Linden Park, South Australia
Linden Park is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia in the City of Burnside. It derives its name from the Linden Tree. Many of its streets are named after British First Sea Lords and admiralty, such as: Hood st: Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood Keyes st: Roger Keyes, 1st Baron Keyes Sturdee st: Doveton Sturdee Jellicoe st: John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe Beatty st: David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty Wemyss st: Rosslyn Wemyss, 1st Baron Wester Wemyss Hay Rd: Lord John Hay
Rosslyn Park, South Australia
Rosslyn Park is an eastern suburb of Adelaide in the City of Burnside. Most of Rosslyn Park started life as paddocks belonging to Dr Christopher Rawson Penfold, of Penfolds Wine. Dr Penfold was an English emigrant who purchased 500 acres of land in the area in 1844. Here he planted established Penfolds as one of the leading winemakers in Australia, he and subsequent generations of his family resided at the Grange Cottage, to the east of Penfold Road. Dr Penfold became the first chairman of the District Council of Burnside in 1856. Upon Dr Penfold's death in 1870, his son-in-law, Thomas Hyland, assumed control of the business, began to sell some of the land; the area of Rosslyn Park to the west of Gordon Terrace, between Kensington Road and The Parade, was sold in 1877 to a syndicate made up of: James Gartrell, partner in G. Wood, Son & Co. Thomas Gordon, accountant William Taylor, draper Alexander McGeorge, draper David Tweedy, land agentThe syndicate subdivided the land, sold parcels of it the next year.
Wine production declined at the Rosslyn Park site in the 20th century as production shifted to other areas in South Australia. The last vintage of Penfolds Wine was crushed at Magill Estate in 1972. Prior to and following this, subdivision of the land surrounding Magill Estate continued; the area bounded by Penfold Road, Park Avenue, Edgcumbe Terrace and The Parade was the site of Joseph Gillard Jnr's main vineyard. It was sold and subdivided by the Penfolds in around 1912; the area around Angove Court and Edgcumbe Terrace contains the former family home of Dr Roger Angove, inaugural President of the Burnside Historical Society. This land was subdivided in 1960; the family stables remained until they were demolished by a landowner in 1970. A larger subdivision occurred in the early 1980s, when owners Tooth & Co sold much of the area to the east of Penfold Road, resulting in the survival of only the core of the former winery, including production plants and Grange Cottage. In May 2002, Rosslyn Park experienced an incidence of freak weather when a tornado passed through it and Wattle Park late in the morning.
The tornado cut a narrow, 2 km long path of destruction through the suburbs, tearing limbs off trees and tiles from roofs. Rosslyn Park is situated 6 km east of the Adelaide city centre, it is bounded by The Parade to the north, Coach Road to the east, Kensington Road to the south and Hyland Terrace to the west. The suburb is divided by Penfold Road into two distinct areas. West of Penfold Road, the area is characterised by wide, tree-lined roads and architecture representing many styles popular during the twentieth century. East of Penfold Road, the area is much steeper in its approach to the Adelaide Hills, contains some large and modern architecture; some undeveloped vegetatation, some of the vines remain in this part of the suburb. Land use in Rosslyn Park is residential. Penfolds is a notable exception, with its rows of grapevines along Penfold Road a relic of the area's earlier agricultural focus. By far the most notable landmark in Rosslyn Park is the Magill Estate branch of Penfolds Winery.
