Command & Conquer 3: Kane's Wrath
Command & Conquer 3: Kane's Wrath is an expansion pack for the 2007 real-time strategy video game Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars. Developed by EA Los Angeles studios and BreakAway Games studios, it was released on March 24, 2008 in the United States and on March 28, 2008 in Europe by publisher Electronic Arts, was released on June 24 for the Xbox 360; the storyline campaign is set between the beginning of Tiberium Wars. It revolves around the immortal leader of the Brotherhood of Nod and recounts his ascent to power after narrowly escaping death in the year 2031, ending with Kane re-acquiring the Tacitus artifact from Tiberian Sun, in the year 2052. Kane's Wrath features a "Risk-like" gameplay mode called "Global Conquest", where players build and control their forces from a strategic, global level with the goal of either destroying all enemies or completing their side's alternate victory objective. Instead of the traditional Command & Conquer RTS gameplay, the mode uses a turn-based system where the player issues higher-level orders such as "build a base here" or "upgrade this base".
Combat in this mode occurs. Kane's Challenge is exclusive to the Xbox 360 version of Kane's Wrath, replacing Global Conquest Mode. Similar to the General's Challenge game in Command & Conquer: Generals – Zero Hour, the player chooses one of the nine factions, is pitted against all armies spanning ten challenges. Included in this game mode are all-new, high-definition video sequences featuring Joseph D. Kucan as Kane, congratulating or taunting the players as they progress in Kane's Challenge. In addition to the Global Conquest mode, Kane's Wrath contains a Brotherhood of Nod campaign which spans 13 missions in length, spanning from the end of Tiberian Sun: Firestorm to Command & Conquer 3 and beyond, divided into 3 linear sub-stories that tell Kane's story; the player character in Kane's Wrath is an Artificial Intelligence created by Kane himself rather than a Nod general as in the main game. The player character is designated as "LEGION", derived from CABAL but appears to be notably stronger and directly connected to the Tacitus itself.
Act 1 takes place between Tiberian Sun: Firestorm and Command & Conquer 3. The destruction of the facility renders most of Australia uninhabitable. Act 2 takes place during the events of Command & Conquer 3. Act 2 provides additional insight into the events behind the main Nod campaign of Tiberium Wars. Act 3 occurs after Command & Conquer 3, as the player resurrects a remnant of CABAL's army, named the Marked of Kane, using it to acquire the Tacitus, setting the story for Command & Conquer 4: Tiberian Twilight; each of the three factions featured in Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars have received two additional "sub-factions" in Kane's Wrath. Each of these sub-factions feature unique special units and support powers, are designed to cater to more specialized styles of real-time strategy gameplay; this sub-faction system brings the total number of playable sides in Command & Conquer 3 from three to nine. Additionally, the three main factions receive some new upgrades. General GDI changesA new GDI anti-air unit called the Slingshot is available to all three GDI factions.
GDI has a new aircraft, the Hammerhead, at its disposal. GDI has developed their sonic technology onto a tank platform, producing the Shatterer - a armoured hover vehicle with a weapon similar to the Sonic Emitter - however, this vehicle is unavailable to the Steel Talons. Several new upgrades are available to GDI. AP Ammo increases the attack power of Riflemen Squads, Hammerheads, APCs and the Steel Talon Wolverine. Tungsten AA Ammunition increases the attack power of the Slingshot. Hardpoints can be purchased to increase the ammo capacity of Firehawks. Lastly, the Railgun upgrade for Predator and Mammoth Tanks is now applied to GDI Guardian Cannons. GDI's new epic unit is the Mammoth Armed Reclamation Vehicle or MARV; this is combined machinery of an ultra-heavy tank armed with a tri-barreled sonic cannon and a Tiberium processor at which when moving over the Tiberium fields, the MARV process's these crystals and converts them into economic funding. All GDI factions can build the MARV, garrison it with up to four infantry units, boosting the MARV's own firepower.
