Ascot Racecourse is a British racecourse, located in Ascot, England, used for thoroughbred horse racing. It is one of the leading racecourses in the United Kingdom, hosting 13 of Britain's 36 annual Group 1 horse races; the course, owned by Ascot Racecourse Ltd, enjoys close associations with the British Royal Family, being 6 miles from Windsor Castle. Ascot stages 26 days of racing over the course of the year, comprising 18 flat meetings held between the months of May and October inclusive, it stages important jump racing throughout the winter months. The Royal Meeting held each June, remains a major draw, its highlight being The Gold Cup; the most prestigious race is the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes run over the course in July. Ascot Racecourse was founded in 1711 by Queen Anne; the first race, "Her Majesty's Plate", with a purse of 100 guineas, was held on 11 August 1711. Seven horses competed; this first race comprised three separate four-mile heats. Handicap races started at Ascot, the first one being the Oatlands Handicap in 1791.
In 1813 Parliament passed an Act to ensure. A new grandstand was opened in 1839 at a cost of £10000. A further Act of Parliament of 1913 establishing the Ascot Authority which entity manages the racecourse to this day. From its creation until 1945 the only racing that took place at Ascot was the Royal Meeting, a four-day event. Since that date, more fixtures have been introduced to the grounds, notably National Hunt racing in 1965; the National Hunt course was established using turf from Hurst Park Racecourse, which closed in 1962. Ascot racecourse closed for a period of twenty months on 26 September 2004, for a £185 million redevelopment funded by Allied Irish Bank and designed by Populous and Buro Happold; as owner of the Ascot estate, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth reopened the racecourse on Tuesday 20 June 2006. Upon re-opening the new grandstand attracted criticism for failing to provide sufficiently raised viewing for patrons to watch the racing, devoting too much space to restaurants and corporate hospitality facilities.
At the end of 2006 a £10 million programme of further alterations was announced to improve the viewing from lower levels of the grandstand using an innovative steel composite product to reprofile the existing concrete terraces. However, the upper levels provide far less accommodation for the everyday racegoer than was present in the former stand. In March 2009 it was confirmed that the main sponsors of Ascot, William Hill would be ceasing their sponsorship deal, citing that the decision by the BBC to reduce live race coverage as the main reason in its decision making process. In July 2009 Ascot Racecourse hosted the third round of the UAE President's Cup; the Royal Ascot is the centrepiece of Ascot's year and dates back to 1711 when it was founded by Queen Anne. Every year Royal Ascot is attended by Elizabeth II and other members of the British Royal Family such as The Prince of Wales, arriving each day in a horse-drawn carriage with the Royal procession taking place at the start of each race day and the raising of the Queen's Royal Standard.
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge attend, as well as the Earl and Countess of Wessex. It is a major event in the British social calendar, press coverage of the attendees and their attire exceeds coverage of the actual racing. There are three enclosures attended by guests on Royal Ascot week. In 2005, whilst Ascot was closed for redevelopment, the Royal meeting was held at York Racecourse The Royal Enclosure is the most prestigious of the three enclosures, with recent visits from the Queen and Royal Family members. Access to the Royal Enclosure is restricted, with high security on the day. First-time applicants must apply to the Royal Enclosure Office and gain membership from someone who has attended the enclosure for at least four years. For existing badgeholders, an invitation is sent out by Her Majesty's Representative to request badges; the badgeholder's name can be used only by that person. The colours of the badges vary each day for one-day applicants; those in the Royal Enclosure have the options of fine dining and hospitality, a selection of bars.
