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Legal separation

Legal separation is a legal process by which a married couple may formalize a de facto separation while remaining married. A legal separation is granted in the form of a court order. In cases where children are involved, a court order of legal separation makes child custody arrangements, specifying sole custody or shared parenting, as well as child support; some couples obtain a legal separation as an alternative to a divorce, based on moral or religious objections to divorce. Legal separation does not automatically lead to divorce; the couple might reconcile, in which case they do not have to do anything in order to continue their marriage. A mensa et thoro is a legal Latin phrase which means "from table and bed" translated as "from bed and board", in which "board" is a word for "table". Separation a mensa et thoro is a separation, sanctioned by a court order, meaning that the spouses may live apart, but they are still married; the legitimacy of any future child born to the couple remains intact, the spouses may not remarry.

This type of separation allows the couple to live apart without concerns about being taken to court for "desertion". There are several reasons. In some legal jurisdictions, including certain countries, it can be difficult to get a full and final divorce, but if the spouses are separated a mensa et thoro for an extended period of time, the court may decide to grant a full and final divorce; when the requirements of burden of proof for a divorce are difficult to meet, in most jurisdictions, an a mensa et thoro ruling assures the couple a slot in the court's schedule whenever they file for a full divorce, by showing that they were both serious about their separation. Sometimes, an a mensa et thoro separation is used when one partner is claimed to be verbally, or physically abusive, keeping the marriage in existence while the two spouses are physically separated; this physical separation may give the two of them a chance to work out the problems in their relationship while residing in sanctioned separate dwellings.

Spouses may request an a mensa et thoro separation to protect themselves from accusations of desertion or abandonment—such as in cases where one must depart from the other for an extended period of time. In Canada, the terms "legal separation" or "judicial separation" are used informally to describe a situation of de facto separation, where the couple has formalized certain agreements or entered into a contract. However, this situation is different from the specific legal status of legal/judicial separation, which exists only in some jurisdictions, requires filing the courts for it. For example, there is no such thing as legal separation in Canada, but the term ‘legal separation’ has gained widespread use to describe the contract, created between two spouses at the time of their separation; the contract is referred to as a separation agreement and is a binding written agreement voluntarily signed by two spouses who have separated. In Ontario, a separation agreement is unenforceable unless it is made in writing, signed by the parties and witnessed.

This written agreement resolves all issues arising from the separation, including custody and access, child support, spousal support and the division of property. One issue a separation agreement cannot resolve is the actual divorce itself. Before the introduction of the Judicial Separation and Family Law Reform Act 1989, the only means of judicial separation available in the Republic of Ireland was to seek a decree of divorce a mensa et thoro; this could only be obtained on the grounds of adultery, cruelty, or "unnatural practices". Post-1989 judicial depression is possible on one of six grounds, proven on the balance of probabilities: Respondent has committed adultery. Respondent has behaved in such a way that the applicant cannot reasonably be expected to live with them; the respondent has deserted for a continuous period of at least one year preceding the date of application. Both parties have lived apart for a continuous period of at least one year preceding the date of application, the respondent consents to the decree.

Both parties have lived apart for a continuous period of at least three years preceding the date of application. The marriage has broken down to the extent that the court is satisfied in all the circumstances that a normal marital relationship has not existed between the spouses for a period of at least one year preceding the date of the application. Of the six grounds, the latter forms the basis of the vast majority of judicial separation decrees. A "normal marital relationship" is not defined; the court must only be satisfied that there has been the loss of an "essential ingredient of the marriage". In the United States of America, a legal separation may address the division of assets, division of debts, child custody, child support, alimony. A separate maintenance agreement is not a legal separation and therefore child support and custody are not allowed to be addressed. A separate maintenance agreement is confused with a legal separation, filed with a court. Separate maintenance agreements are contracts between spouses and not approved by a court.

They are similar to prenuptial agreements. Under the law of some states, a separation can occur by judicial decree, or by an acknowledged agree

Chrysanthemum indicum

Chrysanthemum indicum is a flowering plant called Indian chrysanthemum, within the family Asteraceae and genus Chrysanthemum. Chrysanthemum indicum grows up to 0.6 m by 0.6 m. It blooms from August to October, it must be grown outside under sunlight with moist soil. They have yellow or white flowers with yellow pollen; as Moul says, it is suitable for light and heavy soils. Suitable pH: acid and basic soils. Chrysanthemum indicum is a plant of the temperate zone but it can be grown outside the area such as in tropical areas as it is cultivated in Southeast Asia with moist soil in sunny weather, it can handle temperatures down to −10 °C. Seeds can be sowed between the range of August to October, it starts to grow in 10 to 18 days at 15 °C. The flower heads are pickled in vinegar. Flowers themselves can be used in beverages. Young leaves can be used to make an aromatic tea; the seed contains about 16% of a semi-drying oil, but it's not viable yet