Steel TalonsA post-Second Tiberium War battalion, the Steel Talons were an experimental task force specialized in field testing cutting edge technologies for GDI's original and traditional "superior frontal firepower" doctrine, before future policies retired the bulk o
Dead by Daylight
Dead by Daylight is an asymmetric survival horror game developed by Behaviour Interactive. Dead by Daylight was released on the Microsoft Windows operating system in June 2016, released on the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One home consoles in June 2017 and is scheduled for release on the Nintendo Switch in Fall 2019; the game is played as a one versus four online multiplayer where one player takes on the role of the savage Killer, the other four players play as Survivors, trying to escape the Killer and avoid being caught and sacrificed to the Entity. Among a handful of original characters, the game includes unlockable and downloadable Characters. Characters from the Halloween, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, A Nightmare on Elm Street and Evil Dead horror franchises are featured. A group of up to four Survivors must elude one Killer; the Survivors' perspectives are third-person. Players assume the role of one of the 17 Survivors, Dwight Fairfield, Meg Thomas, Claudette Morel, Jake Park, Nea Karlsson, Laurie Strode, William'Bill' Overbeck, Ace Visconti, Feng Min, David King, Quentin Smith, David Tapp, Kate Denson, Adam Francis, Jeff Johansen, Jane Romero or Ash Williams.
The goal of the Survivors is to escape the enclosed area, which can be done in one of two ways: either by repairing a certain number of disabled Generators to provide power to the switch boxes of two Exit Gates leading out of the trial grounds. The Hatch appears when the number of repaired Generators exceeds the number of Survivors that are still alive by one, opens only when there is only one Survivor remaining in the trial; the Survivors will need a key to open the Hatch. The Survivors' movement options consist of sprinting, crouch-walking or crawling, they must elude the Killer by losing their line of sight in a chase or by hiding from them. Alternatively, players assume the role of one of the 15 Killers, the Trapper, the Wraith, the Hillbilly, the Nurse, the Shape, the Hag, the Doctor, the Huntress, the Cannibal, the Nightmare, the Pig, the Clown, the Spirit, the Legion or the Plague. Most Killers only have one form of locomotion, moving at a fast pace, moderately faster than the pace of a sprinting Survivor.
When hunting the Survivors, the Killer must capture them by either striking them twice with their Weapon or grabbing them in one move by either catching them inside Lockers, while attempting to vault over Pallets or through Windows, while repairing a Generator, trying to rescue a fellow Survivor from a Hook or attempting to escape through the Hatch. Some Killers have secondary attacks that deal double-damage and put Survivors into the Dying State in one strike; the Killer's goal is to sacrifice Survivors to the Entity, a malevolent being which rules over the Realm in which Dead by Daylight takes place. Caught Survivors are put onto Meathooks located throughout the trial grounds, which starts the sacrifice process, which will take 2 minutes to complete without any outside influences; some special Add-ons, Perks or the'Memento Mori' Offerings allow the Killer to bypass the sacrifice process and kill a Survivor directly, with a special animation. The first time a Survivor is hooked, they enter the first phase.
In this phase only, the Survivor can try for a low chance of escaping from the Hook at the cost of tremendously accelerating the sacrifice process upon failure to escape. Hooked Survivors can be rescued by fellow Survivors. If the Survivor escapes or is saved and hooked a second time, they will enter the'struggle phase', in which the Survivor has to resist the Entity trying to stab them by pressing the Spacebar, X, or A, depending on the platform, until they are either saved by an ally or killed by the'Entity'. If the Survivor is saved during the'struggle phase' and is hooked a third time, they will die with no opportunity of survival; the Killer, despite walking at a fast pace, is slower than Survivors in most other movements: after striking a Survivor, the Killer will slow their movement to wipe the blood off of their Weapon. The Killer is slower in vaulting through Windows and cannot leap over Pallets Survivors can throw down into their path, but instead have to go around the spot or spend some time destroying them.
The Killer has an Aura-reading ability revealing the location of Generators, Hex Totems and in case of carrying a Survivor, Hooks across the Map. A new mechanic was added in Patch 1.5.0, which introduced'Bloodlust'. 15 seconds into a chase, the Killer receives a boost of 0.2 m/s to their base movement speed. Bloodlust only lasts until a chase ends after which the movement speed boost will degrade at a rate of 10 % per second spent not chasing a Survivor, with breaking a Pallet or injuring a Survivor removing it completely. Survivors and Killers each have the option to utilize up to four Perks in their load-out, that give their Characters special abilities; each Survivor starts off with a set of three Perks that are unique to them and must first be unlocked before the other Survivors can use them. These perks can be unlocked and upgraded in the Bloodweb using Bloodpoints and each Bloodweb can only hold up to two perks; these perks can range from giving
Fallout is a series of post-apocalyptic role-playing video games created by Interplay Entertainment. The series is set during the 22nd and 23rd centuries, its atompunk retrofuturistic setting and artwork are influenced by the post-war culture of 1950s America, with its combination of hope for the promises of technology and the lurking fear of nuclear annihilation. A forerunner for Fallout is Wasteland, a 1988 game developed by Interplay Productions to which the series is regarded as a spiritual successor; the series' first two titles Fallout and Fallout 2 were developed by Black Isle Studios, with the tactical role-playing game Fallout Tactics: Brotherhood of Steel developed by Micro Forté and 14 Degrees East. In 2004, Interplay closed Black Isle Studios, continued to produce Fallout: Brotherhood of Steel, an action game with role-playing elements for the PlayStation 2 and Xbox, without Black Isle Studios. Fallout 3, the third entry in the main series, was released in 2008 by Bethesda Softworks, was followed by Fallout: New Vegas in 2010, developed by Obsidian Entertainment.
