as mining technology improved, additional amounts began to be extracted from the area.
Gold mining in the Wawa area prospered and receded several times in the 20th century, it continues today. Notable producers include the Grace Mine, which produced 15,191 ounces, the Minto Mine, which produced 37,678 ounces, the Parkhill Mine, which produced 54,301 ounces, the Renabie Mine, which produced 1.1 million ounces. Iron ore extraction has been an important industry in the area; the search for gold during the Michipicoten boom led to the unexpected discovery in 1897 of iron ore. Francis Hector Clergue, an American entrepreneur recognized the iron ore for its potential. Marie. Wawa was served by the Algoma Central Railway to ship ore for processing; the first supply of ore extracted from the Helen Mine was shipped to Midland, Ontario, in July 1900. The mine produced high-grade iron ore until 1903, when operations shut down due to financial difficulties encountered by Clergue and his company. By 1904, the mine had returned to full production capabilities and was mining one thousand tons of hematite ore a day.
From 1900 to 1918, the Helen Mine had the largest production of any iron mine in Canada. In 1909, a second hematite ore deposit was uncovered near the Magpie River, twelve miles north of the Helen Mine; the Algoma Steel Corporation, organized between 1904 and 1909 in Sault Ste. Marie, bought up the claims and operated both the Magpie and Helen mines for the next decade; the Helen Mine continued ore production until 1918, when the company felt the reserve of hematite ore was depleted. The same fate followed the Magpie Mine in 1921; the Census of Canada records that the population of the Michipicoten region in 1921 experienced a drop from 1,001 in 1911 to 101 just ten years later. It was not until 1937, with the threat of war in Europe and the emergence of a profitable market for Canadian iron ore, that the Helen Mine was reopened. A sintering plant was constructed on the northern bank of the Magpie River, two miles west of the mine, it was used to treat the siderite ore before it was shipped to the blast furnaces at Algoma Steel in Sault Ste.
Marie. The plant became the centre for a small community called Sinterville, composed of workers and their families; the Helen Mine remained an open pit operation until 1950, from which point on all production came from underground mining. In 1960, the new George W. MacLeod Mine went into production adjacent to the Helen Mine; the ore was transported on an aerial tramline that consisted of over 280 steel three-ton
Greater Sudbury referred to as Sudbury, is a city in Ontario, Canada. It is the largest city in Northern Ontario by population, with a population of 161,531 at the Canada 2016 Census. By land area, it is the fifth largest in Canada, it is administratively a single-tier municipality, thus not part of any district, county, or regional municipality. The Sudbury region was sparsely inhabited by the Ojibwe people of the Algonquin group for thousands of years prior to the founding of Sudbury following the discovery of nickel ore in 1883 during the construction of the transcontinental railway. Greater Sudbury was formed in 2001 by merging the cities and towns of the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury with several unincorporated townships. Being located inland, the local climate is seasonal with average January lows of around −18 °C and average July highs of 25 °C; the population resides in an urban core and many smaller communities scattered around 300 lakes and among hills of rock blackened by historical smelting activity.
Sudbury was once a world leader in nickel mining. Mining and related industries dominated the economy for much of the 20th century; the two major mining companies which shaped the history of Sudbury were Inco, now Vale Limited, which employed more than 25% of the population by the 1970s, Falconbridge, now Glencore. Sudbury has since expanded from its resource-based economy to emerge as the major retail, economic and educational centre for Northeastern Ontario. Sudbury is home to a large Franco-Ontarian population that influences its arts and culture; the Sudbury region was sparsely inhabited by the Ojibwe people of the Algonquin group as early as 9,000 years ago following the retreat of the last continental ice sheet. French Jesuits were the first to establish a European settlement when they set up a mission called Sainte-Anne-des-Pins, just before the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1883; the Sainte-Anne-des-Pins church played a prominent role in the development of Franco-Ontarian culture in the region.