This site offers cellar door sales and the award-winning Penfolds Magill Estate Restaurant. The winery's chimney is visible throughout the area. Located at Magill Estate is the historic Grange Cottage; this was constructed by Dr Penfold and his wife, Mary, in 1845, named after Mary's home town in England. Grange Hermitage wine was in turn named after the cottage. Other notable locations in Rosslyn Park include: WH Holmes Reserve, situated on Park Avenue. Dr Christopher Rawson Penfold Reserve, a small park on the corner of The Parade and Penfold Road; the park contains a collection of winemaking artefacts donated by wineries in the area. The Consulate General of Greece, located on Mary Penfold Drive. Street names in Rosslyn Park reflect the area's viticultural history and the predilections of its subdividers. Angove Court: named for Roger Angove, whose former family home is located at the end of the court Ayr Street: the name of a Scottish town originates with the Scottish heritage of members of the syndicate Dalwood Court: the name of a range of Penfolds wine Edgcumbe Terrace: name of the Angoves' family home Gillard Drive: named for Joseph Gillard Jnr, manager of the Penfolds cellars and vineyards 1869-1905 Gordon Terrace: named for Thomas Gordon, syndicate member Grange Avenue: name of the Penfolds' family cottage Hyland Terrace: named for Thomas Hyland, son-in-law of Dr Penfold and a key contributor to the winemaker's success Inez Court: named for Inez Hyland, granddaughter of Dr Penfold Lanark Street: the name of a Scottish town originates with the syndicate Mary Penfold Drive: Mary was Dr Penfold's wife and supervised the development of the company after his death Penfold Road: named for Dr Penfold and his wife, Mary Rawson Penfold Drive: named for Dr Penfold Schubert Court: named for Max Schubert, creator of the Grange Hermitage wine Taylor Terrace: named for William Taylor, syndicate member At the Federal level, Rosslyn Park residents are represented in the electorate of Sturt.
The member for the seat is Christopher Pyne MP. At the state level, the suburb is split between the electorates of Hartley held by Grace Portolesi MP, Morialta held by John Gardner MP. Rosslyn Park is accessed by car and bus; the main roads leading to the suburb are Kensington Road and Penfold Road. The Adelaide Metro bus system services Rosslyn Park, with routes H22 and H20 travelling from Grenfell Street in the city to service the area via the Parade, routes H23 and 141 servicing the area via Kensington Road; the 141 originates from North Terrace in the city, whilst the
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Frewville, South Australia
Frewville is a small suburb in the South Australian city of Adelaide. It is three kilometres south-east of Adelaide's central business district; the name Frewville is taken from an early settler James Frew. Frewville is in the local government area of the City of Burnside, it has a triangular layout, bounded on the north by Flemington Street, the east by Conyngham Street, the south-west by Glen Osmond Road. Frewville was part of the farming land sold to William Giles — this land is now known as the suburb of Fullarton. In early maps Frewville is shown to be on both the north-eastern and south-western sides of Glen Osmond Road. James Frew, his wife Jane Frew, née Fullarton, their daughter Ellen arrived in South Australia aboard Lady Bute in June 1839. On the voyage were his brothers Francis and Robert. Frew acquired part of section 265 from Giles in July 1847, subdivided it as "Frewville" in 1865, he purchased section 252, Hundred of Adelaide, from P. V. Agnew, in 1849 subdivided it as "Fullarton", his wife's former surname.
In 1853 James Frew paid ₤2,200 for the 130-acre allotment after Glen Osmond Road was cut through the middle of the Section. A son, James Frew Jr was educated at Adelaide Educational Institution, he was a member of John McDouall Stuart's 1861-1862 expedition, the first to cross the continent from south to north. He was buried in the West Terrace Cemetery. Frewville was used for the grazing of horses by the early colonists, but the village of Frewville was laid out in 1854 in Section 265. In 1855 a blacksmith set up on the corner closest to Adelaide, the Frewville Inn was established on Glen Osmond Road. In the next few years a weighbridge was established by the Hollard family - whose name is remembered as one of the streets in Frewville. There was at about this time a single large two-storey wooden villa house, set well back from Glen Osmond Road. Tall pines were planted along Glen Osmond Road. In 1881 most of Frewville was subdivided into the property boundaries that exist today; the suburb was populated by the "new" trades-people of the day - electricians, gas-fitters and the like.
In the 1930s Frewville was "landmarked" by the unusual advertising of a car wrecking yard on Glen Osmond Road. The car body of a Model "T" Ford was wedged high up in the branches of a tree. In the 1960s and 1970s the national freight carrier IPEC housed its main office and distribution centre at Frewville; the building has now been subdivided into offices. On the northern side of the suburb, in the Glenside hospital, a chemical research company built a large two-storey building in Flemington Street; this building caught fire sometime in the 1980s, now is the headquarters for the Royal District Nursing Service, a community-based nursing service. The McDonald's restaurant on Glen Osmond Road was one of the first McDonald's restaurants in Adelaide; the suburb is leafy with some trees which make up for the lack of reserves. There are more parks in nearby Glenunga, such as the Webb Oval, on the eastern border of Frewville; the suburb is well-serviced by public transport. The buses are provided by the Adelaide Metro.