The dress code is enforced. For women, only a day dress with a hat is acceptable, with rules applying to the length and style of the dress. In addition, women must not show bare shoulders. For men, black or grey morning dress with top hat is required. Over 300,000 people make the annual visit to Berkshire during Royal Ascot week, making this Europe’s best-attended race meeting. There are eighteen group races with at least one Group One event on each of the five days; the Gold Cup is on Ladies' Day on the Thursday. In 2012, the Golden Jubilee Stakes was renamed the Diamond Jubilee Stakes, to commemorate Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee. In 2013, the Windsor Forest Stakes was renamed the Duke of Cambridge Stakes, with the Queen’s consent, recognising the new title given to Prince William. In 2015, the newly-created Commonwealth Cup became the eighth Group One race at Royal Ascot, replacing the Buckingham Palace Stakes. In 2016, total prize money across the five days of Royal Ascot was £6,580,000.
This was £1,000,000 more than the prize money on offer at the meeting in 2015, representing an overall increase of 18%. Races with notable prize money increases for 2016 included the Prince of Wales's Stakes, the Queen Anne Stakes and the Diamond Jubilee Stakes, while the other Group One races all had their prize money increased to £400,000; the Gol
Abraham Buford II
Abraham "Abe" Buford II was an American soldier and landowner. After serving in the United States Army during the Mexican–American War, Buford joined the Confederate States Army in 1862 and served as a cavalry general in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. After the war, he became a thoroughbred horse breeder. Abraham Buford was born in Woodford County, the son of Frances W. Kirtley and her husband, William B. Buford, he was named for his great-uncle Abraham, a Continental Army officer during the American Revolutionary War. He descended from a Huguenot family named Beaufort who fled persecution in France and settled in England before emigrating to America in 1635, his cousins and Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, who grew up nearby, were generals in the Union Army during the Civil War. Buford studied at Centre College before entering the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1837. Graduating in 1841, as a second-lieutenant with the First dragoons from 1842 through 1846, he did Frontier duty in the Kansas Territory and the Indian Territory.
He served in the Mexican–American War in which he was appointed brevet captain for bravery at the Battle of Buena Vista. When that war ended, he was dispatched for further duty on the Frontier and in 1848 was part of the Santa Fe Trail expedition. In 1849, Buford escorted the mail from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the east, using, in part, the new Cherokee Trail, he was sent to the Army's cavalry school in Carlisle, but in October 1854 he resigned his commission and returned to his native Kentucky where his family owned a farm property near Versailles in his native Woodford County. Following the outbreak of the American Civil War, like his native State, Buford tried to stay out of the Civil War and succeeded in doing so for well over a year. In September 1862, during Confederate General Braxton Bragg's invasion of Kentucky, Buford joined the Confederate States Army, he helped raise and took command of a Kentucky brigade and on September 2, 1862, was commissioned Brigadier General. Among his missions, Buford covered General Braxton Bragg's retreat from Kentucky, was part of the Vicksburg Campaign under General Loring, fought in the Battle of Champion Hill, a raid on Paducah, KY on 25 March 1864 under Maj. Gen. Nathan B.
Forrest, the Battle of Brice's Crossroads and was wounded on December 24, 1864, at Richland Creek during the Battle of Nashville when he covered Lt. Gen. Hood's retreat following the Confederate Army's loss. In Alabama in February, 1865, he commanded a division in Forrest's Cavalry Corps until the surrender at Selma following Wilson's Raid; when the war ended in 1865, Brigadier General Buford returned to his farm in Kentucky where he became a leading breeder of Thoroughbreds. Abe Buford named his Woodford County farm Bosque Bonita, a place The New York Times would call the "most princely residence in the Bluegrass region." It was here that slave Billy Walker was born in 1860. He went on to ride Baden-Baden to victory in the 1877 Kentucky Derby. Beginning in 1852, the stallion Sovereign stood at stud at Bosque Bonita, developing into an influential sire; the next year, Abe Buford was part of a syndicate with Richard Ten Broeck, Captain Willa Viley and Junius R. Ward, who bought the three-year-old colt, Lexington.
