Left Behind: World at War
Left Behind: World at War is a 2005 American apocalyptic Christian thriller film and the third in the series of films based on the Left Behind book series. It was produced by Cloud Ten Pictures; the film premiered in churches on October 21, 2005, before its release on DVD and VHS on October 25, 2005. It was based on the last fifty pages of the novel Tribulation Force and is the concluding film in the Left Behind film series, as a new adaption of the first book was made and released on October 3, 2014. Eighteen months after the events of the previous film, the world has fallen into chaos. In the collapsing ruins of the White House, U. S. President Gerald Fitzhugh videotapes a confession, he looks out the window. One week earlier, the Tribulation Force, consisting of Rayford Steele, his daughter Chloe, Buck Williams, Bruce Barnes, Chris Smith are in the process of stealing Bibles from a Global Community compound. Guards burst into kill Chris while the remaining Trib Force members escape. In Washington, D.
C. the President and his Vice-President, John Mallory, are taking some time away from the White House. Mallory informs Fitzhugh of Nicolae's plans and how he has found evidence that Nicolae is planning a biological attack on American soil. Before he can share the information, Mallory is killed in an ambush, but a militia group comes to the aid of the President. Back at the Trib Force underground headquarters, Bruce Barnes performs a double wedding ceremony: Buck to Chloe, Rayford to Amanda White, the newest member who once knew Rayford's first wife before the vanishings. After the ceremony is over, Buck heads over to Los Angeles and Rayford flies to New Babylon. Nicolae meets with Fitzhugh who expresses his deepest concern over the news of Mallory's death, teams up with Carolyn Miller, who poses as Nicolae's top aide at GC headquarters. Together, they find Nicolae's secret plan of stealing Bibles and lacing them with anthrax before distributing them; the GC block their escape, Fitzhugh kills one of the guards in the process.
Fitzhugh is recruited by Miller's ragtag military team to help take out Nicolae, which he participates in. As Fitzhugh enters the GC building and asks to see the President. Fitzhugh enters Nicolae's office, but Nicolae is aware of Fitzhugh's assassination attempt and foils it. Fitzhugh tries to shoot Nicolae with three rounds, but he isn't affected as they go through him and hit a guard instead. Using supernatural techniques, Nicolae throws Fitzhugh out of a 20-story window, landing on top of a car. Nicolae goes over to the window to see, in Fitzhugh getting up and walking away. Fitzhugh is not believed when he returns to the militia base to inform that the plan failed: Carolyn takes this the hardest; the underground Trib Force HQ is hit the hardest as World War III approaches. Bruce and Chloe are infected with the virulent bacteria, but in the end it is Chloe who miraculously survives when red wine, used in the communion they just took part of, is revealed to be the antidote. Buck meets Fitzhugh in a destroyed White House.
Fitzhugh confronts Nicolae in a final showdown where he activates a personal transmitter, hoping to obliterate the entire GC headquarters, himself, with a missile locked onto the transmitter's location. Fitzhugh dies in the resulting explosion, wiping out the GC base. Buck Williams gets a call in the elevator from Chloe as she tells him about the wine and Bruce's death. Buck promises to come home from his trip soon as the elevator stops and the door opens to reveal an armed Carolyn, she lowers her weapon and Buck states that they need to talk. What is left of the Global Community Building burns down, police sirens wail in the background, explosions are still going on. Nicolae Carpathia walks out from the flames looking mad unharmed. Louis Gossett Jr.: President Gerald Fitzhugh Kirk Cameron: Buck Williams Brad Johnson: Rayford Steele Jessica Steen: Carolyn Miller Gordon Currie: Nicolae Carpathia Janaya Stephens: Chloe Steele Chelsea Noble: Hattie Durham Arnold Pinnock: Bruce Barnes Charles Martin Smith: Vice President John Mallory David Eisner: Chief of Staff Allan Campbell Richard Fitzpatrick: Major Kent Filming took place in Toronto, Ontario.