The series' fourth main entry Fallout 4 was released in 2015, Fallout 76 released on November 14, 2018. Bethesda Softworks owns the rights to produce Fallout games. Soon after acquiring the rights to the intellectual property, Bethesda licensed the rights to make a massively multiplayer online role-playing game version of Fallout to Interplay; the MMORPG got as far as beta stage under Interplay, but a lengthy legal dispute between Bethesda Softworks and Interplay halted the development of the game and led to its eventual cancellation, as Bethesda claimed in court that Interplay had not met the terms and conditions of the licensing contract. The case was decided in favor of Bethesda; the ideas of the Fallout began with Interplay Productions' Wasteland, released in 1988. At that time, Interplay was used Electronic Arts for distribution of the game. According to Interplay's founder, Brian Fargo, they wanted to explore a post-apocalyptic setting and produced Wasteland for that. Sometime after release, Interplay decided to shift focus and become its own publisher while still developing its own games.
Fargo wanted to continue to use the Wasteland intellectual property, but could not negotiate the rights back from Electronic Arts. Still wanting to do something in the post-apocalyptic world and his team decided to make a new setting and game, determining what aspects of Wasteland were positives, wrote and developed this new game around it, ending up with the first Fallout games, released nearly ten years after Wasteland. Released in 1997, Fallout takes place in a post-apocalyptic Southern California, beginning in the year 2161; the protagonist, referred to as the Vault Dweller, is tasked with recovering a water chip in the Wasteland to replace the broken one in their underground shelter home, Vault 13. Afterwards, the Vault Dweller must thwart the plans of a group of mutants, led by a grotesque entity named the Master. Fallout was intended to run under the GURPS role-playing game system. However, a disagreement with the creator of GURPS, Steve Jackson, over the game's violent content required Black Isle Studios to develop the new SPECIAL system.
Fallout's atmosphere and artwork are reminiscent of post-WWII America and the fear that the U. S. was headed for nuclear war. Fallout 2 was released in 1998, with several improvements over the first game, including an improved game engine, the ability to set attitudes of non-player character party members and the ability to push people who are blocking doors. Additional features included several changes to the game world, including more pop culture jokes and parodies, such as multiple Monty Python and The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy-referencing special random encounters, self-parodying dialogue that broke the fourth wall to mention game mechanics. Fallout 2 takes place eighty years after Fallout, centers around a descendant of the Vault Dweller, the protagonist of Fallout; the player assumes the role of the Chosen One as they try to save their village, from severe famine and droughts. After saving the village, the Chosen One must save it again, this time from the Enclave, the remnants of the pre-war United States Government.
Fallout 3 was developed by Bethesda Game Studios and released on October 28, 2008. The story picks up thirty years after the setting of Fallout 2 and 200 years after the nuclear war that devastated the game's world; the player-character is a Vault dweller in Vault 101, forced to flee when the Overseer tries to arrest them in response to their father leaving the Vault. Once free, the player is dubbed the Lone Wanderer and ventures into the Wasteland in and around Washington, D. C. known as the Capital Wasteland. It differs from previous games in the series by utilizing 3D graphics, a free-roam gaming world, real-time combat, in contrast to previous games' 2D isometric graphics and turn-based combat, it was developed for the PC, Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 using the Gamebryo engine. It received positive reviews, garnering 94/100, 92/100, 93/100 averages scores on Metacritic for the PC, PS3 and Xbox 360 versions of the game, respectively, it won IGN's 2008 Overall Game of the Year Award, Xbox 360 Game of the Year, Best RPG, Best Use of Sound, as well as E3's Best of the Show and Best Role Playing Game.