In 1858 Lexington was sold to Robert A. Alexander of Woodburn Stud for $15,000 in 1858 the highest price paid for an American horse. Buford owned, raced, or bred a number of successful horses including Nellie Gray, Enquirer and Versailles. Mannie Gray, whom Thoroughbred Heritage calls "one of the most influential American mares in breeding history," was owned and raced by Buford who sold her to fellow Kentuckian, Major Barak G. Thomas of Dixiana Farm. In 1866, Leamington's new owner, Canadian Roderick Cameron, sent him to stand at stud at Bosque Bonita for the season. Although Leamington covered just thirteen mares that year, he produced an outstanding crop of foals, Anna Mace, Longfellow, Lynchburg and Miss Alice. In 1875, General George Custer came to Bosque Bonita Farm to buy cavalry remounts before the Battle of Little Big Horn. Since Abe Buford's time, Bosque Bonita has been owned by such prominent horsemen as John H. Morris who had trained horses for George J. Long's Bashford Manor Stable for many years and who operated Woodburn Stud on a long-term lease beginning in 1905.
John Morris still owned Bosque Bonita in the 1940s. Fritz Hawn bought Bosque Bonita Farm in the fall of 1977 from Robert A. Alexander. Two years he sold the property to William Stamps Farish III who renamed it Lane's End Farm; some of the famous horses who stood at the farm in recent times and are buried there include Bally Ache, Sovereign Dancer, Fappiano. During the 1870s Abe Buford suffered a series of financial reversals that forced him into bankruptcy with the resulting loss of Bosque Bonita Farm to his creditors. In addition, he suffered a devastating personal loss when his only son, William A. Buford, died at age twenty-three in 1872, he lost his wife Amanda Harris Buford in 1879 and on March 26 of that same year, his brother, Colonel Thomas Buford of Henry County, Kentucky and killed Judge John Milton Elliott in Frankfort, Kentucky. Tom Buford was jailed pending trial. Abe Buford spent a great deal of money on legal fees for his defense. On appeal of a guilty verdict, Thomas Buford would be found not guilty by reason of insanity and was sent to the Anchorage, Kentucky psychiatric hospital.
In his final years, Abe Buford made a living working for racing newspapers. In 1884, following his b
Lexington was a United States Thoroughbred race horse who won six of his seven race starts. His greatest fame came however as the most successful sire of the second half of the nineteenth century. Lexington was a bay colt bred by Dr. Elisha Warfield at Warfield's stud farm, The Meadows, near Lexington, Kentucky. Lexington was by the Hall of Boston from Alice Carneal by Sarpedon, he was inbred in the fourth generations to Sir Archy. Lexington stood 15 hands and was described as having good conformation plus an excellent disposition. Under the name of "Darley" Lexington won his first two races for Dr. Warfield and his partner, "Burbridge's Harry", a former slave turned well-known horse trainer. Burbridge, being black, was not allowed to enter "Darley" in races in his own name, so the horse ran in Dr. Warfield's name and colors, he caught the eye of Richard Ten Broeck. "Darley", the son of Boston, was sold in 1853 to Ten Broeck acting on behalf of a syndicate who would rename him Lexington. Affixed to Lexington's pedigree Dr. Warfield wrote: "The colt was bred by me, as was his dam, which I now and will own...
E. Warfield." A syndicate made up of Richard Ten Broeck, General Abe Buford, Captain Willa Viley, Junius R. Ward, bought Lexington for $2,500 between heats, so tried claiming the purse money when he won. Failing that, he tried to deduct the purse money from the sale price, but Dr. Warfield held out, his new owners sent Lexington to Natchez, Mississippi to train under J. B. Pryor. Lexington raced at age three and four and although he only competed seven times, many of his races were grueling four-mile events. Lexington finished second once. One of his wins was the Phoenix Hotel Handicap in 1853. On April 2, 1855, at the Metairie race course in New Orleans, he set a record running four miles in 7 minutes, 19 3⁄4 seconds. With his complex and hard-fought rivalry with the horse LeCompte, he was known as the best race horse of his day, his second match with LeCompte on April 24, 1855, was considered one of the greatest matches of the century. But Lexington had to be retired at the end of 1855 as a result of poor eyesight.
