Fledging is the stage in a volant animal's life between hatching or parturition and flight. This term is most applied to birds, but is used for bats. For altricial birds, those that spend more time in vulnerable condition in the nest, the nestling and fledging stage can be the same. For precocial birds, those that develop and leave the nest a short nestling stage precedes a longer fledging stage. All birds are considered to have fledged when the feathers and wing muscles are sufficiently developed for flight. A young bird that has fledged but is still dependent upon parental care and feeding is called a fledgling. People want to help fledglings, as they appear vulnerable, but it is best to leave them alone; the USA National Phenology Network defines the phenophase of fledged young for birds as "One or more young are seen departed from the nest. This includes young incapable of sustained flight and young which are still dependent on adults." In many species, parents continue to care for their fledged young, either by leading them to food sources, or feeding them.
Birds are vulnerable after they have left the nest, but before they can fly, though once fledged their chances of survival increase dramatically. One species, the ancient murrelet, fledges two days after hatching, running from its burrow to the ocean and its calling parents. Once it reaches the ocean, its parents care for it for several weeks. Other species, such as guillemots and terns, leave the nesting site while they are still unable to fly; the fledging behavior of the guillemot is spectacular. The dictionary definition of fledge at Wiktionary Media related to Fledglings at Wikimedia Commons
Victoria Caroline Beckham is an English businesswoman, fashion designer and former singer. In the late 1990s, Beckham rose to fame with the all-female pop group Spice Girls, was dubbed Posh Spice by the July 1996 issue of the British music magazine Top of the Pops. After the Spice Girls split, she was signed to Virgin Records and Telstar Records and had four UK Top 10 singles, her first release, "Out of Your Mind", reached number 2 in the UK Singles Chart. Beckham has participated in five official documentaries and reality shows about her, including Victoria's Secrets, Being Victoria Beckham, The Real Beckhams, Victoria Beckham - A Mile In Their Shoes and Victoria Beckham: Coming to America, she has since made a cameo appearance in an episode of Ugly Betty, been a guest judge on Project Runway, Germany's Next Topmodel, American Idol. In the past decade, Beckham has become an internationally recognised style icon and fashion designer. Following high-profile collaborations with other brands, she launched an eponymous label in 2008, a lower-priced label in 2011.
The Victoria Beckham label was named designer brand of the year in the UK in 2011. Writing in the Daily Telegraph in 2011, Belinda White noted that the transition from WAG to fashion designer had been more successful than most had predicted, saying: "She has gathered a significant celebrity following and won over the scathing fashion pack who now clamour for a ticket to her bi-annual show at New York Fashion Week." She is married to David Beckham, they have four children. As of September 2015, the couple's joint wealth is estimated at £508 million. Beckham was born at the Princess Alexandra Hospital in Harlow, United Kingdom, raised in Goffs Oak, Hertfordshire, she is the eldest of three children of Jacqueline Doreen, a former insurance clerk and hairdresser, Anthony William Adams, who worked as an electronics engineer. They founded an electronics wholesale business which allowed a comfortable upbringing for Victoria, her sister and her brother, Christian Adams. Beckham's great-great-great-grandfather was German artist and revolutionary Carl Heinrich Pfänder and great-great granduncle was Minnesota politician William Pfaender.
After watching the musical film Fame in 1980, she decided to pursue a musical career. Jacqueline and Anthony Adams enrolled her at Jason Theatre School. In 1991, Beckham entered Laine Theatre Arts in Epsom and studied dance and modelling. Beckham attended St. Mary's High School in Cheshunt, where she was embarrassed by her family's wealth and begged her father not to drop her off outside the school in their Rolls Royce, she became a member of a band called Persuasion. Beckham made a guest appearance on the catwalk for Maria Grachvogel on 17 February 2000, marking her debut as a model at London Fashion Week. Beckham acted as a British ambassador for Dolce and Gabbana and was the face of Rocawear in 2003. Beckham designed a limited-edition fashion line for Rock & Republic called VB Rocks in 2004, consisting of jeans for the high end of the market, retailing at $300 in the US. On 16 January 2006, Beckham walked the runway for Roberto Cavalli at Milan Fashion Week, was for a period dressed by him for red-carpet and social events.