Fallout 4, developed by Bethesda Game Studios, was released on November 10, 2015. On June 3, 2015 the game's website went live revealing the game along with its box art and the first trailer; the game was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One and takes place in Boston, Massachusetts, of the in-game New England Commonwealth and features voiced pr
Marduk is a Swedish black metal band. The group formed in 1990 in the city of Norrköping and released their first album in 1992, their name is derived from patron deity of Babylon. Marduk was formed by Morgan Steinmeyer Håkansson in order to form the "most blasphemous band in the world", their musical style was that of a straightforward death metal influenced take on black metal music, but as the years progressed their style and imagery became more of a fast and intense form of black metal. Marduk's predominant lyrical topics are Satanism, anti-Christianity, death, Third Reich history, World War II; the latter two are a addition to their lyrical/conceptual themes, stemming from their 1999 release Panzer Division Marduk. Marduk have recorded further songs relating to those chapters of human history, such as "The Hangman of Prague", "Night of the Long Knives", "Deathmarch" and others. On the Nightwing album the band samples a march by the fascist and anti-semitic Iron Guard in Romania; the band's fixation on Nazi-era Germany has caused a great deal of controversy, leading to multiple performances being cancelled, leaving the band unable to tour multiple countries in various parts of the world.
Much of this controversy stems from a 1995 interview with Nordic Vision Magazine, in which guitarist Morgan Steinmeyer Håkansson was quoted as saying "in Germany, where magazines as “Rock Hard” and “Metal Hammer” have decided that we are a facistic band and refuse to print any ads with Marduk the reason for this is that in a German magazine I said that we in Marduk want to prevent immigration to Sweden and that I was proud over the fact that my grandfather was a serving German officer during the second World War” and that “immigrants – who poison our environment” should not be allowed into Sweden. In September 2016, The band was supposed to tour the U. S with Carach Angren, Rotting Christ, Necronomicon but was forced to drop out, leaving the other three to continue on, due to unresolved delays in obtaining visas. Due to that, the band was forced to postpone the tour to early 2017. In late February their planned Oakland show was cancelled by the venue for fears of security issues after a local anti-fascist group targeted the band and threatened the venue staff.
In April of 2018, vocalist Mortuus and drummer Fredrik Widigs were accused of purchasing items from the Nordic Resistance Movement, a Swedish neo-Nazi organization, after sale records for various purchases were uncovered, including Mortuus and Widigs' real names, personal email addresses, shipment records confirmed the material was shipped to the members' home addresses. The items included stickers and flyers promoting the NMR and the books "Our Way - The Nordic Party Movement Party Program" and "National Socialism - The Biological Worldview". Marduk denied these claims on their official Facebook page stating, "No Marduk member has ordered anything from the website in question, or had any form of interaction with the organisation operating it; this is all we have to say about the matter." On April 26th 2018 the band released their first single "Werwolf" off their latest album Viktoria, released on June 22nd. Morgan "Evil" Steinmeyer Håkansson – guitars Mortuus – vocals Magnus "Devo" Andersson – bass, guitars Andreas Axelsson – vocals Joakim "Af Gravf" Göthberg – drums, vocals Erik "Legion" Hagstedt – vocals Fredrik "Froding" Andersson – drums Emil Dragutinovic – drums Lars Broddesson – drums Rikard Kalm – bass B.
War – bass Fredrik Widigs – drums Kim Osara – guitars Peter Tägtgren – guitars Simon "BloodHammer" Schilling – drums Timeline Dark Endless Those of the Unlight Opus Nocturne Heaven Shall Burn... When We Are Gathered Nightwing Panzer Division Marduk La Grande Danse Macabre World Funeral Plague Angel Rom 5:12 Wormwood Serpent Sermon Frontschwein Viktoria Live in Germania Infernal Eternal Blackcrowned Warschau Fuck Me Jesus Glorification Here's No Peace Obedience Deathmarch Iron Dawn "Slay the Nazarene" "Hearse" "Souls for Belial" "Werwolf" Funeral Marches and Warsongs Blackcrowned Blood Puke Salvation Official website Marduk on BestBlackMetalAlbums.com Marduk at Encyclopaedia Metallum
Exorcism of the Gerasene demoniac
The exorcism of the Gerasene demoniac known as the Miracle of the Swine, is one of the miracles performed by Jesus according to the New Testament. The story shows Jesus exorcising a demon or demons out of a man and into a herd of swine, causing the swine to run down a hill into a lake and drown themselves; the story appears in the three Synoptic Gospels, but not the Gospel of John. All accounts involve Jesus exorcising demons, identified collectively in Mark and Luke as "Legion"; the story was interpreted by Saints Augustine of Hippo and Thomas Aquinas to mean that Christians have no duties to animals. It has been a point of contention in discussions of Christianity and animal rights; the earliest account is from the Gospel of Mark, in which Jesus goes across the sea into the "region of the Gerasenes". There, a man "possessed by a demon" comes from the caves to meet him. People had tried to tie him down but he was too strong to be bound with chains for he would always break out of them. Jesus approaches and calls the demon to come out of the man, who replies "What do you want with me, Son of the Most High God?