His sire, had gone blind. Conservation work in 2010 revealed that Lexington had had a massive facial infection that resulted in his going blind. Lexington stood for a time at the Nantura Stock Farm of Uncle John Harper in Midway, along with the famous racer and sire, Glencoe. Sold to Robert A. Alexander for $15,000 in 1858 the highest price paid for an American horse, Lexington was sent to Alexander's Woodburn Stud at Spring Station, Kentucky. Called "The Blind Hero of Woodburn", Lexington became the leading sire in North America sixteen times, from 1861 through 1874, again in 1876 and 1878. Lexington was the sire of Norfolk. Nine of the first fifteen Travers Stakes were won by one of his sons or daughters, a list that included: Belle Of Nelson Cincinnati, General Ulysses S. Grant's favorite horse. Cincinnati was depicted in numerous statues of Grant. Duke of Magenta General Duke Harry Bassett Kentucky, the first Travers Stakes winner in 1864 Kingfisher Neecy Hale Shirley Tom Bowling Tom Ochiltree Lexington's three Preakness Stakes winners equaled the record of another great sire, Broomstick.
In all Lexington sired 236 winners who won 1,176 races, ran second 348 times and third 42 times for $1,159,321 in prize money. During the American Civil War, horses were forcibly conscripted from the Kentucky Farms to serve as mounts in the bloody fray. Lexington, 15 years old and blind, had to be hidden away to save him from such a fate. Lexington died at Woodburn on July 1, 1875, was buried in a casket in front of the stables. A few years in 1878, his owner, through the auspices of Dr. J. M. Toner, donated the horse's bones to the U. S. National Museum; the pioneering taxidermist Henry Augustus Ward of Ward's Natural Science in Rochester, New York, was called in to supervise the disinterment and preparation of the skeleton. For many years the specimen was exhibited in the Osteology Hall of the National Museum of Natural History. In 1999, Lexington was part of the exhibition "On Time", at the National Museum of American History, where he helped illustrate the history of the first mass-produced stopwatch that split time into fractions of seconds—which was developed to document Lexington's feats on the race course.
In 2010, Smithsonian conservators prepared the skeleton for loan to the International Museum of the Horse in Lexington, Kentucky, in time for the World Equestrian Games in Kentucky, the first time these games had been held outside of Europe. Lexington's dominance in the pedigrees of American-bred Thoroughbreds, the fact that the British Thoroughbred breeders considered him not a purebred, was a large factor in the so-called Jersey Act of 1913, in which the British Jockey Club limited the registration of horses not traced to horses in the General Stud Book. Lexington was part of the first group of horses
Strangles is a contagious upper respiratory tract infection of horses and other equines caused by a Gram-positive bacterium, Streptococcus equi. As a result, the lymph nodes swell, compressing the pharynx and trachea, can cause airway obstruction leading to death, hence the name strangles. Strangles is enzootic in domesticated horses worldwide; the contagious nature of the infection has at times led to limitations on sporting events. A horse with strangles develops abscesses in the lymph nodes of the head and neck, causing coughing fits and difficulty swallowing. Clinical signs include fever up to 106°F and yellow-coloured nasal discharge from both the nose and eyes. Abscesses may form in other areas of the body, such as the abdomen and brain; this is considered a chronic form of strangles called "bastard strangles", which can have serious implications if the abscesses rupture. Horses develop this form of strangles when their immune systems are compromised or if the bacteria invade the body. Possible complications include the horse becoming a chronic carrier of the disease, asphyxia due to enlarged lymph nodes compressing the larynx or windpipe, bastard strangles, guttural pouch filled with pus, purpura haemorrhagica, heart disease.
