The Kentucky Senate is the upper house of the Kentucky General Assembly. The Kentucky Senate is composed of 38 members elected from single-member districts throughout the Commonwealth. There are no term limits for Kentucky Senators; the Kentucky Senate meets at the Kentucky State Capitol in Frankfort. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state senator must: be at least 30 years old. Per section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, senators are elected to four year staggered terms, with half the Senate elected every two years. Prior to a 1992 constitutional amendment, the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky presided over the Senate. President: Robert Stivers President pro tempore: David P. Givens Additionally, each political party elects a floor leader and caucus chairman. Current party leadership of the Kentucky Senate: Republican Party Leader: Damon Thayer Whip: Jimmy Higdon Caucus chair: Dan Seum Democratic Party Leader: Morgan McGarvey Whip: Dennis Parrett Caucus chair: Johnny Ray Turner As of 10 January 2019: Carolyn Conn Moore became the first woman to serve in the Kentucky Senate when in November 1949 she won a special election to replace her husband, J. Lee Moore, in the legislature after his death.
Gerald Neal became the first African-American to be elected to the Kentucky Senate in 1988. Gerald Neal became the first African-American to be elected to a leadership position in the Kentucky General Assembly in 2014; as of 16 July 2018. Kentucky General Assembly Kentucky House of Representatives Government of Kentucky American Legislative Exchange Council members Kentucky Legislature Senate Members official government website State Senate of Kentucky at Project Vote Smart Kentucky Senate at Ballotpedia
Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
The office of Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky was created under the state's second constitution, ratified in 1799. The inaugural officeholder was Alexander Scott Bullitt, who took office in 1800 following his election to serve under James Garrard in 1799; the lieutenant governor serves as governor of Kentucky under circumstances similar to the Vice President of the United States assuming the powers of the presidency. The current Lieutenant Governor is Republican Jenean Hampton; as specified in Kentucky Revised Statute 11.400 11.400 Duties of Lieutenant Governor. In addition to the duties prescribed for the office by the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, the duties of the Lieutenant Governor shall be as follows: To serve as vice chairman of the State Property and Buildings Commission as prescribed by KRS 56.450. The Southern Growth Policies Board as prescribed by KRS 147.585. The Breaks Interstate Park Commission as provided in KRS 148.225. The Falls of the Ohio Interstate Park Commission pursuant to KRS 148.242.
The Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway Development Authority pursuant to KRS 182.305. The Interstate Water Sanitation Control Commissions as prescribed by KRS 224.18-710. The Kentucky Mining Advisory Council for the Interstate Mining Compact as provided by KRS 350.310. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the Governor and Lieutenant Governor from agreeing upon additional duties within the executive branch of the state government to be performed by the Lieutenant Governor. Effective: June 26, 2007 The role and powers of the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky were altered by a 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky. Prior to that 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky the lieutenant governor became acting governor at any time that the governor was outside of the commonwealth. Lieutenant governors Thelma Stovall and Happy Chandler engaged in high-profile use of their powers as acting governor when the elected governor was out of the commonwealth. Prior to the 1992 amendment of the Constitution of Kentucky, the lieutenant governor of Kentucky presided over the Kentucky Senate, casting a vote only in the event of a tie.
The 1992 constitutional amendment supplanted the office of President pro tempore of the Kentucky Senate with the new office of President of the Kentucky Senate as presiding officer and abolished the lieutenant governor's duties involving the Senate. As a result, the lieutenant governor has no ongoing constitutional duties, his or her traditional use of the Old Governor's Mansion as an official residence has been phased out. Candidates for governor and lieutenant governor in Kentucky run together on party slates; this is the result of the same 1992 constitutional amendment. This was famously highlighted. Gov. A. B. "Happy" Chandler in 1935 and then-Lt. Gov. Thelma Stovall in 1978 called the Kentucky General Assembly into session to enact legislation, not advocated by the governors at the time. In 1967 a Republican, Louie Nunn, was elected governor and a Democrat, Wendell H. Ford, was elected lieutenant governor. Democratic Democratic-Republican National Republican Free Soil Republican Whig Some accounts indicate that Kentucky's Confederate government had one lieutenant governor, Horatio F. Simrall, elected at the Russellville Convention in 1861.
