Lebowski Fest is an annual festival that began in 2002 in Louisville, celebrating the 1998 cult film The Big Lebowski by Joel Coen and Ethan Coen. In addition to its home city of Louisville, Lebowski Fest has been held in Milwaukee, New York, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Seattle, San Francisco, London, New Orleans and Pittsburgh; the annual Lebowski Fest celebrates the 1998 cult film The Big Lebowski by Ethan Coen. Held over two nights, Lebowski Fest features a screening of the film, live music, a bowling party attended by fans of the movie, many dressed as characters from the film; the festival began in 2002 in Louisville and has been held in Milwaukee, New York, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Seattle, San Francisco, London, New Orleans and Pittsburgh. Various stars from "The Big Lebowski" have attended the fest over the years, including Jeff Bridges, who in 2005 showed up at Lebowski Fest in Los Angeles singing and playing "The Man in Me" by Bob Dylan, featured in the film. In 2011, members of the cast reunited at Lebowski Fest in New York, including Bridges, Julianne Moore, John Goodman, Steve Buscemi, John Turturro.
Lebowski Fest was co-founded by Louisvillians Will Russell and Scott Shuffitt, along with Bill Green and Ben Peskoe, authored the book, I'm a Lebowski, You're a Lebowski: Life, The Big Lebowski, What Have You, described as "a punch-drunk tribute worthy of a bowling-loving stoner named'the Dude.'" There is a documentary about Lebowski Fest, entitled The Achievers. An account of the first Lebowski Fest is included in Mike Walsh's non-fiction account of his endeavor to bowl in all 50 U. S. states, Bowling Across America. Lebowski Fest has appeared on the Food Network program "Ace of Cakes." The episode named "The Big Cakeowski" features the Charm City Cakes staff creating and delivering a movie-themed cake to Lebowski Fest in Louisville. The British equivalent, inspired by Lebowski Fest, is known as The Dude Abides and is held in London. List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area Lebowski Fest official site Cult Films with Will and Scott The Lebowski Podcast interview with Will Russell and Scott Shuffitt.
The 2011 Bolivian protests were a series of demonstrations by indigenous peoples who opposed the construction of the Villa Tunari – San Ignacio de Moxos Highway through the Isiboro Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory, similar to the Trans-Amazonian Highway in Brazil, the ancestral lands of over 12,000 indigenous residents, from the Chimane, Yuracaré, Mojeño-Trinitario peoples. The subcentral TIPNIS, the Confederation of Indigenous Peoples of Bolivia, the highland indigenous confederation CONAMAQ—supported by other indigenous and environmental groups—organised a march from Trinidad, Beni to the national capital La Paz in opposition to the project, beginning on 15 August 2011; the highway project was supported by domestic migrants, highland indigenous groups affiliated with peasant organizations, the government. During the protests the lowland tribes peoples held Foreign Minister David Choquehuanca in their protests so as to pass through a police roadblock. Defense Minister María Chacón Rendón resigned as a result of the violent crackdown on protests on 24 September that caused four deaths.
On 19 October the protest march reached the capital city of La Paz amid welcomes from the local population and the Information Minister, as security services were withdrawn from their posts guarding the presidential palace. Protests were held in the national capital La Paz, Santa Cruz, Rurrenabaque, San Antonio, El Alto and Beni. In April 2012, a new round of protest marches commences in protest against Morales' continued support for the project. Despite the election of the first indigenous president, Evo Morales, indigenous groups have intermittently continued social protests. In 2008, the predominantly European-origin residents of Bolivia's eastern lowland provinces were resisted by the indigenous groups with the solidarity of highland indigenous groups, though it was after violent protests and deaths. In 2009, the European-Bolivians tried to protest Morales' attempts at a new constitution that would increase his term limit. However, a compromise that Morales would not run again led to the creation of a new constitution and the establishment of the Plurinational State of Bolivia.
Another provision in the new constitution explicitly referred to the defence of the communal rights of the indigenous communities over their traditional tribal lands. However, a regional election, won by right-wing party was celebrated in that part of Bolivia. In 1990, Morales, as a union leader in the March for Territory and Dignity, had helped create the indigenous autonomy territories. Morales' primary support base is from the coca-growing Aymara and Quechua tribes in the Chapare region. However, in the part of the Amazon Basin where the highway was scheduled to be built, they are known as "colonists" for having migrated to the region, he came to power on the promise of ending marginalisation. Morales said that the US$420 million, 300-kilometre highway project, funded by Brazil in the quest to access the Pacific Ocean, would be a principal part of his infrastructure plan; the highway would connect the agricultural region of Beni with the commercial crossroad of Cochabamba. In June, he said that the highway would go ahead "whether they like it or not".
In response, indigenous leaders, who had in the past been supportive of Morales, reacted adversely. Some MPs of the party expressed their support for the protesters, as well as the demands of the 12,000 residents of the Isiboro Secure Indigenous Territory and National Park in the Amazon Basin, home to 64 indigenous tribes and where the highway was proposed to be built. A study conducted prior to the protests estimated that 64 percent of the national park would be deforested in less than 18 years. Furthermore, the highway could lead to land grabs by cocaleros; the protesters feared an "invasion" of migrants following the construction of the highway. Prior to the victory of left-wing candidate Ollanta Humala in Peru's election, several thousand indigenous Quechua tribes people blocked the border with Bolivia in protest against mining contracts given to a Canadian company that they said would poison Lake Titicaca, their principal source of water, they too vowed to continue their protests after Humala's election.
In March 2012, protesters in Ecuador began a cross-country march against fellow pink tide President Rafael Correa's policies for mining in the Amazon. In addition to the cancellation of the highway project, protesters demanded the resignation of President Evo Morales following a bloody crackdown on protesters. Other demands by the protesters included a cessation of oil and gas extraction projects in the Aguaragüe National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area, as well as compensation for the effects of global warming; the initial protest started in mid-August as activists from the Amazon Basin left Trinidad in the hope of reaching the national capital of La Paz to protest Morales' initiative. More than 1,700 protesters, including pregnant women and children, joined the 375-mile trek. Following a march of over a month, the protest group reached the outskirts of Yucumo, a predominantly pro-government town, where pro- and anti-government g
The System/23 Datamaster was announced by IBM in July 1981. The Datamaster is an all-in-one computer with text-mode CRT display, processor and two 8-inch floppy disk drives in one cabinet; the processor is an 8-bit Intel 8085, with bank switching to manage 256 kB of memory. The intention of the Datamaster was to provide a computer that could be installed and operated without specialists. A BASIC interpreter is built-in; when introduced, a single-screen Datamaster sold for around US$9,000 ). A second keyboard and screen could be attached in an extended configuration; the familiarity of the design group gained on the Datamaster project encouraged selection of an Intel CPU for the IBM PC, announced one month after the Datamaster. The delay from the BASIC encouraged IBM's selection of Microsoft BASIC for the PC. IBM – System/23 Datamaster The Old Computer Museum – IBM System/23 page