The average course of this disease is 23 days. The disease is spread by an infected horse when nasal discharge or pus from the draining lymph nodes contaminated pastures, feed troughs, bedding, etc. Both intramuscular and intranasal vaccines are available. Isolation of new horses for 4 to 6 weeks, immediate isolation of infected horses, disinfection of stalls, water buckets, feed troughs, other equipment will help prevent the spread of strangles; as with any contagious disease, handwashing is a effective tool. As with many streptococcal infections, beta-lactam antibiotics are the most effective treatments. However, some authorities are of the opinion that use of antibiotics is contraindicated once abscesses have begun to form, as they predispose to lymphatic spread of the infection, which has a much higher mortality rate. After an abscess has burst, keeping the wound clean is important. A diluted povidone-iodine solution has been used with good results to disinfect the open hole, flushing the inside with a syringe-tipped catheter or with a teat cannula, followed by gentle scrubbing to keep the surrounding area clean.
Symptomatic therapy is an alternative treatment, is where warm packs are used to mature the abscesses so making them less painful and more comfortable for the horse, but once the abscesses have been matured, they must be kept clean to prevent further infections. This treatment for S.equi only helps to reduce pain for the horse rather than curing the infection. Strangles has an 8.1% mortality rate. Mortality is lower in cases without complications; the disease is contagious and morbidity is high. Precautions to limit the spread of the illness are necessary and those affected are isolated. An isolation period of 4–6 weeks is necessary to ensure that the disease is not still incubating before ending the quarantine. Equines of any age may contract the disease, although younger and elderly equines are more susceptible. Young equines may lack immunity to the disease. Geriatric equines may have a weaker immune system. Pigeon fever Strangles information sheet American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine consensus statement on Strangles Strangles in Horses, fact sheet, MSU Extension service Strangles in Horses, Merck Vet Manual
Aristides was an American Thoroughbred racehorse that won the first Kentucky Derby in 1875. In 1875, the Derby was raced at a mile and a half, the distance it would remain until 1896, when it was changed to its present mile and a quarter. Aristides had a relative racing in the first Kentucky Derby in 1875. A chestnut Thoroughbred with a white star and two hind stockings, Aristides was bred by H. Price McGrath and foaled in 1872, he was sired by the great English stud Leamington, which made him a half brother to another great sire, Hall of Famer Longfellow, during his racing career, was called "King of the Turf". McGrath did not consider Aristides first rate, though his dam was by one of the United States' greatest sires, whose bloodline went back to Glencoe and Hall of Famer Boston. Aristides was small, never standing taller than about 15 hands, his stablemate the bay Chesapeake sired by Lexington, was expected to do well at the races. Price McGrath was born to poverty in Jessamine County and had gone west for the great California Gold Rush.
He did well enough to open a gambling house in New York. In a single night, he won $105,000, which allowed him to return to Kentucky and establish a stud farm. Both Aristides and Chesapeake were born and bred on the McGrathiana Farm in Fayette County, Kentucky, a short distance from Lexington. Fifteen horses were entered in the first Kentucky Derby, two of them fillies; the track was fast, the weather was fine, 10,000 people were in attendance. Aristides was one of two horses entered by Price McGrath; the other was Chesapeake. Both horses wore the orange silks of H. P. McGrath. Trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, an African American, Aristides was ridden by Oliver Lewis African American. McGrath expected the smaller speedball Aristides to be the "rabbit", he was to go out front fast and force the pace so that Chesapeake, considered the better McGrath horse, could stalk the front runners, when they and Aristides tired, come from behind to win. Just as McGrath had planned, Aristides broke in front and took the lead, but McCreery overtook him near the end of the first quarter.
