Legal status of cocaine
The legal status of cocaine differs from legal elements in some countries to outright illegal status in others.
List by country
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|Australia||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Cocaine is a Schedule 8 (controlled) drug permitting some medical use, but is otherwise outlawed.|
|Bahamas||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession and use is illegal.|
|Bangladesh||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||All kind of uses, selling, cultivation and transportation is illegal in Bangladesh.|
|Bolivia||Decriminalized up to less than 50 grams||Illegal||Illegal||Legal||Limited private cultivation of coca is legal in Bolivia, where chewing the leaves and drinking coca tea are considered cultural practices, in particular in the mountainous regions. Processed cocaine is illegal but decriminalized up to less than 50 grams.|
|Brazil||Decriminalized for private use||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Public consumption and selling of cocaine are considered crimes. Punishments for public consumption include a warning about the drugs effects, community service (5 to 10 months), and educational courses or programs. Punishment for the selling of cocaine is 5 to 15 years of jail, a R$500–1,500 fine and course or program attendance. The decision on which purpose the apprehended drug had is based on judge decision.|
|Canada||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Possession and use is illegal.  Cocaine remains a Schedule I narcotic.|
|Colombia||Legal (up to 1 gram)||Illegal||Legal||Legal||Since 1994, possession of 1 gram of cocaine has been legal for personal use. Sale remains illegal, but personal production or gifts of cocaine are permitted.|
|Czech Republic||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession of small amount under 1 gram just for personal use is illegal according to Misdemeanour Law(Act no. 200/1990), possession of higher amount, or for other than just own personal use is illegal according to Criminal code.|
|Germany||Legal Medically, Decriminalized||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession of cocaine without a medical prescription is illegal. Small amounts for personal consumption may go unpunished for first-time or non-regular offenders, however this varies by state. Usually revocation of a driving license will follow from confiscation of any drug except marijuana, since drug users are considered a road hazard.|
|Hong Kong||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession of cocaine is illegal.|
|India||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession of cocaine is illegal with a mandatory 10-year sentence.|
|Japan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession of cocaine is illegal.|
|Mexico||Legal (up to 1/2 Gram)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||There is no punishment for carrying up to 1/2 a gram, however any amount over that is illegal. |
|Netherlands||Unenforced (small amounts)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cocaine is considered an illegal hard-drug. Possession, production and trade are not allowed as stated in the Opium Law of 1928. Although technically illegal, possession of less than half a gram usually goes unpunished.|
|New Zealand||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cocaine is a Class A drug. The coca leaf and preparations of cocaine containing no more than 0.1% cocaine base, in such a way that the cocaine cannot be recovered, are both classified as Class C, and are punishable with 3 months imprisonment and/or a fine of $500.|
|Nigeria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||It is illegal to import, manufacture, process, plant or grow, export, transport, traffic, sell, buy, expose for sale, smoke, inhale, inject, possess or deal with cocaine.|
|Pakistan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession of cocaine is illegal.|
|Peru||Legal (up to 2 grams)||Illegal||Illegal||Legal (Coca Plants)||Cultivation of coca plants is legal, and coca leaves are sold openly on markets. Similarly to Bolivia, chewing leaves and drinking coca tea are cultural practices. Possession of up to 2 grams of cocaine or up to 5 grams of coca paste is legal for personal use in Peru per Article 299 of the Peruvian Penal Code. It is important to note that if a person possess two or more kinds of drugs at the same time it is considered criminal offense.|
|Portugal||Decriminalized up to 2 grams||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Personal use of cocaine is decriminalized. Drug abuse is dealt with by administrative and medical intervention. Trafficking is illegal.|
|Saudi Arabia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession of cocaine is punishable by death.|
|Singapore||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession is punishable by death.|
|South Africa||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||It is a crime to have cocaine in your possession.|
|Switzerland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Traffickers of cocaine are sentenced with jail. Personal use is punished with a fine, contrary to common belief possession of up to 18 grams is not legal. According to a recent study, 5 Swiss cities (St Gallen, Bern, Zurich, Basel and Geneva) were listed among top 10 European cities for cocaine use.|
|United Kingdom||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cocaine was first made illegal by the Dangerous Drugs Act 1920. It is now classed as a Class A drug, controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. Possession carries a punishment of up to 7 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. Supply and production carries a punishment of up to life in prison, an unlimited fine or both. |
|United States||Illegal||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Legal Medically||Cocaine is a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act. It is available in a liquid preparation for use in hospitals or medical/surgical centers, but is not available for prescription.|
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