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Lecce Airfield

Lecce Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield in Italy, located 5 km east of Lecce in the Salentine Peninsula. Built in 1943 by United States Army Engineers, the airfield was a Fifteenth Air Force B-24 Liberator heavy bomber base used in the strategic bombing of Germany. Lecce was used by tactical aircraft of Twelfth Air Force in the Italian Campaign. Known units assigned to the airfield were: 98th Bombardment Group, 17 January 1944 – 19 April 1945, B-24 Liberator, 82d Fighter Group, 10 October 1943 – 11 January 1944, P-38 Lightning, 416th Night Fighter Squadron, 27–30 September 1943, Bristol Beaufighter Closed after the war, Lecce Airfield today is a collection of agricultural fields, with its main runway visible in aerial photography. Large areas of disturbed land indicate the remains of some wartime features some of the former taxiways have been reduced to single-lane farm roads, however the vast majority of the airfield and ground station have been redeveloped; as of 2009, some flying activity has returned to the field through the Vega Aeroclub of Lecce.

The A/D should not be confused with Lepore Airport just a few miles to the east, still less with the military Lecce Galatina Air Base to the south of the city. This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556

Mundurucu Indigenous Territory

The Mundurucu Indigenous Territory is an indigenous territory in the state of Pará, Brazil. It is occupied by the Munduruku people. A proposed dam on the Tapajós river is on hold since it would flood part of the territory, the constitution does not allow projects that would force relocation of indigenous people; the Mundurucu Indigenous Territory is divided between the municipalities of Itaituba and Jacareacanga, Para. It has an area of 2,382,000 hectares; the territory adjoins the Sai Cinza Indigenous Territory to the north and the Kayabi Indigenous Territory to the south. The Tapajós river and its tributary the Teles Pires define the north and west boundary of the territory. To the east it adjoins the Rio Novo National Park; the TI lies in the Tapajós river basin, in the Amazon biome. Vegetation includes dense rainforest, open rainforest, savanna-rainforest contact, savanna-seasonal forest contact, as well as small area of rainforest-seasonal forest contact, savanna-pioneer formation contact, seasonal deciduous forest and savanna.

The people of the territory define regions in terms of rivers. The main ones are the Teles Pires River, Anipiri River, Tapajós River, Cururu River, Igarapé Wareri, Igarapé Parawadukti, Cadiriri River, Cabitutu River, das Tropas River, Kaburuá River, Igarapé Preto and Igarapé Maçaranduba; the Mundurucu Indigenous Territory was recognized by decree of 26 February 2004. The reservoir of the proposed Chacorão Dam on the Tapajós river would affect the Munduruku, Kayabí and Apiacá indigenous people, it would flood 18,700 hectares of the Munduruku Indigenous Territory. As of 2010 Eletronorte had not applied for registration with the National Electricity Agency to start feasibility studies for the Chacorão hydroelectric power plant. A spokesman said that without change to the constitution there was no way to undertake projects in indigenous territories. In 2002 it was estimated that there were 10,065 indigenous people in the Upper Tapajós Region, in about 80 villages. However, villages are being dissolved and reconstituted.

The largest numbers of Munduruku live in the Mundurucu Indigenous Territory, with most of the villages along the Cururu River, a tributary of the Tapajós. The Munduruku Indigenous Territory is occupied by Munduruku but by people of the Apiacá, Kayabí, Tembé and Rikbaktsa ethnic groups. Estimated population of the territory was 2,420 in 1990, 5,075 in 1995 and had risen to 6,518 by 2012. There are two indigenous organizations, the Associação Da'uk and the Conselho Indígena Munduruku do Alto Tapajós; the state is represented in the territory by the Fundação Nacional do Índio. The Catholic Church operates the Missão de São Francisco; the territory has a number of FUNASA bases, each with a small building with a waiting room, laboratory for testing for malaria, hospitalization room and staff accommodation

July 1928

The following events occurred in July 1928: Álvaro Obregón was elected unopposed to succeed Plutarco Elías Calles as President of Mexico beginning December 1. The NBC-owned experimental television station W2XBS was founded. New York police ended a dance marathon after 20 days; the $8,600 prize money was distributed among the nine remaining couples. Died: Frankie Yale, 35, American gangster Prominent temperance activist Ernest Cherrington declared Al Smith the "most influential and powerful enemy of Prohibition that has appeared in public life" and urged all prohibitionists to unite against the Democratic presidential nominee; the Representation of the People Act 1928 became law in the United Kingdom. Born: Iven Carl Kincheloe, Jr. test pilot, aeronautical engineer and Korean War flying ace, in Detroit, Michigan John Logie Baird transmitted colour television for the first time. The first commercially available television set went on sale in the United States, retailing for $75. Daredevil Jean Lussier went over Niagara Falls in a specially constructed rubber ball.

Eleftherios Venizelos became Prime Minister of Greece for the fifth time. Born: Teofisto Guingona, Jr. politician, in San Juan, Philippines. Born: Lorraine Fisher, baseball player, in Michigan. René Lacoste defeated Henri Cochet in the Gentleman's Singles Final of the Wimbledon tennis championships; the Chilean transporter Angamos sank off Punta Morguillas. The experimental television station W3XK began airing programming broadcast from the laboratory of Charles Francis Jenkins. Broadcasting began at 8:00 p.m. every night except Sunday, consisted of short films lasting a few minutes each. The images were scanned at a resolution of 48 lines. A Swedish aviator rescued Einar Lundborg. Born: Néstor de Villa, actor, in Cabanatuan, Philippines American Helen Wills retained her Wimbledon title, defeating Lilí Álvarez of Spain in a rematch of last year's Ladies' Singles Final. Two German aviators set a new flight duration record, staying aloft for 65 hours and 26 minutes flying back and forth between Dessau and Leipzig.

The Plymouth automobile was introduced. A U. S. Treasury report was released showing that the Internal Revenue Service collected $75 million less in taxes in the fiscal year ended June 30 than the year before. Died: Joseph J. Dowling, 77, American actor; the LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin was christened. Born: Federico Bahamontes, road racing cyclist, in Santo Domingo-Caudilla, Spain Deposed Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos was released from prison. Born: Moshe Greenberg and Bible scholar, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Al Smith made John J. Raskob the chairman of the Democratic National Committee; the Farmer–Labor Party nominated Nebraska Senator George W. Norris for president, despite his refusal to head any third-party ticket. Born: Bobo Olson, boxer, in Honolulu, Hawaii The Russian icebreaker Krasin rescued the seven remaining survivors of the Italia crash, they had been stranded for a total of 48 days. The Bolzano Victory Monument was inaugurated in northern Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III. Thousands protested in cities across the border in Austria, angered by what they saw as another provocation in the Italianization of South Tyrol.

No battle had been fought at the site and the Latin inscription on the monument read, "Here are the borders of the fatherland, set down the banner. From here we brought to the others language and arts." Born: Elias James Corey, organic chemist, in Methuen, Massachusetts Died: Emilio Carranza, 22, Mexican aviator Chile and Peru agreed to restore diplomatic relations for the first time since the War of the Pacific. Born: Tommaso Buscetta, mafioso, in Palermo, Italy. Nicolas Frantz won the Tour de France. Five heat deaths were reported in Britain. In Paris, the Rue de la Paix was deserted as the thermometer registered 95. An international cancer conference opened in London. Born: Jim Rathmann, race car driver, in California. Born: Vince Guaraldi, jazz musician, in San Francisco. Premier John Duncan MacLean and the incumbent Liberals were swept out of power by the Conservative Party led by Simon Fraser Tolmie. Chancellor of the Exchequer Winston Chu