Clarence Gilyard Jr. was signed to reprise his role of Bruce Barnes but could not return due to a scheduling conflict. As a devout Catholic he has said his priest was happy he did not reprise the role, as the films portray a premillennial rapturist theology, in opposition to the Catholic Church's amillennial teachings; the final two chapters of the book Tribulation Force and the first four or five chapters of Nicolae have events that match up to what is shown in World at War. Recognizable events were the marriages of Buck with Chloe and Rayford with Amanda, but not the birth of Kenny, the death of Bruce Barnes, the U. S. President heading an attack with Britain and Egypt, against the Global Community. Major parts of the movie, were not in any of the books: the poisoning of Bibles by the forces of Nicolae, an attempt by Fitzhugh to assassinate Nicolae. Buck's meeting with the president in the books makes it into the movie, but in a different form. In the movie Nicolae Carpathia, the main antagonist, is portrayed as a supernatural being, displaying supernatural powers against his enemies.
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed in 1995. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs. Prerecorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD; such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded once using a DVD recorder and function as a DVD-ROM. Rewritable DVDs can be erased many times. DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material. DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs; the Oxford English Dictionary comments that, "In 1995 rival manufacturers of the product named digital video disc agreed that, in order to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications, the preferred abbreviation DVD would be understood to denote digital versatile disc."
The OED states that in 1995, "The companies said the official name of the format will be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disc’, but, switched to ‘digital versatile disc’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications.""Digital versatile disc" is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forum's mission statement. There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD. Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States, first came to market in Atlanta, Georgia in 1978, it used much larger discs than the formats. Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was low in both North America and Europe, was not used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia, such as Hong-Kong, Singapore and Taiwan.
CD Video released in 1987 used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs. Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed. One was the Multimedia Compact Disc, backed by Philips and Sony, the other was the Super Density disc, supported by Toshiba, Time Warner, Matsushita Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Thomson, JVC. By the time of the press launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the file system to use for their disc, sought support for their format for storing computer data. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBM's Almaden Research Center, got that request, learned of the MMCD development project. Wary of being caught in a repeat of the costly videotape format war between VHS and Betamax in the 1980s, he convened a group of computer industry experts, including representatives from Apple, Sun Microsystems and many others.
This group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG. On August 14, 1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a press release stating that they would only accept a single format; the TWG voted to boycott both formats unless the two camps agreed on a converged standard. They recruited president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions. In one significant compromise, the MMCD and SD groups agreed to adopt proposal SD 9, which specified that both layers of the dual-layered disc be read from the same side—instead of proposal SD 10, which would have created a two-sided disc that users would have to turn over; as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc. The DVD specification ended up similar to Toshiba and Matsushita's Super Density Disc, except for the dual-layer option and EFMPlus modulation designed by Kees Schouhamer Immink.
Philips and Sony decided that it was in their best interests to end the format war, agreed to unify with companies backing the Super Density Disc to release a single format, with technologies from both. After other compromises between MMCD and SD, the computer companies through TWG won the day, a single format was agreed upon; the TWG collaborated with the Optical Storage Technology Association on the use of their implementation of the ISO-13346 file system for use on the new DVDs. Movie and home entertainment distributors adopted the DVD format to replace the ubiquitous VHS tape as the primary consumer digital video distribution format, they embraced DVD as it produced higher quality video and sound, provided superior data lifespan, could be interactive. Interactivity on LaserDiscs had proven desirable to consumers collectors; when LaserDisc prices dropped from $100 per
Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, as described in the New Testament. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Depending on the specific denomination of Christianity, practices may include baptism, prayer, confirmation, burial rites, marriage rites and the religious education of children. Most denominations hold regular group worship services. Christianity developed during the 1st century CE as a Jewish Christian sect of Second Temple Judaism, it soon attracted Gentile God-fearers, which lead to a departure from Jewish customs, the establishment of Christianity as an independent religion. During the first centuries of its existence Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, to Ethiopia and some parts of Asia. Constantine the Great decriminalized it via the Edict of Milan; the First Council of Nicaea established a uniform set of beliefs across the Roman Empire.