For the March 2006 issue of Harper's Bazaar, Beckham acted as fashion editor when she styled her close friend, Katie Holmes, for a fashion shoot. She has admitted to a personal love of sunglasses. I collect vintage Guccis and Carreras – they can make any outfit look cool." After Beckham's departure from Rock & Republic, in September 2006, she furthered her fashion ventures by launching her own denim label, dvb Style. Beckham launched a new official website, dvbstyle.com to promote her fashion work. On 14 June 2007, Beckham launched dvb Denim collection in New York at Saks Fifth Avenue, along with unveiling her eyewear range in the United States for the first time. In the same month, Beckham made her first appearance at London's annual Graduate Fashion Week as a judge alongside Glenda Bailey and Lanvin's Alber Elbaz, to choose the winner of the River Island Gold Award, worth £20,000. In August 2007, Intimately Beckham perfume was launched into US stores, one of more than 20 perfumes she and David Beckham have introduced over the years.
In September 2007 her cosmetics line. In a 2007 appearance at an LA Galaxy press conference, Beckham is credited with having popularised Roland Mouret's'moon dress' and his brand, Beckham was the face of Marc Jacobs for his Spring 2008 collection. Beckham has graced countless fashion magazine covers during her career, including I-D in 2004 and W in 2007, her first Vogue appearance was the April 2008 British edition. This was followed by Vogue India, Vogue Paris as well as the German, Australian, Taiwanese and Spanish editions. Beckham has graced various international editions of Harper's Bazaar and Elle. On 17 July 2018, Victoria's collection of her Reebok collaboration was launched. Beckham's eponymous label was launched in September 2008 in a low-key presentation. By 2011, it had grown into a fixture of New York Fashion Week and a lower-priced Victoria by Victoria Beckham label was introduced. In the first quarter of 2011-12, it was predicted to generate annual sales of more than £60 million.
Known for its dresses, the range has expanded into separates and luxury handbags selling at up to £18,000. Alongside the main fashion line and diffusion range, the Victoria Beckham brand still includes separate denim, eyeware
Learning to Fly (Pink Floyd song)
"Learning to Fly" is a song by the English progressive rock band Pink Floyd, written by David Gilmour, Anthony Moore, Bob Ezrin, Jon Carin. It was the first single from the band's thirteenth studio album A Momentary Lapse of Reason, it reached number 70 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart and number 1 on the Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart in September, 1987, remaining three consecutive weeks at the top position in the autumn of the same year. Meanwhile, the song failed to chart on the official U. K. top 40 singles charts.. On the other hand, in Spain, the song peaked at number 1 on the Los 40 Principales chart; the song was written by David Gilmour, who developed the music from a 1986 demo by Jon Carin. The notable rhythm pattern at the beginning of the song was present in the demo, Carin stated that it was influenced by Steve Jansen or Yukihiro Takahashi; the lyrics describe Gilmour's thoughts on flying, for which he has a passion, though it has been interpreted as a metaphor for beginning something new, experiencing a radical change in life, or, more Gilmour's feelings about striking out as the new leader of Pink Floyd after the departure of Roger Waters.
Gilmour confirmed the latter interpretation on the Pink Floyd 25th Anniversary Special in May 1992. An avid pilot, drummer Nick Mason's voice can be heard at around the middle of the song. "Learning to Fly" was included on Pink Floyd's greatest hits collection Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd. The track was performed live on the band's two post-Roger Waters tours, with touring guitarist Tim Renwick playing the song's guitar solos. A live version is included on Delicate Sound of Pulse. At the end of the final solo in both versions, a guitar lick from the second verse of "Young Lust" is played; the music video was directed by Storm Thorgerson, a longtime collaborator of Pink Floyd who had designed many of their album covers, filmed on West Wind Ridge, a mountain in Kananaskis Country near Canmore, located some 50 to 75 km west of the city of Calgary, Alberta during rehearsals for the band's A Momentary Lapse of Reason Tour. The video combined performances of the band with a Native American, played by Canadian actor Lawrence Bayne, working in a field who runs and jumps off a cliff to turn into a red-tailed hawk.
The footage of the stage show shows the band performing "Learning to Fly" but features the more colourful light-show used for live performances of "One of These Days". The original video depicts a factory worker who turns into an aeroplane pilot as well as a child who breaks free from his mother and dives off a cliff into a deep river, swimming away; the video went to #9 on MTV's Video Countdown in November 1987 and was the #60 video of MTV's Top 100 Videos of 1987. The video won the band its only MTV Video Music Award for "Best Concept Video" in 1988; the red/orange airplane is a Beech Model 17 Staggerwing. Pink FloydDavid Gilmour – lead vocals, sequencer Nick Mason – drums, spoken words, sound effectsAdditional musicians: Jon Carin – keyboards Bob Ezrin – sequencer, percussion Tony Levin – bass guitar Steve Forman – percussion Richard Wright – keyboards, backing vocals Darlene Koldenhaven – backing vocals Carmen Twillie – backing vocals Phyllis St. James – backing vocals Donnie Gerrard – backing vocals List of number-one mainstream rock hits Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Emerson, Lake & Powell (album)
Emerson, Lake & Powell is the only studio album by English progressive rock band Emerson, Lake & Powell, released on 26 May 1986 by Polydor Records. The album's debut single was "Touch and Go" which peaked at number 60 on the Billboard charts on July 19, 1986; the main synthesizer part of "Touch and Go" is based on the English folk tune "Lovely Joan". Another version of "Touch and Go" was recorded by Emerson, Lake & Palmer and is included in the box set The Return of the Manticore. All lyrics written except where noted. Keith Emerson – keyboards Greg Lake – vocals, bass.