During construction of the railway in 1883, blasting and excavation revealed high concentrations of nickel-copper ore at Murray Mine on the edge of the Sudbury Basin. This discovery brought the first waves of European settlers, who arrived not only to work at the mines, but to build a service station for railway workers. James Worthington, the superintendent of construction on the Northern Ontario segment of the railway, selected the name Sudbury after Sudbury, Suffolk, in England, the hometown of his wife Caroline. Sudbury was incorporated as a town in 1893, its first mayor was Stephen Fournier; the American inventor Thomas Edison visited the Sudbury area as a prospector in 1901. He is credited with the original discovery of the ore body at Falconbridge. Rich deposits of nickel sulphide ore were discovered in the Sudbury Basin geological formation; the construction of the railway allowed exploitation of these mineral resources and shipment of the commodities to markets and ports, as well as large-scale lumber extraction.
Mining began to replace lumber as the primary industry as the area's transportation network was improved to include trams. These enabled workers to work in another. Sudbury’s economy was dominated by the mining industry for much of the 20th century. Two major mining companies were created: Inco in 1902 and Falconbridge in 1928, they became two of the world's leading producers of nickel. Through the decades that followed, Sudbury's economy went through boom and bust cycles as world demand for nickel fluctuated. Demand was high during the First World War, when Sudbury-mined nickel was used extensively in the manufacturing of artillery in Sheffield, England, it bottomed out when the war ended and rose again in the mid-1920s as peacetime uses for nickel began to develop. The town was reincorporated as a city in 1930; the city recovered from the Great Depression much more than any other city in North America due to increased demand for nickel in the 1930s. Sudbury was the fastest-growing city and one of the wealthiest cities in Canada for most of the decade.
Many of the city's social problems in the Great Depression era were not caused by unemployment or poverty, but due to the difficulty in keeping up with all of the new infrastructure demands created by rapid growth — for example, employed mineworkers sometimes ended up living in boarding houses or makeshift shanty towns, because demand for new housing was rising faster than supply. Between 1936 and 1941, the city was ordered into receivership by the Ontario Municipal Board. Another economic slowdown affected the city in 1937, but the city's fortunes rose again with wartime demands during the Second World War; the Frood Mine alone accounted for 40 percent of all the nickel used in Allied artillery production during the war. After the end of the war, Sudbury was in a good position to supply nickel to the United States government when it decided to stockpile non-Soviet supplies during the Cold War; the open coke beds used in the early to mid 20th century and logging for fuel resulted in a near-total loss of native vegetation in the area.
The terrain was made up of exposed rocky outcrops permanently stained charcoal black by the air pollution from the roasting yards. Acid rain added more staining, in a layer that penetrates up to three inches into the once pink-grey granite; the construction of the Inco Superstack in 1972 dispersed sulphuric acid through the air over a much wider area, reducing the acidity of local precipitation. This enabled the city to begin an environmental recovery program. In the late 1970s, private and public interests combined to establis
Kapuskasing is a town on the Kapuskasing River in the Cochrane District of Northern Ontario, Canada 92 kilometres east of Hearst. The town was known as MacPherson until 1917, when the name was changed so as not to conflict with another railway stop in Manitoba; the town of Kapuskasing gets its name from the Kapuskasing River, named long before the existence of the town. Kapuskasing is a word of Cree origin meaning "Bend in the river"; the first reported survey of the district in which Kapuskasing lies was carried out in 1875 by Dr. Robert Bell of the Geological Survey of Canada, he referred to the Kapuskasing River as the "Kai-bush-ka-sing". According to Bell's information, the Kapuskasing River derived its name from the lake at its head. In 1900, the Bureau of Colonization of the Ontario Department of Agriculture sent parties to survey the north of the Canadian Pacific Railway between the Quebec border and Lake Nipigon, their main interest was to seek out and delimit areas for further agricultural settlements that would give Ontario a new farming frontier to offset the attraction of the western prairies.