By 380, the Roman Empire designated Christianity as the state religion. The period of the first seven ecumenical councils is sometimes referred to as the Great Church, the united full communion of the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, before their schisms. Oriental Orthodoxy split after the Council of Chalcedon over differences in Christology; the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church separated in the East–West Schism over the authority of the Pope. In 1521, Protestants split from the Catholic Church in the Protestant Reformation over Papal primacy, the nature of salvation, other ecclesiological and theological disputes. Following the Age of Discovery, Christianity was spread into the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, the rest of the world via missionary work and colonization. There are 2.3 billion Christians in the world, or 31.4% of the global population. Today, the four largest branches of Christianity are the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy.
Christianity and Christian ethics have played a prominent role in the development of Western civilization around Europe during late antiquity and the Middle Ages. In the New Testament, the names by which the disciples were known among themselves were "brethren", "the faithful", "elect", "saints" and "believers". Early Jewish Christians referred to themselves as'The Way' coming from Isaiah 40:3, "prepare the way of the Lord." According to Acts 11:26, the term "Christian" was first used in reference to Jesus's disciples in the city of Antioch, meaning "followers of Christ," by the non-Jewish inhabitants of Antioch. The earliest recorded use of the term "Christianity" was by Ignatius of Antioch, in around 100 AD. While Christians worldwide share basic convcitions, there are differences of interpretations and opinions of the Bible and sacred traditions on which Christianity is based. Concise doctrinal statements or confessions of religious beliefs are known as creeds, they began as baptismal formulae and were expanded during the Christological controversies of the 4th and 5th centuries to become statements of faith.
The Apostles' Creed is the most accepted statement of the articles of Christian faith. It is used by a number of Christian denominations for both liturgical and catechetical purposes, most visibly by liturgical churches of Western Christian tradition, including the Latin Church of the Catholic Church, Lutheranism and Western Rite Orthodoxy, it is used by Presbyterians and Congregationalists. This particular creed was developed between the 9th centuries, its central doctrines are those of God the Creator. Each of the doctrines found in this creed can be traced to statements current in the apostolic period; the creed was used as a summary of Christian doctrine for baptismal candidates in the churches of Rome. Its main points include: Belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the Son of God, the Holy Spirit The death, descent into hell and ascension of Christ The holiness of the Church and the communion of saints Christ's second coming, the Day of Judgement and salvation of the faithful; the Nicene Creed was formulated in response to Arianism, at the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople in 325 and 381 and ratified as the universal creed of Christendom by the First Council of Ephesus in 431.
The Chalcedonian Definition, or Creed of Chalcedon, developed at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, though rejected by the Oriental Orthodox churches, taught Christ "to be acknowledged in two natures, unchangeably, inseparably": one divine and one human, that both natures, while perfect in themselves, are also united into one person. The Athanasian Creed, received in the Western Church as having the same status as the Nicene and Chalcedonian, says: "We worship one God in Trinity, Trinity in Unity. Many evangelical Protestants reject creeds as definitive statements of faith while agreeing with some or all of the substance of the creeds. Most Baptists do not use creeds "in that they have not sought to establish binding
Secretary-General of the United Nations
The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. The Secretary-General serves as the chief administrative officer of the United Nations; the role of the United Nations Secretariat, of the Secretary-General in particular, is laid out by Chapter XV of the United Nations Charter. As of 2019, the Secretary-General is António Guterres of Portugal, appointed by the General Assembly on 13 October 2016; the Secretary-General was envisioned by U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt as a "world moderator", but the vague definition provided by the United Nations Charter left much room for interpretation; the Secretary-General is the "chief administrative officer" of the UN "in all meetings of the General Assembly, of the Security Council, of the Economic and Social Council and the Trusteeship Council, shall perform other functions as are entrusted to him by these organs". They are responsible for making an annual report to the General Assembly.