Aristides fought back to lead again, followed by McCreery, Ten Broeck and Verdigris. Chesapeake, was the last to break and was not doing much at the back of the pack; as the "rabbit", Aristides kept increasing his lead until there was no chance that Chesapeake could catch up. Aristides's jockey, Oliver Lewis, knowing he was not supposed to win, looked to owner McGrath, who waved him on. Both Volcano and Verdigris challenged Aristides in the stretch, but Aristides won by a length and took the $2850 pool. Ten Broeck finished Chesapeake eighth; the Louisville Courier-Journal wrote: "It is the gallant Aristides, heir to a mighty name, that strides with sweeping gallop toward victory...and the air trembles and vibrates again with the ringing cheers that followed." Aristides, again ridden by Oliver Lewis, came in second in the Belmont Stakes, the race that today is the third race in the Triple Crown of American Thoroughbred horse racing. He took the Jerome Handicap, the Withers Stakes, the Breckinridge, a match race over Ten Broeck.
He came in second in the Thespian Stakes and the Ocean Hotel Stakes and was third in the Travers Stakes. On 10 May 1876, Aristides set the fastest time on record for two and a half miles at 3:14 at Lexington, Kentucky. Ten Broeck finished second in this race for four-year-olds. Aristides raced 21 times with 9 wins, five places, one show. Aristides died on June 21, 1893. In 1988, the Aristides Stakes was inaugurated at Churchill Downs to honor him. A life-sized bronze statue of Aristides by Carl Regutti stands in the Clubhouse Gardens as a memorial. Robertson, William H. P; the History of Thoroughbred Racing in America, New York: Bonanza Books. America's Champion Three-Year-Old Males
Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2, it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan; the island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago. The island is dominated by a maritime climate with quite narrow temperature differences between seasons. Politically, Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, constitutes most of its territory. Most of England and Wales are on the island; the term "Great Britain" is used to include the whole of England and Wales including their component adjoining islands. A single Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland by the 1707 Acts of Union.
In 1801, Great Britain united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Ireland, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, renamed the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" after the Irish Free State seceded in 1922. The archipelago has been referred to by a single name for over 2000 years: the term'British Isles' derives from terms used by classical geographers to describe this island group. By 50 BC Greek geographers were using equivalents of Prettanikē as a collective name for the British Isles. However, with the Roman conquest of Britain the Latin term Britannia was used for the island of Great Britain, Roman-occupied Britain south of Caledonia; the earliest known name for Great Britain is Albion or insula Albionum, from either the Latin albus meaning "white" or the "island of the Albiones". The oldest mention of terms related to Great Britain was by Aristotle, or by Pseudo-Aristotle, in his text On the Universe, Vol. III. To quote his works, "There are two large islands in it, called the British Isles and Ierne".
Pliny the Elder in his Natural History records of Great Britain: "Its former name was Albion. Old French Bretaigne and Middle English Bretayne, Breteyne; the French form replaced the Old English Breoton, Bryten, Breten. Britannia was used by the Romans from the 1st century BC for the British Isles taken together, it is derived from the travel writings of the Pytheas around 320 BC, which described various islands in the North Atlantic as far north as Thule. Marcian of Heraclea, in his Periplus maris exteri, described the island group as αἱ Πρεττανικαὶ νῆσοι; the peoples of these islands of Prettanike were called the Priteni or Pretani. Priteni is the source of the Welsh language term Prydain, which has the same source as the Goidelic term Cruithne used to refer to the early Brythonic-speaking inhabitants of Ireland; the latter were called Picts or Caledonians by the Romans. Greek historians Diodorus of Sicily and Strabo preserved variants of Prettanike from the work of Greek explorer Pytheas of Massalia, who travelled from his home in Hellenistic southern Gaul to Britain in the 4th century BC.
