New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
Murder Me, Murder You
Murder Me, Murder You is a 1983 American made-for-television mystery film starring Stacy Keach as Mickey Spillane's iconic hardboiled private detective, Mike Hammer. The movie was a follow-up to another TV-movie first aired in 1981, Margin for Murder, in which the fictitious gumshoe was portrayed by Kevin Dobson; the Dobson movie, which did not lead to a series, marked the first time the character was depicted on the small-screen since Darren McGavin played the part in the black-and-white version of Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer, a syndicated television series. Murder Me, Murder You was the first of two pilots featuring Keach in the part - the other being More Than Murder - that blazed a path for the 1980s version of the CBS series Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer which debuted on January 28, 1984. Mike is hired to protect Chris Jameson, an old flame who he hasn't seen in 20 years. Chris heads up an all female high-risk courier agency that has become tied up in a dangerous exchange involving high-stakes bribes by an American helicopter manufacturer to a corrupt General in Central America.
Chris nonetheless drops dead in the middle of testifying before a grand jury, but not before informing Mike that he has a 19-year-old daughter, caught in the middle of everything and might be dead. Screenwriter Bill Stratton was awarded the Edgar in the category of Best Mystery Teleplay Special, the first time any Spillane-inspired material was given the MWA's top award; the TV movie is significant because it marks the first appearance of Stacy Keach in the role of Hammer. After the second pilot movie, which served as the initial episode of the first CBS series, Keach would go on to star in a third made-for-TV movie, followed by the return of the series to CBS, now titled The New Mike Hammer, he went on to star in a syndicated series, Mike Hammer, Private Eye, in 1997. In 1996 his voice was featured reading the audiobook version of Spillane's penultimate Mike Hammer novel Black Alley, Keach continues to portray Mike Hammer in a series of radio novels entitled collectively The New Adventures of Mike Hammer.
After 25 years, Murder Me, Murder You was released on DVD by Sony Pictures. The DVD comes packaged as a two DVD set; the second disc featuring the subsequent Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer pilot More Than Murder. Murder Me, Murder You on IMDb Murder Me, Murder You at AllMovie
Fair Lawn, New Jersey
Fair Lawn is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, a suburb located 10 miles from New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 32,457, reflecting an increase of 820 from the 31,637 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,089 from the 30,548 counted in the 1990 Census. Fair Lawn was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1924, as "Fairlawn," from portions of Saddle River Township; the name was taken from Fairlawn, David Acker's estate home, built in 1865 and became the Fair Lawn Municipal Building. In 1933, the official spelling of the borough's name was split into its present two-word form as "Fair Lawn" Borough. Radburn, one of the first planned communities in the United States, is an unincorporated community located within Fair Lawn and was founded in 1929 as "a town for the motor age." Fair Lawn is home to a large number of commuters to New York City, to which it is connected by train from two railroad stations on NJ Transit's Bergen County Line, the Radburn and Broadway stations.
Fair Lawn's motto, coined by Jake Janso, is "A great place to visit and a better place to live." Fair Lawn has been rated as one of the top 10 best places to live in New Jersey. According to Nerdwallet, Fair Lawn witnessed a 5.3% increase in its working-age population between 2009 and 2011. The first settlers of Fair Lawn were members of the Lenni Lenape tribe, a peaceful group of hunter gatherers who sold their land to incoming Dutch and Irish settlers and migrated to Pennsylvania; the new colonists turned the region, part of the New Barbadoes Township, into five large farm lots, conjoined by two main roads - Paramus and Saddle River - and named it "slooterdam". The name stuck until 1791. In the 1800s, these five lots became nine smaller lots, three new roads - Fair Lawn Avenue, Lincoln Avenue, Prospect Street - were constructed to encourage mobility between them. Eighty houses were built by 1861, the renamed Small Lots, now a part of the Saddle River Township and home to multiple vegetable and fruit farms and dairies, became an agricultural community.
Berdan Avenue, a new road located near five Berdan family farms, was soon added and Victorian homes were built alongside it and in nearby areas. The grandest of the estates, perched atop a hill by Small Lots Road was David Acker's estate "Fairlawn," from which the township gets its name. Rapid suburban development of the town occurred in three sections: the River Road-Fair Lawn Avenue area known as "Memorial Park", the area at Lincoln Avenue and Wagaraw Road known as "Columbus Heights", the area east of the railroad and south of Broadway, known as Warren Point; the development of this section was catalyzed by the "establishment of a post office, a railroad station, a trolley to the Hudson River". In the 1900s, Fair Lawn residents were displeased about the schooling situation as part of Saddle River Township; as such, a movement to separate from Saddle River Township was born. Fair Lawn residents petitioned to the state, asking to incorporate as an independent borough, in April 1924, the borough of Fair Lawn was voted into existence.