I beg you in the name of God never to torment me!" Jesus asks the demon for his name and is told "My name is Legion, for we are many". The demons beg Jesus not to send them away, but instead to send them into the pigs on a nearby hillside, which he does; the herd, about two thousand in number, are drowned. The man is now seen and restored to sanity: he asks to be included among the disciples who travel with Jesus but he is refused and instructed to remain in the Decapolis region, to tell of "the great things the Lord has done... and has had compassion on you". Theologian Tom Wright calls him "the first apostle to the gentiles"; the author of the Matthew Gospel shortens the story more and writes not of one possessed man, but of two. In this version, Jesus does not ask for the demon's name – an important element of traditional exorcism practice; the location is changed to the region of the "Gadarenes" as in most Bible translations. The King James Version in has the location as "Gergesenes" which corresponds to the modern "Kursi", the most plausible location of the Gospel event.
The Lucan gospel version shortened this but retained most of the details. The story appears to be set close to the Sea of Galilee. Origen speculated; the differing geographical references to Gadara and Gerasa can be understood in light of the social and political influence each city exerted over the region. In this light, Matthew identified the exorcism with the local center of power, located about ten kilometres southeast of Sea of Galilee, whereas Mark identified the event with the regional center of power, located further inland; the city of Gerasa had been a major urban center since its founding and during the Roman period it was the more known among the ten-city league known as the Decapolis. As to the candidate for the location of the Gospel event, both Gerasa about 50 km and Gadara about 10 km from the coast of the Sea of Galilee do not fit in the Gospel narratives; the most plausible one is Kursi, on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee, on the foothills of the Golan Heights. The revealing of the demon's name has parallels with other examples in Jewish exorcism lore in the Second Temple period.
The switching between singular and plural pronouns in the synoptic accounts are considered by some commentators to illustrate the afflicted man's confused identity. In the initial encounter with Jesus the man switches to plural, it has been accepted by scholars that several motifs throughout the account refer to the Roman legion. Further possible echoes include Isaiah 65:4 with parallels to both graves and swine: "A people who... sit among the graves, spend the night in the tombs. Classical theological commentary cited this story to argue that animals have no moral importance in Christianity. Saint Augustine of Hippo concluded from the story that Christians have no duties towards animals, writing: Christ himself shows that to refrain from the killing of animals and the destroying of plants is the height of superstition, for judging that there are no common rights between us and the beasts and trees, he sent the devils into a herd of swine and with a curse withered the tree on which he found no fruit.
Thomas Aquinas argued that Jesus allowed the demons to destroy the pigs in order to make the point that his purpose was for the good of men's souls, not their bodies or property. This interpretation has been shared by a long line of commentators up to the present day, including I. Howard Marshall and Mark Driscoll. However, other commentators have attempted to make the story consistent with a Jesus who shows "care and concern for animals," as John Austin Baker wrote; such alternative readings include arguments that the swine were meant to represent the Roman army or "unclean and unfaithful" people. He allowed the demons to go where they themselves chose to go; this episode plays a key role
HMS Legion (G74)
HMS Legion was an L-class destroyer of the Royal Navy. She entered service during the Second World War, had a short but eventful career, serving in Home waters and the Mediterranean, she was sunk in an air attack on Malta in 1942. The ship had been adopted by the British civil community of the Municipal Borough of Cheltenham, Gloucestershire in November 1941. Legion was ordered on 31 March 1938 from the yards of Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne under the 1937 Naval Estimates, she was laid down on 1 November 1938 and launched just over a year on 26 November 1939. During 1940 her main armament along with three others of the L class was changed. Twin 4 inch HA mountings were fitted and these four ships were re-classified as anti-aircraft destroyers, she was commissioned on 19 December 1940 at a total cost of £445,684, which excluded items such as weapons and communications equipment supplied by the Admiralty. During trials, a number of defects were revealed, resulting in the ship being under repair at Greenock in Scotland until January 1941.
