click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Legato

In music performance and notation, legato indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected. That is, the player makes a transition from note to note with no intervening silence. Legato technique is required for slurred performance, but unlike slurring, legato does not forbid rearticulation. Standard notation indicates legato either with the word legato, or by a slur under notes that form one legato group. Legato, like staccato, is a kind of articulation. There is an intermediate articulation called either mezzo non-legato. In music for Classical string instruments, legato is an articulation that refers to notes played with a full bow, played with the shortest silence barely perceptible, between notes; the player achieves this through controlled wrist movements of the bowing hand masked or enhanced with vibrato. Such a legato style of playing can be associated with portamento. In guitar playing legato is used interchangeably as a label for both musical articulation and a particular application of technique—playing musical phrases using the left hand to play the notes—using techniques such as glissando, string bending, hammer-ons and pull-offs instead of picking to sound the notes.

The fact that the same finger is both setting the string vibrating and setting the pitch leads to smoother transitions between notes than when one hand is used to mark pitch while the other strikes the string. Legato technique to provide legato articulation on electric guitar requires playing notes that are close and on the same string, following the first note with others that are played by hammer-ons and pull-offs; some guitar virtuosos developed their legato technique to the extent that they could perform complex passages involving any permutation of notes on a string at extreme tempos, in the case of Holdsworth, tend to eschew pull-offs for what some feel is a detrimental effect on guitar tone as the string is pulled sideways. The term "hammer-ons from nowhere" is employed when crossing strings and relying on fretting hand strength to produce a note but on a plucked string. Many guitar virtuosos are well-versed in the legato technique, as it allows for rapid and "clean" runs. Multiple hammer-ons and pull-offs together are sometimes referred to colloquially as "rolls," a reference to the fluid sound of the technique.

A rapid series of hammer-ons and pull-offs between a single pair of notes is called a trill. Legato on guitar is associated with playing more notes within a beat than the stated timing, i.e. playing 5 or 7 notes against a quarter-note instead of the usual number or triplet. This gives the passage an unusual timing and when played an unusual sound. However, this is less noticeable by ear when played fast, as legato is. There is a fine line between legato and two-hand finger tapping, in some cases making the two techniques harder to distinguish by ear. Legato adds a more fluid, smooth sound to a passage. In synthesizers legato is a type of monophonic operation. In contrast to the typical monophonic mode where every new note rearticulates the sound by restarting the envelope generators, in legato mode the envelopes are not re-triggered if the new note is played "legato"; this causes the initial transient from the attack and decay phases to sound only once for an entire legato sequence of notes. Envelopes reaching the sustain stage remain there.

In Classical singing, legato means a string of sustained vowels with minimal interruption from consonants. It is a key characteristic of the bel canto singing style that prevailed among voice teachers and singers during the 18th century and the first four decades of the 19th century. Referred to as the line, a good, smooth legato is still necessary for successful classical singers. In Western Classical vocal music, singers use it on any phrase without explicit articulation marks; the most prevalent issue with vocal legato is maintaining the "line" across registers. Slur Staccato Portato Wharram, Barbara. Wood, Kathleen. Elementary Rudiments of Music. Mississauga: Frederick Harris Music. ISBN 1-55440-011-2

Adel Al-Salimi

Adel Ali Al-Salimi is a Yemeni football striker for Club Al-Ahli San'a' ، Yemen's top scorer - three times a season: 1997/98, 1999/00, 2001/02 ، Is the second into all-time leading score Yemen national football team and Yemeni League after Ali Al-Nono Al-Ahli San'a' Yemeni League: 31998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01Yemeni President Cup: 22001, 2004Yemeni Unity Cup: 12004Esteghlal Cup: 12006 Adel Al-Salimi at National-Football-Teams.com kooora.com - Arabic

