Arkansas Highway 14
Highway 14 is an east–west state highway in north Arkansas. The route of 227.35 miles begins at Boat Dock Road near Table Rock Lake and runs east to Mississippi County Route W1020 at Golden Lake. The highway's general alignment between the western terminus and Marked Tree follows the original routing as established in the initial 1926 Arkansas state highway numbering plan; the route from Highway 140 in Lepanto east across Interstate 55 to Golden Lake is a extension. After Marked Tree, AR 14 meets with US 63 for a stretch, before heading to Harrisburg, where it crosses AR 1. Highway 14 goes on to Waldenburg, where it meets US 49 and AR 214, Newport and Batesville; the route passes through Buffalo River State Park on its way to meeting US 412 in Yellville. Arkansas Highway 14 continues to Lead Hill before merging onto old US 65 at Omaha; this leads to the end of the route, when AR 14 becomes Boat Dock Road and ends in a cul-de-sac at Table Rock Lake. Arkansas Highway 14 travels north to Marie where it adjuncts AR 181.
Interstate 55 meets AR 14 outside of Marie as Exit 41. The road continues to Lepanto, where it meets AR 135 and becomes concurrent with AR 140 until Marked Tree; the route was first designated in 1926 in the original state highway numbering. State Road 14 ran from Omaha east to Marked Tree in Poinsett County. In 1978, Highway 14 was rerouted south of Batesville; the mainline Highway 14 was rerouted over existing Highway 25 and supplanted Highway 14A. The former Highway 14 mainline route was redesignated as Highway 230 between Locust Grove and Southside. A short original section of Highway 14 between Southside and Salado, discontinuous after the rerouting, was redesignated Highway 14 Spur. Mile markers reset at some concurrencies. Highway 14 Spur is a spur route of 1.34 miles in Independence County. Route descriptionThe route begins at Highway 14 at Salado and runs west to US 67 and Highway 230 at Southside. HistoryHighway 14S was created on May 1978 during a rerouting of Highway 14 in the vicinity.
Mainline Highway 14 ran along present-day Highway 230 and Highway 14S. The main route was shifted to a concurrency with Highway 25, with a redesignation of the former alignment as Highway 230 to the west of US 167 and Highway 14S to the east. Major intersectionsThe entire route is in Independence County. Highway 14 Alternate is a former alternate route of 1.34 miles in Independence County. Route descriptionHighway 14A began at Highway 14 at Salado and ran northeast to Ramsey Hill, terminating at US 167 and Highway 25. HistoryThe route was added to the state highway system on June 23, 1965. Highway 14A was supplanted by mainline Highway 14 during a rerouting in 1978. Major intersectionsThe entire route is in Independence County. List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 14 at Wikimedia Commons
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Harrison, Arkansas micropolitan area
The Harrison Micropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties in the U. S. state of Arkansas, anchored by the city of Harrison. As of the 2000 census, the μSA had a population of 42,556. Boone Newton Alpena Bellefonte Bergman Diamond City Everton Harrison Jasper Lead Hill Omaha South Lead Hill Valley Springs Western Grove Zinc Marble Falls Olvey As of the census of 2000, there were 42,556 people, 17,351 households, 12,356 families residing within the μSA; the racial makeup of the μSA was 97.56% White, 0.12% African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population. The median income for a household in the μSA was $27,372, the median income for a family was $32,554. Males had a median income of $24,760 versus $18,442 for females; the per capita income for the μSA was $14,982. Arkansas census statistical areas
Bull Shoals Lake
Bull Shoals Lake is an artificial lake or reservoir in the Ozark Mountains of northern Arkansas and southern Missouri. It has hundreds of miles of lake arms and coves, common activities include boating, water sports and fishing. Nineteen developed parks around the shoreline provide campgrounds, boat launches, swim areas, marinas. Bull Shoals Dam was created to impound the White River by one of the largest concrete dams in the United States and the 5th largest dam in the world at its inception. Work on the dam began in 1947, was completed in 1951 and dedicated by President Harry S. Truman in 1952. At least seven small family cemeteries and 20 larger cemeteries were meticulously relocated to accommodate the new lake. Recent national events include Brostock 2010 and 2011 and the TBF Bass Federation and Bassmaster Elite Series Tournaments in 2012. Bull Shoals Lake impounds the White River for the last time as water travels toward its mouth on the Mississippi River. Bull Shoals is thus the lake farthest downstream in a chain of four artificial lakes that include Beaver Lake, Table Rock Lake and Lake Taneycomo.
The lake has the primary purpose of flood control. The level of the lake fluctuates with a normal pool level elevation of 654 feet above sea level, locally known as powerpool. However, the lake fluctuates between an elevation of 630 to 680 feet; the upper part of the lake, below nearby Powersite Dam, is known as the "Pothole". The shoreline of the lake is undeveloped and protected by a buffer zone owned, operated and controlled by the Army Corps of Engineers; the dam is designed for a maximum elevation of 695 feet. Bull Shoals Lake covers 45,000 acres with a 700-mile shoreline at powerpool to more than 70,000 acres with a 1,000-mile shoreline at 690 feet; the bottom of the lake consists of bedrock with limited vegetation. The shoreline is forested; the Bull Shoals-White River State Park is a 725-acre park in Baxter and Marion Counties of Arkansas both above and below the massive dam. Facilities, including camping, pavilions and interpretive programs, stretch along the banks of the White River. Along the lakeshore, the park offers picnic playgrounds.