They may notify the Security Council on matters which "in their opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security". Other than these few guidelines, little else is dictated by the Charter. Interpretation of the Charter has varied between Secretaries-General, with some being much more active than others; the Secretary-General, along with the Secretariat, is given the prerogative to exhibit no allegiance to any state but to only the United Nations organization. The Secretary-General is dependent upon the support of the member states of the UN. Although the Secretary-General may place any item on the provisional agenda of the Security Council, much of their mediation work takes place behind the scenes. In the early 1960s, Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev led an effort to abolish the Secretary-General position; the numerical superiority of the Western powers combined with the one state, one vote system meant that the Secretary-General would come from one of them, would be sympathetic towards the West.
Khrushchev proposed to replace the Secretary-General with a three-person directorate: one member from the West, one from the Eastern Bloc, one from the Non-Aligned powers. This idea failed; the Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. As the recommendation must come from the Security Council, any of the five permanent members of the Council can veto a nomination. Most Secretaries-General have little prior fame. Unofficial qualifications for the job have been set by precedent in previous selections; the appointee may not be a citizen of any of the Security Council's five permanent members. The General Assembly resolution 51/241 in 1997 stated that in the appointment of "the best candidate", due regard should be given to regional rotation of the appointee's national origin and to gender equality, although no woman has yet served as Secretary-General; the length of the term is discretionary, but all Secretaries-General since 1971 have been appointed to five-year terms.
Every Secretary-General since 1961 has been re-selected for a second term, with the exception of Boutros Boutros-Ghali, vetoed by the United States in the 1996 selection. There is a term limit of two full terms, established when China cast a record 16 vetoes against Kurt Waldheim's third term in the 1981 selection. No Secretary-General since 1981 has attempted to secure a third term; the selection process is opaque and is compared to a papal conclave. Since 1981, the Security Council has voted in secret in a series of straw polls; the Security Council submits the winning candidate to the General Assembly for ratification. No candidate has been rejected by the General Assembly. In 2016, the General Assembly and the Security Council sought nominations and conducted public debates for the first time. However, the Security Council voted in private and followed the same process as previous selections, leading the President of the General Assembly to complain that it "does not live up to the expectations of the membership and the new standard of openness and transparency".
The official residence of the Secretary-General is a townhouse at 3 Sutton Place, Manhattan, in New York City, United States. The townhouse was built for Anne Morgan in 1921, donated to the United Nations in 1972; this is a graphical lifespan timeline of the Secretaries-General of the United Nations. They are listed in order of office
The Western Wall, Wailing Wall, or Kotel, known in Islam as the Buraq Wall, is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem. It is a small segment of a far longer ancient retaining wall, known in its entirety as the "Western Wall"; the wall was erected as part of the expansion of the Second Jewish Temple begun by Herod the Great, which resulted in the encasement of the natural, steep hill known to Jews and Christians as the Temple Mount, in a large rectangular structure topped by a huge flat platform, thus creating more space for the Temple itself and its auxiliary buildings. For Muslims, it is the site where the Islamic Prophet Muhammad tied his steed, al-Buraq, on his night journey to Jerusalem before ascending to paradise, constitutes the Western border of al-Haram al-Sharif; the Western Wall is considered holy due to its connection to the Temple Mount. Because of the Temple Mount entry restrictions, the Wall is the holiest place where Jews are permitted to pray, though the holiest site in the Jewish faith lies behind it.
The original and irregular-shaped Temple Mount was extended to allow for an ever-larger Temple compound to be built at its top. This process was finalised by Herod, who enclosed the Mount with an rectangular set of retaining walls, built to support extensive substructures and earth fills needed to give the natural hill a geometrically regular shape. On top of this box-like structure Herod built a vast paved esplanade. Of the four retaining walls, the western one is considered to be closest to the former Temple, which makes it the most sacred site recognised by Judaism outside the former Temple Mount esplanade. Just over half the wall's total height, including its 17 courses located below street level, dates from the end of the Second Temple period, is believed to have been built around 19 BCE by Herod the Great, although recent excavations indicate that the work was not finished by the time Herod died in 4 BCE; the large stone blocks of the lower courses are Herodian, the courses of medium-sized stones above them were added during the Umayyad era, while the small stones of the uppermost courses are of more recent date from the Ottoman period.