In 1900, the Department of Crown Lands commissioned a Survey of Exploration of Northern Ontario. Survey parties were sent out to explore and report back to the Province on the various resources of water power, etc. that might be available for exploitation. No roads existed, but northern Cree Indians and fur traders had used the local rivers connecting to James Bay for centuries. In the summer of 1900 groups of surveyors traveled the many rivers of this remote area documenting their findings; the results were published by order of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as "Report of the Survey of Exploration of Northern Ontario 1900". The section of the report detailing exploration of the Kapuskasing River contains references to the local Cree names for Sturgeon Falls, White Spruce Rapids, Kapuskasing River and Big Beaver Falls, among others. Surveyors who explored the Kapuskasing River and tributaries in 1900 had local Cree guides familiar with the country who provided the local place names and their meanings to them.
In this report the word Kapuskasing is said to mean "Whispering Water". At the location where the CNR crossed the Kapuskasing River in 1910 there was an island in the centre of the river. Power and storage dams were built at that location in 1923. Prior to the dam construction the rapids at that location was known as "White Spruce Rapids" and known as "Spruce Falls"; the first Spruce Falls Company of 1920 took its name from these rapids. Kapuskasing lies in the heart of the Great Clay Belt; the topography of the region is flat, dotted with numerous small lakes and muskeg bogs. In the heart of Canada's boreal forest, the region is drained by rivers running north to James Bay; the district is forested by thick stands of black spruce that have commercial value as pulpwood. The area has long cold winters; the summer growing season is short and punctuated by killing frosts. Visitors comment on the deep blue of the sky during clear weather. Wildlife is abundant. Species such as moose, black bear and red fox are seen in the area.
Lakes and rivers are well populated with northern pike and yellow perch. Fishing and hunting are popular recreational activities locally. Located near the western edge of the Clay Belt of "New Ontario", the town was founded in the early 20th century after the National Transcontinental Railway, forerunner of the Canadian National Railway, was built through the area in 1911. An Ontario Historical Plaque was erected by the province to commemorate the founding of Kapuskasing's role in Ontario's heritage. An Internment camp was set up at Bunk Houses in Kapuskasing from December 1914 to February 1920. A scheme to settle veterans of the First World War in this vicinity was unsuccessful, it was not until the start of pulp and paper milling operations in the 1920s that Kapuskasing began to develop as an organized community. The Kapuskasing River Pulp and Timber limit, that included 4,500 square kilometres of timber and hydro leases at Sturgeon Falls, White Spruce Rapids and Big Beaver Falls, was awarded to speculators Saphrenous A. Mundy and Elihu Stewart in 1917, Spruce Falls Pulp and Paper Ltd. was incorporated, but no development took place.
The still unexploited timber limits were sold to Kimberly-Clark in 1920. The new Spruce Falls Company Ltd. began the development of the first pulp mill in Kapuskasing under the direction of F. J. Sensenbrenner, a Vice President of Kimberly Clark Corporation for the next 20 years; the small sulphite mill started up in late 1922 with four 12-ton digesters and a daily output of 75 tons of pulp. Spent liquor was discharged untreated into the Kapuskasing River. Early development was plagued by major setbacks. Fire destroyed the construction power project at Sturgeon Falls. A year's supply of pulpwood, boomed up in the river was washed away in the spring flood. A fire at the new mill brought production to a halt. In 1923, a water storage and hydro electric dam was built by Morrow and Beatty Ltd. of Peterborough at Spruce Falls. In 1925, the Spruce Falls Company Limited was awarded additional timber limits to the north and south, bringing their total limits up to 11,830 square kilometres. In 1926, the Spruce Falls Power and Paper Company was incorporated under joint ownership of Kimberly-Clark and The New York Times.
The new company negotiated two additional hydro power leases to the north on the Mattagami River at Smoky Falls and Devils Rapids. Work to build a 550 ton/day paper mill at Kapuskasing, a 75,000 HP hydro generating station at Smoky Falls and a 80 kilometres railway a
French River, Ontario
French River known as Rivière-des-Français, is a municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario, in the Sudbury District. The municipality had a population of 2,662 in the Canada 2016 Census, it was formed in 1999 through the merger of the Township of Cosby and Martland and surrounding unincorporated portions of the Unorganized North Sudbury District. It was named after the French River; the borders of the municipality are composed of Highway 69 to the west, West Arm to the north on Highway 535, the end of Wolseley Bay Rd to the east and the community of Monetville to the northeast. Along with the municipalities of St. Charles and Markstay-Warren, it is part of the region known as Sudbury East; these communities partner together on several ventures, including the Sudbury East Planning Board, Sudbury East Municipal Association, Manitoulin-Sudbury District Services Board and Sudbury East Board of Trade. The municipality comprises the communities of Alban, Chartrand Corner, Dokis First Nation, French River Station, Happy Landing, Monetville, Noëlville, North Monetville, Rutter, Sucker Creek Landing and Wolseley Bay.