In the spring of 2008, due to the record rainfall, Bull Shoals reached its highest water level since 1957. The lake crested at 695.02 feet above sea level, prompting the Army Corps of Engineers to open the floodgates to relieve the lake from further flooding. A record crest of 696.51 was achieved at 5 p.m. Friday May 27, 2011 due to record rainfall, exceeding the Spring 2008 lake levels and 1957 levels. List of Arkansas dams and reservoirs http://www.bullshoals.org Bull Shoals Lake / White River Chamber of Commerce https://web.archive.org/web/20100302012428/http://weather.adptonline.com:8010/1/cams.html Bull Shoals Dam Web Cam http://www. ArkansasStateParks.com http://www.swl.usace.army.mil/parks/bullshoals/ https://web.archive.org/web/20110129024902/http://www.bullshoals-lake.com/ Bull Shoals Background History U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bull Shoals Lake
Harrison is a city in Boone County, United States. It is the county seat of Boone County, it is named after General Marcus LaRue Harrison, a surveyor that laid out the city along Crooked Creek at Stifler Springs. According to 2017 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 13,079, up from 12,943 at the 2010 census and it is the 30th largest city in Arkansas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau. Harrison is the principal city of the Harrison Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Boone and Newton counties. Race riots by whites in 1905 and 1909 drove away black residents, establishing Harrison as a sundown town. Today it is known as a center of white supremacist activity, including the national headquarters of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. While in the 2010 census the population of Arkansas was 15.7% African-American, in Harrison it was 0.9% and in Boone County 0.5%. Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the area, the first being cliff dwellers who lived in caves in the bluffs along the rivers.
In times, the Osage, a branch of the Sioux, was the main tribe in the Ozarks, one of their larger villages is thought to have been to the east of the present site of Harrison. The Shawnee and Caddo people were familiar to the area; the Cherokee did not get along with the Osage. This hostility erupted into a full-scale war in the Ozark Mountains. By the 1830s both tribes were removed to Indian Territory, it is possible that the first white men to visit the area were some forty followers of Hernando de Soto and that they camped at a Native village on the White River at the mouth of Bear Creek. It is more that the discoverers were French hunters or trappers who followed the course of the White River. In early 1857, the Baker-Fancher wagon train assembled at Beller's Stand, south of Harrison. On September 11, 1857 120 members of this wagon train were murdered near Mountain Meadows, Utah Territory, by attacking local Mormon militia and members of the Paiute Indian tribe. In 1955, a monument to memorialize the victims of the massacre was placed on the Harrison town square.
Boone County was organized during Reconstruction after the Civil War. Harrison was made the county seat, it is named after a Union officer who surveyed and platted the town. The town of Harrison was incorporated on March 1, 1876; the notorious bank robber and convicted murderer Henry Starr met his fate in Harrison on February 18, 1921, when Starr and three companions entered the People's State Bank and robbed it of $6,000.00. During the robbery, Starr was shot by the former president of William J. Myers. Starr was carried to the town jail. On May 7, 1961, heavy rain caused Crooked Creek south of the downtown business district, to flood the town square and much of the southwestern part of the city. Water levels inside buildings reached eight feet. Many small buildings and automobiles were swept away. According to the American Red Cross, four lives were lost, 80 percent of the town's business district was destroyed, over 300 buildings were damaged or destroyed in losses exceeding $5.4 million. Harrison is just north of the Buffalo National River.
On March 1, 1972, 100 years after the establishment of the first National Park at Yellowstone National Park, President Richard Nixon signed into law the Buffalo National River as the first National River in the United States. The project was spearheaded by longtime congressman John Paul Hammerschmidt of Arkansas. In 1982, Kingdom Identity Ministries, an anti-gay Christian Identity outreach ministry identified as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center, was founded in Harrison. In 2014, a peace march and vigil celebrating the life and legacy of Martin Luther King Jr. was held in downtown Harrison. The march was hosted by the Arkansas Martin Luther King Jr. Commission. U. S. Routes 62, 65, 412 pass through Harrison. U. S. 65 leads north 33 miles to Branson and south 108 miles to Conway, Arkansas. U. S. 62 leads beyond to Rogers and Bentonville. U. S. 412 leads west 73 miles to Springdale. U. S. 62 and 412 combined lead east 48 miles to Mountain Home. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.1 square miles, of which 11.1 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.26%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,043 housing units in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from two or more races. 2.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.2% of the population was under the age of 18, 19.0% were 65 years of age or older. Females made up 53.1% of the population, males made up 46.9% of the population. The median income for the period 2007-11 for a household in the city was $33,244, the number of people living below the poverty level was 15.1%. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $108,700; the Boone County Courthouse, built in 1909, the Boone County Jail, built in 1914, were both designed by architect Charles L. Thompson and are listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places. Harrison is home to the general office of a leading Less-Than-Load freight carrier. Arkansas Freightways renamed to American Freightways, was combined with Viking Freight to become FedEx Freight in February 2001.
Walmart store #2 opened in 1965. Claridge Products and Equipment, Inc. is one of the largest Visual Display Board manufacturers in the world
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website