The term Western Wall and its variations are used in a narrow sense for the section traditionally used by Jews for prayer. During the period of Christian Roman rule over Jerusalem, Jews were barred from Jerusalem except to attend Tisha be-Av, the day of national mourning for the Temples, on this day the Jews would weep at their holy places; the term "Wailing Wall" was thus exclusively used by Christians, was revived in the period of non-Jewish control between the establishment of British Rule in 1920 and the Six-Day War in 1967. The term "Wailing Wall" is not used by Jews, not by many others who consider it derogatory. In a broader sense, "Western Wall" can refer to the entire 488-metre-long retaining wall on the western side of the Temple Mount; the classic portion now faces a large plaza in the Jewish Quarter, near the southwestern corner of the Temple Mount, while the rest of the wall is concealed behind structures in the Muslim Quarter, with the small exception of a 25 ft section, the so-called Little Western Wall.
The segment of the Western retaining wall traditionally used for Jewish liturgy, known as the "Western Wall", derives its particular importance to it having never been obscured by medieval buildings, displaying much more of the original Herodian stonework than the "Little Western Wall". In religious terms, the "Little Western Wall" is presumed to be closer to the Holy of Holies and thus to the "presence of God", the underground Warren's Gate, out of reach since the 12th century more so. Whilst the wall was considered Muslim property as an integral part of the Haram esh-Sharif and waqf property of the Moroccan Quarter, a right of Jewish prayer and pilgrimage existed as part of the Status Quo; the earliest source mentioning this specific site as a place of worship is from the 16th century. The previous sites used by Jews for mourning the destruction of the Temple, during periods when access to the city was prohibited to them, lay to the east, on the Mount of Olives and in the Kidron Valley below it.
From the mid-19th century onwards, attempts to purchase rights to the wall and its immediate area were made by various Jews, but none was successful. With the rise of the Zionist movement in the early 20th century, the wall became a source of friction between the Jewish and Muslim communities, the latter being worried that the wall could be used to further Jewish claims to the Temple Mount and thus Jerusalem. During this period outbreaks of violence at the foot of the wall became commonplace, with a deadly riot in 1929 in which 133 Jews were killed and 339 injured. After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War the Eastern portion of Jerusalem was occupied by Jordan. Under Jordanian control Jews were expelled from the Old City including the Jewish quarter, Jews were barred from entering the Old City for 19 years banning Jewish prayer at the site of the Western Wall; this period ended on June 10, 1967, when Israel gained control of the site following the Six-Day War. Three days after establishing control over the Western Wall site the Moroccan Quarter was bulldozed by Israeli authorities to create space for what is now the Western Wall plaza.
Early Jewish texts referred to a "western wall of the Temple", but there is doubt whether the texts were referring to the outer, retaining wall called today "the Western Wal
In Christian eschatology, the Antichrist or anti-Christ is someone recognized as fulfilling the Biblical prophecies about one who will oppose Christ and substitute himself in Christ's place. The term is found five times in the New Testament in the First and Second Epistle of John; the Antichrist is announced as the one "who denies the Father and the Son."The similar term pseudokhristos or "false Christs" is found in the Gospels. In Matthew and Mark, Jesus alerts his disciples not to be deceived by the false prophets, which will claim themselves as being Christ, performing "great signs and wonders". Two other images associated with the Antichrist are the "little horn" in Daniel's final vision and the "man of sin" in Paul the Apostle's Second Epistle to the Thessalonians. In Islamic eschatology, Al-Masih ad-Dajjal is an anti-messiah figure, who will appear to deceive humanity before the second coming of "Isa", as Jesus is known by Muslims; the concept of an antichrist is absent in traditional Judaism, although in some medieval texts the symbolic figure Armilus appears.'Antichrist' is translated from the combination of two ancient Greek words αντί + Χριστός.