Fair Lawn is home to the following eight sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Peter Garretson House, 4-02 River Road Irregular pattern between Radburn Road and the Erie Rail Road tracks in Radburn G. V. H. Berdan House, 1219 River Road Richard J. Berdan House, 2407 Fair Lawn Avenue Cadmus-Folly House, 19-21 Fair Lawn Avenue Naugle House, 42-49 Dunkerhook Road - Built in the 1750s, the house was acquired by the borough. Jacob Vanderbeck Jr. House, 41-25 Dunkerhook Road - Constructed in 1754, the house was named by Preservation New Jersey as one of New Jersey's 10 most endangered historic places Radburn station, Pollitt Drive Other sites, in addition to those listed above, are considered historic by the Historic Sites Survey Committee of the Bergen County Historic Sites Advisory Board, including: Henry A. Hopper House George Washington School Fair Lawn and Prospect Avenues and Radburn Roads Peter Demarest House on Fair Lawn Avenue Warren Bronze and Aluminum Factory on Second StreetIn July 1982, an NJ Transit train derailed and crashed into a pasta factory, killing the train's engineer.
The derailment resulted from a group of teens. Two of the five youths charged with the crime were convicted of manslaughter for their roles in the incident and were given five-year sentences in a state correctional facility. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 5.201 square miles, including 5.139 square miles of land and 0.062 square miles of water. The borough borders Paterson to the west.
River Edge, New Jersey
River Edge is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 11,340, reflecting an increase of 394 from the 10,946 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 343 from the 10,603 counted in the 1990 Census; the community was incorporated as the borough of Riverside by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on June 30, 1894, from portions of Midland Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. On December 1, 1930, the borough's name was changed to River Edge; the borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone. The borough was named for its location along the Hackensack River. According to the United States Census Bureau, River Edge borough had a total area of 1.895 square miles, including 1.854 square miles of land and 0.041 square miles of water. A suburb of New York City, River Edge is located 8 miles west of Upper Manhattan.
Cherry Hill and North Hackensack are unincorporated communities located within River Edge. The borough is bordered by Paramus, New Milford and Teaneck; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,340 people, 4,134 households, 3,162.510 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,116.3 per square mile. There were 4,261 housing units at an average density of 2,298.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 73.42% White, 1.52% Black or African American, 0.05% Native American, 22.19% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.25% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.66% of the population. Korean Americans accounted for 11.1% of the borough's population. There were 4,134 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.5% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.21. In the borough, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $97,816 and the median family income was $109,335. Males had a median income of $71,219 versus $63,305 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $38,772. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. Same-sex couples headed 19 households in 2010, a decrease from the 24 counted in 2000; as of the 2000 United States Census there were 10,946 people, 4,165 households, 3,102 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 5,804.5 people per square mile. There were 4,210 housing units at an average density of 2,232.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 84.12% White, 1.06% African American, 0.08% American Indian, 12.60% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.31% of the population. There were 4,165 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.11. In the borough the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years.
For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $71,792, the median income for a family was $80,422. Males had a median income of $62,044 versus $41,085 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $33,188. About 2.5% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over. River Edge is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government; the governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office; the Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by River Edge, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie.
The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, most appointments are
George Burns was an American comedian, actor and writer. He was one of the few entertainers whose career spanned vaudeville, radio and television, his arched eyebrow and cigar-smoke punctuation became familiar trademarks for over three quarters of a century. He and his wife, Gracie Allen, appeared on radio and film as the comedy duo Burns and Allen. At age 79, Burns had a sudden career revival as an amiable and unusually active comedy elder statesman in the 1975 film The Sunshine Boys, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Burns, who became a centenarian in 1996, continued to work until just weeks before his death of cardiac arrest at his home in Beverly Hills. George Burns was born Nathan Birnbaum on January 20, 1896 in New York City, the ninth of 12 children born to Hadassah "Dorah" and Eliezer Birnbaum, known as Louis or Lippe, Jewish immigrants who had come to the United States from Kolbuszowa, Galicia. Burns was a member of the First Roumanian-American Congregation.
His father was a substitute cantor at the local synagogue but worked as a coat presser. During the influenza epidemic of 1903, Lippe Birnbaum contracted the flu and died at the age of 47. Nattie went to work to help support the family, shining shoes, running errands and selling newspapers; when he landed a job as a syrup maker in a local candy shop at age seven, "Nate" as he was known, was "discovered", as he recalled long after: Burns was drafted into the United States Army when the U. S. entered World War I in 1917, but he failed the physical because he was nearsighted. In order to try to hide his Jewish heritage, he adopted the stage name by which he would be known for the rest of his life, he claimed in a few interviews that the idea of the name originated from the fact that two star major league players were playing major league baseball at the time. Both men hold some major league records. Burns was reported to have taken the name "George" from his brother Izzy, the Burns from the Burns Brothers Coal Company.
He partnered with a girl, sometimes in an adagio dance routine, sometimes comic patter. Though he had an apparent flair for comedy, he never quite clicked with any of his partners, until he met a young Irish Catholic lady in 1923. "And all of a sudden," he said famously in years, "the audience realized I had a talent. They were right. I did have a talent—and I was married to her for 38 years."His first wife was Hannah Siegel, one of his dance partners. The marriage, never consummated, lasted 26 weeks and happened because her family would not let them go on tour unless they were married, they divorced at the end of the tour. Burns' second wife and famous partner in their entertainment routines was Gracie Allen. George Burns started smoking when he was 14. Burns and Allen got a start in motion pictures with a series of comic short films in the late 1930s, their feature credits in the mid- to late-1930s included The Big Broadcast. Honolulu would be Burns's last movie for nearly 40 years. Burns and Allen were indirectly responsible for the Bob Hope and Bing Crosby series of "Road" pictures.
