U.S. Route 26 in Oregon
U. S. Route 26 is a major cross-state United States highway with its western terminus in the U. S. state of Oregon, connecting U. S. Route 101 on the Oregon Coast near Seaside with the Idaho state line east of Nyssa. Local highway names include the Sunset Highway No. 47, Mount Hood Highway No. 26, John Day Highway No. 5 before continuing into Idaho and beyond. The western terminus of the highway is at an interchange with U. S. Route 101 between Seaside and Cannon Beach; the highway heads east from there through the Oregon Coast Range, providing access to Saddle Mountain and passing through the valleys of the Necanicum and Nehalem rivers. It crosses over the Oregon Coast Range, where it passes through the Dennis L. Edwards Tunnel, descending into the Tualatin Valley, into the community of Banks. East of Banks, the highway merges with Oregon Route 6 and becomes a freeway, which passes through the high-tech regions of Washington County; the freeway enters the Portland metropolitan area in the northeast corner of Hillsboro passes through the northern part of the city of Beaverton and the communities of Cedar Hills and Cedar Mill near the intersection with the northern terminus of Oregon Route 217.
At this point, MAX Light Rail is adjacent on the north side of the highway for nearly two miles until it submerges into Robertson Tunnel. The highway enters the Portland city limits near the Sylvan neighborhood, where it is joined by Oregon Route 8; the highway skirts the southern edge of Portland's Washington Park, providing access to the Oregon Zoo and other attractions. At the bottom of the grade, the highway passes through the Vista Ridge Tunnel into downtown Portland. East of the tunnel is an interchange with I-405. In Portland, the route overlaps Interstate 405 for a short distance before exiting onto city streets, including Arthur Street, to reach the Ross Island Bridge. US 26 leaves the bridge, at the beginning of the Mount Hood Highway No. 26, follows Powell Boulevard, a surface street, to Gresham. There were plans to construct a freeway alignment of US 26—the Mount Hood Freeway—to bypass Powell Boulevard. A few ramp stubs from Interstate 5 stand as evidence of this project. Roadway connections between the Portland freeway network and Mount Hood remain a big problem, as there is no good direct highway connection.
An expressway carries US 26 southeast to near Sandy. From Sandy to near Government Camp and Bennett Pass, where US 26 intersects Oregon Route 35, it follows the historic Barlow Road through the Mount Hood Corridor, is part of the Mount Hood Scenic Byway; the Mount Hood Highway branches off to the north along OR 35, the Warm Springs Highway No. 53 carries US 26 southeast through Wapinitia Pass, Blue Box Pass, the Warm Springs Indian Reservation, Agency Plains to Madras. After a short overlap with US 97, the short Madras-Prineville Highway No. 360 continues southeast to a junction with OR 126 in Prineville. At that junction, US 26 picks up the Ochoco Highway No. 41, which follows OR 126 west to US 97 in Redmond. The Ochoco Highway ends at OR 19 near Dayville, from which US 26 follows the John Day Highway No. 5 through John Day to US 20 in Vale. The remainder of US 26 in Oregon overlaps US 20 on the Central Oregon Highway No. 7 to the Idaho state line. An ancient trail passed through the section of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation as part of an extensive Indian trade network linking peoples of the northern Great Basin and Columbia Plateau to those living west of the Cascade Range.
Obsidian, bear grass, slaves were transported over these trails to major trading locations along the Columbia River in exchange for dried salmon, smelt and decorative sea shells. The long established route was used by Peter Skene Ogden's fur trapping expeditions in 1825 and 1826. Fur trader Nathaniel Wyeth was here in the 1830s. Captain John C. Frémont followed this route on his 1843 explorations for the United States and Lieutenant Henry Larcom Abbot headed a Pacific Railroad survey party along it in 1855; the Sunset Highway portion was under construction by January 1933. Both the Works Progress Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps participated in the construction during the Great Depression. Portions of highway opened to the public on September 19, 1941. In 1949, the highway was completed; the highway was named the Wolf Creek Highway after a nearby creek of the same name. The Oregon State Highway Commission renamed it the Sunset Highway at their January 17, 1946 meeting by a unanimous vote.