In Greek, Χριστός means the word Christ derives from it. "Αντί" means not only anti in the sense of “against” and “opposite of”, but “in place of". Therefore, an antichrist opposes Christ by substituting himself for Christ. Whether the New Testament contains an individual Antichrist is disputed; the Greek term antikhristos originates in 1 John. The similar term pseudokhristos is first found in the New Testament, but never used by Josephus in his accounts of various false messiahs; the concept of an antikhristos is not found in Jewish writings in the period 500 BC–50 AD. However, Bernard McGinn conjectures that the concept may have been generated by the frustration of Jews subject to often-capricious Seleucid or Roman rule, who found the nebulous Jewish idea of a Satan, more of an opposing angel of God in the heavenly court insufficiently humanised and personalised to be a satisfactory incarnation of evil and threat; the five uses of the term "antichrist" or "antichrists" in the Johannine epistles do not present a single latter-day individual Antichrist.
The articles "the deceiver" or "the antichrist" are seen as marking out a certain category of persons, rather than an individual. Little children, it is the last hour: and as you have heard that Antichrist cometh now there are become many Antichrists: whereby we know that it is the last hour. Many deceivers have gone out into the world, those who do not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh. Who is the liar but the one who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the one who denies the Father and the Son. By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God, and this is the spirit of the antichrist. Attention for an individual Antichrist figure focuses on the second chapter of 2 Thessalonians. However, the term "antichrist" is never used in this passage: As to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we beg you and sisters, not to be shaken in mind or alarmed, either by spirit or by word or by letter, as though from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord is here.
Let no one deceive you in any way. He opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, declaring himself to be God. For the mystery of lawlessness is at work, but only until the one who now restrains it is removed, and the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will destroy with the breath of his mouth, annihilating him by the manifestation of his coming. The coming of the lawless one is apparent in the working of Satan, who uses all power, lying wonders, every kind of wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. Although the word "antichrist" is used only in the Epistles of John, the similar word "pseudochrist" is used by Jesus in the Gospels: For false messiahs and false prophets will appear and produce great signs and omens, to lead astray, if possible the elect; the only one of the late 1st/early 2nd century Apostolic Fathers to use the term is Polycarp who warned the Philippians that everyone who preached false doctrine was an antichrist.
His use of the term Antichrist follows that of the New Testament in not identifying a single personal Antichrist, but a class of people. Irenaeus wrote Against Heresies to refute the teachings of the Gnostics. In Book V of Against Heresies he addresses the figure of the Antichrist referring to him as the "recapitulation of apostasy and rebellion." He uses "666", the Number of the Beast from Revelation 13:18, to numerologically decode several possible names. Some names that he loosely proposed were "Evanthos", "Lateinos". In his exegesis of Daniel 7:21, he stated that the ten horns of the beast will be the Roman empire divided into ten kingdoms before the Antichrist's arrival. However, his readings of the Antichrist were more in broader theological terms rather than
Cameron "Buck" Williams
Cameron "Buck" Williams is a fictional character in the Left Behind series of novels by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins. Buck is a celebrated news reporter who, after being left behind at the Rapture, becomes one of the founding members of the Tribulation Force. Buck was born 30 years before the Rapture in Arizona. Intelligent and eager to escape his rural, uneducated roots, he attends Princeton University and trains as a journalist, working as a reporter for the Boston Globe. After college, he realizes his dream of writing for Global Weekly, a prestigious weekly news magazine. Williams is promoted to senior writer at the youngest in the magazine's history. During this time, Buck makes a name for himself with his willingness to rush into danger for a good story, he acquires his nickname from his willingness to "buck" journalistic traditions. 14 months before the Rapture, he is sent on assignment in Israel, interviewing Israeli botanist Chaim Rosenzweig, creator of the "Eden" formula. During the interview, a multinational air strike force advances on Israel, but before either side can fire a shot, the attacking jets explode in mid-air, while Buck watches from an Israeli military compound.