The community of Alban was established in 1907 as Rutter, named for the nearby railway station in 1907, but in 1937 the community was renamed for Rev. J. Alban Filiatrault. In 1934, the Parish of Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes is created. Mr. Jean-Baptiste Rochon donates several acres of land to the habitants of Alban to erect a church. During the night of February 6, 1953, the church burns to the ground; the following Sunday, Father Oliva Campeau proposes the immediate reconstruction of the church. This time, it will be constructed with the walls of plaster instead of wood. In 1984, the Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes Parish celebrates its 50th anniversary. Known as Martland, the community was first settled in 1895 by Cyrille Monette and four other pioneers, it adopted the name Monetville. For many years the Greenway Hotel was one of the few notable buildings while driving through on the highway. Monetville is divided into Monetville. "South" Monetville is from Dokis Road south to Bear Lake and Shanty Bay of Lake Nipissing.
North Monetville extends from Dokis Road north to the West Arm of Lake Nipissing and Chapel Island, which Highway 64 crosses on the West Arm. North Monetville was settled by the Douglas Family, the Mercer Family and the Purcell family in the early 1900s. Noëlville known as Cosby, was founded in 1905 with the arrival of settlers in the region. Noëlville families travelled by boat, to the south-west end of Lake Nipissing, to establish themselves between Lake Nipissing and the French River. To pay homage to Noël Desmarais, the village's first merchant and the first businessman of the region, the town of Cosby became Noëlville in 1911. Desmarais is the grandfather to businessman Paul Desmarais. Noël Desmarais was one of the first to start his family business in Noëlville. In 2007, Noëlville made the top five communities in CBC Television's Hockeyville competition; the neighbouring city of Greater Sudbury offered its support to Noëlville, although the community lost out to another nearby city, North Bay.
The North Monetville area straddles the municipal boundary between West Nipissing. "Created" in the 1970s to aid the delivery of supplies to the Monetville Public School, located several kilometers north on Highway 64 from the signposts designating the town of Monetville. Sucker Creek Landing and Chapel Island are both considered to be part of North Monetville, with Highway 64 crossing Chapel Island and bridging the West Arm Narrows of Lake Nipissing at both ends of the island. Most residents of North Monetville state their address as "Monetville" if they do live in the north end of the village; the Community of Christ cemetery, 339 East Road, has a Canadian World War II hero buried there. Sgt. Wallace Edmond Firlotte, who served with the Lincoln and Welland Regiment during the war, was bestowed six war decorations. Firlotte was one of only a few Canadians, bestowed the Order of the Bronze Lion for heroism from the Crown of the Netherlands; this award is presented for "Deeds of extreme bravery and leadership in battle favouring the Netherlands".
The Prince presented this Order to Sgt. Firlotte by Royal Decree on December 8, 1945; each February, Noëlville hosts the longest running family hockey tournament in Canada. Five years after the Noëlville Community Centre was built in 1972, the Noëlville Family Hockey Tournament was founded in 1977 by Claude Mayer, Gerry Gratton, Dan Pitre. There were 17 teams; the first game was played on New Year's night when the Carrière family played against the Mayer family. The Pitre family won the inaugural tournament; this tournament survives to this day and has become a much anticipated event in this small town where families reunite when friends and members of the extended family return'home' to compete in this event which now hosts between 32 and 36 teams and families every year. Over the years, this tournament raised over $150,000 for local charities. In August, the Club Richelieu Rivière-des-Français hosts the family softball tournament, which hosts over 100 teams and provides numerous economic benefits to the region.
