SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lead guitar

Lead guitar known as solo guitar, is a musical part for a guitar in which the guitarist plays melody lines, instrumental fill passages, guitar solos, some riffs within a song structure. The lead is the featured guitar, which plays single-note-based lines or double-stops. In rock, heavy metal, jazz, fusion, some pop, other music styles, lead guitar lines are supported by a second guitarist who plays rhythm guitar, which consists of accompaniment chords and riffs. To create lead guitar lines, guitarists use scales, arpeggios and riffs that are performed using a variety of techniques. In rock, heavy metal, blues and fusion bands and some pop contexts as well as others, lead guitar lines employ alternate picking, sweep picking, economy picking and legato, which are used to maximize the speed of their solos or riffs; such "tricks" can employ the picking hand used in the fret area, be augmented and embellished with devices such as bows, or separate electronic devices such as an EBow. Some guitarists use skills that combine technique and showmanship, such as playing the guitar behind their head or picking with the front teeth.

In a blues context, as well as others, guitarists sometimes create leads that use call and response-style riffs that they embellish with string bending and slides. Jazz guitarists integrate the basic building blocks of scales and arpeggio patterns into balanced rhythmic and melodic phrases that make up a cohesive solo. Jazz guitarists try to imbue their melodic phrasing with the sense of natural breathing and legato phrasing used by horn players such as saxophone players; as well, a jazz guitarists' solo improvisations have to have a rhythmic drive and "timefeel" that creates a sense of "swing" and "groove." The most experienced jazz guitarists learn to play with different "timefeels" such as playing "ahead of the beat" or "behind the beat," to create or release tension. Another aspect of the jazz guitar style is the use of stylistically appropriate ornaments, such as grace notes and muted notes; each subgenre or era of jazz has different ornaments that are part of the style of that subgenre or era.

Jazz guitarists learn the appropriate ornamenting styles by listening to prominent recordings from a given style or jazz era. Some jazz guitarists borrow ornamentation techniques from other jazz instruments, such as Wes Montgomery's borrowing of playing melodies in parallel octaves, a jazz piano technique. Jazz guitarists have to learn how to add in passing tones, use "guide tones" and chord tones from the chord progression to structure their improvisations. In the 1970s and 1980s, with jazz-rock fusion guitar playing, jazz guitarists incorporated rock guitar soloing approaches, such as riff-based soloing and usage of pentatonic and blues scale patterns; some guitarists used Jimi Hendrix-influenced distortion and wah-wah effects to get a sustained, heavy tone, or used rapid-fire guitar shredding techniques, such as tapping and tremolo bar bending. Guitarist Al Di Meola, who started his career with Return to Forever in 1974, was one of the first guitarists to perform in a "shred" style, a technique used in rock and heavy metal playing.

Di Meola used alternate-picking to perform rapid sequences of notes in his solos. When jazz guitar players improvise, they use the scales and arpeggios associated with the chords in a tune's chord progression; the approach to improvising has changed since the earliest eras of jazz guitar. During the Swing era, many soloists improvised "by ear" by embellishing the melody with ornaments and passing notes. However, during the bebop era, the rapid tempo and complicated chord progressions made it harder to play "by ear." Along with other improvisers, such as saxes and piano players, bebop-era jazz guitarists began to improvise over the chord changes using scales and arpeggios. Jazz guitar players tend to improvise around chord/scale relationships, rather than reworking the melody due to their familiarity with chords resulting from their comping role. A source of melodic ideas for improvisation is transcribing improvised solos from recordings; this provides jazz guitarists with a source of "licks", melodic phrases and ideas they incorporate either intact or in variations, is an established way of learning from the previous generations of players In a band with two guitars, there can be a logical division between lead and rhythm guitars although that division may be unclear.

Two guitarists may perform as a guitar tandem, trade off the lead guitar and rhythm guitar roles. Alternatively, two or more guitarists can share the lead and rhythm roles throughout the show, or both guitarists can play the same role. Several guitarists playing individual notes may create chord patterns while mixing these "harmonies" with mixed unison passages creating unique sound effects with sound altering electronic special effects such as doublers or a "chorus" effect that over-pronounce the lead sometimes to cut through to be heard in loud shows or throw its sound aesthetically both acoustically or electronically. In rock, heavy metal, blues and fusion bands and some pop contexts as well as others, the lead guitar line involves melodies with a sustained, singing tone. To create this tone on the electric guitar, guitarists select certain pickups and use electronic effects such as effects pedals and distortion pedals, or sound compressors, or doubler effects for a more sustained tone, delay effects or an electronic "chorus" ef

Troll cross

In Sweden, as well as Norway, a trollkors or troll cross is a bent piece of iron worn as an amulet to ward off malevolent magic. Although thought of as a part of Swedish folklore, it was first created—as an item of jewelry—by the smith Kari Erlands from western Dalarna, sometime in the late 1990s, it was claimed to have been a copy of a protective rune found at her parents' farm, but this has not been verified. However, it does bear some resemblance to the othala rune in the Elder Futhark. Ebbe Schön. Folktro från förr. Carlssons. ISBN 9172034203. Rosalind Franklin. Baby Lore: Superstitions And Old Wives Tales from the World Over Related to Pregnancy, Birth & Baby Care. Diggory Press. P. 153. ISBN 978-0-9515655-4-4. Retrieved 16 February 2013

David Phelps (sport shooter)

David Phelps is a Welsh sport shooter, who won Gold in the 50 meter rifle prone individual competition and Bronze in the corresponding pairs event for Wales at the 2006 Commonwealth Games. He went on to win individual Gold in the event at the 2018 Commonwealth Games. Phelps comes from Cardiff in Wales. In August 2014, he married England Commonwealth rifle shooter Sheree Cox. Phelps was selected for his first Commonwealth Games in 2002 where he qualified for the final in the Men's 50M Prone Rifle, finishing 6th, he finished 11th in the Men's Prone Rifle Pairs with team-mate Robin Hilborne. Four years he earned selection for the 2006 Commonwealth Games, by which time he was representing Great Britain at World Cup level. On 22 March 2006, Phelps claimed Gold in the men's singles prone rifle event, with a score of 698.3. He followed this with a Bronze in the pairs prone rifle event with fellow countryman Gruffudd Morgan. Phelps was selected again for the Commonwealth Games in 2010, in the singles and paired prone rifle, but failed to qualify for the final.

In 2014 Phelps saw his fourth selection for Wales to the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow where he finished twelfth in the Prone Rifle Singles. In January 2018 Phelps' fifth Commonwealth Selection was announced ahead of the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games, he went on to win Gold in the Men's Prone Rifle