The name is drawn from both the nickname and insignia of the 41st Infantry Division, drawn from Oregon, because the highway leads towards the setting sun. Milepoints are as reported by ODOT and do not reflect current mileage. Z indicates overlapping mileage due to cons
Interstate 205 (Oregon–Washington)
Interstate 205 is an auxiliary Interstate Highway in the Portland–Vancouver metropolitan area in the U. S. states of Washington. It serves as a bypass route of I-5 that travels north–south along the east side of both cities and their suburbs, intersecting several major highways and serving the Portland International Airport; the southern terminus is in the Portland suburb of Tualatin and the northern terminus of the highway is located in the suburb of Salmon Creek, north of Vancouver. I-205 is named the War Veterans Memorial Freeway in both states, is known as the East Portland Freeway No. 64 in Oregon. I-205 starts in Tualatin, Oregon, at a semi-directional T interchange with I-5. From I-5, the highway heads east towards the towns of West Linn and Oregon City where it crosses the Willamette River between interchanges for Oregon Route 43 and OR 99E. In West Linn, there is a view point exit for the northbound lanes, providing a scenic overlook of Willamette Falls. In Oregon City, the highway curves northward, crossing the Clackamas River concurrent with OR 213 and entering the town of Gladstone.
OR 213 splits from I-205 again at exit 13 in Clackamas, the next exit north on I-205 provides access to Sunnyside Road and Clackamas Town Center. North of Clackamas, the freeway crosses the Portland city limits, passing through the eastern portion of the city, where it intersects I-84 and U. S. Route 26. On the northern side of the city, just before crossing the Columbia River on the Glenn Jackson Bridge, I-205 has an exit for Airport Way, which provides access to Portland International Airport. On the Washington side of the river, I-205 serves the eastern parts of the city of Vancouver, has interchanges with two freeways, State Route 14 just north of the Columbia, SR 500 near Vancouver Mall. From the SR 500 interchange, I-205 curves northwest back towards I-5, where it ends in the town of Salmon Creek; this interchange with I-5 is not complete, as there is no direct access from I-5 northbound to I-205 southbound, or from I-205 northbound to I-5 southbound. These missing movements are completed via one exit to the south.
A bicycle and pedestrian trail follows I-205 for much of its distance in the Portland metropolitan area, connects to the Springwater Corridor trail near the Foster Road exit. The final section of I-205 to be completed, the section between SE Division Street and the southern interchange of the Glenn Jackson Bridge over the Columbia River, opened to traffic in March 1983; the 10-mile section on the Washington side of the river had opened in summer 1982, the bridge opened in December 1982. Construction of I-205 included a graded but unfinished transitway between SE Foster Road and NE Columbia Boulevard; the section between NE Columbia Boulevard and the I-205/I-84 junction became part of the MAX Red Line, the section from E Burnside Street to SE Foster Road is used as part of the Green Line. The short portion between these sections was used by the first rail line, now known as the Blue Line; the Interstate 205 Bike Path is a bicycle and pedestrian trail running along Interstate 205 from Vancouver, Washington to Oregon City, United States.
It parallels the I-205 Transitway. It has a paved surface, it was constructed in the early 1980s, is over 11 miles long, running from SE Evergreen Highway and 120th Avenue on the Vancouver side of the Columbia River to a mile south of Clackamas Town Center. The multi-use path is managed by the Oregon Department of Transportation; the MAX Green Line, which opened in fall 2009, parallels much of the Interstate 205 Bike Path. Due to the tremendous growth in the Portland metropolitan area and the suburb of Vancouver, the Washington and Oregon departments of transportation are planning improvements on I-205 to improve traffic flow between the two states. In Vancouver, WSDOT and Clark County's Regional Transportation Commission are planning several new ramps to new arterials, grade-separating existing ramps with new ramps, additional lanes. In Portland, ODOT is beginning to plan improvements. Another solution being floated around is a light rail line serving most or all the entire I-205 corridor, though the plan is being met with opposition from Clark County residents.