August 5-6-7, 2016 had 103 teams registered. Over the years, this tournament has raised over $221,330 to help fund various cultural and community activities; the municipal office
The voyageurs were French Canadians who engaged in the transporting of furs by canoe during the fur trade years. The emblematic meaning of the term applies to places and times where transportation of materials was over long distances; this major and challenging task of the fur trading business was done by canoe and by French Canadians. The term in its fur trade context applied, at a lesser extent, to other fur trading activities. Being a voyageur included being a part of a licensed, organized effort, one of the distinctions that set them apart from the coureurs des bois. Additionally, they were set apart from engagés, who were much smaller merchants and general laborers. Immigrants, engagés were men who were obliged to go anywhere and do anything their masters told them as long as their indentureship was still in place; until their contract expired, engagés were at the full servitude of their master, most a voyageur. Less than fifty percent of engagés whose contracts ended chose to remain in New France.
The voyageurs were regarded as legendary in French Canada. They were heroes celebrated in music. For reasons of promised celebrity status and wealth, this position was coveted. James H. Baker was once told by an unnamed retired voyageur: I could carry, paddle and sing with any man I saw. I have been twenty-four years a canoe man, forty-one years in service. I have saved the lives of ten voyageurs, have had six running dogs. I spent all of my money in pleasure. Were I young again, I would spend my life the same way over. There is no life so happy as a voyageur's life! Despite the fame surrounding the voyageur, their life was one of toil and not nearly as glorious as folk tales make it out to be. For example, they had to be able to carry two 90-pound bundles of fur over portage; some carried up to four or five, there is a report of a voyageur carrying seven for half of a mile. Hernias were common and caused death. Most voyageurs would start working when they were twenty-two and they would continue working until they were in their sixties.
They never made enough money to consider an early retirement from what was a physically grueling lifestyle. Europeans traded alongside the coast of North America with Native Americans; the early fur trade with Native Americans, which developed alongside the coasts of North America, was not limited to the beaver. Beavers were not valued and people preferred "fancy fur" or "fur, used with or on the pelt; the fur trade was viewed as secondary to fishing during this era. The earliest North American fur trading did not include long distance transportation of the furs after they were obtained by trade with the First Nations. Soon, coureurs des bois achieved business advantages by travelling deeper into the wilderness and trading there. By 1681, the King of France decided to control the traders by publishing an edict that banned fur and pelt trading in New France; as the trading process moved deeper into the wilderness, transportation of the furs became a larger part of the fur trading business process.
The authorities began a process of issuing permits. Those travellers associated with the canoe transportation part of the licensed endeavour became known as voyageurs, a term which means "traveler" in French; the fur trade was thus controlled by a small number of Montreal merchants. New France began a policy of expansion in an attempt to dominate the trade. French influence extended west and south. Forts and trading posts were built with the help of traders. Treaties were negotiated with native groups, fur trading became profitable and organized; the system became complex, the voyageurs, many of whom had been independent traders became hired laborers. By the late 1600s, a trade route through and beyond the Great lakes had been opened; the Hudson's Bay Company opened in 1670. The North West Company opened in 1784, exploring as far north as Lake Athabasca; the American Fur Company and operated by John Jacob Astor was founded in 1808. This company, by 1830, grew to control the American fur industry. In the late 1700s, demand in Europe grew for marten, lynx and beaver furs, expanding the trade, adding thousands to the ranks of voyageurs.
From the beginning of the fur trade in the 1680s until the late 1870s, the voyageurs were the blue-collar workers of the Montreal fur trade. At their height in the 1810s, they numbered as many as three thousand. For the most part, voyageurs were the crews hired to man the canoes that carried trade goods and supplies to trading locations where they were exchanged for furs, "rendezvous posts", they transported the furs back to Lachine near Montreal, also to points on the route to Hudson Bay. Some voyageurs stayed in the back country over the winter and transported the trade goods from the posts to farther-away French outposts; these men were known as the hivernants. They helped negotiate trade in native villages. In the spring they would carry furs from these remote outposts back to the rendezvous posts. Voyageurs served as guides for explorers; the majority of these canoe men we