Anisolabididae

Anisolabididae is a family of earwigs, in the suborder Forficulina and the order Dermaptera. It is one of nine families in the suborder Forficulina, contains thirty-eight genera spread across thirteen subfamilies; the family contains the following subfamilies: Anisolabidinae Anophthalmolabiinae Antisolabiinae Brachylabinae Idolopsalinae Isolabiinae Parisolabiinae Platylabiinae Incertae sedis: The genusToxolabis was described in 2014 from a single fossil male recovered from Burmese amber. The single species T. zigrasi matches that of Anisolabididae members. Due to the quality of the preservation, the describing authors were not able to be determine a more specific placement within the family; the Earwig Research Centre's Anisolabididae database Instructions: type Anisolabididae in the "family" field and click "search". A drawing of the species Titanolabis colossea

Gmina Radymno

Gmina Radymno is a rural gmina in Jarosław County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland, on the border with Ukraine. Its seat is the town of Radymno; the gmina covers an area of 182.44 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 11,292. Gmina Radymno contains the villages and settlements of Budzyń, Chałupki Chotynieckie, Chotyniec, Duńkowice, Korczowa, Łazy, Michałówka, Młyny, Ostrów, Skołoszów, Sośnica, Sośnica-Brzeg, Święte, Zabłotce, Zaleska Wola and Zamojsce. Gmina Radymno is bordered by the town of Radymno and by the gminas of Chłopice, Jarosław, Laszki, Orły, Stubno and Wielkie Oczy, it borders Ukraine. Polish official population figures 2006

Tailgates & Tanlines

Tailgates & Tanlines is the third studio album by American country music artist Luke Bryan. It was released on August 2011, by Capitol Nashville. Bryan co-wrote eight of the album's thirteen tracks, including its first single, "Country Girl." American Songwriter called Tailgates & Tanlines "a soundtrack for fun and sun, along with an instantaneous cure for the summertime blues." The song "Too Damn Young" was recorded by Julie Roberts on her 2006 album Men & Mascara. Tailgates & Tanlines debuted at number two on the US Billboard 200 chart and number one on the Top Country Albums chart, selling 145,295 copies in its first week, it was Luke Bryan best-selling album until it was surpassed by Crash My Party in April 2015. As of April 2017, the album has sold 2,570,700 copies in the US. On September 5, 2017, the album was certified quadruple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for selling over four million copies in the United States. In Canada, the album debuted at number six on the Canadian Albums Chart.

The album was certified by Music Canada for sales of over 80,000 copies in Canada. Mark Brightkeyboards Mike Brignardellobass guitar Luke Bryan – lead vocals J. T. Corenflos – electric guitar Eric Darkenpercussion Clare Dunn – background vocals Paul Franklinpedal steel guitar Kenny Greenberg – electric guitar Steve Hinson – pedal steel guitar Rob Ickesdobro Jeff King – electric guitar Brent Mason – electric guitar Georgia Middleman – background vocals Greg Morrowdrums Mike Rojasorgan, piano Ashton Shepherd – background vocals on "Tailgate Blues" Adam Shoenfeld – electric guitar Jimmie Lee Sloas – bass guitar Joe Spivey – fiddle, mandolin Russell Terrell – background vocals Rachel Thibodeau – background vocals Ilya Toshinskybanjo, acoustic guitar, mandolin John Willis – acoustic guitar

Criminal costs

Criminal costs are financial penalties awarded against convicted criminals, in addition to the sentence they receive, in recognition of the costs of the court in bringing the prosecution. A magistrates' court or the Crown Court may award such costs as are "just and reasonable" against an offender; these are much less than the full economic cost of the prosecution as the court must consider the offender's ability to pay. An exception is the specific case of health and safety prosecutions where the court will award the totality of prosecution costs against the offender. Where an offender was allowed legal aid for his defence, the Crown Court may make a Recovery of Defence Costs Order that he repay all or part of his defence costs. An acquitted defendant will be allowed a Defendant's Costs Order to pay for his defence unless there are special circumstances such as his having acted in such an unreasonable manner as to bring suspicion on himself. Since October 2012, it has not been possible to recover private defence costs for Crown Court proceedings.

This means that defendants choosing private, as opposed to Legal Aid, representation in the Crown Court cannot recover their costs if they are acquitted of all charges. Collateral consequences of criminal conviction Sprack, J. A Practical Approach to Criminal Procedure. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. pp557–560. ISBN 0-19-929830-0