Additionally, statements have been made by the Columbia River Crossing group that the Glenn Jackson Bridge was not properly engineered to carry light rail
Foster-Powell, Portland, Oregon
Foster-Powell is a neighborhood in the Southeast section of Portland, Oregon. The triangular neighborhood is bounded by three major transit arteries: Powell Boulevard to the north, Foster Road to the south, 82nd Avenue to the east, it is that much of the construction in the Foster-Powell Neighborhood followed the construction of Portland's original electric streetcar line in the 1890s. The neighborhood's sidewalks were constructed in 1912. On November 10, 2009 the southeast wing of Foster-Powell's Marysville Elementary School burned down in what was attributed to an electrical fire. All three roads bounding Foster-Powell are major transportation arteries, giving the neighborhood easy automobile access to the city center via westbound Foster or Powell, North Portland or Clackamas via 82nd, or the interstate via eastbound on Foster. All three roads are home to frequent service Trimet bus lines: the 14 links Foster to Hawthorne and downtown. Additionally, the 17 runs down Holgate Avenue to North Portland.
The distance to bike from Foster-Powell to downtown is about 45 minutes to an hour, depending on where in the neighborhood you begin. Though Foster-Powell is bounded by trafficked roads not ideal for bicyclists, there is an east-west bike route through the neighborhood on Center Road, just north of the neighborhood on Woodward Street; the official plan for the future extension of the Portland Streetcar envisions a line running down Foster. There has been discussion of constructing a new MAX light rail line on Powell Blvd. Both plans, remain on the drawing board. Foster-Powell is home to three parks: Essex Park on 79th and Center, Kern Park on 66th and Center, Laurelwood Park at the intersection of Foster Road and Holgate Boulevard. Additionally, the Firland Parkway, a median with large trees in the middle of 72nd Ave between Foster and Holgate lies within the neighborhood. Most of the commercial activity occurs at the fringes of the neighborhood – on Powell, Foster and 82nd, while the interior is residential.
Foster-Powell has gained a reputation as an ethnically diverse neighborhood, with growth in the neighborhood's Russian, Vietnamese and Hispanic populations. This population increase was measured through increases in the circulation of Russian, Vietnamese and Spanish-language materials at Multnomah County Library's Foster-Powell location at 79th and Holgate. Guide to Foster-Powell Neighborhood Foster-Powell Street Tree Inventory Report
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie was an American singer-songwriter, one of the most significant figures in American folk music. He wrote hundreds of political and children's songs, along with ballads and improvised works, his album of songs about the Dust Bowl period, Dust Bowl Ballads, is included on Mojo magazine's list of 100 Records That Changed The World. Many of his recorded songs are archived in the Library of Congress. Songwriters such as Bob Dylan, Phil Ochs, Johnny Cash, Bruce Springsteen, Robert Hunter, Harry Chapin, John Mellencamp, Pete Seeger, Andy Irvine, Joe Strummer, Billy Bragg, Jerry Garcia, Jay Farrar, Bob Weir, Jeff Tweedy, Bob Childers, Sammy Walker, Tom Paxton, AJJ, Brian Fallon, Sixto Rodríguez have acknowledged Guthrie as a major influence, he performed with the slogan "This machine kills fascists" displayed on his guitar. Guthrie was brought up by middle-class parents in Okemah, until he was 14, when his mother Mary was hospitalized as a consequence of Huntington's disease, a fatal hereditary neurological disorder.
His father moved to Texas, to repay debts from unsuccessful real estate deals. During his early teens, Guthrie learned blues songs from his parents' friends, he married at 19, but with the advent of the dust storms that marked the Dust Bowl period, he left his wife and three children to join the thousands of Okies who were migrating to California looking for employment. He worked at Los Angeles radio station KFVD. Throughout his life, Guthrie was associated with United States Communist groups, although he did not appear to be a member of any. With the outbreak of World War II and the non-aggression pact the Soviet Union had signed with Germany in 1939, the owners of KFVD radio were not comfortable with Guthrie's Communist sympathies, he left the station, ending up in New York where he wrote and recorded his 1940 album Dust Bowl Ballads, based on his experiences during the 1930s, which earned him the nickname the "Dust Bowl Troubadour". In February 1940 he wrote his most famous song, "This Land Is Your Land".