Her commanding officer was, from commissioning until she was sunk in Captain Richard Jessel. On completion of repairs, Legion was assigned to the Western Approaches Command at Greenock as part of the 11th Escort Group, she was deployed on convoy defence duties, successfully trialled a modified Radar Type 286M using a rotating instead of fixed aerial array. In February she escorted military convoys through the North Western Approaches, she set sail in support of a commando raid on the Lofoten Islands, on 1 March. Following the successful completion of these duties, she joined the 14th Escort Group. On 13 April she rescued survivors from the armed merchant cruiser Rajputana, torpedoed in the North Western Approaches by the German submarine U-108. Legion rescued 177 men; the rest of April was spent escorting convoys. In May she screened capital ships of the Home Fleet. Legion returned to convoy escort duties. On 22 June Legion and her sister Lance, escorted the aircraft carrier Furious to Gibraltar, on an operation to deliver aircraft to Malta.
A few days she and other destroyers screened the aircraft carrier Ark Royal, the battlecruiser Renown and the cruiser Hermione as they delivered aircraft from Gibraltar to Malta. This operation was repeated in the month with Furious. In July Legion returned to Greenock to resume escort duties through the Western Approaches. On 20 August she was deployed to reinforce the escort of Convoy OG-71, on passage to the UK and had come under attack from the U-boats U-559, U-201 and U-564; the escorts were successful in driving off the attackers. In September she and her flotilla returned to Gibraltar and resumed escorting capital ships supplying aircraft to Malta, she provided cover on 24 September for the convoys of Operation Halberd. During the operation, the ships continued onward. On her return to Gibraltar after Halberd and Gurkha attacked and sank the Italian submarine Adua with depth charges. October was spent escorting convoys to Malta, she made an unsuccessful attack on U-205 on 23 October and rescued survivors from Cossack, torpedoed by U-563 west of Cape Spartel.
In November Legion escorted more convoys to Malta. On 13 November she carried out an unsuccessful counterattack. Meanwhile, Ark Royal was disabled. Legion and her sister, Lightning stood by the stricken ship. Legion returned to Ark Royal to transfer key personnel for damage control efforts. After Ark Royal sank under tow, Legion returned to Gibraltar. In December she was transferred to Alexandria to serve as part of the Mediterranean Fleet. On 13 December she was part of the fleet when it intercepted the Italian cruisers Alberto di Giussano and Alberico da Barbiano. Both were sunk in the ensuing engagement, known as the Battle of Cape Bon; the torpedo boat Cigno was able to escape. After this success the ship was deployed with Force K, to carry out attacks on Axis convoys on passage in the central Mediterranean in support of military operations. During her service with the Force she came under air attack in an engagement on 17 December that developed into the First Battle of Sirte, she returned to Alexandria on 19 December with Force C.
When the anti-submarine boom was raised to allow the ships to enter the harbour, the Italian submarine Sciré and three human torpedoes were able to penetrate into the secure anchorage. They laid explosive charges damaging the battleships Queen Elizabeth and Valiant, the tanker Savona. On 28 December Legion and Kipling sank U-75 off Mersa Matruh after a two and half hour hunt following the sinking of the merchant vessel Volo. Legion continued to escort convoys throughout January 1942, she was attacked on 17 January by U-133 north of Bardia. Although she escaped damage, Gurkha was sunk. On 27 January she had her ASDIC equipment repaired at Malta; this work lasted until mid-February. Further escorts of convoys followed; when one of her convoys was attacked by ships of the Italian Fleet, the Second Battle of Sirte developed, in which Legion carried out a torpedo attack. The Italians subsequently disengaged rather than risk further torpedo attacks. On 23 March Legion was detached to join Eridge in escorting the merchantman Clan Campbell.