However, the majority of commuters still use Frewville is well placed for this. Frewville residents can reach the Adelaide CBD by various routes, the Adelaide Hills by way of Glen Osmond Road and the South Eastern Freeway; the suburb is home to a number of retirees of predominantly Anglo-Celtic background. Some of the suburb is moderately wealthy, but as one border of Frewville is Glen Osmond road, a large part of the suburb is used for commercial and retail businesses; the main attractions of Frewville are the businesses along Glen Osmond Road - a McDonald's, Chinese and Mexican restaurants, along with a number of small businesses and motels. A prestige car company is located at the southernmost point adjacent to an office block that houses among other businesses a community television station. Frewville is in the South Australian House of Assembly Electoral District of Unley and the Federal Division of Sturt. "The Paddocks Beneath", Elizabeth Warbarton, 1981, ISBN 0-9593876-0-9
Rose Park, South Australia
Rose Park is a suburb with a population of 1,293 in the South Australian capital city of Adelaide. It is located one kilometre east of Adelaide's central business district. Rose Park is a leafy, tree-lined and wealthy inner suburb containing a number of historical and contemporary attractions. Much of the area's 19th Century housing stock has been recognised with heritage protection. Part of the Burnside Council, it is bounded to the north by Kensington Road, to the east by Prescott Terrace, to the south by Dulwich Avenue and to the west by Fullarton Road; the area is residential in nature, with commercial buildings along Fullarton Road, Kensington Road, Dulwich Avenue. This places it on the edge of the Adelaide Park Lands, bordering Victoria Park. In the second quarter of 2010, the median price of the four property sales in Rose Park was $1,500,000. Laid out in 1878 on part section 262, Hundred of Adelaide by the South Australia Company. Named after Sir John Rose, chairman of the company for fourteen years in the latter half of the nineteenth century.
Rose Park Post Office opened on 1 October 1946 but was renamed Norwood South in 1966. Rose Park Primary School According to the 2001 Census the population of the Rose Park census area was 2,663 people, with a slight decrease in population between the 1996 and 2001 censuses. 52.4% of the population was female, 79.4% were Australian born and 92.5% of residents were Australian citizens. In the 2006 census, the population of the Rose Park was 1,293 people. Notable residents include Andrew Fairweather. Like most areas across Australia in 2001, private motor vehicles were the main form of transport used by Rose Park residents, with only about 7% using public transport. Rose Park Primary School is located in Rose Park; the Adelaide Japanese Community School, Inc. a part-time Japanese educational programme, holds its classes in Rose Park Primary School. Rose Park is part of the state electoral district of Bragg, held since 2002 by Liberal MP Vickie Chapman. In federal politics, the suburb is part of the division of Adelaide, has been represented by Labor MP Kate Ellis since 2004.
Rose Park Primary School
Mount Osmond, South Australia
Mount Osmond is a small suburb of 2,497 people in the South Australian capital city of Adelaide. It is part of the City of Burnside local government area and located in the foothills of the Adelaide Hills, five kilometres south east of the city centre; the suburb is high on the hill of the same name, the last hill on the right when approaching Adelaide down the South Eastern Freeway before the road levels out onto the Adelaide Plains. It is bounded to the north by the suburb of Beaumont, to the north-east by Burnside, to the east by Waterfall Gully, to the south by Leawood Gardens/Eagle On The Hill, to the south-west by Urrbrae, to the west by Glen Osmond and to the north-west by St Georges; the suburb is at a high elevation in the Mount Lofty Ranges, provides views over Adelaide as well as containing a renowned golf course and country club. Mining operations in the 19th century gave the area notoriety, but it has since developed into a small and secluded suburb. Mount Osmond is within the traditional lands of the Kaurna people, forms part of the Mount Lofty Ranges and is therefore part of the Dreamtime story of the ancestor-creator Nganno.