He said it was a response to what he felt was the overplaying of Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" on the radio. Guthrie was fathered eight children, his son Arlo Guthrie became nationally known as a musician. Guthrie died in 1967 from complications of Huntington's disease, his first two daughters died of the disease. During his years, in spite of his illness, Guthrie served as a figurehead in the folk movement, providing inspiration to a generation of new folk musicians, including mentoring Ramblin' Jack Elliott and Bob Dylan. Guthrie was born 14 July 1912 in Okemah, a small town in Okfuskee County, the son of Nora Belle and Charles Edward Guthrie, his parents named him after Woodrow Wilson Governor of New Jersey and the Democratic candidate, elected as President of the United States in fall 1912. Charles Guthrie was an industrious businessman, owning at one time up to 30 plots of land in Okfuskee County, he was involved in Oklahoma politics and was a conservative Democratic candidate for office in the county.
Charles Guthrie was involved in the 1911 lynching of Laura and L. D. Nelson. Three significant fires occurred during Guthrie's early life, one that caused the loss of his family's home in Okemah; when Guthrie was seven, his sister Clara died after setting her clothes on fire during an argument with her mother, their father was burned in a fire at home. Guthrie's mother, was afflicted with Huntington's disease, although the family did not know this at the time. What they could see was dementia and muscular degeneration; when Woody was 14, she was committed to the Oklahoma Hospital for the Insane. At the time his father Charley was living and working in Pampa, Texas, to repay debts from unsuccessful real estate deals. Woody and his siblings were on their own in Oklahoma; the 14-year-old Woody Guthrie worked odd jobs around Okemah, begging meals and sometimes sleeping at the homes of family friends. Guthrie had a natural affinity for music, learning old ballads and traditional English and Scottish songs from the parents of friends.
Guthrie befriended an African-American shoeshine boy named "George", who played blues on his harmonica. After listening to George play, Guthrie began playing along with him, he used to busk for food. Although Guthrie did not do well as a student and dropped out of high school in his senior year before graduation, his teachers described him as bright, he was an avid reader on a wide range of topics. In 1929, Guthrie's father sent for Woody to join him in Texas, but little changed for the aspiring musician. Guthrie 18, was reluctant to attend high school classes in Pampa, he played at dances with his father's half-brother Jeff Guthrie, a fiddle player. His mother died in 1930 of complications of Huntington's disease while still in the Oklahoma Hospital for the Insane. At age 19, Guthrie met and married his first wife, Mary Jennings, in Texas in 1931, they had three children together: Gwendolyn and Bill. Bill died at age 23 of an automo
Downtown Portland, Oregon
Downtown Portland, the city center of Portland, United States, is located on the west bank of the Willamette River. It is in the northeastern corner of the southwest section of the city and where most of the city's high-rise buildings are found. Downtown is adjacent to Old Town Chinatown neighborhood; the downtown neighborhood is defined to extend west from the Willamette to Interstate 405, south from Burnside Street to just south of the Portland State University campus. High-density business and residential districts near downtown include the Lloyd District, across the river from the northern part of downtown, the South Waterfront area, just south of downtown in the South Portland neighborhood. Portland's downtown features narrow streets—64 feet wide—and square, compact blocks 200 feet on a side, to create more corner lots that were expected to be more valuable; the small blocks made downtown Portland pleasant to walk through. The 264-foot long combined blocks divide one mile of road into 20 separate blocks.