During this operation, the vessels
Royal Canadian Legion
The Royal Canadian Legion is a non-profit Canadian ex-service organization founded in 1925. Membership includes people who have served as military, Royal Canadian Mounted Police and municipal police, Royal Canadian Air and Sea Cadets, direct relatives of members and affiliated members. Membership is now open to the general public. In Canada, several veterans' organizations emerged during World War I; the Great War Veterans Association, founded in 1917 by Lillian Bilsky Freiman, was the first national organization for veterans, by 1919 it was the largest veterans' organization in Canada. Following World War I, 15 different organizations existed to aid returning veterans in Canada. Field Marshal Earl Haig, founder of the British Empire Service League, visited Canada in 1925 and urged the organizations to merge. In the same year, the Dominion Veterans Alliance was created to unite these organizations. In November 1925, the Canadian Legion was founded in Winnipeg, Manitoba, as the Canadian Legion of the British Empire Services League.
The Canadian Legion of the British Empire Services League was incorporated by a special act of parliament the following year. The Legion grew through the 1930s and expanded following World War II. In 1960, Elizabeth II granted The Legion royal patronage and it became The Royal Canadian Legion. On 10 November 1975 Canada Post issued "The Royal Canadian Legion, 1925–1975" designed by Rudy Kovach; the 8 ¢ stamps were printed by British American Bank Note Company. The National Headquarters of The Royal Canadian Legion in Ottawa, Ontario features a Wall of Remembrance; the Wall of Remembrance is adorned by an 11-ft long stainless steel sword by André Gauthier. The Royal Canadian Legion commissioned a small work of art on the theme of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier by André Gauthier. “Of Such as These” by André Gauthier is a small bas-relief of Canadian World War II fighting men and women presented by the Conference of Defence Associations Institute to The Royal Canadian Legion’s National Secretariat in Ottawa.
The Royal Canadian Legion Branch 593 erected a memorial in Ottawa dedicated to those who died in the First and Second World Wars and the Korean War. A number of military museums are affiliated with Royal Canadian Legions. Most small towns and villages in Canada have at least one Legion Hall; the Legion Hall is a major community centre, combining the functions of a pub, pool hall, dance hall, bingo hall, banquet hall, so on. Legion Halls are numbered, for example "Branch 99 Royal Canadian Legion"; this is not a nationwide numbering system, instead each provincial Command has its own numerical sequence. "Branch 99", can refer to any of several Legion Halls, as follows: Belleville, Ontario. The Royal Canadian Legion Maple Leaf Post-84 is located in Michigan; the Poppy image is powerful symbol and recognizable in Canada as being associated with loss and remembrance. With the formation of the Legion in 1925 the Poppy was adopted as a national symbol of remembrance and the focal point of the Poppy Campaign.
In 1948 the Government of Canada chose to award the trademark copyright of the Poppy to the Royal Canadian Legion - a move made to protect the image from misuse. This trademark copyright remains in effect today restricting its usage to remembrance within Canada and under the authority of the Royal Canadian Legion; the Legion is responsible for Canada's remembrance poppy campaign which distributes plastic lapel poppies to be worn in the lead up to Remembrance Day. The poppy is worn on the left lapel, or as close to the heart as possible; the current lapel poppy has been manufactured since 1922—originally under the sponsorship of the Department of Soldiers Civil Re-establishment. Until 1996, the poppy material was manufactured at sheltered workshops operated by Veterans Affairs Canada. Poppies are distributed through retail outlets, Legion branches and other locations across Canada; the poppies are offered up for donation as a symbol of remembrance, using an honour system, with the poppies being left in open places with a receptacle for leaving a donation toward the campaign.
Funds raised are used to support ex-service members in need and to fund medical appliances and research, home services, care facilities and numerous other purposes benefiting veterans. Members of the Legion perform graveside memorial ceremonies for veterans at cemeteries throughout Canada; the Legion performs ceremonies annually at the gravesites of Canadian and British servicemen interred in the United States on a Sunday in May. In 1962 the Legion began a summer sports camp at the International Peace Garden, run to this day, has helped to train over 48,000 school age athletes. Several sports are offered over a five-week period; the program was founded by Fred Taylor. The Legion supports the Lest. In 2015, the Royal Canadian Legion, donated $830,000 to the BCIT School of Business to fund the Legion Military Skills Conversion Program; this program helps Canadian veterans and reservists convert their military skills and knowledge into a business credential. The Royal Canadian Legion provides assistance to Veterans and eligible family members in Reviews and Appeals before the Veterans Review and Appeal Board.
The RCL and the Bureau of Pensions Advocates work toget