According to the legend, Nganno was wounded in a battle and laid down to die, forming the Mount Lofty Ranges. When Adelaide was first planned and mapped out by Col. William Light, Mount Osmond received the three allotments 1070, 1277 and 1278. While much of Adelaide was quickly bought Mount Osmond did not enjoy any early buyers; the first reported activity in the area was after the mining rush of Glen Osmond due to the Wheal Watkins and Wheal Gawler mines. Lot 1277 yielded a mine in Slaughterhouse Gully but it was worked only briefly. Subsequent finds of bluestone proved fruitful and the mineral was extracted until 1900, when mining ended and the last of the mines were either filled in or cordoned off. Developers bought the lots that composed Mount Osmond but once again interest in the suburb was minor. Attempts to bring in settlers culminated in the construction of Mount Osmond Road in 1882, it wound around the hills from. Developers broke down the three large lots into two hundred 1-acre ones in the hope of sales.
A few lots were sold to quarrymen and gardeners around Mount Barker Road, but the vast remainder was leased to stockowners as pasture for their livestock. Much of Mount Osmond, along with a large portion of the surrounding area, was bought in 1907 by Ernest C. Sanders, his family made great use of the land, with his sons building houses on the vast property while raising sheep and growing hay. Considerable time was spent by the Sanders family in mapping the area; the Sanders family decided to sell much of their portion of Mount Osmond, around 1922–23 it was put on the market. Like earlier attempts at sales on Mount Osmond, little interest was received and none was sold until 1925; the land was developed into a golf course and Country Club with the assistance of the Burnside Council and its engineers. Credit to the novel idea went to H. E. S. Melbourne, Burnside's chief engineer at the time – who found support among numerous Burnside Councillors; the golf course and country club were developed on the highest part of the mount, on 85 acres of former Sanders estate.
The remaining land was sold by the country club to buyers with strict rules on the development and maintenance of the properties – specific rules applying to aesthetic features gardens, are of note. With a golf course and country club in the vicinity, as well as electricity and a water supply from Waterfall Gully's first creek the eighteen marketed lots once again sold poorly. One of the last large land purchases was that of Ross Thiem in the 1940s. A club member, C. W. Lloyd, sold 200 acres around the golf course, again used as pasture by Thiem, who ran sheep on the property – and was the last to do so; the Highways Department acquired land in 1951, buying 200 acres of land above Beaumont for future transport planning. Thiem's land was sold in the 1950s, to the Rossdale Property Co, their subsequent attempts at selling the land were just as fruitless as those before, once again the property changed hands to the Mount Osmond Heights Pty Ltd. The land was newly subdivided, it was in the late 1960s that much of Mount Osmond was sold to residential buyers.
Fifty-two out of the 116 new sites had been sold by 12 October 1968 at an average of $3,500, according to the Adelaide daily The Advertiser. Since the land sales of that era, Mount Osmond has developed because of the scarcity of land and the housing and development restrictions of the Hills Face Zone. Now the suburb is home to large, tree-filled houses and properties. With the upgrade of Mount Barker Road to become part of the South Eastern Freeway from 1997, Mount Osmond received its own freeway interchange as part of the development. Mount Osmond is composed of the Mount itself and a ridge stretching out to the south-east between the valley of the South Eastern Freeway and that of Waterfall Gully. Much of the suburb is more than 300 metres above sea level, with the Mount Osmond peak itself at 384 metres. Between the north-east and north-west are slopes leading down to the suburbs of Beaumont, Glen Osmond and Waterfall Gully, most of, owned as public land by various government departments – either as parks, tracks or vacant land for possible future use.
A somewhat "ring" of reserves exist on the slopes anti-clockwise from the Old Bullock Track to Mount Osmond Road near the freeway interchange. The South Australian Department of Environment and Natur
Adelaide city centre
Adelaide city centre is the innermost locality of Greater Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia. It is known by locals as "The City" or "Town" to distinguish it from Greater Adelaide and from the City of Adelaide; the locality is split into two key geographical distinctions: the city "square mile", bordered by North, East and West Terraces. The locality is home to the Parliament of many key state government offices. Due to the construction of many new apartments in the city, the population has grown over ten years from 10,229 to 15,115. Before the European settlement of South Australia, the Adelaide Plains, on which Adelaide was built, were home to the Kaurna group of Indigenous Australians; the colony of South Australia was established in 1836 at Glenelg, the city itself established in 1837. The location and layout of the city is accredited to Colonel William Light, in a plan known as Light's Vision; the area where the Adelaide city centre now exists was once known as "Tarndanya", which translates as "male red kangaroo rock" in Aboriginal, an area along the south bank of what is now known as the River Torrens, which flows through Adelaide.