The term used by Pytheas may derive from a Celtic word meaning "the painted ones" or "the tattooed folk" in reference to body decorations. The Greco-Egyptian scientist Ptolemy referred to the larger island as great Britain and to Ireland as little Britain in his work Almagest. In his work, Geography, he gave the islands the names Alwion and Mona, suggesting these may have been the names of the individual islands not known to him at the time of writing Almagest; the name Albion appears to have fallen out of use sometime after the Roman conquest of Britain, after which Britain became the more commonplace name for the island. After the Anglo-Saxon period, Britain was used as a historical term only. Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae refers to the island as Britannia major, to distinguish it from Britannia minor, the continental region which approximates to modern Brittany, settled in the fifth and sixth centuries by migrants from Britain; the term Great Britain was first used in 1474, in the instrument drawing up the proposal for a marriage between Cecily the daughter of Edward IV of England, James the son of James III of Scotland, which described it as "this Nobill Isle, callit Gret Britanee".
It was used again in 1604, when King James VI and I styled himself "King of Great Brittaine and Ireland". Great Britain refers geographically to the island of Great Britain, it is often used to refer politically to the whole of England and Wales, including their smaller off shore islands. While it is sometimes used to refer to the whole of the United Kingdom, including Northern Ireland, this is not correct. Britain can refer to either all island
Parole was a Thoroughbred race horse bred by Pierre Lorillard, a scion of the tobacco family. Lorillard and his brother George were both competed throughout their careers. Pierre founded the Rancocas Stable in New Jersey named after the New Jersey town where he owned a country manor. Parole's sire was Leamington, who produced Longfellow, Aristides —winner of the first Kentucky Derby—and Iroquois, first American-bred horse to win The Derby and the St Leger Stakes. According to the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame, at two Parole was considered the best juvenile racing, he was by many, thought the best four- and five-year-old. At four he beat the good gelding Shirley in the August Stakes. Shirley had won the Preakness Stakes. Parole won the Saratoga Cup, but more he beat both Ten Broeck and Tom Ochiltree in the Baltimore Special at Pimlico Race Course on October 24, 1877. Both of these horses were considered the best horses in the West as well as the East. In 1877, Ten Broeck had won eight races in a row.
One was a walkover since no one would enter against him, two were races against time for the same reason. Tom Ochiltree, owned by Pierre Lorillard's brother George, was huge. One of the last sons of Lexington, he, like Shirley, had won the Preakness Stakes. Parole was younger than either of them. Earlier he had beaten Tom Ochiltree in the Saratoga Cup, but in races, Tom had beaten him twice. Congress adjourned for the day to attend Maryland event. Throughout most of the race, Ten Broeck led and Parole trailed, but by the end Parole was coming on fast. He lapped Tom Ochiltree and passed Ten Broeck, taking the race by four lengths; the owners of both losers reported. In any case, both horses were retired at the end of the year, but Parole, as a gelding, went on racing. Although Parole was owned by the Pennsylvanian breeder Aristides Welch, Lorillard took his brother George Lorillard's horse, Duke of Magenta, his stablemate, the six-year-old Parole, as well as a number of other horses, to England in a serious effort to have an American horse win an English race.
Parole went as a trial horse. On his arrival in England, the English press called Parole the "Yankee Mule." Sam Hildreth, in his book "The Spell of the Turf," said he was called "light-necked, rough-coated and curby knocked." While there, the Duke of Magenta became ill with influenza, allowing Parole an opportunity to prove his worth. Within one week in April, Parole won the City and Suburban Handicap; the following day he won the Great Metropolitan, set at two and a half miles. Only one horse opposed him, because no other owner wanted to continue competing against Parole. Parole carried 124 pounds against Castlereagh's 110; the English were amazed at this performance but American horses were used to running in grueling heats. Parole took four back-to-back races as soon he arrived home, he went on racing until 1884 when he was twelve years old, winning 59 of his 138 starts and earning over $80,000; when his racing career ended, Parole was America's leading money winner and the best gelding of his era.
He died on January 1, 1903, at age 30, was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1984. Kirk's Guide to the Turf American Turf Register Hildreth, Samuel C.. The Spell of the Turf, J. B. Lippincott & Co. Robertson, William H. P; the History of Thoroughbred Racing in America, New York: Bonanza Press