Upon returning to the United States, dumbstruck, he meets with Global Weekly's Chicago bureau chief, Lucinda Washington, who attempts to persuade him that the attack fulfills prophecies made in the book of Ezekiel from the Bible. While Buck agrees that only divine intervention could have destroyed the attacking force in the way he saw, he does not yet dare to seek a personal relationship with God. On the night of the Rapture, Buck is on an overnight flight to London Heathrow piloted by captain Rayford Steele when dozens of passengers disappear without a trace. After returning to Chicago, he searches for the truth behind the disappearances, both as a journalist and for his own sake, he meets with Steele, who by this point has become a born-again Christian looking for the "Christian angle" to the story, but comes away profoundly affected. At this time, Buck meets and begins flirting with Chloe, Rayford Steele's daughter. Through Steele, Buck meets pastor Bruce Barnes of the New Hope Village Church, who outlines for him more Biblical prophecies showing that the next years will make up the Tribulation and that an Antichrist will arise.
Though full of questions, Buck remains unconvinced and does not commit his life to Jesus Christ until an encounter with the new head of the United Nations, Nicolae Carpathia. Though he had met Carpathia and was impressed, on this occasion he senses the truth about the young politician: he is the Antichrist. Overwhelmed, Buck becomes a born-again Christian. Following this, he joins the Steeles and Bruce Barnes in the newly formed Tribulation Force, a group designed to survive the next seven years and fight against Carpathia. Toward the end of the eighteen-month time of peace at the beginning of the Tribulation and Chloe marry, they have a son, Kenny Bruce. After Carpathia purchases every major media outlet on the planet, he offers Buck the position of publisher of Global Weekly, renamed Global Community Weekly. Buck accepts, but must flee because of his faith, he publishes an Internet-based underground magazine, The Truth. He is with Tsion Ben-Judah fighting in the Old City of Jerusalem when Tsion falls during battle on the last day of the Tribulation.
Buck himself is killed defending Jerusalem from the GC One World Unity Army less than 24 hours before Christ's Glorious Appearing, after which he is resurrected. During the Millennial Kingdom, he and Chloe open up a child care center called Children of the Tribulation, dedicated to sharing the gospel with young children before they turn one hundred years old. On the last day of the Millennium, the Trib Force gathers at his estate to watch the final battle of the ages, after which he and the rest of the believers are welcomed into heaven. Kirk Cameron's performance as Buck Williams in the Left Behind film series has been credited with strengthening the expansion of the Left Behind franchise. Cameron has stated that his wife, Chelsea Noble, read the first novel in the series and woke him up in the middle of the night to tell him that she could picture a film adaptation being made with him playing Buck and her playing Hattie Durham. A few weeks subsequent to this occurrence, Cameron's agent was notified that a film adaptation was being planned and that they wanted Cameron to portray Buck.
Both Cameron and Noble ended up portraying the characters. Cameron "Buck" Williams was portrayed by Chad Michael Murray in the 2014 film Left Behind. One critic has stated that he found it difficult to read Left Behind because he kept picturing the character of Buck as the basketball player Charles Linwood Williams whose moniker was "Buck". Another critic has argued that Buck's interview with Catholic Cardinal Peter Mathews in Tribulation Force indicates that Tim LaHaye believes that Catholicism denies divine grace and is instead founded on good works, it has been suggested that the character of Buck is based on Tom Hammond, a character in a novel series by Sydney Watson. Both characters are bachelor journalists in their thirties who remain after the rapture, lose their jobs, find love, start up their own media companies that become internationally successful. Left Behind author Jerry B. Jenkins has said that Buck is the series character he identifies with most, due to Jenkins' own background as a journalist