Kaurna numbers were reduced by at least two widespread epidemics of smallpox which preceded European settlement, having been transported downstream along the Murray River. When European settlers arrived in 1836, estimates of the Kaurna population ranged from 300 to 1000 people. British Captain Matthew Flinders, along with French Captain Nicolas Baudin, charted the southeast coast of Australia, where Adelaide is located. Flinders provided little information on Adelaide itself. Charles Sturt explored the Murray and wrote a favourable reflection on what he saw. Colonel William Light is credited with settling and laying out the Adelaide region, which included a grid plan of Adelaide's streets. Adelaide was not as badly affected by the 1860s economic depression in Australia as other gold rush cities like Sydney and Melbourne, allowing it to prosper. Historian F. W. Crowley noted that the city was full of elite upper-class citizens which provided a stark contrast to the grinding poverty of the labour areas and slums outside the inner city ring.
Due to its historic puritan wealth during the 20th century, the city retains a notable portion of Victorian architecture. Adelaide is separated from its greater metropolitan area by a ring of public parklands on all sides; the so-called "square mile" within the park lands is defined by a small area of high rise office and apartment buildings in the centre north, around King William Street, which runs north-to-south through the centre. Surrounding this central business district are a large number of medium to low density apartments and detached houses which make up the residential portion of the city centre; the layout of Adelaide, known as Light's Vision, features a cardinal direction grid pattern of wide streets and terraces and five large public squares: Victoria Square in the centre of the city, Hindmarsh, Light and Whitmore Squares in the centres of each of the four quadrants of the Adelaide city centre. These squares occupy 32 of the 700 numbered "town acre" allotments on Light's plan.
All east-west roads change their names as they cross King William Street, except for North and South terraces. They alternate between being wide and narrow, 99 and 66 feet, except for the central Grote and Wakefield which are extra-wide, 132 feet, along with the surrounding four terraces. In the south half of the city, in several places the Adelaide City Council has constructed wide footpaths and road markings to restrict traffic to a lesser number of lanes than the full width of the road could support; the street pairs, design widths, town acres in Light's Vision are illustrated in this diagram: The streets and squares were named by a committee of a number of prominent settlers after themselves, after early directors of the South Australian Company, after Commissioners appointed by the British government to oversee implementation of the acts that established the colony, after various notables involved in the establishment of the colony. The Street Naming Committee comprised: All members of the committee had one or more of the streets and squares in the Adelaide city centre and North Adelaide named after themselves.
Brown Street, named for John Brown, was subsequently subsumed as a continuation of Morphett Street in 1967. In the same year, Hanson Street, named for Richard Hanson, was subsumed as a continuation of Pulteney Street; the squares were named after: Victoria - the regent the monarch Queen Victoria Hindmarsh - Rear Admiral Sir John Hindmarsh, first Governor Hurtle - Sir James Hurtle Fisher, first Resident Commissioner Light - Colonel William Light, Surveyor General Whitmore - William Wolryche-Whitmore MP, a Colonial Commissioner in LondonThe east-west streets named on 22 December 1836 were: Rundle – John Rundle MP, Director of the South Australian Company Hindley – Charles Hindley MP, Director of South Australian Company Grenfell – Pascoe St Leger Grenfell MP, presented town acre for Holy Trinity Church and other country lands Currie – Raikes Currie MP, Director of South Australian Company Pirie – Sir John Pirie and Lord Mayor of London, Director of South Australian Company Waymouth – Henry Waymouth, Director South Australian Company Flinders – Matthew Flinders, explorer Franklin – Rear Admiral Sir John Franklin, midshipman under Flinders Wakefield – Daniel Bell Wakefield, bar