Bud Powell Trio

Bud Powell Trio is a studio album by jazz pianist Bud Powell, released on Roost in 1957, featuring two sessions that Powell recorded in 1947 and 1953. The 1947 session was Powell's first studio recording as leader, was released as a 10" LP called The Bud Powell Trio; the album was released on CD in 1990 by Roulette, which acquired Roost in 1958. The material is available on The Complete Blue Note and Roost Recordings box set from Blue Note. All songs were written except where noted. "I'll Remember April" – 2:52 "Indiana" – 2:44 "Somebody Loves Me" – 2:56 "I Should Care" – 3:00 "Bud's Bubble" – 2:34 "Off Minor" – 2:21 "Nice Work If You Can Get It" – 2:17 "Everything Happens to Me" – 2:39 "Embraceable You" – 2:48 "Burt Covers Bud" – 3:05 "My Heart Stood Still" – 3:15 "You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To" – 2:38 "Bags' Groove" – 2:12 "My Devotion" – 3:05 "Stella by Starlight" – 2:08 "Woody'n You" – 3:00 Bud Powell plays piano on all tracks. January 10, 1947, New York. Tracks 1-8. Curly Russellbass Max Roach – drumsSeptember 1953, New York.

Tracks 9-16. George Duvivier – bass Art Taylordrums Teddy Reig – producer Burt Goldblatt – cover design Brian Priestley – CD liner notes The 1947 session was recorded for De Luxe Records but not released. Two years Roost released the session in a series of four 78s: "Somebody Loves Me c/w Bud's Bubble", "I'll Remember April c/w Off Minor", "Indiana c/w Everything Happens to Me", "I Should Care c/w Nice Work If You Can Get It", released all 8 tracks as a 10" LP in 1951; the 1953 session was released directly as a 10" LP. "Somebody Loves Me" – 2:56 "Bud's Bubble" – 2:34 "Everything Happens to Me" – 2:49 "Indiana" – 2:44"I'll Remember April" – 2:52 "I Should Care" – 3:00 "Nice Work If You Can Get It" – 2:17 "Off Minor" – 2:21 "My Heart Stood Still" – 3:15 "Embraceable You" – 2:48 "Woody'n You" – 3:00 "You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To" – 2:38"Bags' Groove" – 2:12 "Stella by Starlight" – 2:08 "Burt Covers Bud" – 3:05 "My Devotion" – 3:05

Kitamura Museum

Kitamura Museum opened near the confluence of the Kamo and Takano Rivers in Kyoto, Japan, in 1977. The collection, based on that built up by businessman Kitamura Kinjirō, comprises some 1,000 works including thirty-three Important Cultural Properties and nine Important Art Objects, with a particular focus on tea utensils. There is a tea garden, Shikunshien, a Registered Cultural Property; the Museum opens to the public for exhibitions each spring. Among the Museum's thirty-three Important Cultural Properties are the pair of scrolls Kite and Crows by Yosa Buson, Fujiwara no Nakafumi, from the series Thirty-Six Poetry Immortals in the Satake Collection, the Spring 1227 portion of Fujiwara no Teika's Meigetsuki. Kyoto National Museum Kyoto Imperial Palace Kitamura Museum

Arsela Peak

Arsela Peak is the peak rising to 1600 m near the south end of Owen Ridge, the southernmost portion of the main ridge of Sentinel Range in Ellsworth Mountains, Antarctica. It has precipitous and ice-free north and southwest slopes, surmounts lower Nimitz Glacier to the southwest and the end of Wessbecher Glacier to the northeast; the peak is named after the Thracian settlement of Arsela in Southern Bulgaria. Arsela Peak is located at 78°56′29.6″S 84°35′19″W, 11 km southeast of Lishness Peak, 14.9 km west-southwest of Mountainview Ridge in Petvar Heights, 4 km north-northwest of Bowers Corner, 12.1 km northeast of O'Neal Nunataks in Bastien Range. US mapping in 1961 and 1988. Mountains in Antarctica Vinson Massif. Scale 1:250 000 topographic map. Reston, Virginia: US Geological Survey, 1988. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 updated. Arsela Peak. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica. Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer.

Antarctic Place-names Commission. Arsela Peak. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission

Museum Road

Museum Road is a short road in central Oxford, England. It leads to the Oxford University Museum of Natural History and the Radcliffe Science Library at its eastern end where it meets Parks Road. At its west end is a junction with Blackhall Road, it continues as the Lamb & Flag Passage past the Lamb & Flag public house on St Giles', a meeting place of J. R. R. Tolkien and the Inklings. To the north is the Victorian brick Keble College, including the 20th century De Breyne building and quad. To the south at the western end is the much older St John's College. St John's owns land and properties on the north side of Museum Road at its western end. Lincoln College owns twelve of the terraced houses on south side of the road, which are used for student accommodation. In 2003 -- 05, these were named Lincoln Hall, used for 70 undergraduate students. In addition, a new student accommodation block was built in the gardens behind them, to house 48 graduate students in the life sciences; this was built with a grant from the Edward Penley Abraham Trust.

The road was known as Museum Terrace in the 1870s–1880s, with Museum Villas on the north side. Museum Lane, London Virtual Tour of Keble College, including a view from the corner of Museum Road and Blackhall Road