By comparison, Seattle's blocks are 240 by 320 feet, Manhattan's east-west streets are divided into blocks that are from 600–800 feet long. By the early 1970s, parts of Portland's central city had been in decay for some time. New suburban shopping malls in the neighboring cities of Beaverton and Gresham competed with downtown for people and money. Unlike many downtown revitalization efforts around the United States at this time, Portland's plan did not call for widespread demolition and reconstruction. Robert Moses, the designer of New York City's gridded freeways and bridges, designed a plan to revitalize downtown Portland. Moses charted a highway loop around the city's central freeways, which would become Interstate 405 as it links with I-5 south of downtown. Additionally the creation of a downtown transit mall in 1977, a new waterfront park in 1978 in place of a freeway, the creation of the Pioneer Courthouse Square in 1984, the opening of the Portland–Gresham light rail line in 1986, the opening of Pioneer Place mall in 1990 drew or retained businesses and lured customers.
After 1990, downtown Portland dominated the city's development, with 500,000 square feet more development there than on the east side. Downtown has numerous surface parking lots, which contradict the city's efforts to promote higher density and create the storefronts needed for a vibrant downtown; some changes are being made such as the creation of the Smart Park garage system, conversion of a surface-level parking lot into a park with underground parking at Park Block 5 between the Fox Tower and Park Avenue West Tower. Portland is sometimes known as "Bridgetown," due to the number of bridges. There are nine bridges entering downtown and adjacent areas; the bridges are: Fremont Bridge, carrying I-405 past the Pearl and Northwest districts and into downtown Broadway Bridge, connecting the Lloyd District to Old Town Chinatown and carrying the Portland Streetcar's east-side line Steel Bridge, the only double-deck bridge with independent lifts in the world, carrying MAX Light Rail and Amtrak into Old Town Chinatown Burnside Bridge, connecting the east side to downtown and the Old Town Chinatown neighborhood Morrison Bridge, leading directly into the central business district from the east side Hawthorne Bridge, Portland's oldest highway bridge and, leading directly into the central business district from the east side.
S. Route 26 to the South WaterfrontOutside the downtown area there are three other road bridges within Portland limits that cross the Willamette River: the St. Johns Bridge and Sauvie Island Bridge and the Sellwood Bridge. Most streets in downtown Portland are one-way. Naito Parkway is the farthest east. Interstate 5 runs on the opposite bank of the river. U. S. Route 26 connects downtown Portland to the Cascade Range. Downtown is served by several forms of public transportation. TriMet, the regional mass transit agency, operates MAX light rail on two alignments in downtown, one running east/west on Yamhill and Morrison streets and north/south on 1st Avenue, the other running north/south on 5th and 6th avenues. On the latter two streets, an extensive transit mall—known as the Portland Mall—limits private vehicles and provides connections between more than fifty bus lines, MAX light rail, the Portland Streetcar; the southern part of downtown and the West End are served by the Portland Streetcar system, operating from South Waterfront north into the Pearl and Northwest Portland districts.
The system has two routes, measuring 7.2 miles end to end, connects in South Waterfront with the Tram to Oregon Health & Science University. Starting in 1975 and continuing for four decades, all transit service in downtown was free, as downtown was within TriMet's Fareless Square, which covered a portion of the nearby Lloyd District after 2001. However, in 2010, free rides became limited to MAX and streetcar service – no longer covering bus ser
TriMet, more formally known as the Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon, is a public agency that operates mass transit in a region that spans most of the Portland metropolitan area in the U. S. state of Oregon. Created in 1969 by the Oregon legislature, the district replaced five private bus companies that operated in the three counties. TriMet started operating a light rail system named MAX in 1986, which has since been expanded to 5 lines that now cover 59.7 miles, as well as a commuter rail line in 2009. It provides the operators and maintenance personnel for the City of Portland-owned Portland Streetcar system. In addition to rail lines, TriMet provides the region's bus system, as well as LIFT paratransit service. There are 688 buses in TriMet's fleet. In 2018, the entire system averaged 310,000 rides per weekday and operates buses and trains between the hours of 5 a.m. and 2 a.m. TriMet's annual budget for FY 2018 is $525.8 million, with 30% of resources coming from a district-wide payroll tax and 10% from fares.