In 1938, William LeBaron and managing director at Paramount, had a script prepared by Don Hartman and Frank Butler. It was to star Burns and Allen with Bing Crosby, already an established star of radio and the movies; the story did not seem to fit the comedy team's style, so LeBaron ordered Hartman and Butler to rewrite the script to fit two male co-stars: Hope and Crosby. The script was titled Road to Singapore, it made motion picture history when it was released in 1940. Burns and Allen first made it to radio as the comedy relief for bandleader Guy Lombardo, which did not always sit well with Lombardo's home audience. In his memoir, The Third Time Around, Burns revealed a college fraternity's protest letter, complaining that they resented their weekly dance parties with their girl friends listening to "Thirty Minutes of the Sweetest Music This Side of Heaven" had to be broken into by the droll vaudeville team. In time, though and Allen found their own show and radio audience, first airing on February 15, 1932 and concentrating on their classic stage routines plus sketch comedy in which the Burns and Allen style was woven into different little scenes, not unlike the short films they made in Hollywood.
They were good for a clever publicity stunt, none more so than the hunt for Gracie's missing brother, a hunt that included Gracie turning up on other radio shows searching for him as well. The couple was portrayed at first as younger singles, with Allen the object of both Burns' and other cast members' affections. Most notably, bandleaders Ray Noble and Artie Shaw played "love" interests to Gracie. In addition, singer Tony Martin played an unwilling love interest of Gracie's, in which Gracie "sexually harassed" him, by threatening to fire him if the romantic interest was not reciprocated. In time, due to slipping ratings and the difficulty of being portrayed as singles in light of the audience's close familiarity with their
Internet Broadway Database
The Internet Broadway Database is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. It was conceived and created by Karen Hauser in 1996 and is operated by the Research Department of The Broadway League, a trade association for the North American commercial theatre community; the website has a corresponding app for both the IOS and Android. This comprehensive history of Broadway provides records of productions from the beginnings of New York theatre in the 18th century up to today. Details include cast and creative lists for opening night and current day, song lists and other interesting facts about every Broadway production. Other features of IBDB include an extensive archive of photos from past and present Broadway productions, links to cast recordings on iTunes or Amazon and attendance information, its mission was to be an interactive, user-friendly, searchable database for League members, journalists and Broadway fans. The League added Broadway Touring shows to the database for ease of tracking shows that play in theatres across the country.
It is managed by Karen Hauser, Michael Abourizk, Mark Smith of the Broadway League. Internet Theatre Database – ITDb Internet Movie Database – IMDb Internet Book Database – IBookDb Lortel Archives – IOBDb The Broadway League Official website Broadway League website
The Record (Bergen County)
The Record is a newspaper in North Jersey, United States. It serves Bergen County, though it covers Hudson and Passaic counties as well, it has the second largest circulation behind The Star-Ledger. Its editor is Daniel Sforza; the Record was under the ownership of the Borg family from 1930 on and the family went on to form North Jersey Media Group, which bought its competitor, the Herald News. Both papers are now owned by Gannett Company, which purchased the Borgs' media assets in July 2016. For years, The Record had its primary offices in Hackensack with a bureau in Wayne. Following the purchase of the competing Herald News of Passaic, both papers began centralizing operations in what is now Woodland Park, where The Record is located. In 1930 John Borg, a Wall Street financier, bought The Record. From 1952 to 1963 the circulation of The Record doubled and its coverage changed from local to regional, it was one of the papers whose editorial position was in favor of the Metropolitan Regional Council In 1974, writers in the area voted The Record first in the categories of writing and local coverage.
It provided different local news coverage for various areas in its distribution range. In 1983, the paper had a daily circulation of just over 149,000 with its readership described as "upscale". On September 12, 1988, its afternoon publication and delivery changed to early morning; when combined with more centralized distribution requiring carriers to have automobiles, many "youth carriers" were put out of work. The paper's approach to coverage made it "read like a magazine". Rather than a focus on breaking news on its front page, it featured "The Patch," a thematic topic or investigative report. In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City, a photographer for The Record, Thomas E. Franklin, took a photograph of three firefighters raising an American flag over the rubble of what had been the World Trade Center; this became an iconic photo known as Raising the Flag at Ground Zero. A follow-up story by Jeannine Clegg, a reporter for The Record, about the flag raising efforts by the firemen that led to the photo appeared in the newspaper on September 14, 2011.
The Record owns the rights to the photograph, but has licensed it in exchange for donations to September 11 causes, as long as the photo is used in a "dignified and proper manner" for non-commercial purposes. William A. Caldwell, Pulitzer Prize-winning former columnist Mike Kelly Robert Leckie, rejoined The Record after returning from World War II. John R. MacArthur John Tierney Kaavya Viswanathan The Record's and North Jersey Media Group website The Record website