Grand Detour, Illinois
Grand Detour is an unincorporated census-designated place in Ogle County, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 429; the village is named after an odd turn in the Rock River, which flows north past the village, rather than its normal southwestern course. John Deere invented the steel plow in Grand Detour, the John Deere House and Shop is a U. S. National Historic Landmark. Grand Detour was founded in 1835 by Leonard Andrus of Vermont. In 1836 Andrus welcomed his friend and fellow Vermont native John Deere to the town, where Deere built a house and established a forge. Deere manufactured pitchforks and shovels, in 1837 he invented the first successful steel plow; the first was sold in 1838. The John Deere Historic Site in Grand Detour is operated by the John Deere Company; the John Deere House and Shop is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964; the village soon grew to include a dam and sawmill, a flour mill and several stores.
In 1847, Rev. Abraham Joseph Warner established an Episcopal parish in Grand Detour regarded as one of the most important settlements in the region. Construction began on St. Peter's Episcopal Church in 1849, the building was completed in 1850. Soon thereafter, Grand Detour lost most of its residents as the railroad developed towns to the east and south; the little stone church closed and remained vacant for 50 years. In 1909, as Grand Detour's beauty attracted a growing community of artists, Leonard Andrus's son William repaired the church. Services were held weekly by the priest of Illinois; the historic church was restored by a nonprofit community group in 1999, it is now available for public and private events. In the mid-1920s Orson Welles spent a few months of the year in the summer resort town of Grand Detour, at a small country hotel, purchased by his father, Richard Head Welles; the Sheffield Hotel was built in 1865 as a small inn to house workers at the plow factory. It was destroyed in a fire May 14, 1928, shortly after Welles turned 13 years of age."It was called Grand Detour because the Rock River circles there — it's an island," as Welles remembered it some 50 years later.
"I never saw the ruins of my father's hotel. It was a marvelous little corner in time, a kind of forgotten place … A childhood there was like a childhood back in the 1870s. No electric light, horse-drawn buggies — a anachronistic, old-fashioned, early-Tarkington, rural kind of life, with a country store that had above it a ballroom with an old dance floor with springs in it, so that folks would feel light on their feet; when I was little, nobody had danced up there for many years, but I used to sneak up at night and dance by moonlight with the dust rising from the floor … Grand Detour was one of those lost worlds, one of those Edens that you get thrown out of." Stan Hack, Chicago Cubs manager and player, operated Stan Hack's Landmark restaurant here and resided in Grand Detour until his death in 1979. John Deere Homepage St. Peter's Episcopal Church History Grand Detour History
Monroe Township, Ogle County, Illinois
Monroe Township is located in Ogle County, Illinois. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,563 and it contained 613 housing units. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 36.13 square miles, all land. City-data.com Midwest Government Info Illinois State Archives
Mount Morris, Illinois
Mount Morris is a village in Mount Morris Township, Ogle County, United States. The population was 2,998 at the 2010 census, down from 3,013 in 2000. Mount Morris is located at 42°2′51″N 89°26′2″W. According to the 2010 census, Mount Morris has a total area of all land; the village is crossed from east to west by Illinois Route 64. Route 64 continues eastward to Chicago and westward into Iowa, where is keeps its numeric designation. Mt. Morris is home of the Illinois Freedom Bell, located in the town square; the area, now the town square used to be the campus of one of Illinois' first institutes of higher learning, Mount Morris College. It was first a Methodist school and was affiliated with the Church of the Brethren; the college closed due to hard economic times. The village's old Junior High School, while undergoing demolition, caught fire and burned forcing the school district to be merged with the Oregon School District in 1993. On February 12, 2004, the Rahn Elementary School was lost to fire.
This resulted in the reorganization of the Oregon School District. The former Oregon city elementary and middle schools were merged into a single elementary school; the Mt. Morris Highschool has since been used as the middle school for the district; the town is home of a large group of lustron homes in IL. These can be located on First street,Hannah avenue, Sunset lane; the town has a total of 18 lustrons. The houses were built here to meet a shortage of housing for a local printing company. Parks include Dillehay Park, Mounder Park, Zickuhr Park. Dillehay Park is located in the southeast portion of the village. Zickuhr Park is located in the western part of town, has one softball diamond, basketball courts, an array of playground equipment. Mounder Park houses a skating park, a pavilion, the playground equipment, donated and relocated by the school after the Rahn Elementary School fire; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,013 people, 1,259 households, 810 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,585.1 people per square mile.
There were 1,337 housing units at an average density of 1,147.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.15% White, 0.17% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.75% of the population. There were 1,259 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $41,333, the median income for a family was $51,019. Males had a median income of $39,323 versus $20,840 for females; the per capita income for the village was $20,326. About 6.0% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Samuel M. Hitt House White Pines Forest State Park White Pines State Park Lodge and Cabins Description of Mount Morris Mt. Morris Public Library Mt. Morris Fire Department Oregon-Mt. Morris School merger The Kable Brothers Company Mt. Morris History
Lincoln Township, Ogle County, Illinois
Lincoln Township is located in Ogle County, Illinois, USA. At the 2010 census, its population was 481 and it contained 199 housing units. Lincoln Township was formed as Haldane Township from portions of Buffalo and Mt. Morris Townships in September 1869. Haldane was renamed Lincoln in December 1873. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 36.1 square miles, all land. City-data.com Midwest Government Info Illinois State Archives
Flagg Township, Ogle County, Illinois
Flagg Township is located in Ogle County, Illinois. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,562 and it contained 5,525 housing units. Flagg Township was named for a pioneer settler. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 35.61 square miles, of which 35.52 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles is water. City-data.com Midwest Government Info Illinois State Archives
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
White Rock Township, Ogle County, Illinois
White Rock Township is located in Ogle County, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 738 and it contained 298 housing units; the unincorporated community of White Rock is located in the township. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 35.56 square miles, of which 35.54 square miles is land and 0.03 square miles is water. City-data.com Ogle County Official Site Illinois State Archives