The district is overseen by a seven-person board of directors appointed by the state's governor. In 2014, the agency has around 2,500 employees. TriMet is "a municipal corporation of the State of Oregon", with powers to tax, issue bonds, enact police ordinances and is governed by a seven-member board of directors appointed by the Governor of Oregon, it has its own boundary, which encompasses an area of about 533 square miles. The TriMet district serves portions of the counties of Multnomah and Clackamas. For more than 30 years the agency called itself Tri-Met, but it formally dropped the hyphen from its name in 2002, as part of a new corporate identity strategy involving a redesigned logo and new color scheme for its vehicles and other media. TriMet was formed in 1969 after disputes between the Portland city council and Rose City Transit Company, the private company that operated the bus system serving the city; the new public agency was created by an ordinance of the Portland city council, under provisions of a law enacted by the 1969 Oregon Legislature, took over all of Rose City Transit's service and fleet effective December 1, 1969.
Bus service in the suburban portions of the metropolitan area was operated by four smaller private companies which had a common union and were collectively known as the "Blue Bus" lines: Portland Stages, Tualatin Valley Buses, Intercity Buses and Estacada-Molalla Stages. These were taken over by TriMet on September 6, 1970. Eighty-eight buses owned by the four suburban companies were transferred to TriMet, but many were found to be in poor condition and the TriMet board soon took action to replace them with new buses; as of July 2018, TriMet operates a total of 688 buses on 85 routes, 145 MAX light rail cars on five lines, 253 LIFT paratransit vehicles. Each of the five MAX and 12 of the bus lines are designated as "Frequent Service" lines, scheduled to operate at headways of 15 minutes or less for most of the service day. TriMet connects to several other mass transit systems: C-Tran, the public transit district for Vancouver and Clark County, Washington Canby Area Transit, the public transit service for Canby and rural areas south of Oregon City along Highway 99E Cherriots, the public transit service for Salem and Keizer.
This connection is at the Wilsonville Station of TriMet's WES Commuter Rail rail line. Columbia County Rider, the public transit service for Scappoose, St. Helens, Columbia County Portland Streetcar, a circulator streetcar service in downtown Portland and neighborhoods near downtown Sandy Area Metro, the public transit service for Sandy SMART, the public transit service for Wilsonville South Clackamas Transportation District, the public transit service for Molalla and rural areas south of Oregon City along Highway 213 Tillamook County Transportation District, the public transit service for Tillamook and Tillamook County Yamhill County Transit Area, the public transit service for McMinnville and Yamhill County TriMet links to various local shuttle services operated by the following: Ride Connection, which serves Banks, King City and North Plains. Long-range transportation planning for the metropolitan area is provided by Metro, an elected regional government. Metro has statutory authority to take over the day-to-day operations of TriMet, but has never exercised that power, as past studies of such a merger have found it to be problematic.
TriMet runs the MAX Light Rail system, contracts with Portland and Western Railroad to operate the WES Commuter Rail line. Fares on MAX are the same as TriMet bus fares, fare collection uses a proof-of-payment system with ticket vending machines at each station. Fare inspectors patrol the system randomly. Incidents of violence on the system have led to calls for more security, some have argued that more thorough checking of fares would improve riders' overall feeling of safety; the TransitTracker system uses satellite tracking on buses and sensors in the MAX tracks to predict arrival times at stops and stations. Additiona
The Springwater Corridor Trail is a bicycle and pedestrian rail trail in the Portland metropolitan area in Oregon, United States. It follows a former railway line from Boring through Gresham to Portland, where it ends south of the Eastbank Esplanade. Most of the corridor, about 21 miles long, consists of paved, off-street trail, though about 1 mile overlaps city streets in Portland's Sellwood neighborhood. A large segment follows the course of Johnson Creek and crosses it on bridges many times. Much of the corridor was acquired by the City of Portland in 1990; the trail is part of the Portland area's 40-Mile Loop trail system. It connects to many adjacent or nearby parks, including Tideman Johnson Natural Area, Powell Butte, others; the Springwater Division rail line was named for a planned connection to Oregon. The Portland Traction Company operated rail service from Portland to Boring from 1903 until 1989. Passenger service peaked in 1906 and ended in 1958. Oaks Amusement Park—and five other city parks—were built to encourage weekend passenger traffic.