Simrall fled to Mississippi shortly thereafter. As of January 2017, ten former lieutenant governors were the oldest being Julian Carroll; the most recent death of a former lieutenant governor was that of Wendell H. Ford, on January 22, 2015; the most serving lieutenant governor to die was Thelma Stovall on February 4, 1994. Governor of Kentucky
Kentucky General Assembly
The Kentucky General Assembly called the Kentucky Legislature, is the state legislature of the U. S. state of Kentucky. It comprises the the Kentucky House of Representatives; the General Assembly meets annually in the state capitol building in Frankfort, convening on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January. In even-numbered years, sessions may not last more than 60 legislative days, cannot extend beyond April 15. In odd-numbered years, sessions may not last more than 30 legislative days, cannot extend beyond March 30. Special sessions may be called by the Governor of Kentucky at any time for any duration; the first meeting of the General Assembly occurred in 1792, shortly after Kentucky was granted statehood. Legislators convened in the state's temporary capital. Among the first orders of business was choosing a permanent state capital. In the end, the small town of Frankfort, with their offer to provide a temporary structure to house the legislature and a cache of materials for constructing a permanent edifice, was chosen, the state's capital has remained there since.
After women gained suffrage in Kentucky, Mary Elliott Flanery was elected to the Kentucky House of Representative from the 89th District representing Boyd County, Kentucky. When Flanery took her seat in January 1922, she was the first female state legislator elected in Kentucky and the first female legislator elected south of the Mason–Dixon line. Operation Boptrot lead to the conviction of more than a dozen legislators between 1992 and 1995; the investigation led to reform legislation being passed in 1993. Kentucky remained neutral during the Civil War. However, the majority of the General Assembly had strong Union sympathies. A group of Confederate sympathizers met in Russellville to establish a Confederate government for the state; the group decided to establish the Confederate state capital in Bowling Green, but never displaced the elected General Assembly in Frankfort. The General Assembly played a decisive role in the disputed gubernatorial election of 1900. Initial vote tallies had Republican William S. Taylor leading Democrat William Goebel by a scant 2,383 votes.
The General Assembly, wielded the final authority in election disputes. With a majority in both houses, the Democrats attempted to invalidate enough votes to give the election to Goebel. During the contentious days that followed, an unidentified assassin shot Goebel as he approached the state capitol; as Goebel hovered on the brink of death, chaos ensued in Frankfort, further violence threatened. Taylor, serving as governor pending a final decision on the election, called out the militia and ordered the General Assembly into a special session, not in Frankfort, but in London, Kentucky, a Republican area of the state; the Republican minority heeded the call and headed to London. Democrats predictably resisted the call. Both factions claimed authority. Goebel died four days after receiving the fatal shot, the election was contested to the U. S. Supreme Court, who ruled the General Assembly's actions legal and made Goebel's lieutenant governor, J. C. W. Beckham, governor of the state; the General Assembly is bicameral, consisting of a House of Representatives.
The House and Senate chambers are on opposite ends of the third floor of the capitol building, legislators have offices in the nearby Capitol Annex building. Section 33 of the Kentucky Constitution requires that the General Assembly divide the state into 38 Senate and 100 House districts. Districts are required to be as nearly equal in population. Districts can be formed by joining more than one county, but the counties forming a district must be contiguous. Districts must be re-divided if necessary. Under the state constitution, only three counties may be divided to form a Senate district--Jefferson and Kenton; the Senate is the upper house of the General Assembly. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state senator must: be at least 30 years old. Under section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, senators are elected to four year staggered terms, with half the Senate elected every two years. Prior to a 1992 constitutional amendment, the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky presided over the Senate.
President: Robert Stivers President Pro-Tempore: David P. Givens Additionally, each party elects a floor leader and caucus chair; the House of Representatives is the lower house of the General Assembly. Section 47 of the Kentucky Constitution stipulates that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House of Representatives. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state representative must: be at least 24 years old. Per section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, representatives are elected every two years in the November following a regular session of the General Assembly. Speaker: David Osborne Speaker Pro Tempore: David Meade Additionally, each party elects a floor leader and caucus chair. Senate Standing Committees and Chairs AGRICULTURE, Sen. Paul Hornback APPROPRIATIONS & REVENUE, Sen. Christian McDaniel Senate Budget Review Subcommittee on Economic Development an
Kentucky the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it, Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth. A part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 26th most populous of the 50 United States. Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State", a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the major regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky, which houses two of its major cities and Lexington, it is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources, including the world's longest cave system, Mammoth Cave National Park, the greatest length of navigable waterways and streams in the contiguous United States, the two largest man-made lakes east of the Mississippi River. Kentucky is known for horse racing, bourbon distilleries, coal, the "My Old Kentucky Home" historic state park, automobile manufacturing, bluegrass music, college basketball, Kentucky Fried Chicken.