Learn to Fly
"Learn to Fly" is the first single from the Foo Fighters' third album There Is Nothing Left to Lose, released in 1999. The "Learn to Fly" single was released as a two-disc CD set in the UK and Australia, as well as in Europe, promotional singles were released in other countries such as the US for radio play. In the US it was the band's first appearance on the Billboard Hot 100, charting at number 19, was the band's first #1 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart, it is their highest-charting on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart, along with the 1996 hit "Big Me", reaching number 13. The music video for the song was directed by Jesse Peretz and won the 2000 Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video; the music video for the song takes place on an commercial airliner, parodying the movie Airplane!, by extension, the films Airport 1975 and its sequel Airport'77. Two airline mechanics smuggle and hide their narcotic known as "World Domination brand'Erotic' Sleeping Powder" in the coffee-maker.
This ends up incapacitating everyone. The take-off sequence, in addition to the crew members hiding ulterior criminal motives, are a near shot-by-shot homage to the film Airport'77; the band, having avoided the coffee, mirroring Karen Black's role in Airport 1975, find themselves forced to land the plane. For the video, each band member portrays himself as well as several other roles, including Grohl as an FBI agent who arrests the two mechanics when they attempt to smuggle more of their narcotics. On July 30, 2015 a video was published on YouTube of 1,000 Italian musicians in Cesena, Italy all playing and singing the song in unison, followed by a plea for the Foo Fighters to come play a concert in Cesena. By August 16 it had gained more than 33 million views. On July 31 Dave Grohl responded, in Italian, thanking the makers for "the beautiful video" and adding "Thank you so much. We're coming, I swear. We'll see each other soon." On November 3, 2015, in response, Foo Fighters performed a twenty-seven-song concert in Cesena for 3,000 people, starting their set with Learn to Fly.
The group assembled for the stunt have performed subsequently under the name Rockin' 1000, have been described as the "biggest band in the world."In August 2015, nearly 16 years after its initial release, the single entered the Austrian Singles Chart at number 69 and the Swiss Singles Chart at number 41. A live version recorded in Sydney, Australia on January 24, 2000 was released on the Australian "Generator" single and CD 1 of Breakout. Learn To Fly is a playable track in Rock Band and was released as DLC for Rock Band 4 Disc 1"Learn to Fly" "Iron and Stone" "Have a Cigar" Disc 2"Learn to Fly" "Make a Bet" "Have a Cigar" Promo"Learn to Fly"7in Vinyl 1. "Learn to Fly 2. "Have a Cigar" Dave Grohl – vocals, guitar Taylor Hawkins – drums Nate Mendel – bass "Learn to Fly" Official music video on YouTube
Learning to Fly (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers song)
"Learning to Fly" is a song by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. It was written in 1991 by Tom Petty and his writing partner Jeff Lynne for the album Into the Great Wide Open; the entire song is based on only four simple chords. It became a top hit for Petty and the Heartbreakers, it is unrelated to the Pink Floyd song of the same name. 7" vinyl Side A: "Learning to Fly" Side B: "Too Good To Be True" Tom Petty: lead vocals and backing vocals, acoustic guitar Mike Campbell: double neck electric guitar and backing vocals Benmont Tench: synthesizer Howie Epstein: bass and backing vocals Stan Lynch: drums "Learning to Fly" was released as the first single from Into the Great Wide Open and reached #28 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. It became his most successful single on the Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart, reaching the top of the chart and remaining at the summit for six weeks. "Learning to Fly" earliest charting was in the United Kingdom, debuting at #65 on June 29. The next week it rose to #46, stayed on the UK chart for two more weeks before slipping off entirely
Learning to Fly (video)
Hilary Duff: Learning to Fly is the third long-form video by American singer Hilary Duff. It was released on November 16, 2004, by Hollywood Records