Freight trains brought. When the Oregon Department of Transportation began a project to widen Oregon Highway 99E, a new, expensive overpass was required for the rail line. Citing low traffic volumes, construction was refused and the line was put up for sale; this was of great interest to the 40-Mile Loop Trust, a conservation effort formed in 1981 to build a trail around Portland connecting its many parks. Planned since 1904, it had made little progress; the Trust proved effective at getting many key governmental agencies to work with each other. Its representatives called upon the Southern Pacific and Union Pacific railroads, co-owners of the abandoned line, to transfer the land to the Trust; this matter was subject of a battle between Metro. However, by 1990, the deal was completed, represented a significant step in the completion of the Loop. During master planning in 1991 for conversion, the projected use of the corridor was 400,000 people annually, distributed as 56% bicycling, 36% walking, 9% jogging, 3% equestrian.
By 2003, usage was expected to exceed one million users per year. Prior to paving, much of the trail was suitable for mountain biking. Construction of the east–west segment of the trail between Oregon Highway 99E and Gresham was completed in 1996. An additional mile east of Gresham was built in 2000. In 2005, a 3-mile north–south "Springwater on the Willamette" segment opened between central Portland and the Sellwood Bridge along the Willamette River. Unlike the other sections of the trail, the rail line remained; the line is operated by the Oregon Pacific Railroad. In 2003, Portland was one of 25 cities that received a $200,000 grant from Active Living by Design to promote urban planning that encourages physical activity; some of the money was allocated to a Lents Station interpretive trailhead along the Springwater Corridor. The last significant section of the trail was completed ahead of schedule in summer 2006, when the construction of three new bridges over Johnson Creek, Oregon Highway 99E and a railroad line, allowing users to cross them without having to detour and mix with traffic on busy streets.
In 2006, the City of Portland rejected a development proposal for a property that did not include an easement for a greenway along the Willamette River, would have prevented completion of a planned connection between the Springwater Trail and the Eastbank Esplanade. The easement requirement was upheld by the Oregon Court of Appeals on February 13, 2008; as of 2012, a one-mile gap in the Sellwood area remains. This segment was one of the parks and trails recommended for funding by a Metro advisory panel in 2001. In 2013, paving was completed on a 2.25 miles stretch from Rugg Road to Boring Station Trailhead Park. There is a proposal to continue this trail to connect the 40-Mile Loop to the Pacific Crest Trail via the Cazadero Trail. A longstanding controversy about the corridor involves camping by homeless people. In an article published in early 2016 by Bike Portland, aggression by campers toward bicyclists using the trail increased between 2011 and 2016. Cyclists—citing verbal threats, broken glass on the trail, trash in the adjacent greenery, signs of illegal drug use—expressed concerns for their personal safety.
On the other hand, a recent Idaho court decision and a more strict anti-discrimination Oregon law made law enforcement officers reluctant to take action. At issue was the possibility that homelessness might itself become criminalized and punished in violation of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. In September 2016 the City of Portland removed about 100 campers from settlements along a 14-mile stretch of the corridor in the southeast part of the city. Despite protests by the campers, the removal went "relatively smoothly though many campers said they had no other place to go and it remained unclear what impact the sweep had on the city’s overall issue of homelessness." The total number of homeless men and children in Multnomah County, including Portland, has been estimated at about 4,000, including about 1,800 who sleep outside. List of rail trails Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge Samtrak The Abandoned Portland Traction Company Springwater Division & the Boring Branch from Abandoned Railroads of the Pacific Northwest Video on volunteers working with the Lents Springwater Habitat Restoration Project Video from bicycle on May 2013 westward from Boring to SE 17th street in Sellwood Pre-2013 version of the 40-Mile Loop Map from the 40-Mile Loop Land Trust