In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, named for the Kentucky River. The precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but based on an Iroquoian name meaning " the meadow" or " the prairie". Others have put forth the possibility of Kenta Aki, which would come from Algonquian language and, would have derived from the Shawnees. Folk etymology states that this translates as "Land of Our Fathers." The closest approximation in another Algonquian language, Ojibwe translates it more-so to "Land of Our In-Laws", thus making a fairer English translation "The Land of Those Who Became Our Fathers." In any case, the word aki comes out as land in all Algonquian languages. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South. A significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Southeast. West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more. Kentucky's northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. However, the official border is based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792. For instance, northbound travelers on U. S. 41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a thoroughbred racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the only land border between Kentucky. Kentucky has a non-contiguous part known at the far west corner of the state, it exists as an exclave surrounded by Missouri and Tennessee, is included in the boundaries of Fulton County. Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee; the epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area causing the river to flow backwards in some places. Though the series of quakes did change the area geologically and affect the inhabitants of the area at the time, the Kentucky Bend was formed because of a surveying error, not the New Madrid earthquake.
Kentucky can be divided into five primary regions: the Cumberland Plateau in the east, the north-central Bluegrass region, the south-central and western Pennyroyal Plateau, the Western Coal Fields and the far-west Jackson Purchase. The Bluegrass region is divided into two regions, the Inner Bluegrass—the encircling 90 miles around Lexington—and the Outer Bluegrass—the region that contains most of the northern portion of the state, above the Knobs. Much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and narrow hills; the Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps. Located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate, only small higher areas of the southeast of the state has an oceanic climate influenced by the Appalachians. Temperatures in Kentucky range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the winter low of 23 °F; the average precipitation is 46 inches a year.
Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28, 1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19, 1994, it has four distinct seasons, but experiences the extreme cold as far northern states, nor the high heat of the states in the Deep South. Temperatures seldom drop below 0 degrees or rise above 100 degrees. Rain and snowfall totals about 45 inches per year. There are big variations in climate within the state; the northern parts tend to be about 5 degrees cooler than those in western parts of the state. Somerset in the south-central part receives 10 more inches of rain per year than, for instance, Covington to the north. Average temperatures for the entire Commonwe
Kentucky House of Representatives
The Kentucky House of Representatives is the lower house of the Kentucky General Assembly. It is composed of 100 Representatives elected from single-member districts throughout the Commonwealth. Not more than two counties can be joined to form a House district, except when necessary to preserve the principle of equal representation. Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits; the Kentucky House of Representatives convenes at the State Capitol in Frankfort. The first meeting of the Kentucky House of Representatives was in Lexington, Kentucky, in 1792, shortly after statehood. During the first legislative session, legislators chose Frankfort, Kentucky to be the permanent state capital. After women gained suffrage in Kentucky, Mary Elliott Flanery was elected as the first female member of the Kentucky House of Representative, she took her seat January 1922 and was the first female legislator elected south of the Mason–Dixon line. In 2017, the Republican party became the majority party in the House.
Section 47 of the Kentucky Constitution stipulates that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House of Representatives. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state representative must: be a citizen of Kentucky, be at least 24 years old at the time of election, have resided in the state at least 2 years and the district at least 1 year prior to election. Per section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, representatives are elected every two years in the November following a regular session of the General Assembly; the Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives is the chief presiding officer of the Kentucky House. The Speaker's official duties include maintaining order in the House, recognizing members during debate, appointing committee chairs and determining the composition of committees, determining which committee has jurisdiction over which bill. Traditionally, the Speaker has served as Chair of the Rules Committee and the Committee on Committees; when the Speaker is absent from the floor or otherwise unavailable, the Speaker pro tempore fills in as the chief presiding officer of the House.
In addition to the Speaker and Speaker pro tem, each party caucus elects a floor leader, a whip, caucus chair. † Winner of a special election Kentucky Legislature Kentucky Senate Government of Kentucky American Legislative Exchange Council members Legislative Research Commission